VIEWS: 175 PAGES: 82 POSTED ON: 4/12/2010
Basic Skills for the TOEFL® iBT Speaking - 2 PART WORD KOREAN DEFINITION S UNIT 1 Jewish adj 유대교의 following or related to the religion of Judaism hardship n 곤란, 고충 a difficulty hope v 소망하다 to want or expect something cultural adj 문화의 relating to arts or other intellectual activity specific adj 명확한 precise; exact 견디다; endure v to tolerate something 인내하다 overcome v 극복하다 to conquer or defeat a problem accomplish v 성취하다 to achieve something authentic adj 진정한 real an organized network of routes for bus system n 버스 시스템 transportation by bus enough adj 충분한 as much as is needed; adequate a specific location where a bus stops to pick up bus stop n 버스 정류장 and let off passengers a place of residence situated with other similar apartment n 아파트 units in a larger building route n 길; 항로 a road, way, or path that is traveled 더 이상 no longer not now; not anymore …않다 the state of being caused bother, trouble, or inconvenience n 불편 difficulty repair v 고치다 to fix or mend; to restore to a good condition expensive adj 값비싼 highly priced; costly Unit 2 career n 직업 a long-term job salary n 봉급; 급료 the amount of money paid to a worker rent n 집세 the payment to live in a home emotional adj 감정적인 affected by feelings sufficient adj 충분한 enough 확실하게 ensure v to make sure 하다 creative adj 창조적인 new and original satisfy v 만족시키다 to fulfill a need duty n 의무 a responsibility stainless steel n 스테인리스 a type of metal that does not rust curve n 곡선 a line that gradually bends like part of a circle (정치적.사 an effort by a large group of people to try to movement n 회적) 운동 change something sunburst n 강렬한 햇살 a burst of sunlight 기술의, requiring specialized knowledge or ability, technical adj 전문(적)인 especially in math or science 여러 diverse adj 가지의, made up of many differing parts 다양한 worldwide adj 세계적인 all over the world 내부, 실내 the inside of a building, especially the way it is interior n 장식 decorated disposal n 처분의 자유 the power to use something Unit 3 invention n 발명 something new that is created plastic n 플라스틱 a synthetic material 의지하다, depend v …에 to rely on somebody or something 달려있다 journey n 여행 a trip somewhere 깊은, profound adj great 충분한 traditional adj 전통의 relating to an old custom or belief 다재 versatile adj 다능한, having many uses 다용도의 superior n 뛰어난 better than others crucial n 중요한 important shame n 유감 된 일 an unfortunate incident innocent adj 결백한 not guilty 내쫓다, to officially force someone to leave a school or expel v 면직시키다 an organization to remove or eject someone from a program or kick out v 쫓아내다 a place …에게 죄를 to claim that someone has done something, accuse v 추궁하다, usually bad 비난하다 policy n 정책 a standard agreed way of doing something the act of copying another person's work and plagiarism n 표절 claiming it as your own deceive v 속이다 to trick (보통 달갑지 않은 resort v to choose an unfavorable option 수단에) 호소하다 Unit 4 존경하다, respect v to admire and value someone else 존중하다 wisdom n 지혜, 지식 accumulated knowledge from life experience lead v 지도하다, to guide someone 이끌다 (…에게서) 없애다, rid v (…으로부터 to free yourself of something ) 자유롭게 하다 diligent adj 근면한 hard-working neglect v 무시하다 to ignore someone or something the giving of one's free time, money, or goods charity n 자선; 봉사 to people who need help welfare n 복지 well-being simultaneously adv 동시에 at the same time carnivore n 육식 동물 an animal (or plant) that eats animals 홱 잡다, snap v to close quickly 잡아채다 juice n 즙, 주스 a liquid that comes from a plant digest v 소화하다 to process food (어떤 something that has a big influence on factor n 현상의) something else 요인, 원인 deficient adj 부족한 inadequate; not enough 일련, 연속, a group of similar things that come one after the series n 시리즈 other stimulate v 자극하다 to cause a physical response (빛.열.향기 emit v 등을) to send or give out something 방사하다 Unit 5 a day to celebrate a special person or even, holiday n 휴일 often connected to religion 축하, celebration n an event to show happiness about something 축하연 to speak to a god in order to ask for help or to pray v 기도하다 give thanks war n 전쟁 a long armed fight between groups or countries ceremony n 의식 a ritual for a formal occasion religion n 종교 a set of beliefs based on faith national adj 국가적인 associated with a country honor v 공경하다 to respect …에 resist v to refuse to give in 저항하다 picnic n 소풍 a meal had outdoors often in a park 개최하다, hold v to host an event (past participle = held) 열다 gymnasium n 체육관 a building or room designed for playing sports honestly adv 정직하게 in an honest manner voucher n 상품권 a written certificate exchangeable for goods attendance n 출석; 참가 the act of being at an event essential adj 필수적인 necessary impose v 강요하다 to put on someone by authority protest v 항의하다 to express objection Unit 6 perhaps adv 아마 maybe opera n 오페라 a style of singing scenery n 풍경 landscape or natural surroundings surf v 서핑을 하다 to ride the waves