BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, AND ADAPTATION ASPECTS IN by mzg34842

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 16

									BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, AND
ADAPTATION ASPECTS IN NATIONAL
    STRATEGIES ON POVERTY
   REDUCTION (NS-PR), SOCIO-
 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN
             (SEDP)


NguyÔn Th¸i Ph-¬ng - Vô KHGDTN&MT,
             Bé KH&§T
                  CONTENTS
 I. Impacts of economic growth and social
issues on climate change and biodiversity
conservation vice verse in Vietnam

II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
conservation aspects in CPRGS and SEDP

III. International cooperation to integrate
environmental protection and biodivesity
conservation into socio-economic
development in Vietnam.
    I. Interactions between economic growth and
  social issues with climate change and biodiversity


  1. Impacts of Industrial and infrastructure development
 High industrial growth rate in Vietnam (average 16%/year
  during the period of 2000-2005), contributing to maintaining
  the overall economic growth.
 To gain 1 billion in GDP, enterprises release31.1 tons BOD,
  5.9 tons solid flying in the air, 2.9 tons CO2 and 44 tons solid
  waste.
 Industrial practises (mining, building large reservoirs…) and
  infrastructure building (roads) cause environmental
  pollutions in habitats of species, negatively impact to
  structures of populations, communities and as a result,
  ecosystems become more unsustainable.
I. Interactions between economic growth and social
 issues with climate change and biodiversity (cont.)

 2. Commercial, tourism, and service development
  In recent years, there was positive progress in
 commercial, service and tourism development (average
 growth rate for the period of 2000-2005 was 7-8%/year).
 Commercial, service and tourism activities cause many
 negative impacts on biodiversity.
 Market needs for biological resources (wildlife, timber
 and NTFPs) are key elements that put more pressures on
 and will be great challenges for biological resources in
 Vietnam.
  I. Interactions between economic growth and social
   issues with climate change and biodiversity (cont.)

3. Agricultural, forestry and fishery development
 Agricultural, forestry and fishery production, which is well
planned and suitable with objective rules of nature and society,
will contribute to conservation and enrichment of natural
resources of the country.
In contrast, unplanned and uncontrolled agricultural, forestry
and fishery production will cause many negative impacts on
biodiversity.
Changes in land use purpose and cropping structure in
agriculture also cause changes in components and relationships
of species in eco-systems.
Unmethodical application of chemicals will pollute water, soil,
air and cause negative impacts on biodiversity.
I. Interactions between economic growth and social
 issues with climate change and biodiversity (cont.)
4. Poverty and biodiversity decline
 In the last 10 years, Vietnam has obtained many
significant achievements in economic development,
hunger eradication and poverty reduction that are highly
applaused by international communities.
GDP distributions are not even among localities.
Localities with low GDP often have larger poor populations,
whose livelihoods depend on natural resources and
educational background is limited. They often live in
remore areas, causing presures on biodiversity.
A relationship between poverty - exhausted biodiversity
resources - poverty.
Increased populations and uncontrolled migration cause
many negative effects on natural habitats and losses in
biodiversity.
II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
    conservation aspects in NS-PR and SEDP


1. National Strategy and Social economic development plan
   At the global level, efforts to integrate socio-economic
    development strategies, plans and plannings into
    invironmental plans have been promoted since the
    end of the 1980s.
   In 1992, Agenda 21 was pass, calling for developing
    national sustainable development strategies in order
    to integrate environment protection into socio-
    econimic development plans
    II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
        conservation aspects in NS-PR and SEDP

1. National Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (NS-
     PR) (cont.)
    Government of Vietnam is aware of roles and importance
     of environmental protection in general and biodiversity
     conservation and sustainable development in particular.
    Before 1990, Vietnam had not developed a
     comprehensive socio-econimic development strategy.
    Socio-econimic development strategies were developed
     for two periods 1991-2000 and 2001-2010 with the main
     contents:
  II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
      conservation aspects in NS-PR and SEDP

1. National Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (NS-
PR) (cont.)
- National and International contexts
- Overall national development objectives
- Specific national development objectives
- Sector and area development strategies
- Strategy-implementing measures
II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
    conservation aspects in NS-PR and SEDP

1. National Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy
(NS-PR) (cont.)
Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth
Strategy approved by the Prime Minister in March, 2001.
Objectives to ensure sustainability of environment and
biodiversity conservation have been incorporated into
objectives for socio-economic development and poverty
reduction.
Some objectives:
 II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
     conservation aspects in NS-PR and SEDP

1. National Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (NS-
    PR) (cont.)
   By 2010, 100% of industrial zones, urban areas, and handicraft
    villages in rural areas will be accessible to facilities for collection and
    treatment of waste water, solid and domestic wastes;
   Restore 50% degraded watershed forests and improve forest quality,
    encourage people to carry out afforestation.
   Increase areas of protected areas to 11.5% compared with total
    areas, especially marine protected areas and wetland.
 II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
     conservation aspects in NS-PR and SEDP

1. National Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (NS-PR)
    (cont.)
   Forest coverage will be 38% by 2005 and increase to 43% by 2010;
   Improve quality of natural and plantation forests; Increase social,
    economic, and environmental values of forestland.
   Increase biodiversity in poor, semi-arid, desert, and wetland areas...
   improve degraded eco-systems, and strengthen stability of eco-
    systems in sensitive areas.
   Implement projects on environmental protection, watershed forest
    protection, establishmetn of national parks,protected areas, and
    special-use forests.
   Conduct Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) with all
    SEDPs.
 II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
     conservation aspects in NS-PR and SEDP

2. Strategic orientations for sustainable development in
   Vietnam
 Approved by the Prime Minister in Decision No.
   153/2004/QD-TTg dated on 17/8/2004.
 A framework strategy includes overall orientations for
   sustainable economic, social development and
   environmental protection.
 As a basis for Ministries, localities, mass organizations,
   and communities to implement and cooperate efforts to
   achieve sustainable development of the country in the
   21st century.
    II. Climate Change Adaptation and Biodivesity
        conservation aspects in NS-PR and SEDP
2. Strategic orientations for sustainable development in Vietnam
9 priorities for sustainable development in natural resources &
   environment:
 Sustainable use and prevention of soil degradation
 Economical, effective, and sustainable use of mineral resources
 Protection and sustainable use of water resources
 Environmental and Marine resource protection, protection of coastal and
   island’s resources
 Forest protection and development
 Reduced air pollution in urban areas and industrial zones
 Management of solid waste and hazardous waste
 Biodiversity conservation
 Mitigation and prevention of adverse impacts of climate change, contributing
   to prevention of natural disasters.
 III. International cooperation to integrate
 environmental protection in general and biodivesity
 conservation in particular into socio-economic
 development in Vietnam
 Vietnam has received a lot of intensive support from other Governments
and international organizations such as WB, SIDA, DANIDA, ADB etc., in
integrating environmental considerations into socio-economic development
plans and strategies.
In 2001, International Support Group for Environment (ISGE) was
created to mobilize resources for Environmental Protection in general and
biodiversity conservation in particular.
In 2007, Netherlands's Environmental Assessment Agency (MNP)
cooperated with Sustainable Development Office, MPI to develop and
implement biodiversity policies under the Strategic Orientations for
Sustainable Development in Vietnam.
Objectives of this cooperation is to support Vietnam to establish national
biodiversity indicators and models and integrate them into SEDPs and
strategies of Vietnam and implement Convention on biodiversity
conservation that Vietnam has committed.
THANK YOU!

								
To top