English Stage 5 - DOC by abstraks

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									                                       English Stage 5
                                The Merchant of Venice

                                              Resources
                                                       Title                                   Page
                        Part 1: Before reading activities
Student information sheet 1     Unit overview: The Merchant of Venice                              2
Worksheet 1                     Researching Shakespeare’s Venice                                   3

                        Part 2: During reading activities
Worksheet 2                      The audience meets Antonio                                        4
Worksheet 3                      Act I, Scene 1                                                    5
Worksheet 4                      Ten things I hate about you                                       6
Worksheet 5                      Structural terms in dramatic texts                                7
Worksheet 6                      The opening                                                       8
OHT 1                            The opening (Answers)                                             9
Worksheet 7                      The rising action                                                10
OHT 2                            The rising action (Answers)                                      11
Worksheet 8                      Shakespeare in film                                              12
Worksheet 9                      Shylock’s revenge                                                13
Worksheet 10                     Writing a discussion essay                                       14
Worksheet 11                     The complications                                                15
OHT 3                            The complications (Answers)                                      16
Worksheet 12                     The climax                                                       17
OHT 4                            The climax (Answers)                                             18
Worksheet 13                     Did Shylock receive a fair trial?                                19
Worksheet 14                     The falling action                                               20
OHT 5                            The falling action (Answers)                                     21
                         Part 3: After reading activities
Worksheet15/OHT 6                Themes                                                           22
Worksheet 16                     Characters                                                       23
Teacher information sheet 1      Characters                                                       24
Worksheet 17                     Famous quotes                                                    25
Worksheet 18                     Word play and imagery                                            26
Worksheet 19                     Identifying tone                                                 27
OHT 7                            Identifying tone (Answers)                                       28
                            Part 4: Assessment task
Student information sheet 1a     Assessment task requirements                                   29-30
Student information sheet 1b     Marking guidelines – essay and speech                          31-32
                            Part 5: Optional activities
Worksheet 20                     The Globe Theatre                                                33




English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 1 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Unit Overview
                                    The Merchant of Venice
                                       William Shakespeare

Part 1: Before reading activities
                                        th
    Research tasks – Shakespeare and 16 century Venice

       Predicting, speculating and hypothesising about the plot, characters and
        themes.
Part 2: During reading activities
    Listening to a recording of the play

       Reading the play and exploring the plot
       Learning about the structure of dramatic texts
       Creating a visual representation of Act 2 using power point
       Viewing a film version of the play
       Learning to write a discussion
       Debating an issue arising from the play.
Part 3: After reading activities
    Exploring themes through group work

       Describing and judging Shakespeare’s characters
       Translating Shakespeare into 21st Century English
       Learning about figurative language and tone.
Part 4: Assessment task
    Writing a discussion essay

       Presenting a persuasive speech.
Part 5: Additional content
    Performing scenes from the play

       Researching Shakespeare’s theatre
       Comparing film versions of the play.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 2 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 1
                           Researching Shakespeare’s Venice

Task: Using the Internet websites below, work with a partner to answer the
questions and learn about Shakespeare’s Venice. Keep a record of unfamiliar words
used in the information and use a dictionary to find their meaning.

http://www.sparknotes.com
     Click on History link at the top of this webpage.
     Select Italian Renaissance from the list titled European History
     Select General Summary where you will find information to answer the
        questions below.

    1.   What is the Renaissance Period?
    2.   Where did it begin?
    3.   Which were the most powerful states in this period?
    4.   What was the most prominent feature of the Renaissance?
    5.   How did the Italian Renaissance period end?

        Click back to the Italian Renaissance page.
        Select Venice and Milan (1397-1495) from the items under the subheading
         Timeline.

    1.    Describe Venice at the peak of its power and wealth.
    2.    Describe the way Venice was governed.
    3.    What was the head of the city-state called?
    4.    What problems did Venice face in the late 15th and early 16th Centuries?
    5.    Describe the structure of Venetian society. For example, which people were
          rich and powerful and which people were not?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/venice
     Read the opening paragraph of the information on this site.
     Click the link to Spice trade at the end of this paragraph where you will find
        information to answer the questions below.

    1.    What is the Spice Trade?
    2.    What is the role of Venice in this trade route?




English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 3 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 2
                                The audience meets Antonio

Task: As you listen to a reading of Act I, Scene 1 (lines 1-22) on page 3, write the
missing word in this modern version.

Antonio:            I don’t know why I am so _________
                    I am quite anxious, and you say you are also ____________
                    But I don’t know the _________ for my sadness and anxiety
                    What caused it and how it came about, I want ____ __________
                    Not knowing the cause of this makes me realize
                    I need to know more about ____________

Salarino:           You are thinking about your merchant __________
                    Which are like respected gentlemen and important ___________
                    They are in a ________________ which is so huge
                    As if they are looking down on the small _______________
                    That bow to them ___________________
                    As they quickly go past them.

Solanio:            Well, if I had the same business as yours,
                    I would be very ___________ waiting for what happens to my
                    _______
                    I would find out the ______________ of the wind,
                    Look very closely at ports, piers and places where the ships might
                    dock.
                    Anything that would cause __________ to my business
                    Would really make me ________




English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 4 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 3
                                            Act I, Scene 1
Task: Refer to Act I Scene 1 and indicate if the statement is TRUE or FALSE. At the
end of the sentence, write the line reference to support your answer.

