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Essentials Firefighter I Ground Ladders Chapter

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					Firefighter I                                                                  Ground Ladders




                                 Chapter 10 Test
Name:                                                   Date:

Directions: Write the correct letter on the blank before each question.


Objective 1:
Describe parts of a ladder.
________        1.     Wooden or metal pieces that prevent the fly section from being
                       extended too far are: (475)
                       A.      rails.
                       B.      stops.
                       C.      tie rods.
                       D.      protection plates.

________        2.     The lowest and widest section of an extension ladder is the: (472)
                       A.      truss block.
                       B.      fly section.
                       C.      bed section.
                       D.      protection plate.

________        3.     The main structural member of a ladder supporting the rungs or rung
                       blocks is the: (472)
                       A.      tip.
                       B.      beam.
                       C.      butt.
                       D.      truss block.

________        4.     Curved metal devices installed near the top end of roof ladders to
                       secure the ladder to the highest point on a peaked roof of a building
                       are: (473)
                       A.      hooks.
                       B.      pawls.
                       C.      pulleys.
                       D.      protection plates.




Fire Protection Publications                                                      Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                 10-1
Firefighter I                                                                   Ground Ladders




________        5.     The rope or cable used for hoisting and lowering the fly sections of
                       an extension ladder is the: (473)
                       A.      guide.
                       B.      halyard.
                       C.      pulley.
                       D.      butt spur.

________        6.     Cross members that provide the foothold for climbing are: (475)
                       A.      rungs.
                       B.      rails.
                       C.      pawls.
                       D.      stops.

________        7.     Swivel plates attached to the butt of the ladder that usually have
                       rubber or neoprene bottom surfaces are: (472)
                       A.      stops.
                       B.      pawls.
                       C.      footpads.
                       D.      protection plates.

________        8.     The bottom end of the ladder is the: (472)
                       A.      butt.
                       B.      tip.
                       C.      truss.
                       D.      fly.

________        9.     Devices attached to the inside of the beams on fly sections used to
                       hold the fly section in place after it has been extended are: (475)
                       A.      pawls.
                       B.      rails.
                       C.      pulleys.
                       D.      protection plates.

________ 10.           Wood or metal strips on an extension ladder that guide the fly
                       section while being raised are: (473)
                       A.      pawls.
                       B.      rails.
                       C.      guides.
                       D.      pulleys.




Fire Protection Publications                                                       Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                  10-2
Firefighter I                                                                   Ground Ladders



Objective 2:
Describe types of ground ladders used in the fire service.
________ 11.           Which of the following types of ladders consist of only one section of
                       a fixed length and are often used for quick access to windows and
                       roofs on one- and two-story buildings? (476)
                       A.      Folding ladders
                       B.      Single ladders
                       C.      Pompier ladders
                       D.      Extension ladders

________ 12.           Which of the following types of ladders are single ladders equipped
                       with folding hooks that provide a means of anchoring the ladder?
                       (476)
                       A.      Roof ladders
                       B.      Folding ladders
                       C.      Pompier ladders
                       D.      Extension ladders

________ 13.           Which of the following types of ladders have hinged rungs allowing
                       them to be folded so that one beam rests against the other and
                       which allow them to be carried in narrow passageways? (476)
                       A.      Folding ladders
                       B.      Pompier ladders
                       C.      Extension ladders
                       D.      Combination ladders

________ 14.           Which of the following types of ladders are designed so that they
                       may be used as a self-supporting stepladder and as a single or
                       extension ladder? (478)
                       A.      Roof ladders
                       B.      Pompier ladders
                       C.      Folding ladders
                       D.      Combination ladders




Fire Protection Publications                                                       Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                  10-3
Firefighter I                                                                     Ground Ladders




________ 15.           Which of the following types of ladders consist of a base or bed
                       section and one or more fly sections that travel in guides or brackets
                       to permit length adjustment? (476)
                       A.      Roof ladders
                       B.      Pompier ladders
                       C.      Folding ladders
                       D.      Extension ladders

________ 16.           Which of the following types of ladders are single-beam ladders with
                       rungs projecting from both sides of the beam and which are used to
                       climb from floor to floor, via exterior windows, on a multistory
                       building? (478)
                       A.      Roof ladders
                       B.      Pompier ladders
                       C.      Folding ladders
                       D.      Combination ladders

