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									                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Hamilton
QUARTERLY REVIEW
     MARCH 2004




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                                                                    HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Contents...
                                                                                                                          Page
Trends this quarter... ....................................................................................................3
Feature Article: Subnational Ethnic Population Projections ......................................6
Hamilton City in Brief ................................................................................................11
Population Census ......................................................................................................12
Population Estimates ..................................................................................................13
Population Projections ...............................................................................................14
Births and Deaths .......................................................................................................15
External Migration .....................................................................................................16
Hospital Discharges ...................................................................................................17
Crime ..........................................................................................................................18
Education ....................................................................................................................19
Labour Force ..............................................................................................................20
Average Hourly Earnings ...........................................................................................21
Average Weekly Income ..............................................................................................22
Full-Time Equivalents ................................................................................................23
Business Locations .....................................................................................................24
Economic Indicators ...................................................................................................25
Net GST Indicator .......................................................................................................26
Consumers Price Index ...............................................................................................27
Retail Trade ................................................................................................................28
Car Registrations ........................................................................................................29
Household Expenditure ..............................................................................................30
Residential Building Consents ....................................................................................31
Non-Residential Building Consents ............................................................................32
Real Estate Sales.........................................................................................................33
Accommodation Survey ..............................................................................................34
Technical Notes... .......................................................................................................35




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                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Trends this quarter...
        Population                               Births                                 Deaths
        Estimates
         30 June 2003                      March 2004 quarter                     March 2004 quarter
          Hamilton City                       Hamilton City                          Hamilton City


            125,000                                538                                     172
        + 2.5% (+ 3,000)                      + 11.2% (+ 54)                          + 11.0% (+ 17)

       from 30 June 2002                 from March 2003 quarter                 from March 2003 quarter



  Permanent & Long-                    Permanent & Long-                             Hospital
    Term Arrivals                       Term Departures                            Discharges
    March 2004 quarter                   March 2004 quarter                   Year ended December 2002
       Hamilton City                        Hamilton City                            Hamilton City


               876                                 588                                    28,566
         - 15.1% (- 156)                      + 12.6% (+ 66)                         - 4.6% (- 1,372)

    from March 2003 quarter *            from March 2003 quarter *           from year ended December 2001



       Employment                         Unemployment                               Recorded
                                                Rate                                   Crime
     March 2004 quarter                   March 2004 quarter                  Year ended December 2003
       Waikato Region                       Waikato Region                       Waikato Police District


             169,284                              3.9%                                    31,075
         - 3.5% (- 6,111)               down 1.6 percentage points                   - 5.7% (- 1,872)

    from March 2003 quarter              from March 2003 quarter             from year ended December 2002



       Education                          Education                                    Crime
   (Primary School)                   (Secondary School)                        Resolution Rate
         July 2003                         March 2003                         Year ended December 2003
        Hamilton City                      Hamilton City                         Waikato Police District

     20.3 pupils per FTTE **              17.2 pupils per FTTE **                         45.7%
         + 5.1% (+ 1.0)                       + 3.5% (+ 0.6)                     up 3.4 percentage points

         from July 2002                      from March 2002                 from year ended December 2002


* External migration data excludes the movement of people from one area to another within New Zealand.
** Full-time teacher equivalent.


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                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Trends this quarter continued…
    Average Hourly                       Average Weekly                        Consumers Price
       Earnings                              Income                                   Index
       March 2004                         June 2003 quarter                     March 2004 quarter
       Hamilton City                        Waikato Region                      Hamilton Urban Area


             $20.21                               $509                                   1116
        + 7.1% (+ $1.33)                      + 1.8% (+ $9)                          + 1.5% (+ 16)

        from March 2003                   from June 2002 quarter                from March 2003 quarter



        Full-Time                             Business                               Retail
       Equivalents                           Locations                                Sales
        February 2003                        February 2003                       March 2004 quarter
         Hamilton City                        Hamilton City                        Waikato Region


             56,240                                9,483                               $1,164.9m
        + 4.3% (+ 2,320)                      + 3.6% (+ 333)                       - 6.6% (- $81.8m)

       from February 2002                  from February 2002                  from March 2003 quarter *



   Number of New                      Floor Area of New                        Value of Non-
Residential Consents                 Residential Consents                  Residential Consents
  Year ended March 2004                Year ended March 2004                 Year ended March 2004
        Hamilton City                        Hamilton City                         Hamilton City


             1,314                        242,571 square metres                        $107.9m
        + 47.3% (+ 422)              + 45.6% (+ 75,958 square metres)             + 50.7% (+ $36.3m)

  from year ended March 2003           from year ended March 2003             from year ended March 2003


* The Retail Trade Survey sample is selected and weighted at the industry level. Data released below
this design level i.e. regional data are indicative only. Because of the introduction in October 2003 of a
new sample, there are likely to be differences encountered when comparing the December 2003 data
with any of the previous data.




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                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Trends this quarter continued...
      Dwelling               Average Dwelling                                Car
        Sales                   Sale Price                           Registrations
  March 2004 quarter          March 2004 quarter                     March 2004 quarter
  Waikato REINZ Region        Waikato REINZ Region                   Hamilton Postal District


          2,462                       $203,100                                3,998
     + 20.0% (+ 410)             + 8.0% (+ $15,100)                      + 12.7% (+ 449)

 from March 2003 quarter      from March 2003 quarter                from March 2003 quarter



   Total Guest                Occupancy Rate                         Guest Arrivals
      Nights
  March 2004 quarter           March 2004 quarter                     March 2004 quarter
     Hamilton City                Hamilton City                          Hamilton City


         138,491                       52.6%                                 82,142
    + 8.1% (+ 10,391)         up 5.5 percentage points                  + 11.8% (+ 8,652)

 from March 2003 quarter      from March 2003 quarter                from March 2003 quarter



         GST                          GST                                   Net
       Sales                     Purchases                                  GST
 December 2003 quarter        December 2003 quarter                 December 2003 quarter
     Waikato Region               Waikato Region                        Waikato Region


        $8,396.1m                    $6,325.6m                              $2,070.5m
  + 14.2% (+ $1,044.6m)         + 18.7% (+ $997.0m)                     + 2.4% (+ $47.6m)

from December 2002 quarter   from December 2002 quarter            from December 2002 quarter




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                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004



Feature Article: Subnational Ethnic
Population Projections
Introduction
This article describes some of the issues in projecting ethnic populations as well as
results from Statistics New Zealand's latest ethnic population projections.

Projections have been produced for four broad ethnic groups – the European, Mäori,
Pacific and Asian populations – at both the national and subnational levels. For each
ethnicity, eleven alternative series have been produced at the national level and three
alternative series at the subnational level, using different combinations of fertility,
mortality, net migration and inter-ethnic mobility. The projections provide an
indication of possible future changes in the size, growth rate and age-sex structure of
each population.

The latest projections have the estimated resident population of each ethnicity at 30
June 2001 as a base. Each base population was derived from the census usually
resident population count at 6 March 2001 and adjusted for non-response to the
census ethnicity question, net census undercount and residents temporarily overseas
on census night. Because of these adjustments, the estimated resident population is
not directly comparable with census counts.

The national projections cover the 20-year period to 2021, by single year of age and
sex, at one-year intervals. The subnational projections cover the 15-year period to
2016, by five-year age group and sex, at five-year intervals.


Ethnic concept
The ethnic concept used in these projections is the ethnic group or groups that people
identify with or feel they belong to. Ethnicity is self-perceived. For example, people
may identify with the Mäori ethnicity even though they may not be descended from a
Mäori ancestor. Conversely, people may choose to not identify with the Mäori
ethnicity even though they are descended from a Mäori ancestor. Ethnicity does not
equate to a birthplace description.

People can and do belong to more than one ethnic group. For example, at the 2001
Census of Population and Dwellings, 526,281 people identified with the Mäori
ethnicity. Of these people, 212,889 (or 40 percent) also identified with a European
ethnicity. Similarly, of the 231,798 people who identified with a Pacific ethnicity,
31,548 (or 14 percent) also identified with the Mäori ethnicity. People who identify
with more than one ethnicity have been included in each ethnic population. Therefore
these ethnic projections are not mutually exclusive.




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                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004



Projection issues
Projections of ethnic populations are more uncertain than projections of the total
population for several reasons.

Ethnic identification can change over time (referred to as inter-ethnic mobility). This
may occur when different people respond to the ethnicity question for one person.
For example, the ethnicity of babies and young children is usually identified by their
parents. However, in a later census when these children are old enough to complete
their own forms, they will decide for themselves which ethnicity they identify with.
This may differ from the ethnicity identified by their parents. Inter-ethnic mobility
can also occur when different ethnicities are reported in different collections (eg birth
registration form, death registration form, census form) for one person.

Statistics New Zealand incorporates these issues into its methodology and develops
alternative projection scenarios to illustrate uncertainty.


Ethnic population projections for regional councils
According to the 'medium' projection series, the Mäori, Pacific and Asian
populations in all 16 regions are projected to increase during 2001–2016, while the
European population is projected to increase in 9 of 16 regions over the same time.
However, growth rates will vary between areas.

The projections indicate an increasing concentration of European, Mäori, Pacific and
Asian population in the northern North Island. The combined regions of Northland,
Auckland, Waikato and Bay of Plenty comprised 51 percent of New Zealand's
population in 2001. This is projected to increase to 55 percent by 2016. Over the
same period, these four regions are projected to increase their share of the European
population from 46 to 48 percent, Mäori population from 58 to 59 percent, Asian
population from 72 to 77 percent and Pacific population from 75 to 76 percent.

Auckland Region is projected to have the largest numerical increase of Mäori (up
37,000, from 144,000 to 181,000); Asian (up 213,000, from 175,000 to 388,000);
and Pacific people (up 77,000, from 176,000 to 253,000). Bay of Plenty Region will
have the largest increase of European people (up 28,000, from 191,000 to 219,000).

All regions are projected to have greater ethnic diversity in the future. The European
share in Auckland Region is projected to decline from 67 percent in 2001 to 54
percent by 2016. In contrast, the Asian share in Auckland is projected to increase
from 14 percent to 25 percent over the same time. Gisborne is projected to have
roughly equal shares of European and Mäori by 2016. Its Mäori share is projected to
increase from 47 percent in 2001 to 54 percent in 2016, and its European share drop
from 62 percent in 2001 to 55 percent in 2016. The ethnic shares for an area may sum
to more than 100 percent because people can and do identify with more than one
ethnicity.




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                                                                                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004


Table 1
                                    Projected Ethnic Populations of Regional Councils
                                                     Medium Series
                                                               2001(base) – 2016
                                                                                                                         (2)
                                                  (1)                                  Projected Population at 30 June
         Regional Council                  Year                                                                                                      (3)
                                                            European              Mäori              Asian               Pacific             Total

Northland Region                           2001                 110,400                47,100             2,300                  3,400          144,400
                                           2016                 114,500                55,200             4,000                  4,800          155,400


Auckland Region                            2001                 820,600               143,700          175,100                 175,900        1,216,900
                                           2016                 845,500               180,800          388,400                 252,600        1,553,900


Waikato Region                             2001                 300,100                80,200           13,400                  11,600          369,800
                                           2016                 307,100                95,600           25,300                  16,800          401,600


Bay of Plenty Region                       2001                 191,500                71,000             5,800                  6,100          246,900
                                           2016                 219,300                88,200           10,600                   9,300          294,600


Gisborne Region                            2001                   28,400               21,500                700                 1,300           45,500
                                           2016                   23,900               23,500                 ..                     ..          43,500


Hawke's Bay Region                         2001                 116,700                35,500             3,300                  5,300          147,300
                                           2016                 108,200                40,500             5,700                  8,300          146,700


Taranaki Region                            2001                   94,900               16,100             1,700                  1,200          105,700
                                           2016                   86,200               18,000                 ..                     ..          98,700


Manawatu-Wanganui Region                   2001                 192,500                43,400             7,400                  5,600          227,500
                                           2016                 183,300                49,900           11,100                   8,000          226,900


Wellington Region                          2001                 353,100                56,200           31,300                  35,900          440,200
                                           2016                 347,600                66,700           48,700                  45,900          465,300


Tasman Region                              2001                   40,800                3,100                400                   200           42,400
                                           2016                   46,300                4,100                 ..                     ..          49,300


Nelson Region                              2001                   40,000                3,500             1,000                    600           42,900
                                           2016                   44,300                4,800                 ..                     ..          48,800


Marlborough Region                         2001                   38,300                4,300                400                   400           40,700
                                           2016                   41,500                5,200                 ..                     ..          45,100


West Coast Region                          2001                   29,600                2,800                300                   200           31,100
                                           2016                   26,800                2,800                 ..                     ..          28,400


Canterbury Region                          2001                 454,000                34,500           21,900                   9,500          496,700
                                           2016                 468,300                43,800           40,800                  13,200          540,000


Otago Region                               2001                 175,800                11,600             6,600                  2,900          188,300
                                           2016                 177,700                14,000           10,600                   4,100          196,100


Southland Region                           2001                   86,900               10,900                900                 1,400           93,300
                                           2016                   76,400               12,300                 ..                     ..          83,500


New Zealand                                2001               3,074,000               585,900          272,500                 261,800        3,880,500
                                           2016               3,117,300               705,900          553,800                 370,700        4,378,600


(1) These projections have as a base the estimated resident population of each ethnicity of each area at 30 June 2001.
(2) It is important to note that these ethnic populations are not mutually exclusive because people can and do identify with more than
   one ethnicity. People who identify with more than one ethnicity have been included in each ethnic population.
(3) Includes people who identify with other ethnicities as well as those who identify with Mäori, Pacific, Asian and European ethnicities.