 No                          Statement                                      True/False          Line
  1      Salarino thinks Antonio is worried about his ships.

  2      Antonio admits that he is in love.

  3      Gratiano believes that people should be respected
         if they choose to take themselves seriously and
         pretend to be wise.

  4      Bassanio thinks Gratiano doesn’t say anything
         useful.

  5      Antonio asks about a lady of interest to Bassanio,
         so he begins to speak about her.

  6      Bassanio is worried that he doesn’t have money
         like Portia’s suitors.

  7      Antonio is willing to help Bassanio with the money
         he needs.

  8      Antonio allows Bassanio to borrow money on his
         behalf.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 5 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 4
                                 Ten things I hate about you
Task: Complete the following exercises:

Exercise 1: Fill in the table by referring to lines in Scene 3. Copy the lines and write
the meaning in modern language if needed. An example has been given for you.

                   “Ten things I (Shylock) hate about you (Antonio)”

No          Line                Line                                       Modern version
         reference
 1       Line 34   He lends out money gratis                     He lends money without
                                                                 charging interest
 2

 3

 4

 5

 6

 7

 8

 9

10


Exercise 2: In line 165, Shylock instructs Antonio to go to the notary (solicitor) and
prepare the bond (contract) which Antonio must sign.

         Imagine you are the notary. What are the questions you need to ask
          Antonio?

         Write out the contract, making sure you have all the details just as Antonio
          and Shylock agreed.

         What can you infer about Antonio’s and Shylock’s character from this
          agreement?




English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 6 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 5
                            Structural terms in dramatic texts
Task: Use the meanings in the box below to complete sentences about the following
terms used in dramatic texts.

The opening
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
The rising action
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
The complication
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
The climax
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
The falling action
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
The denouement
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
The ending
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
                                           Meaning
is the ‘unraveling’ where the audience learns how and why things happened as they
did. It occurs within the falling action.
takes the plot forward and builds up the events to the climax.
is the conclusion of the play. Sometimes it has a moral or message about life.
is the beginning of the play. This is where the playwright introduces the characters,
the setting and other information the audience needs to know so they can follow the
plot. It is sometimes called the exposition.
occurs after the climax and leads to the end.
is the event in the plot that causes other events to occur and leads to the climax. It
starts the chain reaction within the play.
is the ‘high point’ in the play. It is the point to which the rising action has been
leading.

English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 7 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 6
                                           The opening
Task: Fill in the missing information from the opening act with a line, a scene or an
event.

                                        Act I
Scene 1: Antonio, a Christian, is a merchant who has invested most of his money in
ships. Salarino thinks he is worried about his ships, which are at sea. (line _____)

Scene 1: Bassanio confides to Antonio that he wants to marry Portia but he does
not have the money to equal Portia’s other suitors. Antonio is ready to help at any
cost, so
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________ (line 172)

Scene 2: Portia is a wealthy heiress who is unhappy about
_____________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________ (line 20)

Scene 3: Shylock is a rich money-lending Jew who agrees to
__________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________




English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 8 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                                  OHT 1
                                     The opening (Answers)
Task: Fill in the missing information from the opening act with a line, a scene or an
event.

                                         Act I
Scene 1: Antonio is a merchant who has invested most of his money in ships.
Salarino thinks he is worried about his ships, which are at sea. (line 8)

Scene 1: Bassanio confides to Antonio that he wants to marry Portia but he does
not have the financial means to equal Portia’s other suitors. Antonio is ready to help
at any cost, so he offers to act as guarantor for Bassanio’s loan. (line 172)

Scene 2: Portia is a wealthy heiress who is unhappy about the conditions set out
in her father’s will in choosing her husband. (line 20)

Scene 3: Shylock is a money-lending Jew who agrees to loan Bassanio 3000
ducats. He accepts Antonio as guarantor but if he defaults, he will have to
pay Shylock with his own ‘pound of flesh’.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                                Page 9 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 7
                                       The rising action
The following scenes in Act II form the rising action stage of the play.

Task: Fill in the missing information with a line, a scene or an event from Act II.

                Act I                                            Act II
Scene 1: Antonio, a Christian, is        Scene _____: Salarino hears about a shipwreck
a merchant who has invested              and hopes it is not one of Antonio’s ships. (lines
most of his money in ships.              _____)
Salarino thinks he is worried
about his ships, which are at sea.
(line 8)

Scene 1: Bassanio confides to            Scene _____: Bassanio arrives in Belmont to
Antonio that he wants to marry           choose a casket.
Portia but he does not have the
money to equal Portia’s other
suitors. Antonio is willing to help
at any cost, so he offers to act as
guarantor for Bassanio’s loan.
(line 172)

Scene 2: Portia is to choose a           Scenes 1 and 7:
husband but she is unhappy               _________________________________________
about the conditions set out in her      _________________________________________
father’s will. (line 20)                 _________________________________________

                                         Scene 9:
                                         _________________________________________
                                         _________________________________________
                                         _________________________________________

                                         Scene 9:
                                         _________________________________________
                                         _________________________________________
                                         _________________________________________
                                         (line 85)

Scene 3: Shylock is a rich
money-lending Jew who agrees
to loan Bassanio 3000 ducats. He
accepts Antonio as guarantor but
if he defaults, he will have to pay
Shylock with his own ‘pound of
flesh’.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 10 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                                  OHT 2
                               The rising action (Answers)
The following scenes in Act II form the rising action stage of the play.

