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문서의처음문서의처음Vocabulary for 과과객객 과객 wayfarer

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문서의처음문서의처음Vocabulary for 과과객객 과객 wayfarer Powered By Docstoc
					                 Vocabulary for 과객

과객            wayfarer, traveller
사내            man (20s or 30s)
찾아드-ㄹ-        come looking for, visit
제법            quite
(날이) 저무-ㄹ-    get (grow) dark; the (day, year) comes to an end
거실            living room
석간            evening newspaper
펴드-ㄹ-         spread out, open
초인종           doorbell, buzzer
잡상인           peddler
낮털이 강도        day-time burglar / robber
쪼르르           description of running rapidly (emphasizing agility)
달려나가-         run out, rush out, storm out
현관            main entrance, front porch
어느새           in no time, very quickly, quite soon
입구            entrance
남루            tatters, rags
겨우            barely, narrowly
면하-           escape, avoid
행색            appearance; demeanor, attitude
중년            middle age
생판            (very colloquial) entirely, utterly, completely
낯서-ㄹ-         be unfamiliar
꽤             very, considerably; quite, rather
멋적- (=멋쩍-?)   feel/be awkward, embarrassed
긴하-           be important, critical, significant; pressing
용건            business matter
응접            reception
권하-           recommend, suggest; offer
길손            traveler, wayfarer


1
아닌 밤중에 홍두깨    "a bolt out of the blue" (Cf. 마른 하늘에 날벼락 ) lit. a
              wooden club in the middle of the night
얼떨떨하-         be dazed, stupefied, bewildered
Page 2
별것            rarity, oddity; something special, particular, important
주워들- (주워듣다)   overhear (very colloquial, from 주 w - + 들-, 듣다 )
낯색            complexion
태연하-          be calm, cool, collected, composed
도무지 + neg.    cannot ... at all, does not ... at all
흔하-           be common
모퉁이           corner
(신문) 조각       piece, fragment; clipping (of newspaper)
성명            name; surname-plus-name
자             Chinese character; (written) syllable
오르내리-         lit. go up and down; appear frequently (in the newspaper)
평범하-          be average, ordinary, regular
소시민           petit bourgeois; lower-middle class; average citizen(ry)
문득            suddenly
의심(이) 드-ㄹ-    become/be suspicious, doubtful
춘부장           (honorific and fancy) your father
함자            your (his) name (honorific and fancy)
동 (東)         east
훈 (勳)         merit
강녕 김씨         a Kim from 강녕 the 강녕 Kim clan
대제학(大堤學)      Director of the Office of Royal Decrees
파             (genealogy) branch of a clan
사파            fourth generation
증손            great-grandchild
들먹이-          mention, drop names (derogatory)
틀리-           be mistaken, wrong
수긍(을) 하-      agree, assent
기억(을) 하-      recall, remember



2
동창          schoolmate
서무          general affairs
과장          section head / chief
교편          lit: teacher's pointer. 교편(을) 잡- teach; 교편을 놓-
            retire from teaching (fancy expression)



Page 3
작자          fellow, guy (derogatory)
흥신소         private investigation / detective agency
걸맞-         be well-matched to/for; match, suit; tally with, jibe with
인상          impression
차림          dress, guise, appearance, attire; get-out
내미-ㄹ-       stick out, project, protrude
흠칫하-        pull back with surprise; be taken aback, recoil
진작          ('should have') earlier; then and there
대신하-        do instead; do in the place of
염려(를) 하-    worry, be concerned
나무라-        reprove, scold; chide
천성          one's nature, disposition, temperament
활달하-        be cheerful
신분          one's social position; one's station in life
확인(을) 하-    check, confirm
대뜸          at once, immediately, quickly (usually abruptly)
식탁          dining table
청하-         invite; call over
정중하-        be courteous, respectful, polite
대화(를) 나누-   engage in conversation with; converse with
책임          responsibility
태도          behavior, attitude
은근히         inwardly, implicitly; subtly
부아          exasperation, rage