 .. Figure(s) not available.


Notes: Owing to rounding, individual figures may not sum to give the stated totals.




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                                                          HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Ethnic population projections for territorial authorities
Among territorial authorities (cities and districts), there is considerable variation
likely in total population growth rates, largely because of differences in age
structures, fertility levels and migration patterns. Moreover, growth rates are
projected to vary over the projection period and within areas. Half of New Zealand's
74 territorial authorities are likely to have fewer residents in 2016 than in 2001. At
the same time, the Mäori, Pacific and Asian populations are projected to increase in
almost all cities and districts. The faster growth of the Mäori, Pacific and Asian
populations will increase the ethnic diversity of most areas of New Zealand.

Manukau City is projected to have the largest numerical increase in Mäori
population, up 13,000, from 50,000 to 63,000; and Pacific population, up 41,000,
from 82,000 to 124,000. The largest increase in Asian population will occur in
Auckland City with an increase of 94,000; from 77,000 in 2001 to 171,000 by 2016.
Rodney District is projected to have the largest numerical increase in European
population during 2001–2016; up 25,000, from 74,000 in 2001 to 99,000 in 2016.

Tauranga City is projected to have the largest percentage increase in Mäori
population, up 53 percent (Figure 3). Hamilton City will have the largest percentage
increase in Pacific population (up 69 percent), while Waitakere City (up 135 percent)
and Queenstown-Lakes District (up 48 percent) will have the largest percentage
growth for Asian and European, respectively.

Figure 1
                                      Projected Mäori Population Growth Rate
                                           Highest 16 territorial authorities
                                           2001(base)–2016 (medium series)

               Tauranga Ci
             Kapiti Coast Di
                 Rodney Di
      Queenstown-Lakes Di
             Waimakariri Di
    Western Bay of Plenty Di
                  Nelson Ci
                 Tasman Di
               Papakura Di
              Waitakere Ci
                Hamilton Ci
            Christchurch Ci
               Manukau Ci
                  Selwyn Di
             North Shore Ci
       Palmerston North Ci

                                  0        10       20          30            40           50           60
                                                              Percent

Note: Ci = City. Di = District.




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                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004


The Mäori share is projected to increase in all territorial authorities except Manukau
City which drops from 17 to 16 percent. The Asian share is projected to increase in
all territorial authorities. The Pacific share is projected to increase in all territorial
authorities except Auckland City which drops from 14 to 13 percent.

In contrast, all territorial authorities are likely to have lower proportions of the
population identifying with European ethnicities. Fourteen of the 20 districts in the
South Island had 95 percent or more of their population identifying with a European
ethnicity in 2001. Leading the way was Waimate District with 98 percent. Its
European share is projected to drop to 97 percent in 2016.

The Mäori, Asian and Pacific shares are generally higher among territorial authorities
in the North Island. Kawerau District is projected to have the highest Mäori share in
2016 at 71 percent, up from 61 percent in 2001; Porirua City the highest Pacific share
in 2016 at 33 percent, up from 27 percent in 2001; and Auckland City the highest
Asian share in 2016 at 34 percent, up from 20 percent in 2001.

Summary
The ethnic mosaic of New Zealand's population is changing, with the Mäori, Pacific
and Asian ethnic groups making up a growing proportion of the population. This
reflects past and likely future differentials in fertility, as well as the impact of
growing miscegenation (intermarriage) and changes in immigration policy. Also, the
Mäori, Pacific and Asian populations have a more youthful age structure and thus a
greater built-in momentum for growth than the European population. Coupled with
higher fertility for Mäori and Pacific people, and the assumed net migration levels for
Asian people, these ethnic groups are likely to grow at a much faster pace than their
European counterparts.

All ethnic populations will age in the coming decades. However, even two decades
on, the Mäori and Pacific populations will still have a younger age structure than the
current New Zealand population. These trends, evident at the national level, will also
be mirrored at the subnational level to varying degrees.

Further information
For more information at the subnational level refer to the website at:
www.stats.govt.nz/domino/external/web/prod_serv.nsf/htmldocs/Subnational+Ethnic
+Population+Projections

For enquiries on demographic projections or quotes for ad hoc projections, please
contact Richard Speirs : email: richard.speirs@stats.govt.nz - phone: (03) 964 8779.




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                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Hamilton City in Brief

The People(1)                                                     Housing(1)
 3.1 percent of the New Zealand census usually                    61.1 percent of households and permanent
  resident population count                                         private dwellings own their dwelling,
 above average population density (1,250.8                         below the national average of 68.8 percent
  people per square kilometre compared with 14.1                   38.9 percent of households do not own
  nationally)                                                       their dwelling, above the national average
 median age of 30.8 years, lower than the                          of 32.2 percent
  national median age of 34.8 years                                the median weekly rent was $180, above
 19.1 percent identify with the Mäori ethnic                       the national median weekly rent of $160
  group, compared to 14.7 percent nationally


Industry(2)
 14.8 percent of full-time equivalents are in the                 12.9 percent are employed in retail trade
  manufacturing industry                                           9.0 percent are in education
 a further 13.5 percent are employed in health                    8.0 percent are employed in the
  and community services                                            construction industry
 13.4 percent are in property and business
  services


Tourism                                                           Local Government
     Waikato Museum of Art and History                            less than 0.1 percent of the total New
     National Agricultural Heritage Museum                         Zealand land area
     Hamilton Gardens                                             Hamilton City Council
     Hamilton Zoo                                                 West Ward
                                                                   East Ward
                                                                   South Ward


Urban Centre
     Hamilton Zone


(1)    Based on data from the 2001 Census of Population and Dwellings.
(2)    Based on Business Demography data as at February 2003.




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                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Population Census
                   Census Usually Resident Population Count
                                                  Hamilton City
                                                   As at March
              Population (000)
       140


       120


       100


        80


        60


        40


        20


         0
                     1986                   1991                     1996              2001
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings


The census usually resident population count for Hamilton City totalled 114,921 as at March
2001. At that time, Hamilton City contained 3.1 percent of the census usually resident
population of New Zealand. Since the 1996 Census, the population usually resident in the
city has increased by 6,495 people or 6.0 percent compared with a rise of 3.3 percent for the
New Zealand usually resident population during the same period. As at March 2001, there
were an estimated 1,250.8 people per square kilometre compared with the New Zealand
average of 14.1 people per square kilometre.

                   Census Usually Resident Population Count
                                                   As at March
                                                 Census Usually Resident               Population Change
Area                                                Population Count                      1996-2001
                                                                2001                 Number         Percent
Hamilton City                                                114,921                  6,495              6.0
North Shore City                                             184,821                 12,657              7.4
Waitakere City                                               168,750                 13,185              8.5
Auckland City                                                367,734                 21,966              6.4
Manukau City                                                 283,200                 28,923             11.4
Waikato District                                              39,855                    717              1.8
Waipa District                                                40,293                  1,440              3.7
Taupo District                                                31,521                    831              2.7
Wellington City                                              163,824                  6,105              3.9
Christchurch City                                            316,227                  7,200              2.3
Dunedin City                                                 114,342                 -3,801             -3.2
Waikato Region                                               357,726                  7,614              2.2
New Zealand                                                3,737,277                118,974              3.3
Note: All figures have been randomly rounded to base 3.



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                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Population Estimates
               Estimated Annual Percentage Population Change
                                                   As at 30 June
          Population change (percent)                                   Hamilton City              New Zealand
  3.0



  2.5



  2.0



  1.5



  1.0



  0.5



  0.0
                 1999                   2000                  2001                 2002                 2003


Source: Statistics New Zealand, Population Estimates


The estimated population of Hamilton City was 125,000 at 30 June 2003, an increase of
3,000 people since 30 June 2002. This represents an increase of 2.5 percent, compared with
a national increase of 1.8 percent over the same period.

                    Estimated Population Change 2002 - 2003
                                                   As at 30 June
                                                                                          Population Change
        (1)                                            Estimated Population
Area                                                                                         2002-2003
                                                  2002                  2003              Number        Percent
Hamilton City                                    122,000               125,000              3,000              2.5
North Shore City                                 198,900               205,000              6,100              3.1
Waitakere City                                   180,700               185,600              4,900              2.7
Auckland City                                    401,500               415,200             13,700              3.4
Manukau City                                     307,300               317,500             10,200              3.3
Waikato District                                  41,700                42,100                400              1.0
Waipa District                                    41,800                42,400                600              1.4
Taupo District                                    32,800                33,300                500              1.5
Wellington City                                  174,600               179,100              4,500              2.6
Christchurch City                                332,000               338,800              6,800              2.0
Dunedin City                                     120,300               121,100                800              0.7
Waikato Region                                   373,300               377,900              4,600              1.2
New Zealand                                    3,939,100             4,009,200             70,100              1.8
(1) Estimates for territorial authorities and regions are based on the 2001 boundaries.




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                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Population Projections
                                Projected Resident Population
                                                 Hamilton City
                                               2001(base) – 2021
          Population (000)                                             High              Medium           Low
   180

   160

   140

   120

   100

    80

    60

    40

    20

       0
       2001                     2006                       2011                         2016                    2021

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Subnational Population Projections, 2001(Base) - 2021


According to the medium projection series, the resident population of Hamilton City is
projected to increase by around 30,500, from 119,500 in 2001 to 150,000 in 2021. This is a
25.5 percent increase and compares with a projected national increase of 16.1 percent during
the same period. In 2001 Hamilton City represented 3.1 percent of New Zealand‟s resident
population. In 2021 the city is projected to represent 3.3 percent of New Zealand‟s resident
population.

                      Projected Population Change 2001-2021
                                                   As at 30 June
                                                    Projected Population                        Change 2001-2021
Area
                                                   2001             2021                       Number       Percent
Hamilton City                                    119,500              150,000                   30,500           25.5
North Shore City                                 194,200              255,100                   60,900           31.4
Waitakere City                                   176,200              237,100                   60,900           34.6
Auckland City                                    388,800              530,600                  141,900           36.5
Manukau City                                     298,200              409,700                  111,500           37.4
Waikato District                                  41,300               44,200                    2,900            7.0
Waipa District                                    41,400               47,100                    5,600           13.8
Taupo District                                    32,500               35,100                    2,500            8.0
Wellington City                                  171,100              193,300                   22,100           13.0
Christchurch City                                327,200              358,800                   31,500            9.7
Dunedin City                                     119,300              124,400                    5,100            4.3
Waikato Region                                   369,800              409,700                   39,900           10.8
New Zealand                                    3,880,500            4,505,900                  625,400           16.1
Note: Derived figures are calculated using data of greater precision than published.




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                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Births and Deaths
                                           Live Resident Births
                                                     Hamilton City
               Births
      600


      500


      400


      300


      200


      100


          0
               Mar-02      Jun-02 Sep-02 Dec-02 Mar-03               Jun-03   Sep-03 Dec-03 Mar-04
                                                          Quarter

The number of live resident births in Hamilton City totalled 538 during the March 2004
quarter. For the year ended March 2004, a total of 1,997 live resident births were registered
in the city compared with 1,808 for the previous March year, a rise of 10.5 percent. The city
registered 3.5 percent of all live resident births in New Zealand during the year ended March
2004.

The number of resident deaths in Hamilton City totalled 172 during the March 2004 quarter.
For the year ended March 2004, a total of 730 resident deaths were registered in the city
compared with 710 for the previous March year, a rise of 2.8 percent.

                                                   Resident Deaths
                                                     Hamilton City
               Deaths
      250


      200


      150



      100


        50


          0
               Mar-02      Jun-02 Sep-02 Dec-02 Mar-03               Jun-03   Sep-03 Dec-03 Mar-04
                                                           Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Vital Statistics




                                                           15
                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




External Migration
              Permanent and Long-term Arrivals and Departures
                                                 Hamilton City
                                               Year Ended March
           Arrivals and Departures                                                       Arrivals    Departures
3,000



2,500



2,000



1,500



1,000



  500



    0
                1999             2000                2001            2002            2003             2004


Source: Statistics New Zealand, External Migration


There were 2,686 permanent and long-term arrivals in Hamilton City during the year ended
March 2004, representing 3.1 percent of all immigrants who arrived in New Zealand during
that time. This was a 1.9 percent decrease in arrivals to the city from the year ended March
2003. There was a national decrease of 11.3 percent during the same period.

There were 1,907 permanent and long-term departures from Hamilton City during the year
ended March 2004. The arrival and departure of migrants during the year ended March 2004
resulted in a net increase of 779 people to the city.

                           Permanent and Long-term Migration
                                           Year Ended March 2004
Area (1)                                                Arrivals             Departures             Net Migration
Hamilton City                                           2,686                  1,907                    779
North Shore City                                        4,304                  2,563                  1,741
Waitakere City                                          2,455                  1,682                    773
Auckland City                                          21,332                 11,445                  9,887
Manukau City                                            5,360                  3,484                  1,876
Waikato District                                          361                    326                     35
Waipa District                                            565                    462                    103
Taupo District                                            403                    369                     34
Wellington City                                         4,920                  3,519                  1,401
Christchurch City                                       7,640                  4,807                  2,833
Dunedin City                                            1,974                  1,386                    588
Waikato Region                                          5,186                  4,159                  1,027
New Zealand                                            87,472                 59,495                 27,977
(1) Territorial authorities have been grouped to approximate regions.
Note : External migration data excludes the movement of people from one area to another within New Zealand
(i.e. Internal migration).