using a board architecture n 건축 building design or style fluent adj 유창한 to be able to speak a language with ease immigrate v 이주하다 to move and settle in a new country 형식(격식) informal adj 을 따지지 unofficial; relaxed; casual 않는 reside v 거주하다 to live somewhere molten adj 녹은 in a hot, thick, liquid state seabed n 해저 the ground at the bottom of the sea a place where a particular activity frequently or hotspot n 환락가 easily takes place 잠자는 (것 dormant adj temporarily inactive, as if sleeping 같은) matter n 물질 a substance or material of a certain kind explode v 폭발하다 to blow up, burst, or shatter climactic adj 절정의 extremely exciting or decisive hazardous adj 위험한 very dangerous repeatedly adv 되풀이하여 again and again Unit 7 act v 행동하다 to do something souvenir n 기념품 something bought to remember a place lonely adj 쓸쓸한 feeling alone or isolated homesick adj 향수병의 longing to be at a home tour n 관광여행 a trip visiting several places guide n 안내자 a person who leads tourists impulse n 충동 a sudden urge appropriate adj 적절한 fitting or suitable investigate v 조사하다 to take a look; to examine frustrated adj 좌절한 feeling discouraged or disappointed quarter n 4분의1 one fourth of something (강의의) syllabus n an outline for a course 요목, 대요 quit v 그만두다 to stop or give something up anthropology n 인류학 the study of human beings passion n 열정 a powerful feeling or desire 예선을 qualify v 통과하다, to show necessary ability in a preliminary contest 자격을 얻다 coach n 코치, a person who teaches a sport 지도원 absence n 결석 failure to attend Unit 8 keen adj 열중한 eager or enthusiastic 흐트러뜨리 to take someone's attention away from what he or distract v 다, 딴 데로 she is doing 돌리다 the work and planning needed before starting preparation n 준비 something 명백하지 unclear adj not understandable; confusing 않은 extend v 늘이다 to make longer anticipate v 예상하다 to expect or look forward to something inevitably adv 불가피하게 happening without chance of avoiding it curriculum n 교과과정 the subjects or topics taught in a class regret v 후회하다 to feel sorry for a past act 재기가 brilliant adj exceptionally smart 뛰어난 someone who investigates when something wrong detective n 탐정 happens something that helps us to understand or solve a clue n 실마리 mystery someone who shares an activity with another partner n 동료 person analyze v 분석하다 to study something closely 막연한, vague adj not clear in meaning 모호한 predict v 예언하다 to say what will happen; to guess 관련시키다, to show how something or someone is implicate v 연루시키다 connected to something or someone else 계획, 음모, scheme n a secret plan, usually to commit some crime 책략 Unit 9 favorable adj 호의적인 approving; advantageous surround n 주위 to be in the space around someone or something location n 위치 the position or place where something is 절대적으로, absolutely adv emphatically true; without a doubt 무조건으로 탁월한, prominent adj well-known; distinguished 유명한 hesitate v 주저하다 to delay briefly because of fear or doubt (활동,흥미, focal point n 주의 등의) the center of attention 중심 (…에게 필요한 equip v to provide with things that are needed 것을) 갖추어 주다 likewise adv 마찬가지로 in the same way; also (청소. 보수.개조 renovate v 등을 to change or improve a building/room 하여)…을 새롭게 하다 opposition n 반대 an opposite idea or feeling; resistance advisor n 충고자 a person who gives help or advice beneficial adj 유익한 advantageous; helpful 상호 작용하다, interact v to communicate or act with others 서로 영향을 끼치다 resident n 거주자 a person living in a certain place justification n 정당화 a reason for doing something occupy v 차지하다 to be in a space hence adv 그러므로 for this reason; therefore Unit 10 direct adv 직접의 without interfering people, factors, or influences 자랑으로 proud adj 여기는, feeling pleased, satisfied, and happy 자부심이 있는 부유하게 enrich v to make better 하다 sculpture n 조각(물) a three-dimensional piece of art whereas conj …에 반하여 in contrast; on the other hand societal adj 사회의 for society 웅장한, grand adj impressive; wonderful 위엄 있는 temporary adj 일시적인 not lasting for a long time tourism n 관광 사업 the industry of people traveling for pleasure a fight between two groups, especially between combat n 전투, 투쟁 soldiers an emergency service that rescues people in coastguard n 연안 경비대 difficulties at sea the condition of being free from control by independence n 독립 another person, organization, or state 동맹한, joined in alliance with other nations, people, or allied adj 연합한 groups the combined bodies of land, sea, and air troops armed forces n 군대 of a country voluntary adj 자발적인 acting by choice rather than by external pressure the protection of something, especially from defense n 방어 attack by another 시민(공민)< relating to what happens within a state or civil adj 으로서>의 between different groups of citizens 해외(로부터 across or beyond sea, especially in another overseas n )의 country Unit 11 (집단의) member n a person in a group 일원 rarely adv 드물게 almost never extremely adv 극단적으로 very continue v 계속하다 to keep