Certificates of Airworthiness - PowerPoint by pfs15607

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									European Aviation Safety Agency




            Certificates
                 of
           Airworthiness

                    Peter Corbeel
                    Rulemaking Directorate
                   Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

    Certificate of Airworthiness
    (CoA)

Overview:
 Introduction / General
 Issue of CoA for new aircraft from EU
 Transfer of used aircraft within EU
 Import of aircraft from non-EU countries
   New
   Used




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA Introduction

Principles:
  Issuance and continued validity covered
 by Part-21 Subparts H in Section A and B
 + Forms 25 and 15
  CoA when conforming to (EASA) TC
  Unlimited duration; validity controlled
 through Airworthiness Review Certificate
  Easy transfer within EU (EU Treaty)
  Export covered by bilaterals only
  Bilaterals can override Part-21
                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA Introduction

Problems:
  Subpart H has no AMC/GM (except for
 Section B)
  No “escape” clause for special cases
 (except article 14)
  Bilaterals not always clear on what can
 be accepted



                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA General

EASA Form 25: CoA
  Dimensions: DIN A5
  Block 2 manufacturer and designation of
 aircraft: in accordance with EASA TC
  Block 4: Categories: see letter to NAAs
 (to become GM)
  Block 5, Limitations/remark: information
 coming from Agency TC
  English translation
                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA General

Grandfathering/transition
  CoA issued by NAA before 28-09-03 were
 deemed to be issued in accordance with
 Part-21
  NAAs could issue CoA of limited duration
 till 28-09-08




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


     CoA General

Continued validity:
  21A.181
   Compliance with type design and continuing
   airworthiness requirements
   TC still valid
 21B.330
   NAA shall suspend/revoke if conditions of
   21A.181 are not met



                       Certificates of Airworthiness
European Aviation Safety Agency




    CoA for new aircraft
      from within EU



                   Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA for new aircraft from EU

Applicable rules:
 21A.174(a), (b)2 and (c) Application
 21A.175 Language
 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but also
 21A.163(b) POA privileges
 21B.320 Investigation
 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA
 21B.345 Record keeping

                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA for new aircraft from EU

Application
 Application form (established by NAA)
 Statement of Conformity: Form 52
 Weight & balance report + loading
 schedule
 Flight Manual
No other documents can be required



                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA for new aircraft from EU

21A.183.1 Issue of CoA
  (i) Check application documents
  (ii):
   conformity and condition for safe operation:
   covered by Statement of Conformity
   possible inspection? Respect 21A.163(b): only
   aircraft and available documents:
     Statement of Conformity: Form 52
     Weight & balance report + loading schedule
     Flight Manual



                        Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


     CoA for new aircraft from EU

21B.325 Issue of CoA
  NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of
 Section A Subpart H are met
  NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness
 Review Certificate (Form 15a)




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
European Aviation Safety Agency




   CoA for used aircraft
     from within EU



                   Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA for used aircraft from EU

Applicable rules:
 21A.174(a) and (b)3. Application
 21A.175 Language
 21A.179(a)2. Transferability
 21B.320 Investigation
 21B.325(a) Issue of CoA
 21B.345 Record keeping



                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency


    CoA for used aircraft from EU

Application
   Application form (established by NAA)
   Valid ARC (can also be one which is issued in
   accordance with Part -21)
Before issuance
   CoA from other NAA
   21A.175 is complied with
 No other documents can be required


                       Certificates of Airworthiness
   European Aviation Safety Agency


   CoA for used aircraft from EU

Article 10.5 exemptions: Until Part M is
fully applicable CoA of limited duration is
considered equivalent to COA of limited
duration + ARC
21A.183 not applicable
Old ARC remains valid but needs to be
amended to list the new registration
  Except national ARCs: see next slide (FKN)
Transfer of unairworthy aircraft is
possible

                      Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Transfer of aircraft between Member
  States
Once the ARC has been issued after importation from a third country,
the new operator shall comply with Part-M, in particular with M.A.305.
The aircraft shall freely circulate within the EU Member States in
accordance with M.A.903.

One exception:
Aircraft having a national ARC as follows:
• For aircraft involved in commercial air transport, a national ARC
issued prior to 28 September 2008 (will be valid until 28 September
2009 or until expiration, whichever comes first).

• For aircraft not involved in commercial air transport, a national ARC
issued following the new article 3.4 contained in Regulation
1056/2008.



