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					             EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
           COUR EUROPÉENNE DES DROITS DE L'HOMME




          50 YEARS OF ACTIVITY
      The European Court of Human Rights
            Some Facts and Figures




european court of human rights
cour européenne des droits de l’homme
            Cour européenne des Droits de l’Homme




This document has been prepared by the Public Relations Unit of the Court and does not
bind the Court. It is intended to provide basic general information about the way the Court
works.

For more detailed information, please refer to documents issued by the Registry available
on the Court’s website www.echr.coe.int.
The European Convention of                               ongoing promotion of the rule of law and
Human Rights is celebrating its                          democracy in Europe.
60th anniversary

                                                         T
                                                              he Court’s seat is the Human Rights
                                                              Building in Strasbourg, designed by the


T
     he European Convention on Human                          British architect Lord Richard Rogers.
     Rights , an international treaty drawn              Since 50 years, the Court monitors respect
     up within the Council of Europe, was                for the human rights of the 800 million
opened for signature in Rome in 1950 and                 Europeans who live in the 47 States
entered into force in 1953. The Convention’s             which have ratified the Convention.
importance lies not only in the scope of the
fundamental rights that it protects, but also
in the system of protection established in
Strasbourg to examine alleged violations                    Key dates
and ensure that States comply with their
obligations under the Convention. Thus,
                                                            21 January 1959
the European Court of Human Rights was
                                                            First members of the European Court of
set up in 1959.
                                                            Human Rights elected by the Consultative
                                                            Assembly of the Council of Europe


U
      nder the original system, three
      institutions were responsible for                     23-28 February 1959
      enforcing the obligations undertaken                  The Court’s first hearing
by the Contracting States: the European
Commission of Human Rights, the European
                                                            20 April 1959
Court of Human Rights and the Committee
                                                            Solemn Installation of the Court on the
of Ministers of the Council of Europe. All
                                                            occasion of the celebrations to mark
applications lodged under the Convention
                                                            the tenth anniversary of the Council of
by individual applicants and Contracting
                                                            Europe
States were the subject of a preliminary
examination by the Commission, which
decided whether they were admissible.                       15-16 September 1959
If a complaint was declared admissible,                     The Court elects its President, Lord
and where no friendly settlement was                        McNair, its Vice-President, René Cassin
reached, the Commission drew up a report                    and its Registrar, Polys Modinos
establishing the facts and expressing a non-
binding opinion on the merits of the case.                  18 September 1959
The Commission and/or the Government                        The Court adopts its Rules of Court
of the State in question could then decide
to refer the case to the Court for a final,                 14 November 1960
binding adjudication. If the case was not                   The Court delivers its first judgment:
brought before the Court, it was decided                    Lawless v. Ireland
by the Committee of Ministers.
                                                            1 November 1998

S
      ince 1 November 1998, when Protocol                   Entry into force of Protocol No. 11 to the
      No. 11 entered into force, the first                  Convention, instituting “the new Court”
      two of these institutions have been
replaced by a single full-time European                     13 May 2004
Court of Human Rights, and individual                       Opening for signature of Protocol No. 14,
applicants have been entitled to submit                     amending the Convention’s supervisory
their cases directly to the Court.                          system




O
      ver the past half-century the Court                   18 September 2008
      has delivered more than 12,000                        The Court delivers its 10,000th judgment
      judgments. Its rulings are binding
on the States concerned and have obliged                    1 October 2009
governments to amend legislation and                        Entry into force of Protocol No. 14bis,
administrative practice in many fields.                     which aims to improve the capacity of the
Through the Court’s case-law, the European                  Court to process the increasing number
Convention on Human Rights has become                       of applications before it.
a dynamic and powerful instrument in
the response to new challenges and the




50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures                           3
                                   Requêtes attribuées à une formation judiciaire (1955-2009)

          Applications allocated to a judicial formation

                                                                                                                57100
       60000
                                                                                                        49900

       50000    45000
                                                                                                41700
                                                                                     39400

       40000                                                                 35400
                                                                     32500

                                                    28200    27200

       30000



       20000
                                            13800
                                    10500
                           8400
       10000



           0
                1955-
               1958-98    1999     2000     2001    2002    2003     2004    2005    2006    2007       2008    2009
                1998

                                                                                                                on 01.01.2010


Applications which are allocated to a judicial formation are those for which the Court has
received a correctly completed form, accompanied by copies of relevant documents. These
applications will be examined by a Committee or by a Chamber of the Court. These figures
do not include applications which are at the pre-judicial stage (incomplete case file).



                                    Pending allocated cases

On 1 January 2010 approximately 119,300 applications were pending before a decision
body. More than half of these applications had been lodged against one of four countries:
Russia, Turkey, Ukraine or Romania.
                                                                                                                on 01.01.2010


                           All others                                                                   Russia
                         27150 (22.8%)                                                              33550 (28.1%)




         Slovenia
       3200 (2.7%)

        Serbia
     3200 (2.7%)

        Moldova
      3350 (2.8%)
          Georgia
        4050 (3.4%)
                  Poland                                                                                     Turkey
               4750 (4.0%)                                                                                13100 (11.0%)
                                     Italy
                                  7150 (6.0%)               Romania                Ukraine
                                                           9800 (8.2%)          10000 (8.4%)




4                                  50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
                                               Arrêts (1955-2009)




                         Judgments delivered by the Court
     1800
                                                                                                       1625
                                                                             1560            1543
     1600                                                                            1503

     1400


     1200                                                             1105

     1000                              888
               837                             844

      800                       695                    703    718


      600


      400

                        177
      200


        0
             1959-
            1958-98   1999    2000    2001   2002    2003    2004    2005    2006   2007    2008     2009
             1998
                                                                                               on 01.01.2010

Since the reform of the Convention system on 1 November 1998, there has been a
considerable increase in the Court’s caseload. Barely ten years after the reform, the Court
has delivered its 10,000th judgment. Its output is such that more than 90% of the Court’s
judgments since its creation in 1959 have been delivered between 1998 and 2009.

In recent years the Court has concentrated on examining complex cases and has decided
to join certain applications which raise similar legal questions so that it can consider them
jointly. Thus, although the number of judgments delivered each year is not increasing as
rapidly as in the past, the Court has examined more applications.