going controversy n 논쟁 a widespread disagreement on a difficult topic enthusiastic adj 열렬한 showing excitement or interest 가르치다, instruct v to tell someone to do something 지시하다 something that encourages someone to do incentive n 격려, 자극 something (생각 등을) dismiss v 버리다, to refuse to consider something 내쫓다 boss n 사장, 주임 the person who supervises or pays employees double v 두 배로 twice the amount 하다 skip v 건너뛰다, to miss; to be absent; to not attend 빠뜨리다 requirement n 필요물 something that is necessary sociology n 사회학 the study of human society 정기 journal n 간행물, a book or magazine published for studies 기관지 shift n 교체, 교대, a period of work 순환 accumulation n 축적 continual growth or addition a contribution of money or something valuable investment n 투자 to get eventual returns Unit 12 기타, et cetera (etc.) more examples; and so forth; and others …등등 싸움(논쟁) give in v to accept demands 을 그만두다 적합하다, fit in v to conform well with surroundings 조화하다 certainly adv 확실히 without doubt actions n 행동 things that somebody does overwhelm v 압도하다 to affect someone's emotions in a complete way vocabulary n 어휘 the words of a language …에 attribute v to think something is caused by something else 귀착시키다 observe v 관찰하다 to notice something by watching jungle n 밀림, 정글 a tropical forest 날카로운 shriek n a loud high-pitched sound or scream 소리, 비명 meaning n 의미 what something means or signifies a plant made of wood that is much shorter than bush n 관목 a tree territory n 영토 land or area 구두의, oral adj of the mouth 구술의 …에게 caution v 경고하다, to warn 주의시키다 apparent adj 명백한 clearly understood evaluation n 평가 an assessment of the value of something SAMPLE SENTENCE1 SYNONYM ANTONYM Israel is the only Jewish country in the world. Hebrew During wars, people experience many terrible hardships . burden prosperity All parents hope that their children have happy lives. dream pessimism There are many cultural differences between Asians and historical Westerners. Many people like math more than history because math particular general always has a specific answer. Soldiers taken during the war often have to endure a withstand quit lot of pain. Helen Keller was able to overcome being deaf and conquer blind, and eventually learned to communicate. In 1969, the United States accomplished its goal of achieve fail putting a man on the moon. It can sometimes be difficult to see if a painting is genuine fake authentic or fake. Some cities have no subways so people have to use the bus system . Students often do not have enough money to pay for adequate inadequate expensive things. It is helpful to have a bus stop near one's house. In an apartment building, there are many residential flat mansion units. When a road is closed, people have to take a different path route . not…any People no longer believe that the world is flat. longer It is an inconvenience for the main road to be closed. nuisance convenience Repairing a car often costs a lot of money. fix break Buying a brand-new computer is expensive. dear cheap University students often think it is difficult to choose a occupation career . Doctors earn a much higher salary than teachers. income Rent in big cities is much higher than in small cities payment because there isn't as much space. Parents are often very emotional when they watch their passionate cold children graduate. Millions of poor people in Africa do not have a adequate insufficient sufficient amount of food. Being friendly with others will ensure that you are never guarantee lonely. Most people think that artists and singers are creative imaginative uncreative people. Even though a Mercedes Benz is expensive, its owner is please dissatisfy usually satisfied with the car. It is the judge's duty to always be fair and honest. task Stainless steel is used to make cutlery because it does not rust. When driving around hills, there could be more than arch straight line one curve in the road. Art Deco was a popular design movement of the 1920s. campaign When the Sun first comes up in the morning, you can see a sunburst . When something electrical breaks, it is often because of mechanical untechnical a technical fault. A city where people from very different places live assorted alike would be called culturally diverse . If a movie is popular all over the world, someone could global local say it was successful worldwide . When people move into an old house, they often want inside exterior to change the interior design. If a person buys a box of candy bars, it could be said control that they have a lot of them at their disposal . The invention of penicillin helped save many people's creation lives. People used to use feathers for pens; now, almost all pens are plastic. Your taste in music often depends on your personality. contingent Magellan was the first person to journey around the adventure