Task: Fill in the missing information with a line, a scene or an event from Act II.


                Act I                                            Act II
Scene 1: Antonio, a Christian            Scene 8: Salarino hears about a shipwreck and
merchant, has invested most of           hopes it is not one of Antonio’s ships. (lines 27-34)
his money in ships. Salarino
thinks he is worried about his
ships, which are at sea. (line 8)

Scene 1: Bassanio confides to            Scene 9: Bassanio arrives in Belmont to choose a
Antonio that he wants to marry           casket.
Portia but he does not have the
money to equal Portia’s other
suitors. Antonio is willing to help
at any cost, so he offers to act as
guarantor for Bassanio’s loan.
(line 172)


Scene 2: Portia is to choose a           Scenes 1 and 7: The Prince of Morocco arrives
husband but she is unhappy               and chooses the gold casket.
about the conditions set out in her
father’s will. (line 20)                 Scene 9: The Prince of Aragon chooses the
                                         silver casket

                                         Scene 9: Portia is pleased to hear that Bassanio
                                         has arrived at Belmont to try his luck in
                                         choosing a casket. (line 85)

Scene 3: Shylock is a rich
money-lending Jew who agrees
to loan Bassanio 3000 ducats. He
accepts Antonio as guarantor but
if he defaults, he will have to pay
Shylock with his own ‘pound of
flesh’.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 11 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 8
                                     Shakespeare in film
Task: Record any differences you notice between Shakespeare and the director’s
presentation of events (plot) and characters in the film.

          Shakespeare’s version                                         Film version
                                                  Plot
Act I




Act II




                                             Characters
Antonio




Shylock




Bassanio




Portia




Others




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 12 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                         Worksheet 9
                                      Shylock’s revenge

Task: List some of the reasons Shylock gives in Act III, Scene 1, lines 42-57 for
wanting revenge on Antonio. Then in the table below decide whether or not these
reasons are justified and explain your responses.

1. ________________________________________________________________

2. ________________________________________________________________

3. ________________________________________________________________

4. ________________________________________________________________

5. ________________________________________________________________


                                  Are these reasons justified?

                       Yes                                                    No




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 13 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 10
                                  Writing a discussion essay


             Question: Are Shylock’s reasons for revenge justified? Discuss


The purpose of a discussion essay is to explore an issue by presenting both sides
of the argument.

Introduction (4-6 sentences)
     Begin with an opening statement addressing the question.
     Next, write supporting sentences to introduce each point to be discussed on
      one side of the argument.
     Then write supporting sentences to introduce each point to be discussed on
      the other side of the argument.

Body (4-6 paragraphs)
Paragraph 1:
    Restate and expand on the first point for side 1 of the argument. (This will be
      the first point mentioned in the introduction.)
    Include evidence to support this point by describing an event and/or giving a
      quote from the text.

Paragraph 2:
    Restate and expand on the second point for side 1 mentioned in the
      introduction.
    Include evidence to support this point by describing an event and/or giving a
      quote from the text.

Paragraph 3:
    Restate and expand on the first point for side 2 of the argument.
    Include evidence to support this point by describing an event and/or giving a
      quote from the text.

Paragraph 4:
    Restate and expand on the second point to be made for this side of the
      argument.
    Include evidence to support this point by describing an event and/or giving a
      quote from the text.

Conclusion (4-6 sentences)
   Sum up the arguments for and against the statement.
   Finish with a strong statement about the issue of revenge which answers the
     question.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 14 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 11
                                        The complications
Complications continue to arise in Act III.

Task: Fill in the missing information with a line, a scene or an event in Act III to show
how the events from Acts I and II are developed further.

             Act I                               Act II                          Act III
Antonio is a merchant who          Scene 8: Salarino hears             Scene 1: (line 2)
has invested most of his           about a shipwreck and
money in ships. His friends        hopes it is not one of
think he is worried about his      Antonio’s ships. (lines 27-         Scene 2: (line 270)
ships, which are all at sea.       34)

Bassanio confides to               Scene 9: Bassanio arrives in        Scene 2: (lines 250-295)
Antonio that he wants to           Belmont bearing expensive
marry Portia but he does not       gifts.
have the money to equal
Portia’s other suitors.
Antonio is willing to help at
any cost, so he offers to act
as guarantor for Bassanio’s
loan.

Portia is a wealthy heiress        Scenes 1 and 7: The Prince          Scene 2:
who is unhappy about the           of Morocco arrives and
conditions set in her father’s     chooses the gold casket.
will in choosing her
husband.                           Scene 9: The Prince of
                                   Aragon chooses the silver
                                   casket.

                                   Scene 9: Portia is pleased to
                                   hear that Bassanio has
                                   arrived at Belmont to try his
                                   luck in choosing a casket.