Objective 3:
Discuss materials used for ladder construction.
________ 17.           Which of the following ladder construction materials is a good
                       conductor of heat, cold, and electricity; is easy to repair; and is
                       available in the widest range of sizes? (478)
                       A.      Wood
                       B.      Metal
                       C.      Plastic
                       D.      Fiberglass

________ 18.           Which of the following ladder construction materials has the highest
                       cost of all ladders, retains strength when exposed to heat or flame,
                       and is the heaviest per unit of length? (478)
                       A.      Wood
                       B.      Metal
                       C.      Plastic
                       D.      Fiberglass




Fire Protection Publications                                                         Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                    10-4
Firefighter I                                                                   Ground Ladders




________ 19.           Which of the following ladder construction materials is generally a
                       poor conductor of electricity; can suddenly crack and fail when
                       overloaded; and can burn when exposed to flame? (478)
                       A.      Wood
                       B.      Metal
                       C.      Plastic
                       D.      Fiberglass

Objective 4:
Discuss ladder maintenance and cleaning.
________ 20.           Fire service ground ladders must conform to: (478)
                       A.      NFPA®   1021.
                       B.      NFPA®   1410.
                       C.      NFPA®   1901.
                       D.      NFPA®   1931.

________ 21.           All ground ladders should be tested before being placed in service,
                       after any use that exposes them to high heat or rough treatment,
                       and: (478)
                       A.      daily.
                       B.      weekly.
                       C.      annually.
                       D.      every three years.

________ 22.           Which of the following terms means keeping ladders in a state of
                       usefulness or readiness? (478)
                       A.      Repair
                       B.      Service
                       C.      Maintenance
                       D.      Damage control

________ 23.           Who should repair ladders? (479)
                       A.      Any firefighter who has time
                       B.      A manufacturer representative
                       C.      A firefighter on the ladder crew
                       D.      A trained ladder repair technician




Fire Protection Publications                                                      Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                 10-5
Firefighter I                                                                    Ground Ladders


________ 24.           Which of the statements about ladder maintenance is MOST
                       accurate? (478)
                       A.      Ladders can be stored outside.
                       B.      Ground ladders should be kept free of moisture.
                       C.      No part of a ground ladder should be painted.
                       D.      Brushes should not be used on ladders.

________ 25.           When should ladders be cleaned? (478)
                       A.      After every use
                       B.      Every week, if they have been used
                       C.      Every other week, regardless of use
                       D.      Whenever they start to look dirty

Objective 5:
Summarize items to check for when inspecting and service testing
ladders.
________ 26.           Which of the following NFPA® standards serves as a guideline for
                       ground ladder service testing? (480)
                       A.      NFPA®   1041
                       B.      NFPA®   1500
                       C.      NFPA®   1932
                       D.      NFPA®   1941

________ 27.           Which of the following is NOT a general item that should be checked
                       on all types of ladders? (480)
                       A.      Rungs for tightness
                       B.      Height and weight of ladder
                       C.      Bolts and rivets for tightness
                       D.      Welds for any cracks or apparent defects

________ 28.           Which of the following should be done with a ladder whose heat
                       sensor label has changed color? (480)
                       A.      Use the ladder with caution.
                       B.      Use the ladder for training only.
                       C.      Remove the ladder from service and test.
                       D.      Replace with a new label, then use the ladder.




Fire Protection Publications                                                       Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                  10-6
Firefighter I                                                                    Ground Ladders


________ 29.           On which of the following ladders do you need to check the halyard
                       cable and ensure that it is taut when the ladder is in the bedded
                       position? (481)
                       A.      Roof ladders
                       B.      Wooden ladders
                       C.      Pompier ladders
                       D.      Extension ladders

________ 30.           Which of the following ladders should be checked for water damage?
                       (480)
                       A.      Roof ladders
                       B.      Wooden ladders
                       C.      Pompier ladders
                       D.      Extension ladders

Objective 6:
Summarize factors that contribute to safe ladder operation.
________ 31.           Ladders should NOT be raised to within ____ feet (m) of electrical
                       wires. (482)
                       A.      2 (0.6)
                       B.      3 (1)
                       C.      8 (2.4)
                       D.      10 (3)

________ 32.           Ladders should be inspected for damage and wear: (482)
                       A.      weekly.
                       B.      monthly.
                       C.      annually.
                       D.      after each use.

