Mid-Term Exam Study Guide

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					Dr. Thakur’s G114                                    SP 2010


                      Mid-Term Exam Study Guide
Thinking Geographically

     Careers in Geography
     Definition of Geography
     Branches of Human Geography
     Map
     Scale
     Map projection
     Types of distortion(s)
     Remote Sensing
     GIS
     GPS
     Place
     Site and Situation
     Latitude & Longitude
     World Time Zone
     Region (Formal, functional and vernacular)
     Regional Interaction
     Spatial Scales
     Spatial distribution
     Spatial interaction
     Migration
     Diffusion (types of diffusion)

Population

     Concept of population geography
     Where is the world’s population distributed?
     Historical Population Increases
     Most populous countries
     Most populous US states
     Arithmetic density
     Physiological density
     Population Equation
     Natural Increase Rate
     CBR
     CDR
     IMR
     Projected Population Change
     HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate
     HIV/AIDS demographics
     Life Expectancy
Dr. Thakur’s G114                       SP 2010


     Demographic Transition Theory
     Sex Ratio
     Population Pyramid
     Dependency Ratio

Migration

     New population size
     Migration
     Outmigration
     Inmigration
     net in-migration
     net out-migration
     Push factor and pull factors
     Distance and migration
     reasons for intra-county moves
     reasons for inter-county moves
     International Migration
     Forced migration

Language

     Culture
     Cultural Geography
     Cultural trait
     Culture complex
     Cultural subsystem
     Three Cultural Subsystems
     Acculturation
     Assimilation
     Cultural diffusion
     World’s Modern Cultural Regions
     Definition of Language
     Language subfamily
     Language family
     Isolated languages
     Unchanged language
     Extinct Language
     Dialect
     Lingua franca
     Bilingual
     Multilingual (or polyglot)
     Official language
Dr. Thakur’s G114                                                             SP 2010



Ethnicity

      Definition of Ethnicity
      Regional Clustering of Ethnicities
      City Clustering of Ethnicities
      Differentiating Race from Ethnicity
      Nationality
      Ethnicities vs. Nationalities
      Self-determination
      Why do ethnicities clash?
      Ethnic Cleansing
      Forced migration
      Genocide

Religion

      Definition of Religion
      Tribal, Ethnic and universalizing religion
      Major religions of the world (Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism,
       Judaism)
      Divisions within a religion
      Why do the major religions have different spatial distributions?
      Pilgrimage
      How do religions organize space?
      Sacred Places
      Why do territorial conflicts arise among religious groups?

Political Geography

      Definition of Political Geography
      Personal Space
      Trespassing
      Encroachment
      County, municipality, townships, special districts, school districts
      Intracountry partitioning
      State
      Sovereign state
      Ocean Partitioning
      Boundary
      Natural (or Physical) Boundaries
      Cultural (or Ethnographic) boundaries
      Geometric Boundaries
      Historical Boundaries
Dr. Thakur’s G114                               SP 2010


     Antecedent Boundaries
     Superimposed boundaries
     Relict boundaries
     Why do boundaries change?
     How are boundaries changed?
     Shapes (very important)
     Landlocked States
     Exclaves
     Enclave
     Buffer State
     Multi-ethnic State
     Multi-national State
     Nation-state
     Nationalism with out statehood
     Colonization
     Why colonize?
     Why decolonize?
     Neocolonialism



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