                       Certificates of Airworthiness
European Aviation Safety Agency




    CoA for new aircraft
      from outside EU



                   Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

                 CoA for new aircraft
                   from outside EU

Applicable rules:
 21A.174(a), (b)2 and (c) Application
 21A.175 Language
 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but taking into
 account bilateral agreements
 21B.320 Investigation
 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA
 21B.345 Record keeping

                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

                 CoA for new aircraft
                   from outside EU

Application
 Application form (established by NAA)
 Statement by exporting Authority that
 aircraft conforms to EASA TC
 Weight & balance report + loading
 schedule
 Flight Manual



                       Certificates of Airworthiness
     European Aviation Safety Agency

                  CoA for new aircraft
                    from outside EU

21A.183.1 Issue of CoA
  (i) Check application documents
  (ii) conformity and condition for safe
 operation; possible inspection taking into
 account the applicable bilateral
 agreement


 Next slide: 2042/2003 (FKN)


                        Certificates of Airworthiness
 European Aviation Safety Agency

           CoA for new aircraft
             from outside EU

According to Regulation 2042/2003 as amended by
Regulation 1056/2008 of 27 October 2008,
an airworthiness review is not required for new
aircraft imported from a third country (M.A.904(a)2).




                    Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

                 CoA for new aircraft
                   from outside EU

21B.325 Issue of CoA
  NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of
 Section A Subpart H are met
  NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness
 Review Certificate (Form 15a)




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
European Aviation Safety Agency




   CoA for used aircraft
     from outside EU



                   Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

                CoA for used aircraft
                  from outside EU

Applicable rules:
 21A.174(a), (b)3 and (c) Application
 21A.175 Language
 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but taking into
 account bilateral agreements
 21B.320 Investigation
 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA
 21B.345 Record keeping

                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

                CoA for used aircraft
                  from outside EU
Application
 Application form (established by NAA)
 Statement by exporting Authority
 regarding airworthiness status of aircraft
 Weight & balance report + loading
 schedule
 Flight Manual
 Historical records
 Recommendation for issuance of CoA
 after airworthiness review
                       Certificates of Airworthiness
   European Aviation Safety Agency

               CoA for used aircraft
                 from outside EU
Statement by exporting Authority regarding
airworthiness status of aircraft is a must
  Can be export CoA
  Can also be recent CoA
However: Danish article 14.6 (10.5) exemption:
  Approved by Commission 21.06.2006
  Alternative to statement by exporting authority:
  TC holder certifies that aircraft is in compliance with
  TC, endorsed by State of Design




                      Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

              CoA for used aircraft
                from outside EU

Historical records:
 Production standard: initial CoA or export CoA
 Modification standard: changes, STCs and
 repairs incorporated
 Maintenance standard: see presentation by
 Frederic Knecht (after this slide)
However: Danish article 14.6 (10.5)
exemption:
 Missing history regarding maintenance can be
 compensated by maintenance bridging check

                     Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305
CURRENT REQUIREMENTS:

• M.A.305(b): The aircraft continuing airworthiness record system
  shall contain:
   • Aircraft log book.
   • Engine log book(s) or engine module log cards.
   • Propeller log book(s).
   • Log cards for service life limited components.
   • Operator’s technical log.

Service life limited component: This covers not only those components
  with a life limit but also those with a maintenance schedule.




                      Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305
CURRENT REQUIREMENTS:

• M.A.305(c): The aircraft log book shall contain:
   • Aircraft type and registration mark.
   • Dates, flight time, flight cycles, landings.




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305
CURRENT REQUIREMENTS:

• M.A.305(d): The aircraft continuing airworthiness record system
  shall contain the current:
   • Status of ADs and other safety measures.
   • Status of modifications and repairs.
   • Status of compliance with the maintenance programme.
   • Status of service life limited components.
   • Mass and balance report.
   • List of deferred maintenance.




                      Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305


• Currently, M.A.305(e) contains the records and information required
  for any installed component.

• However, Opinion 06/2005 (still pending Commission approval)
  proposed to limit these requirements to engines, propellers,
  engine modules and service life limited components.




                      Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305
• M.A.305(e) as amended by Opinion 06/2005 requires the following
  documents and information:
   • EASA Form 1 or equivalent.
   • Identification of the component.
   • The type, serial number and registration, as appropriate, of the
     aircraft, engine, propeller, engine module or service life
     limited component to which the particular component has been
     fitted, along with the reference to the removal and installation of
     the component.
   • The date together with the particular component accumulated
     total flight time and/or flight cycles and/or calendar time, as
     appropriate.
   • The information contained in M.A.305(d).