________ 33.           Which of the following is NOT a factor that contributes to safe ladder
                       operation? (482)
                       A.      Choosing the proper ladder for the job
                       B.      Being sure the ladder is stable before climbing
                       C.      Heeling the ladder or securing it at the top
                       D.      Using the minimum number of firefighters for the raise




Fire Protection Publications                                                        Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                   10-7
Firefighter I                                                                    Ground Ladders


________ 34.           Which of the following is NOT a factor that contributes to safe ladder
                       operation? (482)
                       A.      Using ladders only for their intended purposes
                       B.      Using arm muscles when lifting ladders below the waist
                       C.      Checking the ladder placement for the proper angle
                       D.      Being sure the hooks of the pawls are seated over the rungs

Objective 7:
Discuss selecting the proper ladder for the job.
________ 35.           Which of the following is the optimum climbing angle for ladders?
                       (483)
                       A.      Approximately   55   degrees
                       B.      Approximately   65   degrees
                       C.      Approximately   75   degrees
                       D.      Approximately   85   degrees

________ 36.           The base of the ladder should be placed away from the building
                       approximately ___ of the vertical distance from the ground to the
                       point of contact with the wall. (483)
                       A.      one-fifth
                       B.      one-quarter
                       C.      one-third
                       D.      one-half

________ 37.           When rescue from a window opening is to be performed, place the
                       tip of the ladder: (484)
                       A.      just below the windowsill.
                       B.      exactly even with the windowsill.
                       C.      one to two feet (0.3 to 0.6 m) above the windowsill.
                       D.      6 to 12 inches (150 mm to 300 mm) to the side of the
                               windowsill.




Fire Protection Publications                                                       Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                  10-8
Firefighter I                                                                     Ground Ladders



Objective 8:
Summarize items to consider before removing and replacing
ladders on apparatus.
________ 38.           Which of the following statements about mounting ground ladders is
                       MOST accurate? (484)
                       A.      Established standards dictate where ladders are mounted on fire
                               apparatus.
                       B.      The type of apparatus and body design should not affect how
                               ladders are mounted.
                       C.      Ladders are mounted in the same manner regardless of ladder
                               type.
                       D.      Each fire department must develop its own procedures for
                               mounting ground ladders.

________ 39.           Which of the following is NOT a question firefighters should answer
                       before removing ground ladders from apparatus at an emergency
                       scene? (485-486)
                       A.      How are the ladders secured?
                       B.      In what order do the ladders that nest together rack?
                       C.      What age are the ladders, and do they need to be service
                               tested?
                       D.      What ladders are carried, and where are they carried on the
                               apparatus?

Objective 9:
Describe proper procedures to follow when lifting and lowering
ground ladders.
________ 40.           Which of the following is a correct guideline for lifting? (487)
                       A.      Keep your legs straight and lift with your arms and shoulders.
                       B.      Bend your knees and your back, then lift with your back.
                       C.      Keep your knees bent and lift with your legs, back, and arms.
                       D.      Bend your knees, keep your back as straight as possible, and lift
                               with your legs.




Fire Protection Publications                                                         Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                    10-9
Firefighter I                                                                     Ground Ladders




________ 41.           When two or more firefighters are lifting a ladder, they should lift on
                       the command of a firefighter: (487)
                       A.      at the tip of the ladder.
                       B.      who is not involved in the lifting.
                       C.      who is the most senior in the group.
                       D.      at the butt position who can see the entire operation.

Objective 10:
Describe various types of ladder carries.
________ 42.           Which of the following ladder carries involves resting the ladder’s
                       upper beam on the firefighter’s shoulder, while the firefighter’s arm
                       goes between two rungs? (488)
                       A.      One-firefighter low-shoulder carry
                       B.      One-firefighter flat-shoulder carry
                       C.      Three-firefighter flat-shoulder carry
                       D.      Two-firefighter arm’s length on-edge carry

________ 43.           Which of the following ladder carries gives firefighters excellent
                       control of the ladder and may be used with single or roof ladders?
                       (488)
                       A.      One-firefighter low-shoulder carry
                       B.      Two-firefighter low-shoulder carry
                       C.      Three-firefighter flat-shoulder carry
                       D.      Four-firefighter flat-shoulder carry