                                                             16
                                                                        HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




 Hospital Discharges
               Publicly Funded Hospital Discharges by Diagnosis(1)
                                                     Hamilton City
                                               Year Ended December 2002
                Discharges
       7,000


       6,000


       5,000


       4,000


       3,000


       2,000


       1,000


           0
                01    02     03    04    05     06    07    08     09    10    11     12   13   14   15   16   17   18
                                                                  Diagnosis

 Source: New Zealand Health Information Service

 There were 28,566 publicly funded hospital discharges of Hamilton City residents in the
 year ended 31 December 2002, compared with 29,938 discharges in the same period of the
 previous year. This represents 234.1 discharges per thousand resident population in 2002
 compared with 250.5 in 2001. Of the discharges in 2002, 11.8 percent were as a result of
 Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth & the Puerperium while 9.2 percent were from
 Symptoms, Signs & Ill-Defined Conditions. This compares with discharges for New Zealand
 of 10.9 percent and 7.1 percent respectively.

               Publicly Funded Hospital Discharges by Diagnosis(1)
                                                      Hamilton City
                                                 Year Ended 31 December
Diagnosis(1)                                                                                                2001        2002
 01       Infectious & Parasitic Diseases                                                                    620         563
 02       Neoplasms                                                                                        1,688       1,781
 03       Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases & Immunity Disorders                                 442         514
 04       Diseases of Blood & Blood-Forming Organs                                                           209         229
 05       Mental Disorders                                                                                 1,101         214
 06       Diseases of the Nervous System & Sense Organs                                                    1,275       1,354
 07       Diseases of the Circulatory System                                                               1,980       1,866
 08       Diseases of the Respiratory System                                                               2,050       2,005
 09       Diseases of the Digestive System                                                                 2,050       2,100
 10       Diseases of the Genitourinary System                                                             1,459       1,357
 11       Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth & the Puerperium                                          3,540       3,376
 12       Diseases of the Skin & Subcutaneous Tissue                                                         596         635
 13       Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and Connective Tissue                                       901         850
 14       Congenital Anomalies                                                                               253         212
 15       Certain Perinatal Conditions Originating in the Perinatal Period                                   706         545
 16       Symptoms, Signs & Ill-Defined Conditions                                                         2,534       2,620
 17       Injury and Poisoning                                                                             2,682       2,537
 18       Other                                                                                            5,852       5,808
          TOTAL                                                                                           29,938      28,566
 (1)    Refer to the technical notes for a description of the diagnosis classification.



                                                                    17
                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Crime
          Resolution Rate of Recorded Crime by Offence Type
                                             Year Ended December 2003
                                                                   New Zealand         Waikato Police District
                              Offence type

         Administrative


        Property Abuse


      Property Damage


            Dishonesty


  Drugs and Anti-Social


                Sexual


              Violence


                          0        10        20     30   40         50        60      70     80       90         100
                                                         Resolution rate (percent)

Source: New Zealand Police

During the year ended 31 December 2003 there were 31,075 crimes recorded in the Waikato
Police District, a decrease of 1,872 or 5.7 percent from the previous year. Of the recorded
crimes in 2003, 56.9 percent were for dishonesty offences, 16.1 percent were for drugs and
anti-social behaviour and 9.6 percent were for violence offences. This compares with 57.7,
13.3 and 10.3 percent respectively for New Zealand. A total of 14,206 crimes were resolved
in the district in 2003, representing 45.7 percent of reported crimes. This represents an
increase of 3.4 percentage points from the resolution rate of 42.3 percent in 2002.

                                  Recorded and Resolved Crime
                                              Year Ended 31 December
                                                    Recorded Crime                      Resolved Crime
Police District
                                                   2002        2003                   2002          2003
Northland                                          17,272      16,170                  8,910         8,381
North Shore / Waitakere                            39,710      41,106                 20,037       20,379
Auckland                                           59,621      60,769                 19,462       21,767
Counties / Manukau                                 49,690      48,381                 16,696       17,123
Waikato                                            32,947      31,075                 13,927       14,206
Bay of Plenty                                      40,111      40,138                 17,686       18,608
Eastern                                            25,382      24,387                 12,404       12,148
Central                                            34,934      34,452                 15,433       16,758
Wellington                                         43,717      46,472                 20,092       21,122
Tasman                                             16,726      16,873                  8,331         8,690
Canterbury                                         49,270      50,807                 17,150       17,114
Southern                                           30,749      31,859                 14,337       16,244
New Zealand                                       440,129     442,489                184,465      192,540




                                                         18
                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Education
                     Average Number of Pupils per FTTE(1)(2)
                                    Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                                         Primary    Secondary   NZ Primary     NZ Secondary
       Average number of pupils per FTTE
  22



  20



  18



  16



  14



  12



  10
 0
                      2001                            2002                              2003
                                                      Year

Source: Ministry of Education


Primary schools in Hamilton City had 13,869 pupils according to July 2003 school rolls.
This was a 6.7 percent increase from the previous year, compared with a national increase of
5.1 percent. There were 20.3 pupils for every full-time teacher equivalent (FTTE), a 5.1
percent increase from the previous year. This pupil to teacher ratio compares with 19.7
nationally for 2003.

Based on March 2003 secondary school rolls, Hamilton City had 10,912 pupils at an average
of 17.2 pupils per FTTE. This was an 8.4 percent increase in roll numbers from the year
2002, compared with a national increase of 5.6 percent. The pupil-teacher ratio is above the
national average of 16.1 secondary pupils per FTTE for 2003.

     School Rolls and Average Number of Pupils per FTTE(1)(2)
                                                  School Rolls                  Pupils per FTTE (Average)
Area
                                             Primary      Secondary               Primary       Secondary
Hamilton City                                 13,869             10,912               20.3              17.2
North Shore City                              21,949             15,532               21.4              18.5
Waitakere City                                22,775             10,486               21.1              17.9
Auckland City                                 38,825             28,076               20.4              17.4
Manukau City                                  43,675             20,758               21.2              17.6
Waikato District                               5,244              1,920               18.8              13.6
Waipa District                                 5,172              2,569               19.6              17.3
Taupo District                                 3,876              1,881               19.4              13.2
Wellington City                               15,568             10,049               19.8              16.5
Christchurch City                             32,646             21,617               20.6              16.8
Dunedin City                                  10,367              8,759               18.8              15.9
Waikato Region                                44,359             26,676               19.0              15.6
New Zealand                                  450,313            276,540               19.7              16.1
(1) Full-time teacher equivalent (FTTE).
(2) Statistics for primary schools are based on July rolls and for secondary schools on March rolls.
Note: Owing to rounding, individual figures do not always sum to the totals shown.



                                                        19
                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Labour Force
                               Unemployment Rate (Percent)
                                   Waikato Region and New Zealand

                                                                      Waikato Region             New Zealand
           Unemployment rate (percent)
      7

      6

      5

      4

      3

      2

      1

     0
     Mar-02       Jun-02      Sep-02       Dec-02       Mar-03        Jun-03      Sep-03      Dec-03      Mar-04
                                                       Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Household Labour Force Survey

The size of the Waikato regional labour force totalled 176,144 during the March 2004
quarter. The number of people employed decreased by 6,111 or 3.5 percent from the March
2003 quarter, which was not statistically significant. Unemployment in the Waikato Region
totalled 6,860 during the March 2004 quarter. The unemployment rate for the region was 3.9
percent compared with 5.5 percent for the March 2003 quarter. The New Zealand
unemployment rate for the March 2004 quarter was 4.6 percent. These figures have not been
seasonally adjusted.

                               Unemployment Rate (Percent)
                                                March Quarter
Region                                                           2003              2004         2004 Ranking(1)
Northland                                                         9.6               4.2                 4
Auckland                                                          4.6               4.4                 5
Waikato                                                           5.5               3.9                 3
Bay of Plenty                                                     7.5               6.7                12
Gisborne/Hawke's Bay                                              5.9               5.7                10
Taranaki                                                          5.0               5.1                 9
Manawatu-Wanganui                                                 4.7               5.9                11
Wellington                                                        6.3               4.7                 8
Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast                              3.5               2.7                 1
Canterbury                                                        4.5               4.4                 5
Otago                                                             5.9               4.4                 5
Southland                                                         3.3               2.9                 2
New Zealand                                                       5.3               4.6
(1) 1 = lowest unemployment rate and 12 = highest unemployment rate.




                                                          20
                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Average Hourly Earnings
                                      Average Hourly Earnings ($)
                                        Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                                                Male     Female      NZ Male    NZ Female
        Average hourly earnings ($)
  22



  20




  18



  16



  14




  012
                 Jun-2003                 Sep-2003                 Dec-2003                Mar-2004
                                                       Period
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Quarterly Employment Survey

Hamilton City employees earned an average of $20.21 per hour in March 2004, the same as
in December 2003. This result compares with a 0.1 percent increase for the whole of New
Zealand. In March 2004, males and females in Hamilton City earned an hourly rate of
$21.17 and $18.95 respectively, representing a decrease of 1.0 percent for males and an
increase of 1.2 percent for females from December 2003.

                                      Average Hourly Earnings ($)
                                                     March 2004
                                                       Average Hourly Earnings ($)             Sample Error (%)
Area                                                     Male            Female                 Male     Female
Hamilton City                                                 21.17               18.95           3.9        3.4
North Shore City                                              21.24               18.72           4.2        3.8
Waitakere City                                                18.62               17.04           3.8        6.0
Auckland City                                                 23.90               20.19           2.5        2.2
Manukau City                                                  21.18               17.93           3.4        3.4
Waikato District                                              17.65               15.27          15.7        8.8
Waipa District                                                18.45               16.29           6.8       16.1
Taupo District                                                18.52               16.06           6.5       10.2
Wellington City                                               28.28               21.50           4.6        4.0
Christchurch City                                             20.15               18.17           2.7        3.0
Dunedin City                                                  19.59               18.98           5.0        4.2
Waikato Region                                                19.80               17.44           3.0        3.4
New Zealand                                                   21.17               18.21           1.0        0.9
Note: Territorial authorities and regions are based on the latest 2001 boundaries.
Average hourly earnings equals the gross total payout to all employees divided by the number of paid hours.
If the number of geos in a sample is less than 30, data is not considered robust.




                                                           21
                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Average Weekly Income
                                Average Weekly Income ($)
                                   Waikato Region and New Zealand
                                            June Quarter
           Average weekly income ($)                               Waikato Region            New Zealand
     600



     550



     500



     450



     400



     350



     300
     0            1999                 2000                 2001               2002              2003

Source: Statistics New Zealand, New Zealand Income Survey


During the June 2003 quarter, people in the Waikato Region had an average weekly income
of $509 per week, 5.6 percent lower than the national average of $539 per week. Average
weekly income for people in the Waikato Region increased by 1.8 percent between the June
2002 quarter and the June 2003 quarter.

                                Average Weekly Income ($)
                                                 June Quarter
                                                                                                Percentage
Region                                                             2002               2003
                                                                                                 Change
Northland                                                           430               459           6.7
Auckland                                                            554               588           6.1
Waikato                                                             500               509           1.8
Bay of Plenty                                                       461               502           8.9
Gisborne/Hawke's Bay                                                467               507           8.6
Taranaki                                                            496               525           5.8
Manawatu-Wanganui                                                   461               475           3.0
Wellington                                                          593               607           2.4
Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast                                477               489           2.5
Canterbury                                                          490               523           6.7
Otago                                                               426               442           3.8
Southland                                                           484               524           8.3
New Zealand                                                         513               539           5.1
Note: Average weekly income is related to cash only, pre-tax (gross) income (wherever possible) and does not
include any non-cash benefits. Income from interest and investments has been included from 2002.




                                                            22
                                                                   HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




 Full-Time Equivalents
        Full-time Equivalent Persons Engaged (FTEs) by Industry
                                                  Hamilton City
                                               As at February 2003
             Full-time equivalent persons engaged
     9,000

     8,000

     7,000

     6,000

     5,000

     4,000

     3,000

     2,000

     1,000

         0
              A     B     C      D     E     F     G      H        I    J     K     L     M      N    O    P    Q
                                                  Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)
 Source: Statistics New Zealand, Business Demographic Statistics

 A total of 56,240 full-time equivalent persons engaged (FTEs) worked in Hamilton City as
 at February 2003. This represented 3.7 percent of total FTEs in New Zealand. The largest
 industry in terms of FTEs was the manufacturing industry, which employed 14.8 percent of
 all FTEs in the city. The health and community services industry employed a further 13.5
 percent of total FTEs in the city.

              Full-time Equivalent Persons Engaged by Industry
                                                  Hamilton City
                                               As at February 2003
Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)                                                           FTEs             Percentage of
                                                                                                         Total
 A      Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 1                                                200               0.4
 B      Mining                                                                               3               0.0
 C      Manufacturing                                                                    8,300              14.8
 D      Electricity, Gas and Water Supply                                                  300               0.5
 E      Construction                                                                     4,480               8.0
 F      Wholesale Trade                                                                  4,130               7.3
 G      Retail Trade                                                                     7,250              12.9
 H      Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants                                             2,150               3.8
 I      Transport and Storage                                                            1,140               2.0
 J      Communication Services                                                           1,320               2.3
 K      Finance and Insurance                                                            1,430               2.5
 L      Property and Business Services                                                   7,560              13.4
 M      Government Administration and Defence                                            2,120               3.8
 N      Education                                                                        5,080               9.0
 O      Health and Community Services                                                    7,590              13.5
 P      Cultural and Recreational Services                                               1,140               2.0
 Q      Personal and Other Services                                                      2,060               3.7
        TOTAL                                                                           56,240             100.0
 Note: Figures have been rounded, and discrepancies may occur between sums of component items and totals. All
 percentages and other derivations have been calculated using rounded figures.