Scene 3: Shylock is a                                                  Scene 1: (line 99)
moneylender who agrees to
loan Bassanio 3000 ducats.                                             Scene 3: (line 34)
He accepts Antonio as
guarantor but if he defaults,
he will have to pay Shylock
with his own ‘pound of flesh’.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 15 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                                  OHT 3
                              The complications (Answers)
Complications continue to arise in Act III.

Task: Fill in the missing information with a line, a scene or an event in Act III to show
how the events from Acts 1 and 2 are developed further.

             Act I                               Act II                         Act III
Antonio is a merchant who          Scene 8: Salarino hears             Scene 1: Rumours of a
has invested most of his           about a shipwreck and               shipwreck are thought
money in ships. His friends        hopes it is not one of              to be Antonio’s ships.
think he is worried about his      Antonio’s ships. (lines 27-         (line 2)
ships, which are all at sea.       34)
                                                                       Scene 2: Salerio
                                                                       confirms that Antonio
                                                                       has lost all his ships.
                                                                       (line 270)
Bassanio confides to               Scene 9: Bassanio arrives in        Scene 2: Bassanio
Antonio that he wants to           Belmont bearing expensive           reveals his
marry Portia but he does not       gifts.                              indebtedness to
have the money to equal                                                Antonio. Portia allows
Portia’s other suitors.                                                Bassanio to go back to
Antonio is willing to help at
                                                                       Venice to settle
any cost, so he offers to act
as guarantor for Bassanio’s                                            Antonio’s debts with her
loan.                                                                  money. (lines 250-295)

Portia is a wealthy heiress        Scenes 1 and 7: The Prince    Scene 2: Portia urges
who is unhappy about the           of Morocco arrives and        Bassanio to choose
conditions set in her father’s     chooses the gold casket.      carefully. He chooses
will in choosing her                                             the lead casket with
husband.                           Scene 9: The Prince of
                                                                 Portia’s portrait in it. It
                                   Aragon chooses the silver
                                                                 is the right casket and
                                   casket.
                                                                 she gives him a ring to
                                   Scene 9: Portia is pleased to seal her love.
                                   hear that Bassanio has
                                   arrived at Belmont to try his
                                   luck in choosing a casket.

Scene 3: Shylock is a                                                  Scene 1: Shylock
moneylender who agrees to                                              instructs Tubal to hire
loan Bassanio 3000 ducats.                                             an officer to arrest
He accepts Antonio as                                                  Antonio. (line 99)
guarantor but if he defaults,
he will have to pay Shylock
                                                                       Scene 3: Antonio is
with his own ‘pound of flesh’.
                                                                       jailed for defaulting on
                                                                       his loan. (line 34)




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 16 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 12
                                              The climax
All the events that happen in the previous acts build up to the most exciting part of
the play called the climax.

Task: Put the events of the trial scene in correct sequence.

           Summary of Acts I-III                         Act IV (Trial scene)
In Act I, Antonio, a Christian, is a merchant  a. Antonio suggests that half his
who has invested most of his money in             wealth should go to Lorenzo and
ships. Although he does not admit that he is      Jessica and that he should become
worried about his ships, Salarino thinks he       a Christian.
is. Then in Act II, Salarino hears about a     b. Nerissa, disguised as a messenger,
shipwreck and hopes it is not one of
                                                  arrives with a letter from Bellario.
Antonio’s ships. In Act III, the rumours of a
shipwreck are confirmed to be Antonio’s           He cannot attend the trial due to
ships.                                            illness, but he sends an equally
                                                  learned doctor by the name of
In Act I, Bassanio confides to Antonio that he    Balthazar.
wants to marry Portia but he doesn’t have      c. Antonio stands trial for defaulting on
the money to equal Portia’s other suitors.        his loan.
Antonio offers to help at all costs and so he  d. Shylock asks the law to be applied.
acts as guarantor for Bassanio’s loan. At the e. Portia cautions Shylock that if a
end of Act II, Bassanio arrives in Belmont        drop of blood is shed, he breaks the
with gifts for Portia. In Act III, the happy      law and all his property will be
mood for a double wedding (Gratiano and
                                                  confiscated.
Nerissa) is short-lived after Bassanio
receives a letter from Antonio and learns      f. The Duke asks Shylock to show
about his fate. Portia then allows Bassanio       mercy but Shylock refuses.
and Gratiano to go back to Venice to help      g. Bassanio offers to pay 6000 ducats
their friend.                                     but Shylock does not accept.
                                               h. Portia insists that Shylock take the
In Act I, Portia is a wealthy heiress who is      pound of flesh as agreed in the
unhappy about the conditions for a choice of      bond
a husband which is set out in her father’s     i. Portia, disguised as Balthazar,
will. In Act II, the Princes’ of Morocco and      appeals to Shylock for mercy.
Aragon unsuccessfully choose the wrong         j. Portia awards Shylock to cut the
casket. Early in Act III, Bassanio chooses the
                                                  pound of flesh.
right casket and Portia gives him a ring to
seal their love and tells him that he should
                                               k. Shylock offers to take the money
not lose this ring at any cost. Portia tells      from Bassanio and let Antonio go.
Nerissa about her plan to see their husbands   l. Shylock leaves the courtroom.
in Venice without their knowledge.             m. Shylock concedes defeat.
                                               n. Portia states that Shylock has
In Act I, Shylock, a Jew, is a moneylender        broken a law that is punishable by
who loans Bassanio 3000 ducats. He                confiscation of wealth and possibly
accepts Antonio as guarantor but if he            death.
defaults, he will have to pay Shylock with his
own ‘pound of flesh’. In Act III, he tells Tubal
to hire an officer to arrest Antonio. He is
jailed for defaulting on his loan.