world. Mohandas Gandhi had a profound impact on many intense superficial people including Martin Luther King Jr. Many people in Asia prefer traditional medicine rather accustomed new than modern Western medicine. Duct tape is so versatile ; You can use it to fix anything. adaptable unadjustable Paying more for clothes usually means that you get better inferior superior quality and design. To be successful in business, it is crucial that you important unimportant provide good service. It is a shame when natural disasters happen. disgrace pride At a trial, a person is found guilty or innocent . righteous guilty Students who break a school's rules may be expelled . discharge admit Some parents kick out their children when they finish discharge welcome university. You shouldn't accuse someone of a crime if you don't blame vindicate have any proof. What is your country's policy on capital punishment? tactics Plagiarism is a big problem in man universities. literary theft Children often deceive their parents when they want trick enlighten something. It's unfortunate when people have to resort to stealing alternative to get food. During the Cold War, both the US and Soviet Union had admire disrespect to respect each other because they each had bombs. Young people usually don't have much wisdom . intelligence ignorance Genghis Khan died leading his army to war. command follow In 1979, doctors were able to rid the world of small abolish preserve pox, a very deadly disease. Diligent students usually get good grades. conscientious lazy People who neglect their health usually feel sick more disregard cherish often than people who take care of themselves. People often feel good after helping out a charity . donation Parents must always care for the welfare of their wellbeing children. To play the piano, you must use your right and left concurrently separately hands simultaneously . Tyrannosaurus Rex was the most ferocious carnivore of meat-eater herbivore all time. You must be careful when using a mousetrap that it nip doesn't snap your fingers. It is smart to drink the juice from coconuts if you liquid cannot find water. People often say to wait an hour before going ingest swimming to let your food digest . Not exercising is a main factor in people being cause overweight. When a person is sleep deficient , it is very difficult for inadequate ample them to concentrate and stay awake. A series of words together make a sentence. sequence Restaurants often give bread to customers before the rouse meal to stimulate their appetite. The Sun emits rays of sunshine. give off absorb Many people do not have to work on a national work day holiday . After winning the World Cup in 2006, Italy had a huge commemoratio celebration . n Every year, millions of Muslims go to Mecca in Saudi plead Arabia to pray . Germany and France have gone to war many times. conflict peace Every country has different wedding ceremonies . celebration Many people follow the rules of their religion very belief atheism strictly. The BBC is the national TV channel for the United interstate international Kingdom. It is common to honor great people by naming a street respect contempt in a city after them. be susceptible Taking medicine helps the body resist some diseases. withstand to Summer is a great time for a picnic at the beach. outdoor meal Every four years, the Olympics are held in a different conduct country. School sports are done in a gymnasium . arena Friendships are more successful when people speak without deviously honestly with one another. pretence A meal voucher can be traded in for food in a cafeteria. coupon Perfect attendance is one of the ways to ensure that presence absence you are learning the most you can in the classroom. Having a passport is essential when traveling. vital inessential Parents often impose curfews on teenagers. dictate Many people protest by carrying signs on the street. complain support Perhaps the air would be cleaner if we didn’t have cars, but it would take a long time to get where we want to possibly go. Pavarotti is one of the most famous names in opera . rock Forest scenery in the fall is absolutely beautiful with all view of the leaves. Hawaii is one of the best places to surf in the world. The architecture of Paris's Louvre Museum mixed both building old and new styles. design Most people who work in the United Nations are fluent articulate inarticulate in at least two languages. The Potato Famine from 1845 to 1851 caused many migrate deport Irish to immigrate to other countries. ESL students rarely get opportunities to practice casual formal informal English. Recently, many rich Russian businessmen have chosen live in visit to reside in England rather than live in Russia. When metals like steel are made very hot, they turn