                         Violation judgments by country
                                             1959-2009                                             on 01.01.2010



                                                                             Turkey
                                                                             18,81%

          Others
         44,92%


                                                                                             Italy
                                                                                            16,57%

                                                                                Russia
                                              Poland                France
                                                                                7,07%
                                              6,29%                 6,34%

More than half the judgments delivered by the Court concerned four of the Council of
Europe’s 47 member States: Turkey (2,295 judgments), Italy (2,021 judgments), Russia
(862 judgments) and France (773 judgments). Of the total number of judgments it has
delivered since it was established in 1959, in over 83% of cases the Court has found at
least one violation of the Convention by the respondent State.



50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures                                 5
      Subject-matter of the Court’s violation judgments
                                             1959-2009
                                                                                                 on 01.01.2010



                                                       Right to an
                                                    effective remedy          Right to liberty
                                                        (Art. 13)              and security
                              Others                     7,81%                   (Art. 5)
                              19,42%                                             10,72%



                                                                                    Protection of
                                                                                   property (P1-1)
                 Length of                                                            14,58%
                proceedings                                        Right to a fair
                  (Art. 6)                                          trial (Art. 6)
                  26,37%                                               21,10%



More than half of the judgments in which the Court found a violation included a violation of
Article 6, whether on account of the fairness or the length of the proceedings. Furthermore,
62% of violations found by the Court concern Article 6 (right to a fair trial) and Article 1
of Protocol No. 1 (protection of property). Lastly, more than 9% of violations found by
the Court concern the right to life or the prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading
treatment (Articles 2 and 3 of the Convention).




         Examples of judgments delivered by the Court
                                             Öneryıldız   v.   Turkey,   30   November
Article 2                                    2004
right to life                                                                              Examples of
                                             • Bombing of civilian convoy and of a
• Fatal shooting by police officers of       village in Chechnya – violation.              judgments
IRA members suspected of preparing a                                                       delivered by
terrorist attack in Gibraltar – violation    Isayeva, Yusupova and Bazayeva v.
                                             Russia and Isayeva and others v. Russia,      the Court
McCann and Others v. the United Kingdom,     24 February 2005
27 September 1995
                                             • Killing by soldiers in Chechnya –
• Shootings in Northern Ireland, and lack    violation.
of an effective investigation – violation.
                                             Khashiyev and Akayeva v. Russia, 24
McKerr v. the United Kingdom, 4 May          February 2005
2001
                                             • Fatal Shooting by military police of
• Disappearance following the Turkish        two Roma conscripts, and lack of an
occupation of Cyprus, and lack of an         effective investigation – violation.
effective investigation – violation.
                                             Nachova and others v. Bulgaria, 6 July
Cyprus v. Turkey, 10 May 2001                2005

• Refusal to give advance undertaking        • Death of an AIDS sufferer in a
not to prosecute a husband for assisting     sobering-up cell at a police station –
his wife to commit suicide – no violation.   violation.
Pretty v. the United Kingdom, 29 April       Taïs v. France, 1 June 2006
2002
                                             • Failure of the police to protect the
• Deaths resulting from an explosion at      applicant’s children, eventually killed by
a rubbish tip beside which a shanty town     their father – violation.
had been built – violation.
                                             Kontrová v. Slovakia, 31 May 2007




6                              50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
Examples of           • Disappearance in Chechnya following           bag he had swallowed containing drugs
                      Russian military commander’s instruction        – violation.
judgments             to shoot applicant’s son, and lack of an        Jalloh v. Germany, 11 July 2006
delivered by          effective investigation – violation.
                      Bazorkina v. Russia, 27 July 2007
the Court                                                             • Detention and expulsion of a five-
                                                                      year-old girl – violations.
                      • Death by gradual asphyxia of a young          Mubilanzila Mayeka and Kaniki Mitunga
                      man who was handcuffed and held face            v. Belgium, 12 October 2006
                      down to the ground by police officers –
                      violation.                                      • Conditions of detention of a prisoner
                      Saoud v. France, 9 October 2007                 suffering from mental disorders –
                                                                      violation.
                                                                      Dybeku v. Albania, 18 December 2007
                      Article 3
                      prohibition of torture or                       • Risk of ill-treatment in case of
                                                                      deportation to Tunisia of a terrorist who
                      inhuman or degrading                            had been tried in absentia – violation.
                      treatment                                       Saadi v. Italy, 28 February 2008

                      prohibition of torture                          • Obligation for a seventy-one year old
                                                                      to perform military service – violation.
                      • Torture in police custody – violation.        Taştan v. Turkey, 4 March 2008
                      Selmouni v. France, 28 July 1999
                      • Torture of opposition leader and lack of
                      effective investigation – violation.            Article 4
                      Mammadov (Jalaloglu) v. Azerbaijan, 11
                      January 2007                                    prohibition of slavery and
                      • Force-feeding of prisoner on hunger           forced labour
                      strike in protest against prison conditions     • Obligation for a lawyer during
                      – violation.                                    pupillage to defend an accused without
                      Ciorap v. Moldova, 19 June 2007                 being paid – no violation.
                                                                      Van der Mussele v. Belgium, 23 November
                      prohibition of inhuman or degrading             1983
                      treatment                                       • Inadequacy of French law aimed
                      • Treatment inflicted on prisoners in           at preventing “domestic slavery” –
                      Northern Ireland – violation.                   violation.
                      Ireland v. the United Kingdom, 18 January       Siliadin v. France, 26 July 2005
                      1978

