Battle Positions

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					Battle Positions
  Selecting and fighting
   DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS
The immediate purpose of any defensive operation is
to defeat an enemy attack. Military forces defend until
they gain sufficient strength to attack. Additionally,
defensive operations are undertaken to gain time, to
hold key terrain, to preoccupy the enemy in one area
so friendly forces can attack elsewhere, and to erode
enemy resources at a rapid rate while reinforcing
friendly operations.
    3 Levels of Preparation of a
      Platoon Battle Position
• Reconnoiter - A ground or map recon

• Prepare - Planning and preparation phases

• Occupy - the complete preparation of the
  BP
              PLANNING
• It is critical that the platoon leader
  understands where the commander wants to
  kill the enemy.
• It is also essential that he identify platoon
  sectors of fire and tentative platoon BP’s as
  well as TRP’s that define the company
  engagement area.
   Primary Concerns of the PLT
• Select fighting positions that allow the
  Platoon to concentrate and mass lethal fires
  into designated sectors of fire.
      Conditions needed for a
        Deliberate Defense
• Adequate time is available

• The enemy is not expected or has not been
  located within direct fire range

• A friendly element forward of the BP
  provides security for the platoon
     Moving to Hide Position
• Conduct a Tactical movement to the Hide
  Position
• Assume a Herringbone formation and
  establish local security
• Vehicles occupy and Shut down
  simultaneously
       Preparing for a Recon
• PL briefs reconnaissance group
• PSG designates, briefs, and inspects
  security element
• PL designates NCOIC for elements left in
  the hide on the following
  – Security and Maintenance
  – Contingency plan in event of enemy contact
    Preparing for a Recon cont.
• PL, PSG, and security element move to the
  BP
   Conducting Reconnaissance
• PL, PSG, TCs, and security element mark
  the BP covering the following elements
  – Engagement Area
  – General layout of the BP and surrounding
    terrain
  – Key Terrain corresponding to the Platoons
    graphic control measures
  – OP locations to cover possible enemy avenues
    of approach
Conducting Reconnaissance cont.
  – Existing obstacles and possible locations for
    reinforcing obstacles
  – Key locations in the BP and Engagement area
    marked using limited visibility materials\
• Following the Reconnaissance of the BP
  and surrounding area, confirms, reviews the
  following
  – Company team scheme of maneuver
Conducting Reconnaissance cont.
 – Platoon scheme of maneuver, to include trigger
   points, break points, and
   disengagement/displacement criteria
 – Platoon sector of fire
 – Covered and concealed routes into, out of, and
   within the BP and to subsequent BPs
Conducting Reconnaissance cont.
• PL emplaces Ops as necessary and briefs
  the following
  – Overwatch responsibilities
  – Contingency plans, covering actions to be taken
    if the platoon does not return on time or enemy
    contact
  – Displacement criteria and signals
Conducting Reconnaissance cont.
• PL coordinates with adjacent units and
  confirms the following
  – Location of OP
  – Overlapping sectors of observance and direct
    fire
  – Dead space
  – Locations and types of obstacles
  – Indirect fire data
Conducting Reconnaissance cont.
  – Communications information and procedures
  – Routes into, out of, and between platoon and
    adjacent unit BP
• Reconnaissance group moves back to the
  Hide
Recon

   • Plt Ldr and TC will
     Identify Primary BP
   • Plt Ldr and TC will
     Identify Alternate BP
   • Plt Ldr and TC will
     Identify Supplementary
     BP
Subsequent and Supplementary BP
                • Subsequent BP’s are
                  those that orient on
                  sectors of fire along the
                  same avenue of approach
                  as the primary/alternate
                  positions.
                • Supplementary BP’s are
                  orientated on sectors of
                  fire along different
                  avenues of approach.
         Occupying the BP
• Vehicles start simultaneously and move
  covered and concealed routes to the Hide
  positions on Order
• On PL order vehicles move simultaneously
  into turret-down positions “LOWSKY”
Turret Down Position
          • Position allow the
            tanks to fire only their
            caliber .50 or loader's
            M240 machine gun.
      Occupying the BP cont.
• On PL orders vehicles move simultaneously
  into hull-down positions “TOPHAT”
          Hull Down Position
• Tank crews orient on
  the engagement area
  and complete their
  sketch cards.
• Main Gun and Coax
  Machine gun clear the
  berm.
      Occupying the BP cont.
• TCs and gunners develop vehicle sketch
  cards
• Once sketch cards are completed vehicles
  back down to hide positions and shut down
  their engines
• TCs provide a copy of sketch cards to the
  PL
      Occupying the BP cont.
• PL consolidates the sketch cards and
  finalizes the platoon fire plan
               Platoon Sketch Card
 Individual tank positions.
 Platoon sector or engagement
  area.
 TRPs.
 Range lines, trigger points, and
  break points (these may
  coincide).
 OPs (if used).
 Obstacles (if used).
 Indirect fire targets, including
  final protective fires (FPF), if
  allocated.
 Dead space.
           Improving the BP
• PL updates the platoon and commander on
  changes to the occupation plan and
  implements actions to complete occupation
  – Changes as a result of coordination and
    commanders guidance
  – Vehicle maintenance and prep to fire checks
        Improving the BP cont.
• PL directs and/or supervises improvement
  activities
  –   Establish thermal TRPs
  –   Locations of M8/M8A1
  –   Emplacement of obstacle IAW Cos guidance
  –   Emplacement of decoys
      Improving the BP cont.
• PSG conducts following improvements
  – Camouflaging of vehicles and equipment
  – Installation of Hotloop
  – Direct emplacement of prestock ammunitions
    and other supplies
       Improving the BP cont.
• TCs conduct the following
  – Ensure that vehicle positions afford clear fields
    of fire
  – If engineers are available, supervise and proof
    construction of dug-in fighting positions
  – Direct emplacement of M8/M8A1 alarms
        Selecting Battle Position
• TC should be responsible for the improvement of his firing
  position.
• He must ensure the location, orientation, and depth of the
  hole are correct before the engineer departs for the next
  fighting position.
• He should also be aware of the importance of selecting a
  site with a background that will break up the silhouette of
  his vehicle this helps to prevent skylining.
        Completing Occupation
• Conduct rehearsals
  –   Special rehearsal (individual/crew tasks)
  –   Map rehearsal
  –   Communications rehearsal
  –   Key Leader rehearsal
  –   Sand table/terrain model rehearsal
  –   Force on force rehearsal
  –   Rehearsal with all crews observing designated
      platoon vehicle as it moves in the engagement
      area
  Completing Occupation cont.
• Complete occupation activities and
  priorities of work
• Complete the occupation to ensure the
  platoon is prepared to defend by the time
  specified

• Execute the Defense

				
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posted:4/14/2010
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