3
치미-ㄹ-                     surge up; burst forth; overflow
엎지르-                      spill, drop, slop
시장이 반찬이다                  Proverb: 'Hunger ( 시장 ) is the best sauce' (반찬 = side dishes)
비위좋게                      in good humor, in a humoring way; so as to please someone
도리                        way, means
어쩔 수 없-                   cannot help it; cannot be helped
따라 들어가-                   follow inside
까닭                        reason
끓어오르-                     boil up
다-ㄹ-                      be sweet
짜-                        be salty
구별(이) 가-                  make a distinction or differentiation
너스레를 떠-ㄹ-                 make a sly, mischievous remark (very colloquial)
범절                        etiquette, proprieties, decorum
과객상                       table (meal) for a wayfarer


Page 4
찬                         side dishes
시원치 않- (← 시원하지 않-) be unsatisfactory, unfulfilling
겸상(을) 하-                  prepare a table for two, have a meal with someone
진수성찬                      rare delicacies, foods of delicate flavor
맞먹-                       be a match for; match someone / something
내용                        contents
칭찬                        compliment, praise
따라서                       therefore
당연히                       it goes without saying, naturally; undoubtable
겸사                        humble speech; declining humbly
기분                        mood
꼴                         (derogatory) action, attitude, behavior; situation
끌어내-                      take (pull, drag, draw) out
솔직하-                      be honest, frank
심정 (心情)                   one's feelings



4
공짜          gratis, free of charge
민박          taking lodging; lodging in a private home
무전여행        vagrant journey, hitchhiking; penniless travel; travel on a
            shoestring
약간          a very small, slight, little bit
악의          malice, ill will, ill intention, malice
설명          explanation
먹혀 드-ㄹ-     be/get understood, accepted; be/get 'bought'
그딴게 = 그런게   such a thing, a thing like that (derogatory)
고급          upper class, high class; high quality
거지          beggar
순진하-        be innocent, simple, naive
강도          intensity, degree of strength
드러내-        show, exhibit, display, reveal
탓하-         put (lay) blame on, attach blame to
기색          looks, countenance, appearance; sign, indication
시정(을) 하-    correct, rectify
비유          comparison, metaphor
비록          even if, even though, although
관형어 (冠刑語)   pre-noun / adjective
목적          goal, target, point, aim, intention
생계          livelihood, living
구걸(을) 하-    beg, ask alms
베푸-ㄹ-       give money in charity; grant, bestow
동정          sympathy, compassion, pity
뚜렷하-        be clear, obvious, distinct
신분          social status; station in life
종           servant, slave, serf
천민          person of low (humble) birth


Page 5
대개          in general, generally



5
동등             same rank; equality
선비             scholar
지식인            someone learned or educated; intelligentsia
영락하-           be wretched, ruined, destroyed
감              feeling, sense
엘리뜨            elite
일종             a kind, a sort
숟갈 = 숟가락       spoon
먹성             appetite
밥을 뜨-          scoop up rice
훨씬             much, significantly, far, still
덕              virtue, moral excellence
남의 덕(택/분)에     thanks to the help / kindness of others
팔자             destiny, fate
산수             mountains and water
유람             sight-seeing, excursion
현저하-           be notable, conspicuous, marked, striking
구분             division
평생             one's lifetime
지속(을) 하-       continue
그릇되-           be wrongful, mistaken
더구나            besides, moreover, furthermore
고쳐 주-          correct
표정             facial expression
우물거리-          mumble, mutter
까닭             reason, ground
당황             confusion, perplexity, bewilderment
만만찮-           be hard, challenging, daunting
특히             particularly, especially
서서히            slowly, gradually
압도(를) 하-       overwhelm, overpower, overshadow
지적 (知的) [-쩍]   intellectual (as adjective)



6
고향           hometown
떠돌아다니-       wander, roam about aimlessly
불쌍하-         be pitiful, pitiable
멋있-          be cool, stylish, chic
식탁           dining table
모퉁이          corner
끼어앉-         squeeze in between and sit
불쑥           suddenly, unexpectedly, abruptly