                      • Corporal punishment consisting of three       Article 5
                      strokes of the birch by way of sentence for
                      an assault – violation.                         right to liberty and
                      Tyrer v. the United Kingdom, 25 April           security
                      1978                                            • Detention of vagrants – violation.
                                                                      De Wilde, Ooms and Versype v. Belgium,
                      • Decision to extradite applicant to            18 November 1970
                      the United States where he faced the
                      death penalty for premeditated murder           • Refusal to release the applicant
                      – violation.                                    following his acquittal – violation.
                      Soering v. the United Kingdom, 7 July           Assanidze v. Georgia, 8 April 2004
                      1989
                                                                      • Compulsory isolation of HIV-infected
                      • Failure of the social services to remove      person on ground of risk of transmitting
                      children from parents known to be               the virus to others – violation.
                      neglecting them – violation.                    Enhorn v. Sweden, 25 January 2005
                      Z. and others v. the United Kingdom, 10         • Automatic extension of pre-trial
                      May 2001                                        detention – violation.
                                                                      Svipsta v. Latvia, 9 March 2006
                      • Conditions of detention – violation.
                      Kalashnikov v. Russia, 15 July 2002             • Circumvention of a domestic law
                                                                      provision on maximum length of detention
                      • Refusal to release a prisoner with            by re-detaining person ten minutes after
                      a terminal illness, and conditions of           release – violation.
                      his detention, including handcuffing –          John v. Greece, 10 May 2007
                      violation.
                      Mouisel v. France, 14 November 2002
                                                                      Article 6
                      • Overpopulation in detention facility,
                      confinement and lack of food and water          right to a fair trial
                      – violation.
                                                                      • Refusal to allow a prisoner to consult
                      Kadiķis v. Latvia (no. 2), 4 May 2006           a solicitor to bring a libel action against a
                                                                      prison officer – violation.
                      • Prolonged detention of the applicant,         Golder v. the United Kingdom, 21
                      suspected of acts of terrorism, in solitary     February 1975
                      confinement – no violation.
                      Ramirez Sanchez v. France, 4 July 2006          • Refusal to allow representation of an
                                                                      absent appellant – violation.
                      • Forcible administration of emetics to a       Van Geyseghem v. Belgium, 21 January
                      drug-trafficker in order to recover a plastic   1999




50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures                                    7
• Conviction for refusing to answer             • Nuisance caused by a waste-                Examples of
questions asked by the police – violation.      treatment plant located close to the
Heaney and McGuinness v. Ireland and            applicant’s house – violation.               judgments
Quinn v. Ireland, 21 December 2000              Lopez Ostra v. Spain, 9 December             delivered by
                                                1994
                                                                                             the Court
• Trial of civilians by military courts in
northern Cyprus – violation.                    • Dismissal of homosexuals from the
Cyprus v. Turkey, 10 May 2001                   armed forces following investigation
                                                into their private lives – violation.
                                                Smith and Grady v. the United Kingdom,
• Effect on the presumption of innocence        27 September 1999
of statements made by a judge to the
press – violation.
Lavents v. Latvia, 28 November 2002             • Placement of children in community
                                                where certain personnel had convictions
                                                for paedophilia – violation.
• Lack of impartiality of a judge on            Scozzari and Giunta v. Italy, 13 July
account of her husband’s indebtedness to        2000
one of the parties – violation.
Pétur Thór Sigurđsson v. Iceland, 10 April
2003                                            • Systematic censorship of prisoner’s
                                                correspondence by prison authorities
                                                – violation.
• Effect of a media campaign on the             Messina v. Italy (no. 2), 28 September
impartiality of a court – no violation.         2000
Craxi v. Italy (no. 2), 17 July 2003
                                                • Inability of a person born of
• Applicant declared guilty before his guilt    anonymous parents to discover her
was proven according to law – violation.        mother’s identity – no violation.
Matijašević v. Serbia, 19 September 2006        Odièvre v. France, 13 February 2003

• Lack of impartiality of a judge who had       • Search of a lawyer’s office –
acted as legal expert of the applicant’s        violation.
opponent in earlier proceedings –               Roemen and Schmit v. Luxembourg, 25
violation.                                      February 2003
Švarc and Kavnik c. Slovenia, 8 February
2007
                                                • Noise nuisance from night flights at
                                                Heathrow airport – no violation.
• Use at trial of statements obtained           Hatton and others v. the United
from the accused and witnesses through          Kingdom, 8 July 2003
torture – violation.
Harutyunyan v. Armenia, 28 June 2007
                                                • Search of journalists’ homes and
                                                workplaces and seizure of documents
• Obligation for the keeper of a vehicle        – violation.
to provide information identifying the          Ernst and others v. Belgium, 15 July
driver in the context of a prosecution – no     2003
violation.
O’Halloran and Francis v. the United
Kingdom, 29 June 2007                           • Absence      of   protection against
                                                publication of photographs taken by
                                                paparazzi – violation.
                                                Von Hannover v. Germany, 24 June
                                                2004
Article 7
no punishment without law                       • Failure of authorities to take
                                                measures to prevent excessive nuisance
• Conviction of former senior East              from night-clubs and bars – violation.
German officials and a border guard, after      Moreno Gómez v. Spain, 16 November
German unification, for participating in        2004
the killing of East Germans attempting to
escape to West Germany – no violation.          • Conviction for sado-masochistic acts
Streletz, Kessler and Krenz v. Germany          – no violation.
and K.-H.W. v. Germany, 22 March 2001           K.A. and A.D. c. Belgium, 17 February
                                                2005

Article 8                                       • Failure of authorities to take adequate
                                                measures to protect applicant from
right to respect for private                    effects of severe pollution in vicinity of
                                                steelworks – violation.
and family life                                 Fadeyeva v. Russia, 9 June 2005
• Adoption obligation for a single mother
so that her daughter could enjoy the same       • Impossibility to challenge in court
inheritance rights as a legitimate child –      legal presumption of paternity –
violation.                                      violation.
Marckx v. Belgium, 19 June 1979                 Mizzi v. Malta, 12 January 2006

• Criminal legislation prohibiting sexual       • Travel ban because of unpaid taxes
relations between men – violation.              – violation.
Dudgeon v. Ireland, 22 October 1981             Riener v. Bulgaria, 23 May 2006

• Imprecision in French law concerning          • Insufficiency of measures taken
telephone tapping – violation.                  following international abduction of a
Kruslin and Huvig v. France, 24 April           child – violation.
1990                                            Bianchi v. Switzerland, 22 June 2006