________ 44.           Which of the following ladder carries is best performed with
                       lightweight ladders and is based on the fact that the firefighters are
                       positioned on the bed section side of the ladder when it is in the
                       vertical position? (488)
                       A.      One-firefighter low-shoulder carry
                       B.      Two-firefighter low-shoulder carry
                       C.      Three-firefighter flat-shoulder carry
                       D.      Two-firefighter arm’s length on-edge carry




Fire Protection Publications                                                            Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                     10-10
Firefighter I                                                                             Ground Ladders



Objective 11:
Explain proper procedures for positioning ground ladders.
________ 45.           When placing ladders, one objective is to place the butt the proper
                       distance from the building for safe and easy climbing, and the other
                       is to: (491)
                       A.      place   the   ladder   at the first available window.
                       B.      place   the   ladder   properly for its intended use.
                       C.      place   the   ladder   as close to the apparatus as possible.
                       D.      place   the   ladder   as close to the fire hydrant as possible.

________ 46.           Ladder placement guidelines include laddering at least how many
                       points on different sides of the building? (491)
                       A.      One
                       B.      Two
                       C.      Four
                       D.      Five

________ 47.           Where should you avoid placing ladders? (493)
                       A.      Building corners
                       B.      Directly below a windowsill
                       C.      To the side of openings such as doors
                       D.      Where they may come into contact with overhead obstructions

________ 48.           Which of the following personnel is the most logical person to decide
                       where to place the ground ladder? (490-491)
                       A.      Most senior firefighter
                       B.      Firefighter at the butt of the ladder
                       C.      Firefighter at the tip of the ladder
                       D.      Firefighter that is the most authoritative

________ 49.           An easy way to determine the proper distance between the heel of
                       the ladder and the building is to divide the working length (length
                       actually used) of the ladder by: (494)
                       A.      2.
                       B.      4.
                       C.      6.
                       D.      8.




Fire Protection Publications                                                                Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                         10-11
Firefighter I                                                                     Ground Ladders



Objective 12:
Explain precautions to take before raising a ladder.
________ 50.           When should a firefighter check for overhead electrical wires or
                       equipment? (495)
                       A.      As the ladder is being raised
                       B.      After the ladder has been raised
                       C.      Before making the selection on where to place the ladder
                       D.      Before any firefighter starts to climb on the ladder

________ 51.           OSHA requires that all ladders maintain a distance of at least ____
                       feet (m) from all energized electrical lines or equipment. (496)
                       A.      3 (1)
                       B.      7 (2.1)
                       C.      10 (3)
                       D.      15 (4.5)

________ 52.           Who specifies whether the ladder should be placed with the fly in or
                       fly out? (496)
                       A.      Manufacturer
                       B.      OSHA regulations
                       C.      Officer of the ladder company
                       D.      Firefighter placing the ladder

Objective 13:
Describe various types of ladder raises.
________ 53.           In which of the following raises is one firefighter with sufficient upper
                       body strength usually able to place the butt end at the point where it
                       will be located for climbing without heeling it against the building
                       before raising? (498)
                       A.      One-firefighter   single ladder raise
                       B.      One-firefighter   extension ladder raise
                       C.      One-firefighter   primary ladder raise
                       D.      One-firefighter   lightweight ladder raise




Fire Protection Publications                                                        Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                 10-12
Firefighter I                                                                     Ground Ladders




________ 54.           Which of the following raises is done from the low-shoulder carry and
                       uses a building to heel the ladder to prevent the butt from slipping
                       while the ladder is brought to the vertical position? (498)
                       A.      One-firefighter single ladder raise
                       B.      One-firefighter extension ladder raise
                       C.      Two-firefighter building ladder raise
                       D.      Two-firefighter vertical ladder raise

________ 55.           During a two-firefighter raise, who is responsible for placing the
                       ladder the desired distance from the building and giving commands
                       during the operation? (498)
                       A.      Heeler
                       B.      Most senior firefighter
                       C.      Firefighter at the tip
                       D.      Firefighter who volunteers

________ 56.           Ladders of 35 feet (11 m) or longer should be raised by: (499)
                       A.      only one firefighter.
                       B.      two firefighters.
                       C.      at least three firefighters.
                       D.      at least five firefighters.