 1
     Excludes farming
                                                              23
                                                                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Business Locations
                               Business Locations by Industry
                                                 Hamilton City
                                              As at February 2003
               Business locations
       3,500

       3,000

       2,500

       2,000

       1,500

       1,000

        500

           0
                 A     B     C     D     E     F      G     H      I    J     K    L    M     N     O    P     Q
                                                   Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Business Demographic Statistics

A total of 9,483 businesses were located within Hamilton City as at February 2003,
representing 2.9 percent of all the businesses in New Zealand. The principal industry within
Hamilton City was the property and business services industry, which accounted for 30.6
percent of all businesses within the city. The next most significant industry within the city
was the retail trade industry. See the previous page for the ANZSIC descriptions.

                                          Business Locations
                                              As at February 2003
                                                    Primary            Secondary         Tertiary            Total
Area
                                                   Sector(1)(2)          Sector           Sector
Hamilton City                                            66              1,832            7,585             9,483
North Shore City                                         47              3,856           15,574            19,477
Waitakere City                                           63              3,374            8,033            11,470
Auckland City                                           207              6,451           44,412            51,070
Manukau City                                            161              4,195           13,982            18,338
Waikato District                                        255                521            1,673             2,449
Waipa District                                          187                690            2,494             3,371
Taupo District                                          194                581            2,177             2,952
Wellington City                                         121              2,070           17,081            19,272
Christchurch City                                       225              4,922           20,971            26,118
Dunedin City                                            290              1,242            6,181             7,713
Waikato Region                                        1,692              5,532           21,287            28,511
New Zealand                                          13,341             59,755          250,743           323,839
(1) Refer to the technical notes for a description of the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.
(2) Excludes farming.




                                                             24
                                                                 HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Economic Indicators
                                     Sales and Purchases Indicators
                                                    Waikato Region
             $(million)                                                            Sales         Purchases
  9,000

  8,000

  7,000

  6,000

  5,000

  4,000

  3,000

  2,000

  1,000

        0
     Dec-01              Mar-02      Jun-02     Sep-02     Dec-02      Mar-03     Jun-03       Sep-03     Dec-03
                                                           Quarter

The total Goods and Services Tax (GST) sales in the Waikato Region for the December
2003 quarter was $8,396.1 million, representing an increase of $1,044.6 million or 14.2
percent from the same quarter of the previous year. This compares with a national increase
of 6.4 percent. During the same period the total GST purchases increased by $997.0 million
or 18.7 percent to $6,325.6 million, compared with a 4.9 percent increase for New Zealand.

                                          Sales Indicator by Sector
                                                    Waikato Region
            $(million)                                    Primary Sector    Secondary Sector       Tertiary Sector
5,000

4,500

4,000

3,500

3,000

2,500

2,000

1,500

1,000

  500

    0
             Dec-01         Mar-02     Jun-02    Sep-02     Dec-02     Mar-03     Jun-03    Sep-03       Dec-03
                                                            Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Economic Indicators

Note: Refer to the technical notes for a description of the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.




                                                               25
                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Net GST Indicator
                                           Net GST Indicator
                                           December 2003 Quarter
                            Regions
            Auckland

           Wellington

         Canterbury

             Waikato

        Bay of Plenty

               Otago

  Manawatu-Wanganui

        Hawke's Bay

            Taranaki

           Northland

           Southland

              Nelson

        Marlborough

            Gisborne

             Tasman

          West Coast


                        0        5    10   15       20         25      30       35        40       45
                                             Percentage of New Zealand

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Economic Indicators

During the December 2003 quarter the total net GST (sales - purchases) in the Waikato
Region was $2,070.5 million. This represented 6.7 percent of the total net GST in New
Zealand. For the year ended December 2003 the total net GST in the Waikato Region
increased by $339.9 million or 4.2 percent from the previous year, compared with a 6.6
percent increase nationally during the same period.

                                      Net GST Indicator $(million)
                                                December Quarter
Region                                       2001                          2002                     2003
Northland                                     538.3                         559.7                    599.7
Auckland                                   10,268.1                      10,716.1                 12,408.9
Waikato                                     2,012.5                       2,022.9                  2,070.5
Bay of Plenty                               1,199.0                       1,231.3                  1,224.4
Gisborne                                      172.8                         165.8                    241.5
Hawke's Bay                                   604.0                         716.0                    830.0
Taranaki                                      886.2                         819.7                    812.8
Manawatu-Wanganui                             924.1                         942.8                  1,134.7
Wellington                                  4,180.7                       4,790.3                  5,079.4
Tasman                                        146.7                         175.7                    170.8
Nelson                                        201.4                         245.3                    279.5
Marlborough                                   189.3                         231.5                    277.2
West Coast                                    125.9                          97.2                    128.3
Canterbury                                  2,747.6                       2,917.3                  3,312.8
Otago                                         870.4                         903.3                  1,148.1
Southland                                     503.0                         366.9                    309.5
New Zealand (1)                            26,545.5                      27,761.6                 30,773.1
(1) New Zealand includes businesses with no information for the industry and/or location.




                                                           26
                                                                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Consumers Price Index
                                     Annual Percentage Change in CPI
                                                  Hamilton Urban Area
                                            From Same Quarter of Previous Year
           Change in CPI (percent)
    4



    3



    2



    1



    0
            Mar-02              Jun-02   Sep-02 Dec-02        Mar-03     Jun-03      Sep-03 Dec-03    Mar-04
                                                          Quarter
Between the December 2003 quarter and the March 2004 quarter the Consumers Price Index
for the Hamilton Urban Area increased by 0.6 percent compared with a national increase of
0.4 percent. The Hamilton Urban Area experienced an annual rise of 1.5 percent in
consumer prices from the March 2003 quarter to the March 2004 quarter, equivalent to the
national annual rise. Prices are surveyed within the main urban areas.

                   Annual Percentage Change in CPI by Urban Area
                                  From March 2003 Quarter to March 2004 Quarter
                               Urban Area
          Invercargill
             Rotorua
           Wellington
   Palmerston North
    Napier-Hastings
              Nelson
            Auckland
           Tauranga
        New Zealand
           Wanganui
     New Plymouth
              Timaru
            Hamilton
            Dunedin
        Christchurch
          Whangarei

                         0.0                0.5         1.0                    1.5          2.0              2.5
                                                                     Percent

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Consumers Price Index




                                                                27
                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Retail Trade
                                         Value of Retail Sales
                                                 Waikato Region
               Retail sales $(million)
   1,400

   1,200

   1,000

     800

     600

     400

     200

         0
              Mar-02      Jun-02     Sep-02 Dec-02       Mar-03    Jun-03     Sep-03 Dec-03        Mar-04
                                                        Quarter

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Retail Trade Survey

Retail sales in the Waikato Region during the March 2004 quarter totalled $1,164.9 million,
down $81.8 million, or 6.6 percent from the March 2003 quarter. Nationally, actual retail
sales totalled $13,364.1 million, up 5.4 percent from the March 2003 quarter.

                                       Retail Sales by Region
                                                  March Quarter
                                             Retail Sales $(million)        Percentage       Sample Error
Region                                        2003            2004           Change           (percent)(1)
Northland                                       421.8          400.8             -5.0             14.0
Auckland                                      4,110.3        4,501.6              9.5              4.0
Waikato                                       1,246.7        1,164.9             -6.6             10.0
Bay of Plenty                                   786.3          990.6             26.0             20.0
Gisborne                                        107.7          111.7              3.7             22.0
Hawke's Bay                                     457.3          499.4              9.2             28.0
Taranaki                                        323.1          333.6              3.2             21.0
Manawatu-Wanganui                               633.0          676.7              6.9             18.0
Wellington                                    1,413.9        1,365.4             -3.4              7.0
Tasman                                          116.3          160.1             37.7             57.0
Nelson                                          187.3          161.0            -14.0             22.0
Marlborough                                     113.9          148.9             30.8             23.0
West Coast                                       85.5           89.0              4.1             33.0
Canterbury                                    1,711.7        1,685.1             -1.6              8.0
Otago                                           612.0          746.9             22.0             10.0
Southland                                       351.1          326.6             -7.0             20.0
New Zealand                                  12,678.0       13,364.1              5.4              2.3
(1) Sample error is for March 2004 (middle month of the quarter).
Note: These statistics are released with this caveat due to limitations in some of the data which is of a lower
standard than published figures Statistics New Zealand releases. The Retail Trade Survey sample is selected and
weighted at the industry level. Data released below this design level i.e. regional data are indicative only.
    Because of the introduction in October 2003 of a new sample, there are likely to be differences encountered
     when comparing the December 2003 data with any of the previous data. (please see Technical Notes.)




                                                        28
                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




  Car Registrations
                       New and Ex-Overseas Cars Registered
                                          Hamilton Postal District
           Registrations
  4,500

  4,000

  3,500

  3,000

  2,500

  2,000

  1,500

  1,000

    500

       0
             Mar-02     Jun-02     Sep-02    Dec-02   Mar-03    Jun-03     Sep-03    Dec-03     Mar-04
                                                      Quarter
Source: Land Transport Safety Authority

The total number of new and ex-overseas car registrations for the March 2004 quarter in the
Hamilton Postal District was 3,998 compared with 3,615 for the previous quarter, an
increase of 10.6 percent. The number of new and ex-overseas car registrations increased by
449, or 12.7 percent compared with the same quarter the previous year.

       New and Ex-Overseas Cars Registered by Postal District
                                              March Quarter
Postal District                            2003                   2004                Percentage Change
Whangarei                                   1,045                  1,188                       13.7
Auckland                                   23,490                 24,422                        4.0
Hamilton                                    3,549                  3,998                       12.7
Thames                                        430                    448                        4.2
Tauranga                                    1,979                  2,319                       17.2
Rotorua                                       853                    747                      -12.4
Gisborne                                      360                    383                        6.4
Napier                                      1,436                  1,662                       15.7
New Plymouth                                  987                    977                       -1.0
Wanganui                                      455                    431                       -5.3
Palmerston North                            1,525                  1,725                       13.1
Masterton                                     270                    341                       26.3
Wellington                                  4,778                  5,122                        7.2
Nelson                                        876                  1,072                       22.4
Blenheim                                      406                    376                       -7.4
Greymouth                                     253                    237                       -6.3
Westport                                       39                     78                     100.0
Christchurch                                6,710                  7,816                       16.5
Timaru                                        643                    668                        3.9
Oamaru                                        183                    186                        1.6
Dunedin                                     1,877                  1,996                        6.3
Invercargill                                  827                    991                       19.8
New Zealand                                52,971                 57,183                        8.0


                                                      29
                                                                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Household Expenditure
        Annual Household Expenditure per Expenditure Group
                                       Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                          Year Ended June 2001
                             Expenditure Group                         Hamilton City              New Zealand


                      Food

                  Housing

    Household Operation

                   Apparel

                 Transport

             Other Goods

           Other Services

                             0                  5                10                 15             20             25
                                                                       Percent
Note: Expenditure for the apparel group is not available for New Zealand or South Island areas.


During the year ended June 2001, households in Hamilton City spent an estimated average
of $788.74 per week, 5.8 percent lower than the national average of $837.74 per week.
Expenditure on housing contributed most to household expenditure in the city. On average,
households in Hamilton City spent an estimated $171.09 per week on housing compared
with the national average of $194.83 per week.

                   Average Weekly Household Expenditure ($)
                                              Year Ended June 2001




                Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Household Expenditure Estimates


                                                               30
                                                            HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Residential Building Consents
                                  New Dwellings Authorised
                                                 Hamilton City
                                               Year Ended March
             Consents
   1,400

   1,200

   1,000

     800

     600

     400

     200

        0
                 1999             2000              2001        2002           2003            2004

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Building Consents


During the year ended March 2004, a total of 1,314 new dwelling units worth $209.8 million
were authorised for construction within Hamilton City. This represented a rise of 47.3
percent in number and a rise of 56.8 percent in value from the previous year. Building
consents for new dwellings were issued for a total floor area of 242,571 square metres
during the year ended March 2004, an increase of 45.6 percent from the previous year. This
compares with a national increase of 16.6 percent.

                    Floor Area for New Dwellings Authorised
                                               Year Ended March
                                                        Floor Area (square metres)             Percentage
Area
                                                          2003                2004              Change
Hamilton City                                          166,613             242,571                 45.6
North Shore City                                       306,981             265,033                -13.7
Waitakere City                                         244,286             232,833                 -4.7
Auckland City                                          550,904             577,291                  4.8
Manukau City                                           438,294             490,620                 11.9
Waikato District                                        48,258              85,453                 77.1
Waipa District                                          60,105              69,914                 16.3
Taupo District                                          72,578              85,547                 17.9
Wellington City                                        176,347             198,789                 12.7
Christchurch City                                      407,828             503,896                 23.6
Dunedin City                                            45,546              80,084                 75.8
Waikato Region                                         501,631             692,208                 38.0
New Zealand                                          5,099,728           5,947,556                 16.6




                                                           31
                                                            HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Non-Residential Building Consents
          Value of Non-Residential Building Consents by Type
                                                Hamilton City
                                           Year Ended March 2004
                    Building Type
         Hostels
          Hotels
       Hospitals
       Education
          Social
          Shops
          Offices
   Warehouses
       Factories
          Farms
 Miscellaneous

                    0               5               10                15             20               25
                                                         $(million)
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Building Consents

There were 419 building consents issued for the construction and alteration of non-
residential buildings, a rise of 19.7 percent from the year ended March 2003, compared with
a 5.6 percent decrease nationally during the same period. The value of non-residential
building consents was $107.9 million, up 50.7 percent from the previous year.