Page 6
넉살좋-         be ballsy, gutsy (positive connotation)
눈치(를) 채-     sense, take a hint, notice
심기           the mind, mood, sentiment
건드리-         irritate, stimulate
곧바로          straight away, immediately
핀잔           rebuke, reprimand
기왕에          since it has been done, since it has already happened
신세(를) 지-     be indebted (to), owe a debt of gratitude
반주           liquor accompanying food
이윽고          finally, at last
배            twice, double
청하-          ask, beg, request; invite, call over
그제서야         only then, for the first time
의심(이) 드-ㄹ-   become suspicious, doubtful
눈길 [-낄]      glance, gaze
쳐다보-         look at; stare at
설령           even if, although, even though; even supposing
감정           emotion(s), feeling(s)
상하-          go bad, to rot
감정(을) 상하-    hurt one's feelings
국산           domestic product




7
양주               imported liquor (as opposed to Korean
liquor);         whiskey
불청객              unwelcome / uninvited guest
단란하-             be harmonious
끼어드-ㄹ-           interrupt, meddle


Page 7
경계               precaution, vigilance, on guard, alert
끌어들이-            engage / involve (very colloquial); bring into
복수               revenge, retaliation
능청스레 ← 능철스러 w-   guilefully, deceitfully, slyly, in a sneaky way
주인장              master of the house
양반               noble; the upper class of old Korea
다정하-             be friendly, affectionately
첨 = 처음           at first, beginning, the first time
소개               introduction
항의               protest; objection
담기-              be/get stored or placed in
다그치-             urge (goad, egg) on, press, push
아닌게아니라           sure enough, just as one thought, indeed, really
근심(이) 되-         become/get worried, anxious
뒤지-              search, rummage, fumble
값지-              be expensive, costly, valuable
신통찮-             be mediocre, unsatisfactory, unimpressive


Page 8
그제서야             only then, for the first time
질리-              be taken aback; be cowed, subdued, overwhelmed
당부(를) 하-         request, ask
좀도둑              petty thief
사기꾼              swindler, fraud
강도               robber, burglar




8
동조하           agree, sympathize with
내보내-          send off, let out
원인            cause, reason
안도감           feeling of relief
그지없이          endlessly, boundlessly
평온하-          be peaceful, calm
자세            posture, stance
머뭇머뭇          description of hesitation, wavering
다가오-          come nearer, come closer, approach
미소            smile
기습            raid, surprise attack
불안하-          be uneasy, uncomfortable
황급히           extreme urgency, haste
부인(을) 하-      deny, negate
진지하-          be sincere, earnest, serious
사랑방           (traditional Korean) room for guests
직장            workplace; job
거리에 나앉-       be kicked out of one's home and live on the streets
가정            family
사적(私的) [-쩍]   private; individual; personal
폐쇄적           exclusive, closed
서구            Europe, the West, the Occident
근대            modern ages, modern times
형법 (刑法)       criminal law
한결같이          constantly, consistently
보호(를) 하-      protect, safeguard
사생활           private life
평온            calm, quiet, equilibrium, stability
중심            center
이루어지-         be made of, be composed of, consist of
깨뜨리-          break, smash
몹시            extremely, very



9
억제(를) 하-        control, repress, constrain
호기심             curiosity
거리낌             hesitation; shying away
성함              (honorific) name
전력(前歷)          one's previous history, one's past


Page 9
시대              era
소외(가) 되-        be/get alienated, excluded
영락(을) 하-        go to ruin; be destroyed
NOUN 에 지나지 않-   be merely NOUN, be no more than NOUN
집안              family
내력              history, background
보학 (譜學)         genealogy
토호(土豪)          (wealthy) land proprietor, land owner; landlord
신상              one's situation; one's body
필수적             essential, indispensable
갖추-             possess, obtain, acquire; be equipped with
정보              information
해당하-            apply to, be relevant to
층               (status) class, stratification
지방              locale, district; provincial area
기업체             industry; big company or firm
일자리             a job, a position
내어주-            give out, hand out
받아들이-           accept, receive
유산              property, inheritance; heritage
소양              knowledge; culture, cultivation
의지(를) 하-        depend on, rely on, count on
가문              one's family / house (in terms of genealogy)
전해 오-           be/get handed down, passed down
바탕              background