8                                50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
Examples of           • Lack of prior environmental study and       • Conviction of a journalist for enabling a
                      failure to suspend operation of a plant       group of youths to make racist comments
judgments             located close to dwellings and generating     – violation.
delivered by          toxic emissions – violation.                  Jersild v. Denmark, 23 September 1994
                      Giacomelli v. Italy, 2 November 2006
the Court
                      • Refusal to perform a therapeutic            • Journalist ordered to disclose sources
                      abortion     despite risks  of  serious       – violation.
                      deterioration of the mother’s eyesight        Goodwin v. the United Kingdom, 27 March
                      – violation.                                  1996
                      Tysiąc v. Poland, 20 March 2007
                                                                    • Conviction for handling unlawfully
                      • Requirement of father’s consent for         obtained photocopies – violation.
                      the continued storage and implantation        Fressoz and Roire v. France, 21 January
                      of fertilised eggs – no violation.            1999
                      Evans v. the United Kingdom, 10 April
                      2007
                                                                    • Prohibition on political activity by police
                      • Refusal to register the forename “Axl”      officers – no violation.
                      even though other requests to take that       Rekvényi v. Hungary, 20 May 1999
                      name had been granted – violation.
                      Johansson v. Finland, 6 September 2007        • Conviction of a publishing director and
                                                                    journalist for insulting a foreign head of
                                                                    State – violation.
                                                                    Colombani and others v. France, 25 June
                      Article 9                                     2002
                      freedom of thought,
                      conscience and religion                       • Imposition of a fine as a disciplinary
                                                                    penalty for breaching a prohibition on
                      • Conviction of a Jehovah’s Witness for       advertising by a medical practitioner –
                      proselytism – violation.                      violation.
                      Kokkinakis v. Greece, 25 May 1993             Stambuk v. Germany, 17 October 2002

                      • Obligation of Members of Parliament         • Prohibition on religious advertising on
                      to swear an oath on the Gospels –             radio – no violation.
                      violation.                                    Murphy v. Ireland, 10 July 2003
                      Buscarini and others v. San Marino, 18
                      February 1999
                                                                    • Detention of a journalist with a view to
                                                                    compelling him to disclose his source of
                      • Exclusion of Jehovah’s Witness from         information – violation.
                      profession due to conviction for failing to   Voskuil v. the Netherlands, 22 November
                      enlist for military service – violation.      2007
                      Thlimmenos v. Greece, 6 April 2000
                                                                    • Search and seizure operations carried
                      • Prohibition for a student to wear           out at the home and office of a journalist
                      the islamic headscarf at university – no      suspected of corruption of a European
                      violation.                                    Union official – violation.
                      Leyla Şahin v. Turkey, 10 November            Tillack v. Belgium, 27 November 2007
                      2005
                                                                    • Conviction of a journalist for the
                      • Employment terminated on account of         publication of a diplomatic document on
                      religious beliefs – violation.                strategy classified as confidential – no
                      Ivanova v. Bulgaria, 12 April 2007
                                                                    violation.
                                                                    Stoll v. Switzerland, 10 December 2007


                      Article 10
                      freedom of expression                         Article 11
                                                                    freedom of assembly and
                      • Ban on publication of an article
                      about pending proceedings concerning          association
                      the “thalidomide children” tragedy –          • Obligation of candidates for public
                      violation.                                    offices to declare that they are Freemasons
                      Sunday Times v. the United Kingdom, 26        – violation.
                      April 1979                                    Grande Oriente d’Italia di Palazzo Giustiniani
                                                                    v. Italy, 2 August 2001
                      • Conviction     of    a   journalist for
                      defamation against the Austrian Federal       • Forcible removal of illegal immigrants
                      Chancellor – violation.                       occupying a church – no violation.
                      Lingens v. Austria, 8 July 1986               Cisse v. France, 9 April 2002

                      • Ban      on       companies     providing   • Unlawful refusal to grant permission for
                      information to pregnant women about           a march and meetings to protest against
                      abortion facilities abroad – violation.       homophobia – violation.
                      Open Door and Dublin Well Woman v.            Bączkowski and others v. Poland, 11
                      Ireland, 29 October 1982                      January 2006




50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures                                   9
• Obligation to join trade union as condition   employment in certain private sector              Examples of
of employment – violation.                      spheres – violation.                              judgments
Sørensen and Rasmussen v. Denmark, 3            Sidabras and Džiautas v. Lithuania, 27 July
May 2007                                        2004                                              delivered by
                                                                                                  the Court
                                                • Failure to carry out an effective
                                                investigation into racist attack on a
Article 12                                      member of the Roma – violation.
right to marry                                  Šečić v. Croatia, 31 May 2007

• Temporary prohibition on remarriage after     • Placement of Roma gypsy children in
divorce, imposed on the spouse considered       “special” schools – violation.
responsible for the breakdown – violation.      D.H. and others v. Czech Republic, 13
F. v. Switzerland, 18 December 1987             November 2007

• Impossibility for transsexuals to marry       • Refusal to grant approval for the
– violation.                                    purposes of adoption, on the ground of the
Christine Goodwin v. the United Kingdom, 11     applicant’s life-style as a lesbian living with
July 2002
                                                another woman – violation.
                                                E.B. v. France, 22 January 2008
• Prohibition on marriage between father-
in-law and daughter-in-law while either of
their former spouses still alive – violation.
B. and L. v. the United Kingdom, 13
September 2005
                                                Article 34
                                                individual applications
                                                • Denial of access to detained applicant
                                                and his medical file – violation.
Article 13                                      Boicenco v. Moldova, 11 July 2006
right to an effective remedy
                                                • Prisoner intimidated by illicit pressure
• Lack of effectiveness of domestic remedies    from State officials – violation.
concerning length of judicial proceedings       Popov v. Russia, 13 July 2006
– violation.
Sürmeli v. Germany, 8 June 2006                 • Failure to comply with an indication by
                                                the Court not to extradite the applicant
• No remedy whereby transfer of a civil         – violation.
servant by governor of state-of-emergency       Olaechea Cahuas v. Spain, 10 August
region could be challenged – violation.         2006
Metin Turan v. Turkey, 14 November 2006
                                                • Criminal proceedings brought against
• Lack of remedy enabling a prisoner to         chief executive officer and his detention
challenge a refusal to forward correspondence   ordered with aim to discourage his
– violation.                                    company from pursuing its application
Frérot v. France, 12 June 2007                  before the Court – violation.
                                                Oferta Plus S.R.L. v. Moldova, 19 December
                                                2006