to smelted solidified liquid. They become molten . When a ship on the sea sinks, it will do so until it finally ocean floor hits the seabed . A very popular nightclub or restaurant could be called a social hotspot . A volcano that has not erupted for a long time is called inactive active dormant . Matter is the term used to describe any substance or substance material. When a firework or rocket is set on fire, it will explode. blow up implode In a movie, the most important part at the end is exciting unexciting usually climactic . Many household chemicals can be hazardous to our dangerous safe health if consumed. When someone goes to the same store again and over and over seldom again, they go repeatedly . Puppies often act badly. They must learn how to be perform good. Many people bring back souvenirs for their friends from keepsake their vacations. People who move to a new city without any friends can forlorn sociable often feel lonely . If you live in a foreign country for a long time, you may nostalgic become homesick . Sometimes tours can be a cheaper way to travel than journey going by yourself. A guide can usually tell you lots of good information leader that many books don't tell you. Children often find it hard to control their impulses . drive When you go to work, you should wear clothes that are suitable inappropriate appropriate for the job. Detectives always investigate an area when something explore bad happens. When things don't work properly, people can become disappointed encouraged frustrated quickly. Three months is a quarter of a year. a fourth It's important to read the syllabus carefully when you curriculum start a new class. When something becomes difficult, you shouldn't quit . resign apply Anthropology is the study of humans. sociology It is important to have a passion for what you do. dedication indifference It is very difficult to qualify for the Olympic Games. prepare disqualify Every sports team needs a coach . instructor player In a small class, teachers notice every absence . no show presence Children are often keen to play games. enthusiastic reluctant Loud students often distract other students who are trying confuse focus to study. Often people read about where they are going in readiness preparation for going on vacation. Even now, doctors are still unclear about exactly how ambiguous explicit the brain works. People in jail rarely want to extend their time. lengthen reduce Telephone companies did not anticipate how popular expect doubt text messaging would be. Eating healthier foods inevitably leads to stronger, naturally possibly healthier people. Every university has its own unique curriculum . syllabus Older people sometimes regret that they did not do lament applaud something when they were younger. Leonardo Ad Vinci was a brilliant artist, sculptor, and intelligent unintelligent scientist. After a crime occurs, a detective usually comes to find investigator out what happened. Fingerprints are one of the first clues that police look hint for at a crime scene. It is much easier to row a canoe with a partner than associate competition doing it by yourself. School teaches children to analyze a problem and then examine overlook figure out how to solve that problem. Many people think that politicians give vague answers ambiguous detailed to difficult questions. Fortune-tellers say that they can predict the future. guess The criminal was implicated in a crime. accuse The mafia is involved in many schemes to make money. plan A favorable review in a newspaper can often help a new approving disagreeable restaurant do well. With fruit, we usually eat the part that surrounds the enclosed seed. Pirate maps usually show the location of a great situation treasure. Wayne Gretzky is considered to be absolutely the best certainly questionably hockey player of all time. Many prominent scientists like Einstein, Bohr, and Fermi conspicuous inconspicuous have won the Nobel Prize. Many parents hesitate to let their children drive a car be reluctant eager for the first time. During the 1960s Pele was the focal point of the focus Brazilian soccer team's offense. Rich countries are much better equipped to deal with gear up unprepared disasters than poor ones. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Spain sent sailors around the world to claim new land. Likewise similarly , opposite Portugal also took a lot of land. Many people renovate after buying a house. refurbish There is a lot of opposition to an idea in a debate. antagonism support If you don't know what course to take, you should mentor speak to an advisor . Learning English can be very beneficial . advantageous harmful When learning a new language you should interact with communicate native speakers. Students living in a dormitory are residents of the dwellers outsiders university. A heart attack can be a justification for an operation. reason It is annoying when all parking spaces are occupied . engage free Radiation is dangerous. Hence , we protect ourselves therefore from it. Doing homework usually has a direct effect on a undeviated indirect person's grade in a class. Most people feel incredibly proud after graduating from pleased ashamed university. Milk is often enriched with other things to make it even improve deprive stronger. Michelangelo's 'David' is one of the most famous carving sculptures in the world. American Thanksgiving is celebrated in November, whereas Korean Thanksgiving is usually celebrated in even though September. The government needs to take care of societal needs. A grand buffet usually has too much food to choose impressive unimpressive from. Not eating for a day or two is only a temporary way to impermanent permanent lost weight. Greece makes more money from tourism than anything else. When two groups fight against each other, they go into battle peace combat . Search and rescue at sea is one of the main jobs of the Coast Guard . When a state or area in a country becomes its own freedom dependence country, it gains independence . The winning side in World War II were the allied forces. united unallied In some countries, citizens must serve in the armed military forces for a certain amount of time. Some people like to do voluntary work, like serving willing involuntary food to homeless people. Hundreds of years ago, castles were built with very high protection offense walls as a form of defense from enemies. Civil war can occur when the citizens of a country fight domestic over what they believe is right. In the military, soldiers often have to leave their families to abroad interstate serve overseas . It is often difficult and expensive to become a member affiliate of a country club. Large animals like deer and lions are rarely seen in big seldom frequently cities. People who win the lottery are extremely lucky. greatly moderately People often choose to continue learning by going to persist discontinue graduate school after finishing university. In the 1976 Olympics, two African-American runners created a lot of controversy when they chose to wear debate unanimity black gloves while they received their medals. People are becoming more and more enthusiastic interested unenthusiastic about skateboarding. Parents always instruct their children to be polite when teach they have company. Businesses often give money as an incentive for people stimulant deterrent to work harder. Before the 1920s, women's ideas were often dismissed send away welcome because men thought that they were smarter. You should always be respectful of your boss . manager employee Most people would like to double their income. multiply decrease It's best not to skip classes. omit attend A high TOEFL score is a requirement at many necessity universities. Sociology is the study of people and their societies. culture Doctoral students often have their essays published in a almanac journal . Nurses usually have to do shift work. period In the Arctic, there is a large accumulation of snow each gathering dispersal year. Good investments can earn people a lot of money. contribution When moving to a new home, you have to pack your and so forth clothes, clean you house, move your things, et cetera. After years of fighting, Protestants and Catholics finally concede hold out gave in and agreed to peace. Westerners with blonde hair and blue eyes often do not fit in when traveling through Asia. All parents certainly want their children to grow up to undoubtedly doubtfully be successful. The actions that you take today can have a big effect on tomorrow. Basketball players often overwhelm people with their overpower height. Using big vocabulary when you speak can make you language sound smart. Many people attribute pizza to Italy, but it was actually associate disassociate first made by Italians living in New York. Many tourists love going to Africa to observe all the watch overlook wild animals. Tigers are one of the most scary animals in the jungle . wilderness It is common for people to shriek when they are screech whisper surprised. Many people wonder what the meaning of life is. signification Blueberries grow on bushes , while bananas grow on shrub trees. Russia has more territory than any country in the world. zone Many language tests now require an oral test to make spoken written sure that people can speak the language well. Teachers and parents always caution students about warn dare drugs. From a very young age, it was very apparent that clear unlikely Mozart would become a brilliant musician. Good bosses receive good comments on employee assessment evaluations .