                    Value of Non-Residential Building Consents
                                               Year Ended March
                                                           Value $(million)                    Percentage
Area
                                                        2003                 2004               Change
Hamilton City                                            71.6               107.9                  50.7
North Shore City                                       115.4                168.7                  46.2
Waitakere City                                           72.5                99.0                  36.6
Auckland City                                          429.0                542.7                  26.5
Manukau City                                           286.9                250.2                 -12.8
Waikato District                                         21.9                27.2                  24.3
Waipa District                                           24.8                20.4                 -17.6
Taupo District                                           16.6                25.0                  50.5
Wellington City                                        140.6                141.3                   0.5
Christchurch City                                      290.0                221.5                 -23.6
Dunedin City                                             47.5                89.2                  87.7
Waikato Region                                         195.9                278.0                  41.9
New Zealand                                          2,629.3              2,985.2                  13.5




                                                          32
                                                                 HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Real Estate Sales
                         Average Sale Price for Dwellings ($)
                               Waikato REINZ Region and New Zealand
        Average dwelling sale price $(000)                           Waikato Region           New Zealand
  300



  250



  200



  150



  100



   50



    0
          Mar-02     Jun-02      Sep-02      Dec-02     Mar-03       Jun-03     Sep-03    Dec-03     Mar-04
                                                        Quarter

Source: Real Estate Institute of New Zealand Incorporated

Between the March 2003 quarter and the March 2004 quarter the number of dwelling sales
recorded by the Real Estate Institute of New Zealand (REINZ) for the Waikato REINZ
Region increased by 20.0 percent. Dwelling sales increased nationwide by 4.2 percent. The
average price for dwellings sold during the March 2004 quarter in the Waikato REINZ
Region was $203,100. This was lower than the national average sale price of $282,000.

                       Residential Dwelling and Section Sales
                                              March 2004 Quarter
                                              Number of Sales                       Average Sale Price(1) ($)
REINZ Region                              Sections     Dwellings(2)                 Sections     Dwellings(2)
Northland                                      293            948                    128,900        231,700
Auckland                                       571         10,059                    263,300        382,700
Waikato                                        266          2,462                    111,500        203,100
Bay of Plenty                                  272          2,302                    131,500        277,300
Gisborne                                        19            252                     87,900        146,100
Hawke's Bay                                    104          1,000                    181,800        219,900
Taranaki                                        41            779                     60,000        168,200
Manawatu-Wanganui                              124          1,501                     65,300        146,600
Wellington                                     257          3,117                    114,700        290,400
Nelson                                          41            319                    226,600        327,600
Marlborough / Kaikoura                          86            370                    167,400        269,400
Tasman                                          77            109                    180,600        351,700
West Coast                                      38            244                     47,400        109,300
Canterbury (3)                                 453          3,846                    112,000        234,100
Otago                                          340          1,535                    194,200        249,300
Southland                                       75            872                    106,800        121,100
New Zealand                                  3,057         29,715                    156,500        282,000
(1) Average Sale Price has been rounded to the nearest hundred dollars.
(2) Dwellings include Residential Investment Blocks.
(3) Canterbury does not include Kaikoura.


                                                            33
                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Accommodation Survey
                                              Guest Nights
                                                Hamilton City
           Guest nights (000)
   160

   140

   120

   100

    80

    60

    40

    20

       0
           Mar-02     Jun-02      Sep-02     Dec-02      Mar-03      Jun-03    Sep-03     Dec-03      Mar-04
                                                         Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Accommodation Survey


The total number of guest nights in Hamilton City for the March 2004 quarter was 138,491
compared with 128,100 for the March 2003 quarter, an increase of 8.1 percent. The
occupancy rate at 52.6 percent was 5.5 percentage points higher than during the March 2003
quarter. The national occupancy rate during the March 2004 quarter was 48.1 percent
compared with 46.9 percent during the March 2003 quarter.

                                  Occupancy Rate (Percent)
                                                March Quarter
Area                                                   2003                   2004             Annual Change
Hamilton City                                          47.1                   52.6                    5.5
North Shore City                                       68.9                   69.5                    0.6
Waitakere City                                         35.2                   35.5                    0.3
Auckland City                                          74.4                   73.2                   -1.2
Manukau City                                           70.5                   69.8                   -0.7
Waikato District                                       30.1                   30.7                    0.6
Waipa District                                         31.6                   28.8                   -2.8
Taupo District                                         49.2                   48.1                   -1.1
Wellington City                                        73.8                   71.7                   -2.1
Christchurch City                                      72.6                   72.2                   -0.4
Dunedin City                                           67.4                   69.0                    1.6
Waikato Region                                         39.3                   41.2                    1.9
New Zealand                                            46.9                   48.1                    1.2
Note: Figures have been rounded. All derivations have been calculated using rounded figures.
The Accommodation Survey is funded by the Office of Tourism and Sport.
The survey data remains in whole and in part the property of Statistics New Zealand.




                                                          34
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004



                                           Technical Notes...
                                                                     specifically to a single regional council or territorial
About the Quarterly Regional Review                                  authority.
The Quarterly Regional Review assembles the latest
available information on the regions and territorial                 Geographical classifications are used to reference statistics
authorities of New Zealand. Most of the data is available at         to a location in New Zealand. There are different types of
regional council or territorial authority level. The term            area codes that can be assigned to statistics. They may
“regional” refers to all levels within the standard                  define an area as small as a city block, or as large as a
geographic classification, from meshblock to region and              regional council. Data sources that are coded to different
combinations thereof, plus point specific and non-standard           geographical classifications are difficult to compare,
areas for which official statistics may be available.                simply because the land areas involved may differ in both
                                                                     location and size.
The Quarterly Regional Review is available on
subscription from any Statistics New Zealand Information             2. Sample Design
Help Desk.
                                                                     To produce reliable statistics for subnational areas from
                                                                     surveys, the subject population must be covered
Data sources                                                         adequately. This means that the geographic coverage of the
                                                                     survey must be representative for each of the subnational
The following data sources have been used to produce the             areas, and the sample size large enough to enable the
Quarterly Regional Review:                                           calculation of estimates with reasonable sample errors.

  Census of Population and Dwellings
  Population Estimates                                            3. Modelled Regional Estimates
  Population Projections                                          There are data modelling methods available for producing
  Vital Statistics                                                regional statistics when the sample design is only suited to
5.  External Migration                                               producing national statistics. One such case where these
  Hospital Discharges (NZ Health Information Service)             methods have been applied is the Regional Household
  Crime (New Zealand Police)                                      Expenditure Estimates. Estimates are produced by
  Education (Ministry of Education)                               combining census data (which has total coverage, hence all
9.  Household Labour Force Survey                                    subnational areas are included) with Household Economic
10. Quarterly Employment Survey                                      Survey (HES) data. Estimates of spending on various
11. New Zealand Income Survey                                        goods and services are modelled using household
12. Business Demographic Statistics                                  characteristics and expenditure information collected in the
13. Regional Economic Indicators                                     HES. These models are applied to census data to produce
14. Consumers Price Index                                            regional estimates of household expenditure.
15. Retail Trade Survey
16. Car Registrations (Land Transport Safety Authority)
17. Regional Household Expenditure Estimates                         Subject Matter Notes
18. Building Consents                                                Note: Data in the Quarterly Regional Review has not been
19. Real Estate Sales (Real Estate Institute of New                  seasonally adjusted.
    Zealand Incorporated)
20. Accommodation Survey
21. Overseas Cargo Statistics                                        1. Census of Population and Dwellings
                                                                     The census figures presented in the Quarterly Regional
                                                                     Review are based on the census usually resident population
Producing regional statistics                                        count. These counts refer to those people who usually live
                                                                     in a given area and are present in New Zealand on census
1. Geographical Classifications                                      night. The count excludes visitors from overseas and
Geographical classifications use boundaries as at 2001. In           excludes residents who are temporarily or permanently
some cases, due to a number of factors, data may not relate          overseas on census night. For a subnational area the count
directly to a specific regional council or territorial               also excludes visitors from elsewhere in New Zealand
authority. Refer to the subject matter notes section for             (people who do not usually live in that area), but includes
further details. For example, the Consumers Price Index is           residents of that area who are temporarily elsewhere in
collected for urban areas only and Overseas Cargo                    New Zealand on census night (people who usually live in
Statistics are collected by port only. While these statistics        that area but are absent).
are indicators of regional trends, they do not relate


                                                                35
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004


Residents who are away from their usual address on census            Projection assumptions are formulated after analysis of
night are allocated to the area where they usually live and          short- and long-term historical trends, recent trends shown
form part of the census usually resident population count            in other countries, government policy, information
of that area. For example, if a person usually lives in              provided by local planners and any other relevant
Christchurch but was in Wellington on census night, they             information.
will be included in the census usually resident population
count for Christchurch.                                              The cohort component method has been used to derive the
                                                                     population projections. In this method the population at a
Census counts give a snapshot of the population and are              given date is calculated by updating the size of each age-
not adjusted for net census undercount and residents who             sex cohort in the base population for births, deaths and
are temporarily overseas. All census counts are randomly             migration within each age-sex cohort according to the
rounded to base 3.                                                   specified fertility, mortality and migration assumptions.

Population density is calculated by dividing the census              These population projections are based on assumptions
usually resident population count by land area. Land area            made about future fertility, mortality and migration
as defined for the Regional Quarterly Review is all land,            patterns of the population. Although the assumptions are
including offshore islands. It excludes areas of inland              carefully formulated to represent future trends, they are
water greater than 15 hectares (i.e. lakes, reservoirs and           subject to uncertainty. Therefore, the projections should be
ponds) as identified in the Landcover Database of New                used as guidelines rather than exact forecasts. They
Zealand (administered by Terralink, under the stewardship            provide an indication of the overall trend but do not
of the Ministry for the Environment).                                attempt to project specific annual variation.

                                                                     The projections do not take into account non-demographic
2. Population Estimates                                              factors (e.g. war, catastrophes) which may invalidate the
The estimated resident population of a given area is an              projections. Demographic trends are monitored regularly,
estimate of all people who usually live in that area at a            and when it is necessary the projections will be revised to
given date. It includes all residents of that area present in        reflect new trends and to maintain their relevance and
New Zealand and counted by the census (census usually                usefulness.
resident population count), residents who are temporarily
overseas (who are not included in the census), and an
adjustment for residents missed or counted more than once            4. Vital Statistics (Births and Deaths)
by the census (net census undercount). Visitors from                 Births and deaths are based on the resident population
overseas are excluded.                                               concept, replacing the de facto population concept that was
                                                                     used before 1991. The de facto population concept refers
For a subnational area the estimate excludes visitors from           to all vital events (births and deaths) registered in New
elsewhere in New Zealand (people who do not usually live             Zealand. However, the resident population concept
in that area), but includes residents of that area who are           excludes the births to, or deaths of, people who normally
temporarily elsewhere in New Zealand on census night                 live overseas.
(people who usually live in that area but are absent).
                                                                     Live births exclude late registrations under Section 14 of
The estimated resident population of an area in New                  the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1995. Section 14
Zealand at a given date after census also includes an                births are births, which were not registered in the ordinary
update for births, deaths and net migration of residents of          way, when the birth occurred. Such registrations can occur
that area during the period between census date and the              as late as the time of application for New Zealand
given date. Subnational population estimates are produced            Superannuation.
annually (reference date at 30 June).

                                                                     5. External Migration
3. Population Projections                                            External migration statistics are compiled from individual
The base population for the population projections is the            migration forms completed by passengers arriving in and
estimated resident population of each area at 30 June 2001.          departing from New Zealand, and forwarded to Statistics
The estimated resident population of each area at 30 June            New Zealand by the New Zealand Customs Service.
2001 is based on the 2001 census usually resident
population count updated for:                                        The various classes of arrivals and departures are:
 net census undercount                                               short-term overseas visitors (involves a visit of less
 residents temporarily overseas on census night                         than 12 months)
 births, deaths and net migration between census night               short-term NZ residents (involves a trip away of less
     (6 March 2001) and 30 June 2001                                     than 12 months)
 reconciliation with demographic estimates at ages 0-9               permanent and long-term (PLT) migrants.
     years.