Article 14
prohibition of discrimination
                                                Article 38
• Absence or insufficiency of French
teaching in municipalities located within a     examination of the case
“Dutch-speaking” region – violation.            and friendly settlement
“Belgian linguistic” case v. Belgium, 23 July
1968                                            proceedings
                                                • Government’s repeated failure to
•       Aliens refused permission to remain     submit documents requested by the Court
with or join their spouses who were settled     – violation.
in the United Kingdom – violation.              Imakayeva v. Russia, 9 November 2006
Abdulaziz, Cabales and Balkandali v. the
United Kingdom, 28 May 1985
                                                • Refusal by Government to disclose
                                                documents from ongoing investigation into
• Withdrawal of parental rights from            an abduction and killing by servicemen
a mother because she belonged to the            or into allegations of harassment of the
Jehovah’s Witnesses – violation.                applicants – violation.
Hoffmann v. Austria, 29 June 1993               Akhmadova and Sadulayeva v. Russia, 10
                                                May 2007
• Refusal to grant an handicapped adult
allowance to a foreign national – violation.    • Government’s refusal to disclose
Koua Poirrez v. France, 30 September 2003       documents from ongoing investigations
                                                into the disappearance of the applicant’s
•    Exclusion of former KGB officers from      relatives in Chechnya during military




10                              50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
Examples of         operations – violation.                             • Refusal to exempt a State school pupil
                    Kukayev v. Russia and Khamila Isayeva v.            whose family was of the Alevi faith from
judgments           Russia, 15 November 2007                            mandatory lessons on religion and morals
delivered by                                                            – violation.
the Court                                                               Hasan and Eylem Zengin v. Turkey, 9 October
                                                                        2007
                    Article 1 of Protocol No. 1
                    protection of property
                    • Maintaining of expropriation permit and           Article 3 of Protocol No. 1
                    prohibition on construction for a long period of    right to free elections
                    time – violation.
                    Sporrong and Lönnroth v. Sweden, 23                 • Exclusion of Gibraltar from European
                    September 1982                                      Parliamentary elections – violation.
                                                                        Matthews v. the United Kingdom, 18 February
                                                                        1999
                    • Impossibility for an applicant to access her
                    property because of the occupation of northern
                                                                        • Obligation for candidates to the national
                    Cyprus by Turkish forces – violation.
                    Loizidou v. Turkey, 23 March 1995                   Parliament to have an adequate command of
                                                                        Latvian – violation.
                                                                        Podkolzina v. Latvia, 9 April 2002
                    • Obligation of land-owners to allow hunting
                    on their property – violation.
                    Chassagnou and others v. France, 29 April           • Refusal to register the applicant on the
                    1999                                                electoral roll, because he was a member of
                                                                        the Turkish-Cypriot community – violation.
                    • Annulment by the Supreme Court of Justice         Aziz v. Cyprus, 22 June 2004
                    of judgment restoring nationalised property         • Disenfranchisement of convicted prisoners
                    – violation.                                        – violation.
                    Brumarescu v. Romania, 28 October 1999
                                                                        Hirst v. the United Kingdom (no. 2), 6 October
                                                                        2005
                    • Pre-emptive right of the State over a work
                    of art several years after its purchase through     • Former leading member of Soviet
                    an intermediary without the proper declaration      era Communist party disqualified as a
                    being made – violation.                             parliamentary candidate – no violation.
                    Beyeler v. Italy, 5 January 2000                    Ždanoka v. Latvia, 16 March 2006
                                                                        • Member       of   Parliament   prohibited
                    • Discrimination against children of adulterous
                                                                        from carrying on a professional activity –
                    relationships with regard to inheritance rights
                                                                        violation.
                    – violation.
                    Mazurek v. France, 1 February 2000                  Lykourezos v. Greece, 15 June 2006


                    • Failure of the State to fulfil an obligation to
                    provide property in compensation for immoval        Article 2 of Protocol No. 4
                    property abandoned at the end of the Second         freedom of movement
                    World War – violation.
                    Broniowski v. Poland, 22 June 2004                  • Restrictions on movement of Turkish
                                                                        Cypriots – violation.
                    • Impossibility of recovering property or           Denizci and others v. Cyprus, 23 May 2001
                    obtaining adequate rent from tenants –              • Confiscation of passport by a customs
                    violation.                                          officer and failure to return it until two years
                    Hutten-Czapska v. Poland, 19 June 2006
                                                                        later – violation.
                                                                        Napijalo v. Croatia, 13 November 2003
                    • Setting aside of a trade mark registration
                    – no violation.                                     • Inability to travel abroad as a result
                    Anheuser-Busch Inc. v. Portugal, 11 January
                    2007                                                of an entry arbitrarily made in passport –
                                                                        violation.
                                                                        Sissanis v. Romania, 25 January 2007


                    Article 2 of Protocol No. 1                         Article 4 of Protocol No. 4
                    right to education
                                                                        prohibition of collective
                    • Suspension of a pupil who refused corporal        expulsion of aliens
                    punishment as a disciplinary measure in a
                    State school – violation.                           • Collective expulsion of Slovak Gypsies
                    Campbell and Cosans v. the United Kingdom,          – violation.
                    25 February 1982                                    Čonka v. Belgium, 5 February 2002

                    • Refusal     to grant full exemption from
                    instruction    in Christianity, religion and
                    philosophy     in State primary schools –
                    violation.
                    Folgerø and   others v. Norway, 29 June 2007




50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures                                    11
                                                                                                                                                                                             Violations by article and by country




