Language objectives by accinent

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									              Language Objectives for the NC Biology Course of Study

The following language objectives where written to correlate with the goals of the NC
Biology Course of Study. The language objectives may be implemented daily or with a
multiday lesson or unit.


Language objectives:

Goal 1: The learner will develop an understanding of the physical, chemical and
cellular basis of life.

The learner will:
   1. define the terms living and non living
   2. list examples of living things and non living things
   3. draw and discuss forms of energy including a picture of mechanical, heat,
       electrical, and food energy
   4. discuss why food energy is needed by living things
   5. define and explain homeostasis, temperature, pH, and salinity
   6. classify acids and bases
   7. define and list characteristics of bonding patterns
   8. draw a diagram to show the attraction formed between atoms using lines and
       chemical symbols
   9. demonstrate and explain endothermic and exothermic reactions
   10. compare and contrast proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids
   11. compare and contrast inorganic and organic compounds
   12. compare and contrast animal and plant cells
   13. draw a diagram of a cell and label the nucleus, plasma membrane, cell wall,
       mitochondria, vacuoles, chloroplasts, and ribosome
   14. match the structure and function of cell organelles
   15. demonstrate proper use of light microscopes
   16. use microscopes to view and measure animal and plant cells
   17. build a three dimensional model of a cell
   18. compare and contrast the structures and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic
       cells
   19. use microscopes to view and draw prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
   20. explain the importance of water to cells
   21. compare and contrast active vs. passive transport of water to cells
   22. define and use the terms diffusion, osmosis, and semi permeable membranes
   23. predict changes that may or may not occur between solution concentrations and
       different types of cells
   24. write a summary to explain examples of diffusion and osmosis
   25. complete a graphic organizer showing the structure and function of enzymes
   26. list the effects of pH and temperature on enzymes and the denaturing of enzymes
   27. summarize the Induced Fit theory
   28. find specific information on genetic metabolic disorders caused by defects in the
       genetic code for one or more enzymes
   29. compare and contrast aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration
   30. write the equation for aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration
   31. list the reactants and products of aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration
   32. write the equation for photosynthesis
   33. list the reactants and products of photosynthesis
   34. create a graphic organizer to compare aerobic respiration, anaerobic
       respiration, photosynthesis, and chemosynthesis
   35. explain the function of ATP
   36. demonstrate and summarize the effects of pH, temperature, light and food on
       aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and photosynthesis


Goal 2: The learner will develop an understanding of the continuity of life and the
changes of organisms over time.

The learner will:

   1. compare and contrast the characteristics of asexual and sexual reproduction
   2. draw and label the base pairings of the DNA structure
   3. demonstrate how replication allows daughter cells to have exact copy of parental
       DNA
   4. match base pairs to determine amino acid chains
   5. explain the process of protein synthesis using a graphic organizer
   6. create a model to demonstrate replication of DNA
   7. define mutation and explain how it can lead to a change in protein
   8. read about the contributions of James Watson and Francis Crick and write a
       summary of their contributions
   9. create a Venn diagram to show the similarities and differences between Mitosis
       and Meiosis
   10. create models to manipulate structures within a cell to demonstrate Mitosis and
       Meiosis
   11. arrange diagrams in order and describe what is occurring throughout the
       processes of Mitosis and Meiosis
   12. define and give an example of dominant, recessive and codominant alleles
   13. solve genetic problems with one and two traits and explain the process they
       followed
   14. draw Punnett squares and solve genetic problems
   15. solve and interpret genetic problems using the laws of probability to predict
       patterns of inheritance
   16. solve and interpret genetic problems with A, B, O blood types and explain the
       process they followed
   17. solve genetic problems and analyze pedigrees
   18. interpret problems with sex linked traits
   19. draw and label diagrams to summarize Mendel’s experiments and laws and then
       explain Mendel’s experiments and laws orally
   20. read and summarize Charles Drew’s impact on blood donation and blood banks
   21. discuss the application of DNA technology for identifying individuals and
       identification of parentage
   22. explain how DNA technology can be applied to crime scene investigations
   23. list and discuss uses of DNA technology in medicine
   24. explain gel electrophoresis as a part of DNA technology
   25. debate the ethical issues raised by the application of DNA technology
   26. observe karyotype examples
   27. list examples of genetic engineering of food crops
   28. explain and discuss the genetic causes of sickle cell, colorblindness, cystic
       fibrosis, hemophilia, Down syndrome, and Huntington’s disease
   29. compare genetics and environmental caused conditions
   30. list and describe conditions with genetic and environmental components
   31. list and describe conditions with environmental causes
   32. contrast biogenesis and abiogenesis
   33. read and summarize the contributions of Pasteur
   34. create a flow chart to explain the hypotheses for the formation of the early
       atmosphere
   35. observe fossils and make inferences to patterns in biological evolution
   36. define adaptive radiation and relate to biological evolution
   37. define and draw examples of natural selection
   38. draw and explain examples of types of natural selection
   39. define variation, reproductive isolation, geographic isolation, and speciation
   40. explain the roles of variation, reproductive and geographic isolation in speciation
   41. measure and graph variation in populations of organisms
   42. read, summarize, and discuss Charles Darwin’s development of the theory of
       evolution by natural selection
   43. model natural selection in Fishy Frequencies simulation
   44. discuss and show relationships between the use of pesticides and antibiotic to
       the theory of evolution by natural selection


Goal 3: The learner will develop an understanding of the unity and diversity of life.