                                                                36
                                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
                                                                       been re-admitted for the same condition and patients who
In the preparation of migration statistics the classification          have been transferred to other hospitals or residential
of passengers is primarily determined by individual                    institutions. Thus, there may be more than one discharge
passenger responses on the arrival and departure cards to              per immediate 'episode' of illness. Hence, the data do not
the questions on intended length of stay/absence. If a                 represent counts of individuals. Discharge figures also
person's intention changes later during the trip, then they            include any patients who die in hospital after formal
may also change their migration category. For example, if              admission.
a person comes to New Zealand with the declared intention
of settling permanently, but in fact returns overseas after a          Figures presented in the Quarterly Regional Review reflect
few months, then that person is classified as a PLT migrant            the National Minimum Dataset (NMDS) at one point in
on arrival, but is later classified as a short-term visitor on         time. Data in the NMDS is subject to small changes over
departure. This is known as migration category jumping.                time as late reports about patient discharges are received.
Data users should recognise the limitations inherent in the            Hospitals are required to report the number of discharges
information supplied by travellers.                                    within 30 days of the end of each month, however they can
                                                                       make revisions to these at any time. Therefore all
PLT arrivals include overseas migrants who arrive in New               discharges data should be treated as provisional.
Zealand intending to stay for a period of 12 months or
more (or permanently), plus New Zealand residents                      Information is received on the primary diagnosis (principal
returning after an absence of 12 months or more. PLT                   condition for which the patient was admitted to hospital)
departures include New Zealand residents departing for an              and usual address of patients discharged. The primary
intended period of 12 months or more (or permanently),                 diagnosis is classified according to the Australian Version
plus overseas visitors departing from New Zealand after a              of the International Classification of Diseases and also the
stay of 12 months or more. The difference between arrivals             Australian National Coding Standards. All healthy new-
and departures is known as net migration.                              born babies are treated as admissions and are included in
                                                                       the data.
The arrival and departure cards ask travellers to give
details of their full contact or residential address in New            The following gives a description of the diagnosis
Zealand, and this information is coded to territorial                  classification:
authority (TA) area (city, district or territory). However,            01 Infectious and Parasitic Diseases: Diseases such as
PLT migration data for territorial authority and regional                   tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, polio, pertussis, measles,
                                                                            mumps, rubella, meningococcal infection and
council areas should be interpreted with caution, for the
                                                                            chickenpox
following reasons:
                                                                       02 Neoplasms: Cancers, both malignant and benign
1 It is possible that both arrivals and departures are
                                                                       03 Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases and
    overstated for the larger cities (especially those that are
                                                                            Immunity Disorders: Disorders of the thyroid and
    close to an international airport) and understated for the
                                                                            other endocrine glands, nutritional deficiencies and
    areas surrounding those cities.
                                                                            other metabolic and immunity disorders. Diabetes
2 Some passengers provide a temporary address which
                                                                            mellitus is coded into this classification
    does not reflect their usual residential address in New
                                                                       04 Diseases of the Blood and Blood-Forming Organs:
    Zealand.                                                                Anaemias and other blood conditions and diseases
3 Levels of non-response to the address question are                   05 Mental Disorders: Organic psychotic conditions,
    higher for PLT arrivals than for PLT departures                         psychoses, neurotic disorders and mental retardation
    (possibly because many immigrants do not know their                06 Diseases of the Nervous System and Sense Organs:
    future residential address at the time of their arrival in              Various diseases affecting the nervous system (e.g.
    New Zealand).                                                           epilepsy, meningitis), and the eyes (glaucoma,
4 Where regions straddle TA boundaries, the regional                        cataracts) and ears (glue ear)
    groupings used in this report consist of the territorial           07 Diseases of the Circulatory System: Heart disease,
    authority areas most closely associated with each                       strokes, rheumatic fever and other conditions of the
    region.                                                                 veins and arteries
                                                                       08 Diseases of the Respiratory System: Asthma,
                                                                            tonsillitis, laryngitis, emphysema, pneumonia and
6. Hospital Discharges
                                                                            influenza and bronchitis
The New Zealand Health Information Service provides                    09 Diseases of the Digestive System: Ulcers,
hospital discharge information. Data refer to patients                      appendicitis, hernias and other diseases of the
discharged from day patient and inpatient care in publicly                  oesophagus, stomach and intestines
funded hospitals and publicly funded patients in private               10 Diseases of the Genitourinary System: Includes
hospitals. Patient discharge details from psychiatric                       diseases of the genitals and urinary system
hospitals and licensed rest homes are excluded.                        11 Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth and the
                                                                            Puerperium: Conditions associated with pregnancy
The number of hospital discharges referred to in the
Quarterly Regional Review includes patients who have
                                                                       12 Diseases of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue:
                                                                          Various skin conditions including celulitis and corns
                                                                  37
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
13 Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and                        degree, especially resolutions of recorded offences.
   Connective Tissue: Arthritis, rheumatism                          Despite these differences, the trends and patterns recorded
14 Congenital Anomalies: Inherited genetic conditions                in the data are consistent.
   including spina bifida
15 Certain Perinatal Conditions Originating in the                   Police crime statistics refer to the number of offences, not
   Perinatal Period: Conditions affecting babies that                the number of individuals committing the offences. Hence,
   originate in the latter stages of the pregnancy or the            the data do not refer to distinct individuals. Data are
   first month of life                                               collected in relation to recorded offences, of which many
16 Symptoms, Signs, and Ill-Defined Conditions: General              involve multiple charges or multiple offenders.
   information where no specifics are able to code better.
   In death data, most Sudden Infant Death Syndrome                  Offences can relate to:
   (SIDs) deaths are coded into this category                         an offender apprehended on one occasion in relation to
17 Injury and Poisoning: All injuries and poisonings,                   multiple offences
   including fractures, open wounds, superficial injuries,            an offender apprehended more than once in the 12
   contusions, burns. Poisonings                                        month reporting period. This offender will appear in
18 Other: Factors influencing health status and contact                 the statistics multiple times
   with health services. This includes liveborn infants               one event or a single recorded offence which may be
   and people who are admitted for reasons such as                      resolved by apprehending multiple offenders.
   exposure to communicable diseases without knowing
   whether they‟ve been infected.                                    Offence categories include the following classifications:
                                                                      Violence: homicide, kidnapping and abduction,
From the December 2000 quarter onwards, data are based                  robbery, grievous assaults, serious assaults,
on an updated diagnosis classification. This classification             intimidation and threats and other offences against
includes a number of discharge categories that were not                 persons
previously included. As a result, there will be an increase           Sexual: sexual attacks, sexual affronts, abnormal
in the number of discharges when compared with issues of                behaviour, immoral behaviour and indecent video.
the Quarterly Regional Review prior to the December                   Drugs and Anti Social: drugs, gaming, disorder,
2000 quarter.                                                           vagrancy, family offences and liquor
                                                                      Dishonesty: burglary, car conversion, theft, receiving
7. Crime                                                                and fraud
                                                                      Property Damage: destruction of property and
The New Zealand Police provide crime data. The data
                                                                        endangering
have two aspects: firstly the incidence of criminal offences
                                                                      Property Abuse: trespass, littering, animals, postal rail
that are „recorded‟ by the Police; and secondly the number
                                                                        and fire and firearms offences
of offences that have been „resolved‟. When an offence is
                                                                      Administrative: against justice, births deaths and
first entered into the system it becomes a 'recorded
                                                                        marriages, immigration, racial, against national interest
offence'. This excludes events which, after investigation by
                                                                        and by laws.
police, are determined not to have involved any actual
offence (known as 'no offence disclosed'). Also included in
                                                                     The Quarterly Regional Review presents annual crime
this category are offences where complainants withdrew
                                                                     data, aggregated to the 12 police districts in New Zealand.
their complaints or charges and offences where there was
                                                                     These districts are: Northland, North Shore/Waitakere,
insufficient evidence for Police to proceed further with the
                                                                     Auckland, Counties/Manukau, Waikato, Bay of Plenty,
case or to charge an offender.
                                                                     Eastern, Central, Wellington, Tasman, Canterbury and
                                                                     Southern.
When an offender has been apprehended and a decision
taken on police action in respect of the offences for which
                                                                     The data refer to the police district in which the crime was
that offender is responsible, those offences are counted as
                                                                     committed, not the police district in which the crime was
'resolved'.
                                                                     reported or resolved. More information on what areas are
                                                                     covered by Police Districts is available from Statistics New
Police crime statistics are affected by variations in actual
                                                                     Zealand.
offending, by changes in reporting by victims and
complainants, by the deployment of Police resources and
by Police policies and recording practices. Police statistics        8. Education
on recorded crime represent snapshots of Police business,
                                                                     The Ministry of Education provides education data.
in the context of offending, taken at stipulated times for
                                                                     Average number of pupils per full-time teacher equivalent
purposes of direct comparability of the statistical
                                                                     (FTTE) is calculated by dividing the number of pupils
information over time.
                                                                     (according to school rolls) by the number of FTTEs. The

                                                                     calculation for FTTEs is the total number of class contact
The source information for the official statistics is dynamic        hours, divided by 25, and rounded to two decimal places.
and subject to change. This means that the statistical               Averages for primary schools are based on July rolls and
snapshots inevitably under-report information to some                averages for secondary schools are based on March rolls.
                                                                38
                                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
                                                                      The survey population is therefore slightly different from
Primary schools include:                                              the target population. Estimates are therefore based on an
  full primary schools offering education to children up             assumption that the distribution of characteristics of those
    to Year 8                                                         in non-private dwellings is similar to those in private
  contributing schools offering education to students up             dwellings.
    to the intermediate level of schooling (Year 1-6)
  intermediate schools offering education to Year 7 and 8            The sample comprises slightly more than 15,000 private
    students.                                                         households, sampled on a statistically representative basis
                                                                      from rural and urban areas throughout New Zealand.
Secondary schools include:                                            Information is obtained for each member of a sampled
 secondary from Year 7-15                                            household who falls within the scope of the survey and
 secondary from Year 9-15                                            who meets survey coverage rules. Typically, data is
                                                                      obtained for around 30,000 individuals in each quarter.
 composite schools offering education to students at
   both the primary and secondary levels (Year 1-15)
                                                                      One-eighth of sample households are rotated out of the
 restricted composite from Year 7-10
                                                                      survey each quarter and replaced by a new sample of
                                                                      households. The overlap of seven-eighths of the sample
Primary school statistics should include Year 1-8 and
                                                                      from one survey quarter to the next improves the reliability
secondary school statistics, Year 9-15. However the                   of quarterly estimates of labour force changes.
following institution types overlap across these two
categories; secondary from Year 7-15, composite and                   Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a
restricted composite. For the purpose of the Quarterly                sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error.
Regional Review these three institution types have been               Sampling error is a measure of the variability that occurs
included in the secondary school category. Therefore                  by chance because a sample rather than an entire
school rolls for secondary schools will in reality be lower           population is surveyed. In general, the sampling errors
than reported and rolls for primary school will be higher             associated with subnational estimates are larger than those
than reported.                                                        associated with national estimates. A change in an estimate
                                                                      (either between adjacent quarters or between quarters a
Special schools and correspondence schools have been                  year apart) is said to be statistically significant if it is larger
excluded because it is difficult to classify these institution        than the associated sampling error.
types as either primary or secondary.
                                                                      Non-sampling errors include errors arising from biases in
The year of schooling (i.e. Year 8) measures the number of            the patterns of response and non-response, inaccuracies in
years of schooling a student has received and provides the            reporting by respondents, and errors in the recording and
Ministry of Education with a method of counting students              coding of data. Statistics New Zealand endeavours to
for funding and staffing purposes. School rolls are a                 minimise the impact of these errors through the application
headcount of all students enrolled at either 1 March or 1             of best survey practises and monitoring of known
July and therefore may include part-time students.                    indicators (e.g. non-response).

FTTEs are not available for all schools therefore results
are estimates only.                                                   10. Quarterly Employment Survey
                                                                      Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) statistics are derived
                                                                      quarterly from approximately 19,000 surveyed business
9. Household Labour Force Survey                                      locations in a range of industries and regions throughout
The target population for the Household Labour Force                  New Zealand. Information relates to the payweek ending
Survey (HLFS) is the civilian usually resident non-                   on, or immediately before, the 20th of the middle month of
institutionalised population aged 15 years and over. This             the quarter (that is February, May, August and November).
means that the HLFS does not cover long-term residents of
homes for the elderly, hospitals and psychiatric                      Each February, a larger (analytical) sample of
institutions; inmates of penal institutions; members of the           approximately 47,500 businesses was surveyed. The
permanent armed forces; members of the non-New Zealand                analytical sample will no longer be conducted from
armed forces; overseas diplomats; overseas visitors who               February 2004, inclusive. Information from this survey is
expect to be resident in New Zealand for less than 12                 available for a more detailed regional breakdown.
months, and those aged under 15 years of age.

Non-private dwellings have been excluded from the sample
survey. In addition, New Zealand residents living


on offshore islands (except for Waiheke Island), and those
temporarily overseas are not surveyed.


                                                                 39
                                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
                                                                    quarterly release is the first based on employee count as
The QES is a panel survey. That is, all businesses are              the size indicator.
surveyed in each quarter, from when they are introduced to
the sample until they cease, stop employing staff or are            It should be noted that these improvements did not address
rotated out when the sample is reselected or redesigned. In         some key limitations inherent in the survey's conceptual
each quarter, a sample of new businesses and businesses             underpinnings. In particular, the QES average hourly
that come into the scope of the survey are introduced.              earnings statistic does not provide a reliable measure of
                                                                    wage inflation. Average hourly earnings statistics are
The survey population is all business locations in surveyed         influenced, not only by changes in employees'
industries that employ staff.                                       remuneration, wage rates, salaries and paid hours, but also
                                                                    by changes in the composition of the paid work force from
The following industries are excluded from coverage:                survey to survey.
 Agriculture
 Services to Agriculture                                           Compositional changes which may affect movements in
 Commercial Fishing                                                average earnings statistics and changes in weighted
 International Sea Transport                                       contributions include changes in the relative numbers of
 Residential Property Operators                                    employees and their paid hours. These changes occur
 Private Households Employing Staff                                between: males and females, full-timers and part-timers,
 Non-civilian Defence Staff                                        different industries or within industries, and between
 Foreign Government Representation.                                different sectors or within sectors.