English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 17 of 33
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Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                                  OHT 4
                                    The climax (Answers)
All the events that happen in the previous acts build up to the most exciting part of
the play called the climax.

Task: Write the correct sequence of events in the trial scene in your workbooks.

           Summary of Acts I-III                           Act IV (Trial scene)
In Act I, Antonio, a Christian, is a merchant  1. Antonio stands trial for defaulting on
who has invested most of his money in              his loan.
ships. Although he does not admit that he is   2. The Duke asks Shylock to show
worried about his ships, Salarino thinks he        mercy but Shylock refuses.
is. Then in Act II, Salarino hears about a     3. Bassanio offers to pay 6000 ducats
shipwreck and hopes it is not one of
                                                   but Shylock does not accept.
Antonio’s ships. In Act III, the rumours of a
shipwreck are confirmed to be Antonio’s        4. Nerissa, disguised as a messenger,
ships.                                             arrives with a letter from Bellario.
                                                   He cannot attend the trial due to
In Act I, Bassanio confides to Antonio that he     illness, but he sends an equally
wants to marry Portia but he doesn’t have          learned doctor by the name of
the money to equal Portia’s other suitors.         Balthazar.
Antonio offers to help at all costs and so he  5. Portia, disguised as Balthazar,
acts as guarantor for Bassanio’s loan. At the      appeals to Shylock for mercy.
end of Act II, Bassanio arrives in Belmont     6. Shylock asks the law to be applied.
with gifts for Portia. In Act III, the happy   7. Portia awards Shylock to cut the
mood for a double wedding (Gratiano and
                                                   pound of flesh.
Nerissa) is short-lived after Bassanio
receives a letter from Antonio and learns      8. Portia cautions Shylock that if a drop
about his fate. Portia then allows Bassanio        of blood is shed, he breaks the law
and Gratiano to go back to Venice to help          and all his property will be
their friend.                                      confiscated.
                                               9. Shylock offers to take the money
In Act I, Portia is a wealthy heiress who is       from Bassanio and let Antonio go.
unhappy about the conditions for a choice of 10. Portia insists that Shylock take the
a husband which is set out in her father’s         pound of flesh as agreed in the
will. In Act II, the Princes’ of Morocco and       bond.
Aragon unsuccessfully choose the wrong         11. Shylock concedes defeat.
casket. Early in Act III, Bassanio chooses the
                                               12. Portia states that Shylock has
right casket and Portia gives him a ring to
seal their love and tells him that he should
                                                   broken a law that is punishable by
not lose this ring at any cost. Portia tells       confiscation of wealth and possibly
Nerissa about her plan to see their husbands       death.
in Venice without their knowledge.             13. Antonio suggests that half his wealth
                                                   should go to Lorenzo and Jessica
In Act I, Shylock, a Jew, is a moneylender         and that he should become a
who loans Bassanio 3000 ducats. He                 Christian.
accepts Antonio as guarantor but if he         14. Shylock leaves the courtroom.
defaults, he will have to pay Shylock with his
own ‘pound of flesh’. In Act III, he tells Tubal
to hire an officer to arrest Antonio. He is
jailed for defaulting on his loan.


English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 18 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 13
                              Did Shylock receive a fair trial?

Task: Note details of other arguments and evidence as you listen to the class
debate.

                       Yes                                                   No
Argument 1                                           Argument 1




Evidence                                             Evidence




Argument 2                                           Argument 2




Evidence                                             Evidence




Argument 3                                           Argument 3




Evidence                                             Evidence




Other comments                                       Other comments




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 19 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 14
                                         The falling action
Task: How are the four events in column 1 resolved? Write your answers and line
references in the third column.

    Acts I-III                              Act IV                                  Act V
Opening and rising                          Climax                             Falling action
     action
Antonio, a Christian            Antonio stands trial for
merchant loses all his           defaulting on his loan.
ships at sea.                   The Duke asks Shylock to
                                 show mercy but Shylock
Bassanio wins Portia’s           refuses.
hand in marriage but            Bassanio offers to pay 6000
plans for a double               ducats but Shylock does not
wedding are shelved              accept.
as Bassanio goes to             Nerissa, disguised as a
Venice to help his               messenger, arrives with a
friend Antonio.                  letter from Bellario. He cannot
                                 attend the trial due to illness,
Portia is pleased by             but he sends an equally
the outcome of                   learned doctor by the name of
Bassanio’s choice of             Balthazar.
the right casket and            Portia, disguised as Balthazar,
professes her love by            appeals to Shylock for mercy.
giving him a ring. She          Shylock asks the law to be
devises a plan to help           applied.
her husband and                 Portia awards Shylock to cut
Antonio by following             the pound of flesh.
them to Venice without          Portia cautions Shylock that if
their knowledge.                 a drop of blood is shed, he
                                 breaks the law and all his
Shylock is a rich                property will be confiscated.
money-lending Jew               Shylock offers to take the
who demands the law              money from Bassanio and let
be applied on Antonio            Antonio go.
for defaulting on his
                                Portia insists that Shylock take
loan.
                                 the pound of flesh as agreed in
                                 the bond.
                                Shylock concedes defeat.
                                Portia states that Shylock has
                                 broken a law that is punishable
                                 by confiscation of wealth and
                                 possibly death.
                                Antonio suggests that half his
                                 wealth should go to Lorenzo
                                 and Jessica and that he
                                 should become a Christian.
                                Shylock leaves the courtroom.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 20 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                                  OHT 5
                                 The falling action (Answers)
Task: How are the four events in column 1 resolved? Write your answers and line
references in the third column.