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305
• M.A.305(h) as amended by Opinion 06/2005 requires the following
  records to be kept during the following periods:
    • All detailed maintenance records in respect of the aircraft and
      any service life limited component fitted thereto, at least 24
      months after the aircraft or component was permanently
      withdrawn from service. Until such time as the information
     contained therein is superseded by new information
     equivalent in scope and detail but not less than 24 months
     after the aircraft or component has been released to
     service.




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305
• M.A.305(h)....
   • The total time in service (hours, calendar time, cycles and
     landings) and flight cycles as appropriate of the aircraft and all
     life limited components, at least 12 months after the aircraft or
     component has been permanently withdrawn from service.

   • The time and flight cycles as appropriate , since last scheduled
     maintenance of the component subjected to a service life limit, at
     least until the component scheduled maintenance has been
     superseded by another scheduled maintenance of equivalent
     work scope and detail.




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305
• M.A.305(h)....

   • The current status of compliance with the maintenance programme
     such that compliance with the approved aircraft maintenance
     programme can be established, at least until the aircraft or
     component scheduled maintenance has been superseded by other
     scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail.

   • The current status of ADs applicable to the aircraft and components,
     at least 12 months after the aircraft or component has been
     permanently withdrawn from service.

   • Details of current modifications and repairs of the aircraft, engine(s),
     propeller(s) and any other component vital to flight safety, at least
     12 months after they have been permanently withdrawn from
     service.


                        Certificates of Airworthiness
 European Aviation Safety Agency

  Aircraft continuing airworthiness
  record system – M.A.305
KEY POINTS EXTRACTED FROM M.A.305 (as modified by Opinion
  06/2005):

   • The EASA Form 1 or equivalent must be retained as part of the
     aircraft continuing airworthiness records only for engines, propellers,
     engine modules and service life limited components.

   • This must be retained by the operator until the maintenance action
     has been superseded by a new action equivalent in scope and detail,
     but not less than 24 months since the maintenance action was
     released.

   NOTE: This requirement is different and independent from the one
    contained in 145.A.55, where the maintenance organisation shall
    retain during 2 years since the release to service all detailed
    maintenance records of the aircraft or any component.


                        Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Import of a used aircraft from a third
  country
The M.A.305 requirements described before are only applicable to aircraft
contained in Article 1 of 2042/2003, that is:

 •Aircraft registered in a Member State, or
 •Aircraft registered in a third country and used by an operator for which
 a Member State ensures oversight of operations.

 As a consequence, they are not applicable to the previous life of an
 aircraft being imported into the EU (as long as it was not used by an EU
 operator). This means that:
 • An EASA Form 1 or equivalent can not be expected for the installed
 components.
 • Other releases to service or serviceable tags may be acceptable to the
 importing competent authority, depending on possible bilateral
 arrangements with the exporting country.
 • Missing information will be subject to a bridging programme, proposed
 by the CAMO issuing the recommendation and agreed by the authority
 (may include re-certification of components).
                        Certificates of Airworthiness
  European Aviation Safety Agency

  Import of a used aircraft from a third
  country

The position of the Agency is that these records should only be
requested for engines, propellers and service life limited components,
not being required for on-condition components.




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

                CoA for used aircraft
                  from outside EU

Aircraft can be in unairworthy condition at
  time of export
  Need to be addressed on statement by
  exporting authority
  Statement to include exception(s) or
  waiver(s)
  Recommendation for issuance of CoA can
  only be made when aircraft is airworthy


                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

                CoA for used aircraft
                  from outside EU

21A.183.2 Issue of CoA
  (i)
   application documents shall confirm that
   aircraft conforms to TC, STC approved repairs
   and applicable ADs
   Inspected in accordance with Part M
 (ii) conformity and condition for safe
 operation; possible inspection taking into
 account the applicable bilateral
 agreement
                       Certificates of Airworthiness
    European Aviation Safety Agency

                CoA for used aircraft
                  from outside EU

21B.325 Issue of CoA
  NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of
 Section A Subpart H are met
  NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness
 Review Certificate (Form 15a)




                       Certificates of Airworthiness
European Aviation Safety Agency




          END
                   Certificates of Airworthiness

								
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