10 Grade Study Guide 2007 – 2008 1st and 3rd Quarter 1.What changes took place in European society during the mid and late Middle Ages? 2.What was one of the first documents to help protect the rights of free individuals? 3.What was a common European name for the lands of Asia? 4.What happened as a result of Columbus’s discovery of lands he believed to be Asia? 5.What were merchants who invested in a joint-stock company able to accomplish? 6.What were trade networks in Africa built around? 7.What was a consequence of Portuguese exploration of Africa? 8.What motivated the Dutch to come to America? 9.Why did the French want to prevent English settlement in the Ohio River valley and the area around the Great Lakes? 10.When did Parliament passed the Tea Act ? 11.What was the purpose of the Declaratory Act? 12.What was the first law of Parliament that directly taxed the colonists, not just trade goods? 13.What conflict resulted from British assumption that the Treaty of Paris granted Britain the American Indian lands in France’s North American territory known as? 14.What act was passed by Parliament after the repeal of the Stamp Act? 15.Why did more settlers begin crossing the Appalachian Mountains in the 1760s? 16.Where did the Boston Massacre gain its name and reputation? 17.Whose ideas was the slogan “No Taxation without Representation” based on? 18.What was Parliament’s right to tax all paper items, such as legal documents and newspapers, called? 19.Why did Colonial merchants and smugglers oppose the Tea Act? 20.Why was The Albany Plan of Union written? 21.How did colonists respond to the Townshend Acts ? 22.Who created the Committees of Correspondence? 23.What was created as a result of Stamp Act? 24.Who was one of the first colonists to protest unfair taxation? 25.Who viewed the Stamp Act as unjust? 26.What was the turning point of the French and Indian War? 27.When did the Massachusetts legislature call for a Stamp Act Congress? 28.Why did parliament repeal the Townshend Acts? 29.What was the first battle of the French and Indian War? 30.As lawyers for the British soldiers charged with murder in 1770, Josiah Quincy and John Adams, used what defense for the soldiers? 31.What were the Colonial wars of the late 1600s and the 1700s a result of? 32.Although the original draft of the Declaration of Independence included a passage condemning the slave trade, why was the passage removed? 33.Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence? 34.What was one important advantage that the colonists had over the British? 35.When did the colonists’ rebellion against Britain become a full-scale revolution? 36.What happened when George Washington took command of the Continental Army? 37.Where was the colonists’ ability to withstand an assault by the British army proven? 38.How did Washington and 2,400 Patriot soldiers surprise the enemy at Trenton on December 25, 1776? 39.When did the Second Continental Congress convene? 40.When did the Marquis de Lafayette, a wealthy French aristocrat, fight for the Patriots? 41.How did officers from the country of Poland aided the Patriot cause? 42.What had already happened when King George III rejected the July 5, 1775, Olive Branch Petition? 43.Why did Thomas Paine reach a wider audience than most other pamphlet writers of his day? 44.What established the national borders of the United States? 45.What best describes the Revolutionary War during the winter of 1777–78? 46.Why was General Washington most impressed by the Marquis de Lafayette? 47.What did supporters of the Constitution called themselves? 48.What did Enlightenment philosopher John Locke believe? 49.What best describes the trade imbalance in America? 50.How did the Three-Fifths Compromise solve the problem of how slaves would be counted? 51.Which of the following best describes the Articles of Confederation? 52.What best describes the Federalist Papers? 53.What did Antifederalists such as Patrick Henry fear? 54.What is the sharing of governmental power between a central authority and the states or provinces that make up a country? 55.What had to happen in order for the Constitution to go into effect? 56.Which of the following is a government in which representatives are elected by the people? 57.What best describes the national government created under the Articles of Confederation? 58.Why did delegates from the smaller states strongly object to the Virginia Plan? 59.What were The Mayflower Compact and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut examples of? 60.Why did Northern delegates to the Constitutional Convention agree to let the slave trade continue for another 20 years? 61.Which of the following are American models for representative government? 62.How is ability of the Constitution to fit the needs of a changing nation best exemplified? 63.What system prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful? 64.Where can the words and ideas of John Locke best be expressed? 65.What did some southern delegates threaten to do if the Constitution included an immediate ban on the slave trade? 66.What did the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom inspire all other states to do by 1833? 67.Why did some Federalists believe the Constitution was itself a bill of rights? 68.What was the original purpose of the 1787 Constitutional Convention? 69.Where did Federalists John Jay and Alexander Hamilton lead the fight for ratification? 70.What authority does The Constitution give to the House of Representatives? 71.What are Writs of Assistance? 72.What is the separation of powers referring to according to The Constitution? 73.Who were the only presidents ever to have been impeached? 74.What are life appointments to the federal court system meant to ensure? 75.What powers are retained by the state governments or by citizens? 76.Who makes up the president’s cabinet? 77.Which branch is responsible for enforcing the laws approved by Congress? 78.What are some of the duties of American citizens? 79.What is a provision of the Twenty-second Amendment, ratified in 1951? 80.How did the idea for the president’s cabinet originate? 81.What did Washington do when political parties began to form during his presidency? 