    Acts I-III                              Act IV                                  Act V
Opening and rising                          Climax                             Falling action
     action
Antonio, a Christian            Antonio stands trial for              Portia reveals a letter from
merchant loses all his           defaulting on his loan.               Bellario saying that three
ships at sea.                   The Duke asks Shylock to              of Antonio’s ships are safe
                                 show mercy but Shylock                in the harbour. (line 275)
                                 refuses.
Bassanio wins Portia’s          Bassanio offers to pay 6000           Bassanio, through Portia’s
hand in marriage but             ducats but Shylock does not
                                                                       wealth and intelligence,
plans for a double               accept.
                                                                       saves Antonio from losing
wedding are                     Nerissa, disguised as a
                                 messenger, arrives with a             his pound of flesh. (line
postponed as                                                           135)
Bassanio goes to                 letter from Bellario. He cannot
Venice to help his               attend the trial due to illness,
friend Antonio.                  but he sends an equally
                                 learned doctor by the name of
Portia is pleased by             Balthazar.                            Bassanio’s love for Portia
the outcome of                  Portia, disguised as Balthazar,       is tested by making
Bassanio’s choice of             appeals to Shylock for mercy.
                                                                       amends for giving away
the right casket and            Shylock asks the law to be
                                                                       the ring. (lines 177-255)
professes her love by            applied.
giving him a ring. She          Portia awards Shylock to cut
devises a plan to help           the pound of flesh.
her husband and                 Portia cautions Shylock that if
Antonio by following             a drop of blood is shed, he
them to Venice without           breaks the law and all his
their knowledge.                 property will be confiscated.
                                Shylock offers to take the
Shylock, a rich money-           money from Bassanio and let           (Concluded in Act IV)
lending Jew demands              Antonio go.
the law to be applied           Portia insists that Shylock take
on Antonio for                   the pound of flesh as agreed in
defaulting on his loan.          the bond.
                                Shylock concedes defeat.
                                Portia states that Shylock has
                                 broken a law that is punishable
                                 by confiscation of wealth and
                                 possibly death.
                                Antonio suggests that half his
                                 wealth should go to Lorenzo
                                 and Jessica and that he
                                 should become a Christian.
                                Shylock leaves the courtroom.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 21 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                              Worksheet 15/OHT 6
                                                 Themes

                         Theme: Great wealth does not bring happiness

 Characters in                       Evidence                                Significance
  the text that
 illustrate this
     theme
Antonio              Act I, Scene 1, (line 1)
                     ‘In sooth, I know not why I am so
                     sad’


Portia               Act I Scene 2, (line 1)
                     ‘By my troth, Nerissa, my little
                     body is aweary of this great world’


Nerissa              Act I, Scene 2, (line 4)
                     ‘ …they are as sick that surfeit
                     with too much as they that starve
                     with nothing’



General comments on Shakespeare’s message for the audience:

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 22 of 33
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Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 16
                                              Characters
Tasks:
   1.  Briefly describe the role of each character in the play in your workbook.
    2.    Choose three characters from your list to investigate and write a profile on
          each of them. Use the headings below to guide your profile. You may
          include additional information.
    3.    Which character in the play do you believe is the most interesting? Why?
                                       Character profile
Name:
Age:


Occupation:


Personality:




Appearance:




Friends/lovers/ enemies:




Audience’s perception of the character:




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 23 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                    Teacher information sheet 1
                                              Characters

Duke of Venice              Ruler who sits as the judge in the trial of Antonio, the
                            merchant of Venice
Antonio                     A merchant of Venice who borrows money from Shylock on
                            behalf of his friend Bassanio. Antonio agrees to pay a pound
                            of flesh if he defaults on the loan.
Shylock                     A wealthy Jewish moneylender who seeks revenge for ill
                            treatment by Christians. Because he is a tragic figure–and the
                            most compelling character in the play–the drama takes on
                            overtones of tragedy.
Portia                      Wealthy heiress wooed by many suitors. Although often
                            described by Shakespeare interpreters as noble, upright, and
                            benevolent, a close reading of the play reveals her as a racist
                            and a snob.
Bassanio                    Friend of Antonio who loves Portia
Prince of Morocco,          Suitors of Portia
Prince of Arragon
Salanio, Salarino,          Friends of Antonio and Bassanio
Gratiano, Salerio
Jessica                     Shylock's daughter
Lorenzo                     Jessica's suitor
Tubal                       Lorenzo's Jewish friend
Launcelot Gobbo             Clown and Shylock's servant
Old Gobbo                   Launcelot's father
Leonardo                    Bassanio's servant
Balthasar,                  Portia's servants
Stephano
Nerissa                     Portia's maid
Minor characters            Magnificoes of Venice, officers of the Court of Justice, gaoler
                            (jailer), servants of Portia, attendants




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 24 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 17
                                           Famous quotes
Task: For each of the quotes below answer the following questions: Who said it?
What is the context? What does it mean? What is your personal response to this
quote? The first one has been started for you.