12
                                                                                                                                                                                                             2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 from 01.01.2009 to 31.12.2009
                                                                                                                               Fr                                                        In                                                                                         R     Fr                                                                                                           R          O
                                                                                                                          ie                R              La                              hu     La                                                                                  ig          ee                                                                                                    ig          th
                                                                                                       Ju                                    ig                                              m                    Pr                                                                                                                    R                                                                  ht          er
                                                                                                                            nd                  ht            ck                                     ck               oh Ri                                            N                ht            do                                 ig        Pr
                                                                                                       dg                      ly                   to                                     an                            ib       gh                                     o                 to            m                 Fr              ht        oh                                                        no          Ar
                                                                                             N             m         J u ou s
                                                                                                                                                       lif
                                                                                                                                                                 of                            or       of                 iti       tt                         Le           pu               re a of Fr                      ee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to        ib                                         R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tic
                                                                                              um      on en                                 O              e         ef                                    ef                 on o                                               ni                                             do                        iti          Pr                            ig                          le
                                                                                                                        dg t j ett
                                                                                                                          m                                             fe            Pr          de          fe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  o       lib                       ng             sh     fa sp nd th ee                                         an          on           ot             R                       tw be             s
                                                                                                be        e ts                  ud le         th             -d            ct
                                                                                                                                                                             iv
                                                                                                                                                                                         oh         gr           ct                                       R            th                                                    as m                                            ec             ig
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ht
                                                                                                                                                 er             ep              e          ib          ad          iv labo f s ert
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      e                                     ig                        m mily ect rel oug dom s o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ig h                                    ef           of                                       to        ic trie of t
                                                                                                   r o vio fin vio en gm me
                                                                                                                               t s e nt              ju            riv            in         iti          in            in       ur lav y a                   ht           of           en         lif for io t,           of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 oc f a     R         fe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ct          di          tio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ht              fre e             d        he
                                                                                                      fj      la di la
                                                                                                                tio n tio fi nt s                       dg             at             ve        on           g            ve                er       nd          to            pr          tw e             pr n       co e iatio sse igh                  iv          sc             of         to               e                or       C
                                                                                                         ud
                                                                                                                    n g a n nd s / S                         m            io            st         of          tre            st               y                     a            oc           ith            iv         ns xp                                e           rim                        ed             el                pu      on
                                                                                                            gm                      in           tr                         n             ig          to           at           ig               / f se                fa            ee           ou             at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       n mb t to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                re            in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         pr             uc             ec                        v
                                                                                                               en
                                                                                                                          tl
                                                                                                                             ea        g           ik          en             of            at          rtu          m             at               or       cu           ir            di            tl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ci res
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             en     si
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ly                  m              at         op             at             tio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ni
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           sh ent
                                                                                                                                                      in          ts              lif          io                       en            io               ce      ri t          tri          ng             aw          an                          an ar              ed             io          er             io                                   io
                                                                                 2009                             ts           st        no               g         **               e           n          re             t            n                 d        y            al           s                         d        ce on              d      ry            y             n           ty             n           ns              ed      n
                                                                                                                      Total Total Total Total Total                                           2          2           3           3          3           4           5          6           6           7          8           9         10          11          12         13          14 P1-1 P1-2 P1-3 P7-4                                            *
                                                                                 Albania                                  9             9             0             0             0           0           0           0          1           0           0          1          10           0          0           0          0           0           0          0           2           0           5           0            0           0              1
                                                                                 Andorra                                  0             0             0             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Armenia                                  9             8             1             0             0           0           0           0          1           0           0          0           4           0          0           0          0           0           3          0           0           0           2           0            0           0              2
                                                                                 Austria                                 15            13             2             0             0           0           0           0          2           0           0          0           1           6          0           1          0           0           0          0           0           4           1           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Azerbaijan                               7             7             0             0             0           0           1           0          1           1           0          0           3           0          0           0          0           0           1          0           0           0           2           0            1           0              0
                                                                                 Belgium                                 11             8             3             0             0           0           0           0          1           1           0          1           4           2          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           1           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Bosnia Herzegovina                       6             6             0             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          1           3           0          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           1           4           0            0           0              1
                                                                                 Bulgaria                                63            61             2             0             0           0           1           0          3           1           0         16          11         21           0           6           1          0           0          0           9           0         18            0            1           0              4
                                                                                 Croatia                                 19            16             3             0             0           1           0           0          1           1           0          0           7           6          0           3           0          0           0          0           2           0           3           0            0           1              0
                                                                                 Cyprus                                   3             3             0             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0           3          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0           1           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Czech Republic                           3             3             0             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          2           1           0          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0           1           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Denmark                                  3             3             0             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0           3          0           0          0           0           0          0           2           0           1           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Estonia                                  4             4             0             0             0           0           0           0          1           0           0          1           0           1          1           0          0           0           0          0           2           0           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Finland                                 29            28             0             0             1           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           9         19           0           1          0           1           0          0           6           0           0           0            0           1              0
                                                                                 France                                  33            20           11              1            1            0           0           0          2           0           0          4           5           2          0           0          0           3           0          0           1           0           4           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Georgia                                 11            11             0             0             0           0           0           0          7           1           0          6           4           2          0           1          0           0           0          0           0           0           1           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Germany                                 21            18             3             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          2           0         14           1           0          0           0           0          0           2           2           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Greece                                  75            69             3             0             3           1           0           0          5           0           0         10          16         41           0           3           0          1           0          0           8           1           6           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Hungary                                 30            28             1             0             1           0           0           0          0           0           0          1           3         20           0           0          0           4           0          0           2           1           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Iceland                                  0             0             0             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Ireland                                  0             0             0             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Italy                                   69            61             3             0             5           1           3           1         10           0           0          1          11         12           2          27          0           1           0          0          15           1         16            1            0           0              5




50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
                                                                                 Latvia                                   7             6             1             0             0           0           0           0          2           0           0          2           3           0          0           3          1           0           0          0           0           1           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Liechtenstein                            0             0             0             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Lithuania                                9             8             1             0             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           0           7          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           1           2           0            0           0              0
                                                                                 Luxembourg                               3             2             0             1             0           0           0           0          0           0           0          0           2           0          0           0          0           0           0          0           0           0           0           0            0           0              0
                                                                                                                                                                                            Violations by article and by country
                                                                                                                                                                                                            2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              from 01.01.2009 to 31.12.2009