10
일정하-           be established, fixed, determined
수준             level, standard
지적 (知的) [-쩍]   intellectual
연마             cultivation, improvement
군식구            dependent (not one's family); extra mouth to feed (very colloquial)
으스스하-          be spooky, creepy
신기하-           be marvelous, miraculous, amazing, fantastic
노골적            frank, candid, explicit; 'up-front'
떠도-ㄹ-          wander, roam around
목적             aim, purpose, goal
특수하-           be specific, particular, special
공통(이) 되-       be held in common, be common to/shared with
적극성            activeness, active/positive nature or character
마음에 걸리-        weigh upon one's mind
구조             structure, frame, setup
핵심             core, kernel, center
밀어내-           push aside; alienate, insulate
체제             structure, system
소극적            passive, unengaged/unengaging
반항             rebellion
나름의            of one's own, peculiar to oneself, idiosyncratic, 'own'
자기             one's own
성취             accomplishment, attainment, actualization


Page 10
김삿갓            famous wandering poet known by his trademark
삿갓             hat
전형(典型)         model, stereotype, type
이조             'Yi' (Choson) dynasty
후기             latter part, later half
격심하-           be extreme, severe
당쟁             factional struggles



11
연관              connection, relation
재능              talent
실현(을) 하-        realize, attain, actualize
가인(歌人)          an artist that deals with music, song, etc.
묵객(墨客)          an artist that deals with calligraphy, painting, etc.
김선달, 정만서, 방학중   famous humorists who criticized society
흔히              commonly, frequently, often
해학가             humorist, satirist
포함(이) 되-        be/get included
완전히             completely, totally, absolutely
특성              (distinctive) qualities, characteristics
동경              yearning, longing
통렬하-            be severe, sharp, fierce, stinging
풍자              satire, sarcasm
야유              banter, ridicule
곁다리             (lit. third leg) secondary (unimportant) thing
등장(을) 하-        appear, come on the scene, take the stage
해석              interpretation, rendition
허황(이) 되-        be false, ungrounded, unbelievable
차츰              little by little, gradually
빨려드-ㄹ-          (lit. be sucked into) be fascinated by, be mesmerized by
숫자              number
주-ㄹ-            decrease, diminish
부류              class, group
자기성취            self-realization
방편              means, instrument
이행              (society / social change) transition
촉진(이) 되-        be/get accelerated, escalated, expedited
기능              function
분화              specialization; ramification
성악 (聲樂)         vocal music
미술              fine arts



12
연극          theater; acting; play
천대(를) 받-    be/get mistreated; be treated with contempt
대중적         pertaining to the masses, popular
개그맨         comedian (gag man)
대우          treatment
이조          'Yi' (Choson) dynasty
중인 (中人)     the class of professionals (doctors, interpreters, etc.) during the
            Choson dynasty
역관 (譯官)     translator
의원          physician
신분          social position
상승          rise, ascent
이룩하-        accomplish, achieve
양상          aspect


Page 11
능력          ability, potential
핵심          core
부류          group
유신 시절       "Yushin" era: the period when president Pak
            Chong-Hui changed the constitution in order to stay in
            power
눈에 띄-       stand out, catch one's attention, be conspicuous
분명 = 분명히    clearly
지식층         intellectual class
속하-         belong to, appertain to
굴욕감         sense of humiliation / mortification
기묘하-        be strange, odd, peculiar
거부(를) 하-    refuse
화제(를) 돌리-   change the subject
베푸-ㄹ-       bestow (a favor), give in charity
단순하-        be simple, plain




13
대개         in general, mostly
동정         sympathy, compassion
대리 (代理)    representation, agency
보상 ( 補償)   compensation; indemnity; reparation
부당하-       be unjust, wrongful
혜택         privilege, favor, benefit
소박하-       be simple, plain
의무         duty, obligation
재능         talent
보수         reward
예술적        artistic
갈증         thirst, yearning
치-         paint (here)
묵화         paintings in Chinese ink
들려주-       let a person hear
적벽가(赤壁歌)   'Ballad of the Red Cliffs' ( title of a P'ansori work)
댓가         price; compensation
숙식         room and board
노자         road (travel) money
제공(을) 하-   offer; donate
실질적        substantial; actual
불리 (不利)    disadvantage
두려 w -     be scary, frightening
지역         region, territory
지역 사회      community (rural / urban)
고립(이) 되-   be/get isolated
빈번하-       be frequent
전달자        messenger
및          plus, as well as; and
장벽         wall, barrier
뛰어넘-       jump over, leap over
여론 조성자     makers of public opinion