                       But love is blind and lovers cannot see
                      The pretty follies that themselves commit
Jessica, Shylock’s daughter, meets Lorenzo and is ready to run away with him.
She is happy it is nighttime so he cannot see her disguised as a boy. She is quite
embarrassed about her disguise but she is assured of Lorenzo’s love because
‘love is blind and lovers cannot see’ the mistakes they make.

I think this quote …




                                  All that glisters is not gold




                             The quality of mercy is not strained,
                         It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
                          Upon the place beneath. It is twice blest:
                      It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 25 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 18
                                     Word play and imagery
Tasks:
   1. Using a dictionary find definitions for the following language devices:
         a) malapropism
            b) pun
            c) simile
            d) metaphor
            e) alliteration

    2. Identify the following examples of malapropism, pun, simile, metaphor and
       alliteration:

            a) ‘He’s the very pineapple of politeness.’
                ________________________________________________________


            b) ‘Not if they sole, but they soul’
                _______________________________________________________


            c) ‘In such a night as this, when the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees’
                ________________________________________________________


            d) ‘There where your argosies with portly sail like signors and rich
                burghers on the flood’
                ________________________________________________________


            e) ‘He’s as headstrong as an allegory on the bank of the Nile.’
                ________________________________________________________

    3. Find more examples of these literary techniques in the play.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 26 of 33
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Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 19
                                           Identifying tone
Task: Choose from the ‘feeling’ words in the box to describe the tone (how they
express their feelings) used by each of the following characters in Act IV, Scene 1
(pp. 115-121). Refer to the dictionary if you do not know the meaning of the word.

       sympathetically                         assertive                          determined
          forceful                             vindictive                          insulting

1.    The Duke of Venice speaks to Antonio about his predicament. (lines 1-14)

2.    When Shylock enters the courtroom, the Duke asks Shylock to reconsider his
      position. (lines 16-34)

3.    Shylock responds to the Duke’s intervention. (lines 35-62)

4.    Bassanio answers Shylock. (lines 63-64)

5.    Antonio thinks it is useless to reason with Shylock. (lines 70-83)

6.    Bassanio offers 6000 ducats. (line 84)

7.    Shylock refuses the offer. (lines 85-87)

8.    The Duke asks Shylock again. (line 88)

9.    Shylock asks that his case be heard in court. (lines 83-103)




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 27 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                                  OHT 7
                                  Identifying tone (Answers)
Task: Choose from the ‘feeling’ words in the box to describe the tone (how they
express their feelings) used by each of the following characters in Act 4, Scene 1
(pp. 115-121). Refer to the dictionary if you do not know the meaning of the word.

       sympathetically                         assertive                          determined
          forceful                             vindictive                          insulting

1. The Duke of Venice speaks to Antonio about his predicament. (lines 1-14)
   sympathetically

2. When Shylock enters the courtroom, the Duke asks Shylock to reconsider his
   position. (lines 16-34)
   forceful

3. Shylock responds to the Duke’s intervention. (lines 35-62)
      assertive

4. Bassanio answers Shylock. (lines 63-64)
   insulting

5. Antonio thinks it is useless to reason with Shylock. (lines 70-83)
   hopeless

6. Bassanio offers 6000 ducats. (line 84)
   arrogant

7. Shylock refuses the offer. (lines 85-87)
   determined

8. The Duke asks Shylock again. (line 88)
   impatient

9. Shylock asks that his case be heard in court. (lines 83-103)
   vindictive




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 28 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                   Student information sheet 1a
                              Assessment task requirements
Task: Choose an extended response question from the list below and complete
parts 1 and 2 of the assessment task.

Part 1: Writing - 20 marks

Plan, write, edit and polish a critical response to the question of your choice. Your
response should be approximately 500 words and include evidence in the form of
examples and quotations from the play to support your answer.

Note: Use what you have learned from writing answers to the discussion questions
in the unit. Look back at Worksheet 10: Writing a discussion to guide the structure
and content of your essay.

Discussion essays:

    1. Prejudice is the major theme in Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice.
       Discuss.

    2. The Merchant of Venice is a play about love and hate. Discuss.

    3. The central theme of The Merchant of Venice is justice and compassion.
       Discuss.

    4. Shakespeare was anti-Semitic. Discuss with close reference to the characters
       of Shylock and Antonio.

    5. Antonio is a foolish character and Shylock is misunderstood. Discuss.

Part 2: Speaking (10 marks)

Convert your essay into a persuasive speech. The class will be your audience. Your
aim is to persuade the audience to take the stance that you do on the statement in
the question you have chosen. Use the experience of the class debate to guide your
presentation.