In the September 1999 quarter, Statistics New Zealand               This means that the QES does not provide a good measure
introduced a number of improvements to the QES. These               of pure wage inflation, as it is not possible to isolate shifts
improvements include: the introduction of a new                     in numbers of employees and paid hours from pure wage
processing system, improvements to the sample design and            increases.
an extension in the survey's coverage.
                                                                    The QES collects total payout information for each
From the June 2001 quarter (inclusive), the QES results             business in the survey. An increase (or decrease) in total
contain a modelled component that improves the coverage             payout does not necessarily indicate that there has been an
of existing businesses that start employing staff. The              increase (or decrease) in wages. Total payout for a firm
results from the June 1999 quarter to March 2001 quarter            could have increased because: more people were
were revised to incorporate this improvement.                       employed, more hours were worked, more qualified people
                                                                    were employed, or more full-time workers were employed,
At the beginning of September 2003, the reference quarters          etc. Survey respondents are not asked to explain changes in
were renamed to bring them into line with other Statistics          total payout from period to period, therefore there is no
                                                                    way to isolate a pure wage increase.
New Zealand surveys. The February, May, August, and
November quarters became the March, June, September,
                                                                    Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a
and December quarters, respectively. The survey reference
                                                                    sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error
periods did not change, it remained the payweek ending on
                                                                    apply to QES estimates.
or immediately before the 20th of the middle month of the
quarter.
                                                                    Estimates of change from one quarter to another are
                                                                    subject to sampling error. Sampling error is a measure of
In October 2003, employee count (EC) replaced FTE as
                                                                    variability that occurs by chance because a sample of all
the business size indicator in the sample design. This was          eligible businesses, rather than an entire population, is
the result of a change in the way the business frame (BF) is        surveyed. The magnitude of the sampling error is
maintained. Monthly administrative data is now used to              controlled by the size of the sample and the use of
update the business frame rather than annual survey data.           statistically sound selection techniques.
This is more efficient and timely process, and reduces the
survey compliance burden on businesses.                             Non-sampling error is applicable to all quarters and
                                                                    includes errors arising from biases in the patterns of
Prior to October 2003, a business was included in the QES           response and non-response, inaccuracies in reporting by
population if it had at least 0.5 paid FTE. From October            respondents, and errors in the recording and coding of
2003 onwards, it must have an employee count of at least            data. Non-sample error is by definition difficult to
one. The EC size indicator is used to identify businesses           measure.
on the BF with paid employees.
                                                                    A change in an estimate (either between adjacent quarters
As a consequence of the improved coverage under the BF              or between quarters a year apart) is said to be statistically
maintenance environment, there was no need to retain the            significant if it is larger than the sampling error associated
modelled component in the QES. It also meant revising               with that change.
previously published results from the December 1999 to
June 2003 quarters (inclusive). The September 2003

                                                               40
                                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
It is sometimes said that QES average earnings seem high,           institutionalised usually resident New Zealand civilian
being boosted by those employees with very high earnings,           population aged 15 years and over.
and that median earnings measures would be more
appropriate. QES average hourly earnings are calculated             Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a
by dividing the total earnings of employees in all surveyed         sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error.
businesses by the total number of hours they are paid for.          Sampling error is a measure of the variability that occurs
A median earnings estimate would be calculated by                   by chance because a sample rather than an entire
ranking the earnings of individual employees in order from          population is surveyed. Sampling errors are available on
lowest to highest, and taking the middle one. However, it is        request.
not possible to calculate median earnings from data
collected by the QES.                                               Non-sampling errors include errors arising from biases in
                                                                    the patterns of response and non-response, inaccuracies in
                                                                    reporting by respondents, and errors in the recording and
Statistics for some areas come with a warning about one or
                                                                    coding of data. Non-sampling errors are not quantified.
more of the following:
 area has a small sample size
 area sample includes a large number of full coverage              12. Business Demographic Statistics
     units                                                          Full-time equivalent persons engaged (FTEs) and number
 area has a high level of apportionment (see                       of business locations are derived from the Statistics New
     explanation below).                                            Zealand Business Frame. The Business Frame is a database
                                                                    of New Zealand businesses and their structure. It
Industry, and particularly regional, estimates from the QES         records details such as name, location, predominant type of
are affected by apportioning. Apportioning occurs where             industrial activity performed, employment levels, and the
businesses that have many physical locations are unable to          degree of overseas ownership.
supply us with payroll data for each of those physical
locations. We then 'apportion' their lump sum of payroll            The Annual Business Frame Update Survey (AFUS) is
data over each physical location according to the number            conducted in mid-February each year to update the records
of people working in each location. Apportioning assumes            on the Business Frame. All full-time equivalent data have
people in different physical locations receive, on average,         been rounded. Percentages are calculated from rounded
the same remuneration when in reality this may not be the           figures.
case.
                                                                    Businesses are identified from the Goods and Services Tax
11. New Zealand Income Survey                                       (GST) registrations supplied by the Inland Revenue
                                                                    Department. For those businesses providing financial
The New Zealand Income Survey is run annually as a                  services and deemed to be providing 'exempt supplies'
supplement to the Household Labour Force Survey during              under the Goods and Services Tax Act 1985, the sources
the June quarter. It was run for the first time in the June         used are:
1997 quarter.                                                        association lists
                                                                     financial reports
The New Zealand Income Survey is asked of all
                                                                     list of superannuation/pension schemes from the
respondents to the Household Labour Force Survey. Data
                                                                         Government Actuary.
from proxies were accepted in the Survey only if people
were unable to answer the Survey on health or language
                                                                    FTEs are derived as the total number of full-time
grounds.
                                                                    employees and working proprietors plus half the number of
                                                                    part-time employees and working proprietors. Employees
Average weekly income is related to the respondent‟s most
                                                                    and working proprietors working 30 hours or more per
recent pay period. The data collected are cash only, pre-
                                                                    week are defined as full-time. Those working less than 30
tax (gross) income (wherever possible) and do not include
                                                                    hours per week are defined as part-time.
any non-cash fringe benefits. Interest and investment
income has only been collected from 2002. It is important
                                                                    Each separate operating unit engaged in New Zealand in
to note, therefore, that average weekly income may not
                                                                    one, or predominantly one, kind of economic activity from
represent entire income.
                                                                    a single physical location or base is known as a business
                                                                    location (or geographic unit). An enterprise is a business
The HLFS sample comprises approximately 15,000 private
                                                                    or service entity operating in New Zealand. It can be a
households, sampled on a statistically representative basis
                                                                    company, partnership, trust, estate, incorporated society,
from rural and urban areas throughout New Zealand. The
                                                                    producer board, local or central government organisation,
final New Zealand Income Survey dataset consists of
                                                                    voluntary organisation or self-employed individual.
approximately 24,000 valid person records and 4,000
imputed person records. All data in the Quarterly Regional
Review is for the non-                                              Businesses Covered
                                                                    The population for the Business Demographic Statistics

                                                                    includes only businesses that are economically significant.
                                                               41
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004


A business is said to be economically significant if it meets
one or more of the following criteria:                               Industry Coverage
 greater than $30,000 annual GST expenses or sales
                                                                     Since 1997, the selection criteria and standard published
 more than two full-time equivalent paid employees
                                                                     industry categories for the Business Demographic Statistics
 in a GST exempt industry (except for residential                   have been based on the Australian and New Zealand
    property leasing and rental)                                     Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).
 part of a group of enterprises
 registered for GST and involved in agriculture or                  A geographic unit is assigned to an ANZSIC category
    forestry.                                                        according to the predominant activity that it performs.
                                                                     Where a geographic unit predominantly provides services
All GST registered enterprises recorded on the Inland                to other geographic units in the same enterprise or group of
Revenue Department (IRD) client registration file are                enterprises, it will be assigned an ancillary ANZSIC.
continually monitored to determine if they meet the
'economic significance' requirements for 'birth' onto the            The ancillary ANZSIC indicates the predominant industrial
Business Frame. A buffer zone of $25,000 to $35,000 has              activity of the units to which the services are provided. For
been established to prevent enterprises switching                    example, an office serving several factory units would have
excessively between 'economically significant' and                   a primary industry reflecting the administration activity,
'economically insignificant'. For example, an economically           while the ancillary industry would reflect the factory
significant enterprise whose annual GST turnover drops to            activity. The Business Demographic Statistics in the
$27,000 would not be reclassified as economically                    Quarterly Regional Review use the ancillary industry
insignificant, but one whose annual GST turnover drops to            where one exists and the primary industry otherwise.
$23,000 would be reclassified. All non-trading and
dormant companies are excluded from these statistics.                The coverage of the Business Demographic Statistics has
                                                                     changed in recent years, as more industries have been
Business Birthing Practice for New Units                             included in the population. Historically, most of these
                                                                     industries have been excluded because they contained a
In June 2000, Statistics New Zealand introduced a new                large proportion of enterprises that were not registered for
practice that changed the method used for adding or                  GST, or a large proportion of enterprises that fell below
'birthing' units onto the Business Frame. The new practice           the threshold of economic significance.
when a unit without employees registers for GST, is to
wait until the unit's first GST return is filed and then add         The statistics presented in this release use the 1997
the unit to the Business Frame if the unit's return has              industry coverage, which excludes agriculture production
annualised turnover greater than $30,000. The old birthing           (ANZSIC subdivision A01).
practice was to automatically birth all units that were
special, compulsory or forced registrations. These would             The primary sector includes 'Agriculture, Forestry and
then be removed from the frame if the unit did not record            Fishing' and 'Mining' industries. The secondary sector
over $30,000 turnover in their GST returns at a later date.          includes 'Manufacturing', 'Electricity, Gas and Water
                                                                     Supply' and 'Construction' industries. The tertiary sector
The new birthing practice delays the birthing of new units           includes 'Wholesale Trade', 'Retail Trade',
onto the frame by up to six months. When it was                      'Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants', 'Transport and
introduced it caused a fall in of the number of enterprises          Storage', 'Communication Services', 'Finance and
in the smallest size category (0–5 full time equivalent              Insurance', 'Education', 'Property and Business Services',
persons engaged) for the business demography data                    'Government Administration and Defence', 'Health and
published for 2001 and caused a discontinuity in the                 Community Services', 'Cultural and Recreational Services'
business demography time series. A method has since been             and 'Personal and Other Services' industries.
developed to remove this discontinuity. A revised series
for the years 1997 to 2002 is now available, the                     Data Quality
Business Demographic Statistics in this release as based on
this method.                                                         All care has been used in surveying, processing, analysing
                                                                     and extracting the data for Business Demographic
The change in birthing practice means that valid                     Statistics. However, all data are subject to possible
comparisons cannot be made between 2001 and previous                 statistical uncertainty. These variations may result, for
year's data. It is still valid to use the 2001 Business              example, from uncertainty introduced during non-response
Demographic data for cross sectional analysis that does not          imputation, or from reporting difficulties for respondents,
involve comparing 2001 data to previous years.                       or mistakes made during processing survey results.

                                                                     Statistics New Zealand adopts procedures to detect and
                                                                     minimise avoidable variation and eliminate mistakes, but

                                                                     they may still occur and they are not quantifiable. At
                                                                     higher levels of aggregation, much of the individual
                                                                42
                                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
variability often cancels out. Business Demography                     purchases include the value of everything used in the
Statistics have been validated at an aggregate level by                production chain (as opposed to GDP, which deducts the
industry, institutional sector and region to identify any              value of goods produced earlier in the production chain to
remaining detectable errors and uncertainty, and these are             avoid double-counting). Comparing net GST (sales less
corrected or re-estimated, where possible. The statistics              purchases) will give a better indication of the contribution
that have been supplied may be at a finer level of detail              of each industrial sector. While net GST is similar to GDP,
than these checking procedures apply to. Accordingly,                  it excludes some critical elements of GDP. Thus, net GST
such statistics are released with a caveat because they are            for a region is no more than an indicator of regional GDP.
of a lower standard than the official statistics the Statistics
New Zealand releases. This data may be subject to revision             The results are being released as experimental series. The
in the future.                                                         series are subject to revision while in the experimental
                                                                       stage as methodologies are further refined. Only the actual
All employment data have been rounded. The sum of                      value series will be released as there are not enough data to
components in a table may therefore not add to the total               produce seasonally adjusted estimates.
shown. Percentages are calculated from the rounded
figures.                                                               Due to the time taken for GST returns to be filed and the
                                                                       data forwarded to Statistics New Zealand, Regional
There are a numbers of limitations with the Business                   Economic Indicators will not always be available for the
Demographic Statistics. These limitations include non-                 most recent quarter. In most issues of the Quarterly
coverage of 'small' enterprises that fall below the $30,000            Regional Review data will be lagged by one quarter.
turnover threshold, lags in recording businesses that have             However, due to availability of Business Frame data, the
ceased trading or their activity has dropped below the                 March quarter each year can not be published until the
$30,000 threshold, and difficulties in maintaining                     September Quarterly Regional Review.
industrial and business classifications for smaller firms.
                                                                       The primary sector includes 'Agriculture, Forestry and
An enterprise that is outside the population scope for any             Fishing' and 'Mining' industries. The secondary sector
of Statistics New Zealand's postal surveys is ceased on the            includes 'Manufacturing', 'Electricity, Gas and Water
Business Frame once it deregisters for GST or files 12-                Supply' and 'Construction' industries. The tertiary sector
months of consecutive zero GST-returns. Enterprises that               includes 'Wholesale Trade', 'Retail Trade',
are not part of a group of enterprises and have no paid                'Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants', 'Transport and
employees are not covered by the postal survey. These                  Storage', 'Communication Services', 'Finance and
enterprises do not currently have their industry and                   Insurance', 'Education', 'Property and Business Services',
business classifications updated. Company restructures                 'Government Administration and Defence', 'Health and
and changes of ownership can result in a new GST                       Community Services', 'Cultural and Recreational Services'
registration being filed, even though it pertains to an                and 'Personal and Other Services' industries.
existing business. GST registrations are birthed onto
Statistics New Zealand's Business Frame, and the business
is given a new reference number.
                                                                       14. Consumers Price Index
                                                                       The Consumers Price Index (CPI) measures the rate of
Births and deaths of businesses are identified by matching             price change of goods and services purchased by New
the business reference numbers for one year with those of              Zealand households. The CPI has an expression base of
the previous year. Our counts of births and deaths therefore           June 1999 quarter (=1000). For detailed information
include these administrative changes as well as genuine                regarding the methodology and compilation of the June
business start-ups and closures.                                       1999 quarter rebased CPI, an information paper titled
                                                                       Implementation of the 1999 Review of the Consumers
                                                                       Price Index is available.
13. Regional Economic Indicators
(Experimental)                                                         As part of a three-yearly cycle, the CPI has new weights
                                                                       effective from June 2002. New weights apply to all
The Regional Economic Indicators are model-based,
                                                                       indexes, including regional indexes and non-standard
derived by integrating IRD data with the Statistics New
                                                                       indexes, at all levels from the regimen item level and
Zealand Business Frame.
                                                                       upwards.
Due to the impossibility of taking into account any
                                                                       Prices are collected weekly, monthly, quarterly or annually
transactions between regions/territorial authorities these             depending on the expected frequency of price changes
series are not measures of the regional Gross Domestic                 exhibited by the good or service.
Product (GDP) but nevertheless they can be used as an
indicator of the economic activity within the chosen area.