The leaner will:

   1. Compare and contrast adaptations to life in various terrestrial and aquatic
      environments draw a Venn diagram to compare and contrast the Animal Kingdom
      and the Plant Kingdom
   2. list characteristics of Fungi
   3. list characteristics of Protists
   4. list characteristics of Monera
   5. create a chart to list characteristics and examples of each animal phylum
   6. create a chart to list characteristics and examples of each plant phylum
7. match examples of animals to the correct phylum
8. match examples of plants to the correct phylum
9. identify genus and specie names of plants and animals
10. write the genus and specie names of plants and animals
11. identify plants and animals using a dichotomous key
12. create a dichotomous key
13. draw a Venn diagram to compare and contrast viruses to living organisms
14. read and summarize the contributions of Carolus Linnaeus
15. label the parts and explain the function of the cardiovascular system
16. label the parts and explain the function of the digestive system
17. label the parts and explain the function of the endocrine system
18. label the parts and explain the function of the excretory system
19. label the parts and explain the function of the immune system
20. label the parts and explain the function of the muscular system
21. label the parts and explain the function of the nervous system
22. label the parts and explain the function of the reproductive system
23. label the parts and explain the function of respiratory system
24. label the parts and explain the function of the skeletal system
25. dissect a frog and identify body systems
26. identify and draw examples of feedback systems in the body
27. interpret and explain graphs showing hormone fluctuations and feedback
    systems
28. label the parts and explain the function of the transport system in plants
29. label the parts and explain the process of reproduction in plants
30. label the parts and explain the function of regulation in plants
31. demonstrate and explain water transport in celery
32. draw and label parts of a plant under a microscope
33. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of an animal in the phyla Chordata
34. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of an animal in the phyla Arthropoda
35. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of an animal in the phyla Annelida
36. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of an animal in the phyla Mollusca
37. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of an animal in the phyla Porifera
38. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of an animal in the phyla Cnidaria
39. create a chart to identify characteristics of reproduction in each major animal
    phylum
40. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle and of Mosses
41. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of Ferns
42. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of Gymnosperms
43. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of Angiosperms
44. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of Monera
45. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of Protista
46. draw a flow chart to explain the life cycle of Fungi
47. create a chart to identify characteristics of reproduction in Mosses, Ferns,
    Gymnosperms, Angiosperms, Monera, Protista, Fungi
48. compare and contrast adaptations to life in terrestrial and aquatic environments
49. read information from twin studies and summarize the effect of genetics on
    their growth and development
50. read and identify examples of the role nutrition on growth and development of
    animals
51. list examples of environmental factors that could effect the growth and
    development of plants and animals
52. read and discuss the effect of genetics and alcoholism
53. read and discuss the effects of alcoholism on growth and development of a
    zygote, embryo, and fetus
54. predict the effect of environmental factors on the growth of plants
55. demonstrate the effect of environmental factors on the growth of plants

Goal 4: The learner will develop an understanding of ecological relationships
among organism.

The leaner will:

1. define and draw examples of abiotic factors
2. define and draw examples of biotic factors
3. define and draw examples to show the relationship between species,
    populations, communities, ecosystems, and biomes
4. create a chart to list and compare characteristics of deserts, rainforest,
    grasslands, savannahs, deciduous forest, coniferous forest, and the tundra
5. give examples and explain the importance of abiotic factors in determining
    biomes
6. give examples and explain the importance of abiotic factors in determining
    ecosystems within biomes
7. give examples of the interaction between abiotic factors and biotic factors in an
    ecosystem
8. read a climatogram and identify the biome
9. compare and explain the terms niche and habitat
10. draw examples of relationships showing mutualism
11. draw examples of parasitic relationships
12. draw examples of relationships showing commensalism
13. draw examples or predator/prey relationships
14. categorize symbiotic relationships and predator/prey relationships from
    examples
15. define and give examples of limiting factors
16. categorize examples of limiting factors as density dependent or density
    independent
17. define, explain, and give examples of carrying capacity
18. draw and label the nitrogen cycle
19. draw and label the water cycle
20. draw and label the carbon cycle
21. make a chart listing how humans effect the nitrogen, water, and carbon cycle
22. explain the difference in a food chain and a food web
23. define photosynthesis and explain the role it plays in the flow of energy through a
    food chain
24. define decomposers and explain the role they play in the flow of nutrients through
    a food chain
25. define and draw trophic levels to show the flow of energy in a food chain
26. explain the efficiency of energy through the trophic levels
27. explain and show with arrows the direction of energy transfer in a food chain
28. draw a terrestrial and aquatic food chain
29. draw a terrestrial and aquatic food web
30. draw and explain primary succession
31. list disturbances that can occur in an ecosystem
32. draw and explain secondary succession in a forest
33. explain a climax community
34. list ways that humans add carbon to the atmosphere
35. identify emissions other than carbon that can contribute to global warming
36. identify and discuss possible effects of global warming
37. identify and discuss ways to decrease human carbon production
38. define birth rate and death rate
39. list factors that can influence human birth rates and death rates
40. analyze a population pyramid and predict the growth of a country
41. discuss the effects of population size and population density on resource use
42. discuss the effects of increased resource use on the environment
43. define and explain the difference between bioaccumulation and
    biomagnification
44. list examples of pesticides
45. explain how pesticides effect non-target populations
46. explain and give examples of how some species have adapted a resistance to
    some pesticides
47. identify and draw examples of biocontrols as alternatives to pesticides
48. create a chart to list the pros and cons of biocontrols as alternatives to pesticides
49. draw a diagram showing the effects of bioaccumulation of pesticides on a
    community
50. read and summarize the contributions of Rachel Carson on the effects of DDT

								
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