14
평판              reputation
원천              fountainhead, source
만약              if
임자              owner
입-              suffer (a grievance)
불리 (不利)         disadvantage
상당하-            be substantial
우스개거리           laughing stock
비난거리            object of criticism


Page 12
흔인길 [-낄]        road/way to marriage
막히-             be/get blocked
출세              success in life, advancement in the world
치명적             fatal, mortal, deadly
장애              obstacle, stumbling block
학문              pursuit of learning, scholarship, education, schooling
뛰어나-            stand out, be outstanding
지혜(가) 넘치-       be of superior intelligence; 'overflow with wisdom'
인색하-            be stingy, parsimonious
무례하-            be impolite, discourteous, rude
평판              reputation
자린고비            notorious miser
당대              of or pertaining to that time, that age
정승              a minister of state
일거일동 (一擧一動)     one's every action; one's every movement
냉정히             cold-heartedly
묵크래커스           muck-rakers
醜聞暴露者 (추문폭로자)   people who enjoy exposing scandals
저명하-            be eminent, prominent
인사              personality, personage
방송              broadcasting



15
공연하-           be futile, in vain
주눅(이) 드-ㄹ-     be intimidated; feel cowed
공교롭게           ironically; oddly; as coincidence would have it
돌연히            suddenly, unexpectedly, abruptly
술상             drinking table
그때껏 = 그때까지     (right) up to that time, until then
주위             surroundings, surrounding area
맴도-ㄹ-          circle around; go around in circles
압력(을) 넣-       put pressure on; pressure; stress
때 아닌           untimely, inopportune
주문             order, request
금세             in a second / moment, right away
터지-            burst open; explode, blow up, go off
이부자리           bedding
비우-            clear (a room), empty, vacate
안달(을) 부리-      express/vent one's irritation
다그치-           urge, goad on, press, pressure someone to
재우-            put (a person) to sleep; let someone sleep over
까닭             reason
흡족하-           be satisfied
평안하-           be peaceful; composed
뒤잇-            follow, come one after another; succeed
비난             criticism, blame


Page 13
뜻밖으로           suddenly, unexpectedly
풍기-            smell of, smack of
지적 (知的) [-쩍]   intellectual
사생활            one's private life
평온             calm, quiet, stable
침해(를) 당하-      be/get violated, disturbed
참-             endure, suffer



16
과연         as expected; sure enough
꽤          very, extremely
예술적        artistic
소양         knowledge, culture, cultivation
즐기-        enjoy; take pleasure in
간밤         last night, yesterday evening
그릇되-       be wrongful, mistaken
사회구조       social structure
박해(를) 받-   suffer (be subjugated to) oppression
혜택         benefit, privilege
계층         (social) class
대리 (代理)    representation, agency; proxy
보상 ( 補償)   compensation; indemnity; reparation
의무         duty; obligation
설령         even if, although; supposing
평판         reputation
여론         public opinion
조성(을) 하-   form, make up, compose
철저하-       be thorough, complete
사인 (私人)    private individual
실질적        substantial; actual
불리 (不利)    disadvantage
위엄         dignity, majesty
이튿날        the following day
날(이) 새-    day breaks
해장국 [-꾹]   soup / broth for a hangover
착실하게       without fail; conscientiously
대접         treatment, reception
전날         previous day
모습         image, shape; appearance
의문         question, doubt
빠져드-ㄹ-     sink into; get 'sucked into'



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좀체        rarely, hardly, scarcely (often followed by a negative in -어
          지지않- meaning just can't . . ., just won't . . . [for the life of one].
얻-        gain, get, obtain
간신히       barely, narrowly, hardly, with difficulty
암시        hint, suggestion
닷새        five days
기(를) 펴-   feel encouraged; get a 'shot in the arm';
feel      high-spirited
안도        relief
환하-       be bright, radiant
지극히       very, extremely
방식        formula, mode, method, system
본능적       instinctive
반발        rebellion
그토록       as much as; to that extent, that much


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기꺼이       willingly, readily
맞아들이-     show (usher) a person in(to), welcome




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