                                                                       Prices are surveyed in 15 main urban areas. These are:
                                                                       Whangarei, Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Rotorua,
Caution is also required when comparing the absolute                   Napier-Hastings, New Plymouth, Wanganui, Palmerston
values of industrial sectors. Values of GST sales and                  North, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Timaru, Dunedin
                                                                  43
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
and Invercargill. In general, for the Quarterly Regional             17. Regional Household Expenditure Estimates
Review, the nearest or largest urban area where price
                                                                     Regional Household Expenditure Estimates for 2001 are
surveys were conducted has been used to indicate price
                                                                     model-based and integrate data from the Household
movements for the area covered by the review.
                                                                     Expenditure Survey (HES) for the year ended 30 June
                                                                     2001 and the 2001 Census.
15. Retail Trade Survey
                                                                     Estimates of spending on various goods and services are
The Retail Trade Survey include activity units on the
                                                                     modelled using household characteristics and expenditure
Business Frame that are classified as:
                                                                     information collected in the HES. These models are then
 Retail Trade (ANZSIC division G)
                                                                     applied to census data to produce regional estimates of
 Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants (ANZSIC                       household expenditure.
   division H)
 Personal Services (ANZSIC subdivision 5 of division                The household expenditure and average household
   Q).                                                               expenditure estimates are for the year ended 30 June 2001.
                                                                     Household counts used to calculate average household
                                                                     expenditure are defined as occupied permanent private
The survey population is stratified according to store type
                                                                     dwellings, excluding visitor only households, from the
and size (in terms of annualised GST and employment
                                                                     2001 Census. These household counts do not correspond
count). Because of the contribution that large enterprises
                                                                     to those used in the HES, which were estimated for the
have on sales, they are all included in the sample. In total
                                                                     four HES regions before 2001 Census data was available.
about 3,500 enterprises are selected in the postal sample.
                                                                     Hence average expenditure estimates do not match with the
Administrative data has been used to replace direct
                                                                     HES.
surveying of small businesses. The sample is designed to
give statistics at the 95 percent confidence interval limit.         Household expenditure for the apparel group is not
This means, for example, that if an estimate has a sample            available for New Zealand or South Island areas.
error of 3.3 percent, then there is a 95 percent chance that
the true value of total sales for the month lies within plus
or minus 3.3 percent of the published estimate.                      18. Building Consents
                                                                     Building Consents data provided in the Quarterly Regional
Sampling errors are available for the middle month of the            Review include building consents for the construction,
quarter. A change in an estimate (either between adjacent            alterations and additions to all building types. GST is
months or between months a year apart) is said to be                 included in the figures collected.
statistically significant if it is larger than the associated
sampling error.                                                      A building is classified according to its main intended
                                                                     function. Some consents are for a building that may have
                                                                     more than one purpose (such as a retail/office building).
Retail Trade data are released with the following caveat             From the June 1996 month, the floor area and value of a
due to limitations in some of the data, which are of a lower         consent for a multi-purpose building is split between each
standard than published, figures Statistics New Zealand              of the building‟s main functions. When sufficient detail
releases.                                                            cannot be obtained, the building is classified according to
                                                                     the predominant function of the building.
The Retail Trade Survey sample is selected and weighted
at the industry level. Data released below this design level         From the December 2000 quarter, the effect of consents
i.e. regional data are indicative only.                              that would serve to subtract from the building stock (e.g. a
                                                                     demolition) is removed.

                                                                     19. Real Estate Institute of New Zealand
16. Car Registrations
                                                                     The Quarterly Regional Review includes data from the
Car registrations come from a database maintained by the
                                                                     Real Estate Institute of New Zealand (REINZ) pertaining
Land Transport Safety Authority. The database contains
                                                                     to the number and average price of dwelling and section
monthly new and ex-overseas registration counts by make,
                                                                     sales recorded by real estate agents who are members of
country of origin, and postal district. Ex-overseas vehicles
                                                                     REINZ.
are those that have been registered in another country
before entry into New Zealand.
                                                                     The data is coded to areas that have been approximated to
                                                                     regional councils with the exception of Kaikoura, which is
The Quarterly Regional Review presents total new and ex-
                                                                     grouped with Marlborough Region.
overseas registrations per quarter, aggregated to the 22
                                                                     The statistical information contained in this publication has
postal districts in New Zealand. The counts indicate the
                                                                     been compiled from reports of sales made through Real
postal district in which the vehicle is domiciled, not the
                                                                     Estate Agents only. These statistics do not include sales
postal district in which it was registered.
                                                                     made by parties who are not a member of REINZ such as
                                                                     private sales. Although the statistics have been complied
                                                                44
                                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
from the best information available, the Real Estate                  Other non-sampling errors occur for reasons such as
Institute of New Zealand accepts no responsibility for the            respondent-error, non-response, frame quality and errors in
accuracy of the information. The information should not be            processing. While every effort is made to minimise these
relied upon solely as the basis for making any decisions              errors, they will still occur. It is not possible to quantify
about a Real Estate transaction. Any person proposing to              their effect.
buy or sell property should seek professional advice as to
the value of the property with which they are concerned.
                                                                      21. Overseas Cargo Statistics (Where applicable)
                                                                      Overseas Cargo Statistics are sourced from customs entries
20. Accommodation Survey                                              that Statistics New Zealand receives from the New Zealand
The target population for the accommodation survey is all             Customs Service. Overseas Cargo Statistics record the
geographic units that are classified as short term (less than         value and gross weight of all goods loaded or unloaded at
one month) commercial accommodation providers                         New Zealand ports - both sea and air.
operating in New Zealand.
                                                                      Overseas cargo loaded/unloaded statistics exclude large
The survey frame is all commercial accommodation-                     one-off exports (and re-exports)/imports of transport
providing geographic units belonging to an economically               equipment, i.e. aircraft, shipping vessels, oil rigs etc, which
significant enterprise. Economic significance is generally            arrive in or depart from the country under their own power.
determined as being GST registered, having a turnover of
at least $30,000 per annum.                                           Overseas Cargo Statistics are provisional for three months,
                                                                      to allow for the inclusion of late data and amended
The predominant capacity provided determines the                      documentation.
accommodation type. For instance, if a business provides
both motel and campground accommodation, but the                      Cargo loaded (exports) is valued free on board (fob) and is
majority of its „stay units‟ are motel rooms, it is classified        shown in New Zealand dollars. In some cases goods are
as a motel.                                                           sent on consignment and the selling prices are not known
                                                                      until goods are disposed of at their destination. In these
New Zealand Accommodation Classification is defined as:               cases, fob values are based on prices current at the time of
 hotels: includes both hotels and resorts                            export. Statistics New Zealand converts values given in
 motels: includes motor inns, apartments and motels                  foreign currencies to New Zealand dollars using weekly
 Hosted: includes private hotels, guesthouses, bed and               exchange rates when the statistics are compiled.
  breakfasts, and holiday farm (farm-stays)
  accommodation                                                       Cargo unloaded (imports) are valued at cost including
 backpackers / hostels                                               insurance and freight (cif) and are shown in New Zealand
 caravan parks / camping grounds.                                    dollars. These values are converted from foreign currencies
                                                                      when the New Zealand Customs Service processes import
The Quarterly Regional Review aggregates establishment                documents. The New Zealand Customs Service sets the
types and provides summary data for guest nights and                  exchange rates used for conversions each fortnight.
occupancy rates at the territorial authority level.
                                                                      There have been revisions to the cargo statistics. They
A guest night is equivalent to one guest spending one night           affect only a few values in the time series for some ports,
at an establishment. For example, a motel with 15 guests              and the impacts are at most between 2-3 percent of the
spending two nights would report provision of 30 guest                previous values.
nights of accommodation. Occupancy rates are calculated
by dividing „stay unit nights occupied‟ by „stay unit nights          The revisions are due to:
available‟. A stay unit is the unit of accommodation                   efforts by the New Zealand Customs Service to
charged out to guests. If a motel has six of its ten units                improve the export documentation completed by
occupied every night in July, it has 6 x 31                               exporters
= 186 stay unit nights occupied. Its stay unit nights                  a parallel export quality assessment by Statistics New
available (capacity) is 10 x 31 = 310. So its occupancy                   Zealand
rate is 60 percent (186 / 310 x 100).

The accommodation survey aims for 100 percent coverage
of the population. However, in practice an overall response              a downward revision to butter export values to correct
rate of approximately 78 percent is achieved.                             a previously overvalued price that included the tariff
                                                                          into the United Kingdom
The remaining units are given imputed values based upon
the characteristics of similar establishments in the same or          Tables containing the revised data accompanied the March
similar regions. This procedure introduces unknown errors             2002 Quarterly Regional Review.
into the estimates, and this should be borne in mind by
users of the data. The size of these unknown errors is                From the August 1997 reference month, cargo exports are
difficult to quantify.                                                compiled by date of export. Previously, cargo exports were
                                                                 45
                                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004
generally compiled according to the date of processing by           These conditions apply to information obtained from
the New Zealand Customs Service.                                    Statistics New Zealand. For some products and services
                                                                    additional conditions may apply. Where additional
Cargo imports are generally compiled by the date of entry           conditions apply, they will be part of the documentation for
lodgement at the New Zealand Customs Service. Entries               those products and services.
are required from up to five days before, to 20 working
days after, arrivals of the goods in New Zealand.
                                                                    Copyright
                                                                    Information obtained from Statistics New Zealand may be
Word Document Links                                                 freely used, reproduced, or quoted unless otherwise
Some Quarterly Regional Review users have experienced               specified. In all cases Statistics New Zealand must be
trouble with graph links within the electronic Word                 acknowledged as the source.
document. If this is you, then check that the automatic link
update property within Word is not active.
                                                                    Quality Of Statistical Data
To do this open Word, go to Tools, Options. Select the              All statistical data are subject to error, either through
General tab and check that the "Update automatic links at           incompleteness of response or by way of limitations
Open" option is NOT selected. Also avoid double clicking            imposed by the design of the survey.
on any of the graphs within the Word document because
this will cause Word to attempt to update the graph link,           Most official surveys are designed to produce national
producing an error.                                                 estimates. Where estimates are made for regions or other
                                                                    sub-populations, sampling errors may seriously limit the
                                                                    use of that information. The quality of such statistical data
Data in Spreadsheet                                                 should always be assessed before deciding on their fitness
Supporting data used to produce this bulletin is contained          for the tasks to which they are to be put.
in the spreadsheet provided.
                                                                    Timing
Further Information                                                 Timed statistical releases are delivered using postal and
Information about regional statistics produced by Statistics        electronic services provided by third parties. Delivery of
New Zealand can be found on the Statistics New Zealand              these releases may be delayed by circumstances outside the
Website or through the Information Help Desk.                       control of Statistics New Zealand. Statistics New Zealand
                                                                    accepts no responsibility for any such delays.
Further information about how the different surveys are
conducted may be found in the technical notes of the Hot
Off The Press released for each of the surveys.                     Statistics New Zealand Website
                                                                    All links and references to websites, organisations or
Information is also available on Statistics New Zealand‟s           people outside Statistics New Zealand are provided for
Information Network for Official Statistics (INFOS).                convenience only and are not an endorsement by Statistics
                                                                    New Zealand.

                                                                    Statistics New Zealand is not responsible for the contents
                                                                    or reliability of linked websites and does not guarantee that
                                                                    links will work.
Conditions of Supply
                                                                    Statistics New Zealand does not endorse any website,
General                                                             organisation or people who have links to its website.




                                                               46
                                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2004




Liability
Statistics New Zealand gives no warranty that the information or data supplied contains no errors. However, all care and diligence
has been used in processing, analysing and extracting the information. Statistics New Zealand shall not be liable for any loss or
damage suffered by the customer consequent upon the use directly, or indirectly, of the information supplied in this product.


                                              Information Centre:
                                   Phone  0508-525 525 (toll free in New Zealand)
                                              Fax  04-931-8079
                                           Email  info@stats.govt.nz

                                               Website: www.stats.govt.nz

                 Next Quarterly Regional Review                    will be released in September 2004




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