82.Which leader supported strict construction, meaning that the federal government should do only what the Constitution specifically says it can do? 83.Why was the election of 1800 most important? 84.Which of the following is true of Bank of the United States? 85.What event brought on the rallying cry of the American people “Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute!” ? 86.Who supported loose construction, meaning that the federal government can take actions that the Constitution does not specifically forbid? 87.Who and or what were members of the Whiskey Rebellion protesting? 88.Why did congress organize the government’s judicial branch in 1789 ? 89.Why was Hamilton’s plan for debt assumption controversial? 90.Who or what did Washington believe threatened national unity the most? 91.What did Washington advise the United States to do when France and Great Britain went to war? 92.What was one of the most significant developments of the Renaissance? 93.What attracted the Dutch and the Swedish to North America? 94.Who led former indentured servants to attack and burn Jamestown? 95.What crop in the South Carolina colony thrived after African laborers taught the colonists how to raise it? 96.Which colonists agreed to work from four to seven years for those who paid their ship fare to America 97.As a result of the Grate Awakening what did the congregations of some established churches in the colonies divided into? 98.Why did Parliament pass a series of Navigation Acts between 1650 and 1696? 99.What was the Glorious Revolution? 100.What region is best described as a harsh climate with rocky soil? 101.When was the first proposed attempt to unite the colonies in time of crisis? 102.What did the Massachusetts legislature invite delegates from the other colonies to do in 1765? 103.What action did British officials take to enforce the Townshend Acts in 1767? 104.When did colonists first begin using the slogan “No Taxation without Representation”? 105.What actions best describe what colonists called the Boston Massacre? 106.What was the significance of the Battle of Saratoga? 107.What was a requirement to become a state for settlers in a portion of the Northwest Territory under the Northwest Ordinance? 108.What did James Madison encourage the legislators to do during Congress’s first session after the ratification of the Constitution? 109.During the Constitutional Convention, what did James Madison agree to do? 110.Which nations would the United States remain neutral to according to Neutrality Proclamation? 111.What did Hamilton believe debt assumption would accomplish? 112.Why did the French established colonies in the northern part of North America in the early 1600s? 113.Which country began the European trade in African slaves? 114.What was a result of the Treaty of Tordesillas? 115.What Asian goods were most valued by Europeans ? 116.What was the rebirth of European interest in the arts and learning of ancient Greece and Rome known as? 117.Where did the Renaissance begin in the mid-1300s? 118.What was a result of the Commercial Revolution? 119.What rediscovery contributed to the Renaissance? 120.How are inflation in Spain and defeat of the Spanish Armada related to colonization? 121.How did England attempt to strengthen its claim to North America in the late 1500’s? 122.Which of the following was a result of the invention of the printing press? 123.What action did the Spanish take as a result of American Indian resistance, high death rates from disease, and lack of success of the encomienda system in the Caribbean? 124.How is Germany related to the Protestant Reformation? 125.What was Henry VIII’s motive for founding the Anglican Church? 126.How was the defeat of the Aztecs related to their religion? 127.What best describes the borderlands of New Spain? 128.What was England’s motive for founding the Roanoke colony ? 129.What obstructed the growth and success of the Virginia colony most until the 1670’s? 130.The Pilgrims were persecuted by English authorities because of religious intolerance. What would have been the main reason for this intolerance? 131.What was the motive behind the first settlers arrival in Jamestown? 132.Why did England’s Great Migration occur? 133.How is William Bradford related to the English colonies? 134.When did the Virginia colony begin to thrive economically? 135.What was the goal of the first colonists to arrive in Jamestown? 136.What was the function of Captain John Smith in the Virginia colony? 137.How is gender related to politics in Massachusetts? 138.What are the features of the Virginia Colony’s government? 139.How was the year 1607 related to Jamestown? 140.What did the Reverend Thomas Hooker establish in 1639? 141.How is William Penn’s model of Philadelphia related to other colonial cities? 142.What group of people served as the motive behind Baltimore’s establishment of a new colony in America? 143.How did the decline in the number of indentured servants in Virginia, affect many farmers? 144.What motive led thePilgrims to leave the Netherlands? 145.What happened as a result of revivals held during the 1730s and 1740s? 146.Why were slave codes passed by colonial legislatures? 147.What was the first colonial legislature formed in the colonies? 148.What motive was behind the production of cash crops such as cotton? 149.What was the main idea of the Enlightenment? 150.Which of the following best describes a part of the so-called triangular trade? 151.What was the motive behind the many laws in Massachusetts enforced by the Puritans? 152.How are cotton and tobacco related to the southern colonies? 153.What motive led colonists to establish schools in New England? 154.What are the features of a bicameral legislature? 155.What was the focus of the ministers of the Great Awakening? 156.Why did Parliament ask the rulers of the Netherlands to lead England? 157.How are rich fishing waters and abundant timber related to New England? 158.What is a favorable balance of trade? 159.How is the diverse New England climate related to its economy and labor demands? 160.What were the Navigation Acts? 161.What did the New England colonies develop a tradition of holding?
Pages to are hidden for
"10 Grade Study Guide 2007 � 2008"Please download to view full document