                                                                                                                              Fr                                                   In                                                                                           R         Fr                                                                                                      R          O
                                                                                                                           ie                 R              La                        hu          La                                                                             ig          ee                                                                                                   ig          th
                                                                                                       Ju                                      ig                                         m                        Pr                                                                                                              R                                                                  ht          er
                                                                                                                             nd                   ht            ck                                    ck               oh Ri                                       N                ht           do                                 ig        Pr
                                                                                                       dg                       ly                    to                                    an                           ib       gh                                 o                 to           m                 Fr              ht        oh                                                        no          Ar
                                                                                             N             m         J u ou s
                                                                                                                                                         lif
                                                                                                                                                                   of                           or       of                 iti                              Le          pu               re a o             Fr          ee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         to        ib                                         R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             tt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tic
                                                                                              um      on en                                                  e         ef                                   ef                 on t to                                       ni                                             do                       iti          Pr                            ig
                                                                                                                        dg t j ett            O                          fe            Pr          de          fe                                               ng             sh     fa sp nd f th ee                                      an          on           ot             R                       tw    be les
                                                                                                be        e ts             m ud lem             th             -d           ct
                                                                                                                                                                              iv
                                                                                                                                                                                          oh         gr           ct
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    iv     la of libe                   R          th             m     m ec re ou do as m                                                              ec             ig
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ht                            of
                                                                                                   r o vio fin vio en gm e                         er            ep              e          ib          ad             e bou sla rty                     ig            of           en ily l t fo lig gh m o soc of a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 fe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            of             tio           ht          to        ic tri              th
                                                                                                              la di la ts e nt                         ju           riv            in         iti          in           in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ht                                  ife r io t,                     ia ss Rig           ct          di              n            to           fre e ed                    e
                                                                                                      fj
                                                                                                                                                                                       ve        on           g           ve r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ve an               to           pr          tw              pr n       co f e                              iv          sc                                         e               or        C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d
                                                                                                                tio n tio fi nt s                         dg            at
                                                                                                         ud             g           nd s / S                   m           io                       of          tre                         ry                   a            oc           ith           iv         ns     xp tion em ht t               e           rim         of             ed             el               pu       on
                                                                                                            gm n          at n        in           tr                        n           st
                                                                                                                                                                                           ig          to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               st
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ig            / f se              fa            ee           ou            at                         bl     o            re            in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pr             uc             ec                        v
                                                                                                                             le          g           ik         en             of                                   at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      m                           or      cu          ir            di                        e        ci res             y      m           m                         op                                          ni
                                                                                                              en               as                       in         ts              lif
                                                                                                                                                                                             at
                                                                                                                                                                                                io       rtu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      io             ce     r            tri          ng         tl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aw          an       en      s          an ar              ed           at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              io          er          at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         io
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tio              sh ent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              io
                                                                                 2009                             ts              t
                                                                                                                                           no               g         **              e           n          re             t           n               d ity               al           s                        d         ce ion            d      ry            y             n           ty             n           ns              ed      n
                                                                                                                     Total Total Total Total Total                                          2           2          3           3          3           4          5           6          6           7          8           9         10         11          12         13          14 P1-1 P1-2 P1-3 P7-4                                           *
                                                                                 Malta                                    5            4             1             0            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           1          1           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          2            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Moldova                                 30           29             0             0            1            0          0           2          6           4          0           7         12           3          0           1          1           3          4           0          6           0          8            0           0           0              1
                                                                                 Monaco                                   1            1             0             0            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           1          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Montenegro                               1            1             0             0            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          1            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Netherlands                              4            0             2             2            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Norway                                   3            1             2             0            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           1          0           0          0           0          0           0          0            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Poland                                133           123             8             0            2            1          0           0         10           4          0          35         21         50           0         12           0           3          0           0          0           0          4            0           0           0              1
                                                                                 Portugal                                17           17             0             0            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           0          2           3          0           0          0           2          0           0          0           0         10            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Romania                               168           153             6             2            7            1          6           0         14           5          0          19         56         16           0         12           0           3          0           0          3           5         92            0           0           0              1
                                                                                 Russia                                219           210             6             2            1           56         58           3         84          18          0        109          74         34           0         12           2           5          0           0         73           1         49            0           0           1              16
                                                                                 San Marino                               0            0             0             0            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Serbia                                  16           14             1             0            1            0          0           0          0           0          0           1          5           5          0           3          0           2          0           0          5           0          3            0           0           0              0




50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
                                                                                 Slovakia                                39           38             0             0            1            0          1           0          1           0          0           0          4         29           0           4          0           0          0           0          2           0          3            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Slovenia                                 8            7             1             0            0            0          1           0          0           0          0           0          1           4          0           1          0           0          0           0          4           0          0            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Spain                                   17           11             6             0            0            0          0           0          1           0          0           0          5           3          1           1          0           0          0           0          0           1          0            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Sweden                                   3            1             1             1            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           0          1           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0           0          0            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Switzerland                              7            5             2             0            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           0          3           1          0           1          0           2          0           0          0           1          0            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 The former Yugoslav
                                                                                 Republic of Macedonia                   17           16             1             0            0            0          0           0          0           0          0           3          4         10           0           0          0           0          1           0          0           0          1            0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Turkey                                356           341             9             0            6           10          9           2         28          26          0          88        126         95           0         22           0         12           9           0         20           1         86            1           0           0              0
                                                                                 Ukraine                               126           126             0             0            0            0          1           0          9           2          0          27         69         35           0           4          0           1          0           0         26           0         58            0           0           0              2
                                                                                 United Kindgom                        18            14              3             1            0            0          0           0          0           0          0          3          1           2           0           2          0           1          0           0         0            7         0             0           0           0              0
                                                                                 Sub Total                            1627 1504                     83    10                   30           71         81           8        190          64          0        342 482 449                          5        121           5         44          18           0        190         29         384            2           2           3              34




13
                                                                                 Total                                                                1625
                                                                                 * Two judgments concern two States: Albania & Italy and Montenegro and Serbia
                                                                                 ** Other judgments: just satisfaction, revision judgments, preliminary objections and lack of jurisdiction
                                                      Workload and output
                                                                                                                           on 01.01.2010



            State                                                 Applications allocated to a decision body