________ 57.           Which of the following are the two basic ways for two firefighters to
                       raise a ladder? (498-499)
                       A.      The   flat raise and the beam raise
                       B.      The   horizontal and perpendicular raise
                       C.      The   primary and secondary raise
                       D.      The   low-shoulder raise and high-shoulder raise

Objective 14:
Describe procedures for moving ground ladders.
________ 58.           When pivoting a ladder: (501)
                       A.      use   the   largest beam.
                       B.      use   the   smallest beam.
                       C.      use   the   beam closest to the building.
                       D.      use   the   beam furthest from the building.




Fire Protection Publications                                                        Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                 10-13
Firefighter I                                                                          Ground Ladders




________ 59.           One firefighter can safely shift: (501)
                       A.      any ladder already raised.
                       B.      a single ladder that is 20 feet (6 m) long or less.
                       C.      a single ladder that is 24 feet (7.3 m) long or less.
                       D.      a single ladder that is 35 feet (11 m) long or less.

________ 60.           Shifting a ladder that is in a vertical position: (501)
                       A.      should not be attempted.
                       B.      requires at least four firefighters.
                       C.      can be done over longer distances.
                       D.      should be limited to short distances.

Objective 15:
Describe heeling and tying in ground ladders.
________ 61.           When heeling a ladder by grasping the ladder beams at about eye
                       level and pulling backward to press the ladder against the building,
                       the firefighter heeling the ladder: (502)
                       A.      must   grasp the rungs.
                       B.      must   wear head and eye protection.
                       C.      must   place one foot on the bottom rung.
                       D.      must   look up when someone is climbing the ladder.

________ 62.           What is the purpose of tying in a ladder? (503)
                       A.      To prevent   the ladder from becoming overloaded
                       B.      To prevent   firefighters from attempting to misuse the ladder
                       C.      To prevent   the ladder from being exposed to high heat or flame
                       D.      To prevent   the ladder from slipping or pulling away from the
                               building

Objective 16:
List guidelines for climbing ladders.
________ 63.           When climbing a ladder, how should you grasp the rungs? (503)
                       A.      Grasp the   rungs   in the most comfortable position.
                       B.      Grasp the   rungs   with one palm up and one palm down.
                       C.      Grasp the   rungs   with palms up and your thumbs over the rungs.
                       D.      Grasp the   rungs   with palms down and your thumbs beneath the
                               rungs.




Fire Protection Publications                                                             Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                      10-14
Firefighter I                                                                      Ground Ladders


________ 64.           When climbing a ladder, you should progress upward using: (503)
                       A.      your   leg muscles.
                       B.      your   arm muscles.
                       C.      your   arm and leg muscles.
                       D.      your   back and shoulder muscles.

________ 65.           Which of the following statements about tools and equipment is
                       MOST accurate? (504)
                       A.      Tools and equipment should always be carried up a ladder.
                       B.      Hoisting tools and equipment poses unnecessary hazards to
                               firefighters.
                       C.      Climbing ladders while carrying tools and equipment is not
                               possible.
                       D.      Whenever possible, a utility rope should be used to hoist tools
                               and equipment.

________ 66.           Which of the following are the two ways that a firefighter can safely
                       secure to a ladder? (504)
                       A.      Ladder belt and leg lock
                       B.      Ladder belt and arm lock
                       C.      Arm lock and chest strap
                       D.      Leg lock and body harness

Objective 17:
Describe methods for lowering conscious or unconscious victims
down ground ladders.
________ 67.           How many firefighters are needed to bring victims down a ground
                       ladder? (505)
                       A.      At   least   one
                       B.      At   least   two
                       C.      At   least   three
                       D.      At   least   four

________ 68.           Small children who must be brought down a ladder can be: (506)
                       A.      cradled across the rescuer’s arms.
                       B.      lowered by their arms to the ground.
                       C.      supported by two rescuers on two ladders.
                       D.      passed from one firefighter to another.




Fire Protection Publications                                                         Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                  10-15
Firefighter I                                                                  Ground Ladders




________ 69.           How can extraordinarily heavy victims be removed using ladders?
                       (507)
                       A.      Cradled across the rescuer’s arms
                       B.      Lowered by their arms to the ground
                       C.      Supported by two rescuers on two ladders
                       D.      Placed in a harness and supported down the ladder




Fire Protection Publications                                                       Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                10-16

				
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