Stage 5 Focus Outcomes

1. A student responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation,
critical analysis and pleasure.

7. A student thinks critically and interpretively about information, ideas and
arguments to respond to and compose texts.

11. A student uses, reflects on and assesses individual and collaborative skills for
learning.



English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 29 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
Marking criteria – Part 1

You will be marked on how well you:
     Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the characters, events and
        themes in The Merchant of Venice
     Use examples and quotations from the play as evidence to support your
        discussion
     Compose an essay that is well structured with information and ideas
        organised into cohesive paragraphs with a relevant introduction and
        conclusion
     Answer the question

Marking criteria – Part 2

You will be marked on how well you:
     Adapt your ideas using language appropriate to the different context, purpose
        and audience
     Speak clearly, fluently and persuasively
     Use palm cards effectively maintaining eye contact to engage the audience
        throughout your speech
     Demonstrate thorough preparation and practice




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 30 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                   Student information sheet 1b

                                   Essay marking guidelines

                       A student in this band:
                           Demonstrates thorough knowledge and understanding of
                             the characters, events and themes in The Merchant of
                             Venice
                           Selects relevant and effective examples and quotations
         A                   from the play to support their discussion
                           Demonstrates a highly developed understanding and
                             control of essay structure with a clear and relevant
                             introduction and conclusion that addresses the question
                           Answers the question thoroughly.


                       A student in this band:
                           Demonstrates sound knowledge and understanding of the
                             characters, events and themes in The Merchant of Venice
                           Selects relevant examples from the play to support their
                             discussion
         B                 Demonstrates a sound understanding and control of essay
                             structure with a relevant introduction and conclusion that
                             addresses the question
                           Answers the question well.


                       A student in this band:
                           Demonstrates general knowledge and understanding of
                             the characters, events and themes in The Merchant of
                             Venice
                           Selects evidence from the play with developing
         C                   appropriateness
                           Demonstrates a developing understanding and control of
                             essay structure with a recognisable introduction, body and
                             conclusion that attempts to address the question
                           Demonstrates satisfactory control of expression, sentence
                             structure and spelling
                           Attempts to answer the question.


                       A student in this band:
                           Demonstrates elementary knowledge and understanding
                             of the characters, events and themes in The Merchant of
                             Venice
                           Limited or no evidence from the play to support their
         D                   discussion, mainly retelling the plot
                           Demonstrates limited control of essay structure and has
                             problems with expression, sentence structure and spelling
                           Minimal attempt to answer the question.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 31 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                               Speech marking guidelines

                       A student in this band:
                           Adapts ideas for a different context, purpose and audience
                             with insight and flair
                           Speaks fluently and persuasively adopting a style that
         A                   engages listeners
                           Uses palm cards effectively maintaining eye contact
                             throughout the speech
                           Shows evidence of thorough preparation.


                       A student in this band:
                           Adapts ideas for a different context, purpose and audience
                             appropriately
                           Speaks clearly with appropriate volume, pace and
         B                   expression
                           Uses palm cards well making good eye contact to engage
                             the audience throughout the speech
                           Shows evidence of good preparation.


                       A student in this band:
                           Attempts to adapt ideas for a different context, purpose
                             and audience
                           Speaks clearly
         C                 Uses palm cards but may lack eye contact affecting the
                             engagement of the audience in the speech
                           Shows evidence of satisfactory preparation.


                       A student in this band:
                           Shows limited ability to adapt ideas for a different context,
                             purpose and audience
                           Shows limited ability when speaking publicly, may be hard
         D                   to hear or have difficulty with pronunciation
                           May rely too heavily on palm cards with limited or no eye
                             contact
                           Lacks preparation and practice.




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 32 of 33
NSW Department of Education and Training
Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/
                                                                                       Worksheet 20
                                        The Globe Theatre
Task: Use the Internet to find answers to the following research questions:

1. When and where was the original Globe Theatre built?

2. Who owned the original Globe Theatre?

3.      a) How much did it cost to enter and watch a play at the theatre?
        b) Who attended the theatre in the 1600s?
        c) What were the different audience areas in the Globe Theatre called? Who
           used these different sections?
        d) How many people could fit in the Globe Theatre to watch a performance?

4. What was different about the design of the Globe Theatre compared to modern
   theatres? Why might it have been built in this way?

5. In what ways was the experience of the theatre-goer different in Shakespeare’s
   time from a visit to the theatre today?

6. Shakespeare and the other playwrights involved in the Globe Theatre wrote and
   performed plays. They called themselves The Chamberlain’s Men. Why did they
   call themselves this? (Optional)

7. What was the name of the main rival of The Chamberlain’s Men (another group
   that they competed with for audiences) and what was the name of their
   playhouse? (Optional)

8. What was the motto of the Globe Theatre?

9. Which of Shakespeare’s plays contains a very similar line? What do you think
   that it means? (Optional)

10. When did the Globe Theatre close? Who closed the theatre and why? (Optional)




English Stage 5                              May 2006                               Page 33 of 33
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Curriculum K-12 Directorate          http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/secondary/english/

								
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