                                   TOTAL    59-98    1999   2000     2001   2002   2003    2004    2005   2006    2007    2008      2009
Albania                             381       3        1      4       3      15     17      13      45      52      54     75        99
Andorra                              36       3        1      3       2      -       2       1      5       8       4       1         6
Armenia                             1223      -        -      -       -      7      67      96     110      98     614     106       125
Austria                             6689    3299      227    244     230    309     322    304     298     344     329     373       410
Azerbaijan                          2186      -        -      -       -      -      236    151     175     221     708     334       361
Belgium                             3443    1914      136    77      108    139     117    126     173     107     124     166       256
Bosnia and Herzegovina              2951      -        -      -       -      5      59     135     209     243     708     971       621
Bulgaria                            7318     231      196    301     403    461     515    738     820     748     821     890      1194
Croatia                             5484     34       104    87      116    666     666    698     553     640     557     608       755
Cyprus                              583      91       17     16       20     47     36      46      66      56      63     66        59
Czech Republic                      9073     340      151    199     367    329     629    1070    1267    2466    808     721       726
Denmark                             1210     478      56     56       52     86     75      86      72      68      45     73        63
Estonia                             1424     25       29     46       89     89     132    138     165     184     154     169       204
Finland                             3194     606      145    109     106    185     260    244     243     262     269     276       489
France                             22296    4937      871   1031     1118   1605   1482    1735    1821    1831   1552    2724      1589
Georgia                             4373      -        -      7       22     29     35      48      72     105     162    1771      2122
Germany                            20209    7029      535    594     717    1024   1009    1536    1592    1601   1485    1572      1515
Greece                              4006     553      144    123     192    311     355    274     365     371     384     416       518
Hungary                             4409     475      93     163     172    307     332    398     644     423     528     425       449
Iceland                             136      62        1      4       3      6      10       6      6       12      9       7        10
Ireland                             657      259      18     18       16     45     29      32      45      40      45     48        62
Italy                              20138    5092      881    865     587    1303   1352    1482    847     931    1350    1824      3624
Latvia                              2089     10       29     79      125    208     133    195     233     268     235     248       326
Liechtenstein                        63      15        2      3       -      3       3       5      4       1       5       8        14
Lithuania                           3046     75       76     183     151    530     362    455     267     204     227     255       261
Luxemburg                           406      153      12     15       11     25     21      13      28      32      32     35        29
Malta                               135      35        6      3       3      4       4       8      13      16      17     12        14
Moldova                             5447     13       33     63       44    245     238    344     594     517     887    1147      1322
Monaco                               29       -        -      -       -      -       -       -      1       4       10      5         9
Montenegro                          572       -        -      -       -      -       -       -       -      13     134     156       269
Netherlands                         5363    1780      206    175     200    317     278    350     410     397     365     385       500
Norway                              871      242      20     30       49     48     51      83      58      70      62     79        79
Poland                             39103    1792      692    773     1755   4026   3647    4314    4563    3975   4211    4369      4986
Portugal                            2161     535      112    98      140    142     148    114     221     215     133     151       152
Romania                            29364     472      293    638     542    1955   2160    3218    3103    3310   3171    5242      5260
Russia                             70561     116      971   1322     2104   3986   4728    5824    8069   10132   9497    10146     13666
San Marino                           51      24        1      1       4      6       2       -      4       2       1       4         2
Serbia                              5506      -        -      -       -      -       1     453     660     595    1154    1067      1576
Slovakia                            4603     324      163    282     343    406     349    403     442     487     347     488       569
Slovenia                            5881     98       87     55      206    269     251    271     343     1338   1012    1353       598
Spain                               6442    1252      227    284     807    799     454    420     495     361     309     393       641
Sweden                              5290    1819      175    233     246    294     262    397     449     371     360     317       367
Switzerland                         4446    1886      156    187     162    213     161    201     230     282     236     261       471
"the former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia"
                                    2243      7       16     18       34     90     98     118     229     295     454     395       489
Turkey                             31873    2526      652    734     1058   3861   3546    3670    2488    2328   2830    3706      4474
Ukraine                            26955     214      431    727     1057   2820   1857    1533    1869    2482   4502    4770      4693
United Kingdom                     15278    6197      442    625     479    986     687    744     1003    843     886    1253      1133
Total                              389197   45016    8408 10475 13843 28201 27178         32490   35369   39349   41850   49861     57157




           14                                      50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
                                                Workload and output
                                                                                                                on 01.01.2010



          State                                       Applications declared inadmissible or struck out
                                TOTAL   59-98   1999 2000 2001       2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009

Albania                          140      1      2       1     1      3      11     12     17     28     22     15     27

Andorra                          27       1      1       1     4      -      1      -      2      9      3      3      2

Armenia                          393      -      -       -     -      -      28     24     62     95     44     36    104

Austria                         5581    2670    153     227   208    371    401    253    208    150    272    313    355

Azerbaijan                      1063      -      -       -     -      -      45    200    120     57     84    253    304

Belgium                         2871    1750     29      30    79    124    118    135    192    110    105     98    101

Bosnia and Herzegovina           861      -      -       -     -      -      -      46     71    149    254    245     96

Bulgaria                        4279     119     57      93   232    394    293    298    344    832    587    434    596

Croatia                         4343     12      32      81    75    338    349    580    477    352    745    752    550

Cyprus                           441     66      5       13    14     44     11     2      49     64     27     39    107

Czech Republic                  6865     248     61      75   267    437    280    399    420    1264   1080   1569   765

Denmark                         1106     414     57      47    50     40     65     88     86     96     73     56     34

Estonia                          981     20      7       19    24     57    138     70     82     88    127    179    170

Finland                         2660     389     85     125   123    151     97    191    256    187    253    461    342

France                          18574   3897    280     626   892    1254   1451   1678   1442   1374   1549   2619   1512

Georgia                          293      -      -       2     3      13     24     17     48     33     40     27     86

Germany                         17764   6651    331     642   528    748    462    914    1386   1121   1690   1580   1711

Greece                          2680     314     70      99    96    134    171    253    349    237    298    323    336

Hungary                         2830     380     53      67    86    198    293    337    220    302    323    338    233

Iceland                          109     44      3       3     6      2      5      6      9      7      6      9      9

Ireland                          562     222     6       18    24     43     31     16     36     53     40     28     45

Italy                           8988    1622    255     277   265    1126   1009   1178   838    580    796    458    584

Latvia                          1469      4      11      24    58    102    152    115     92     75    208    147    481

Liechtenstein                    44      12      1       3     1      1      3      2      6      -      3      5      7
Lithuania                       2620     55      23      72   150    166    199    586    444    169    208    217    331
Luxemburg                        325     128     8       25    11     11     28     3      16     17     26     27     25
Malta                            95      28      2       7     1      2      -      4      12     10     4      10     15
Moldova                         1906      1      6       48    23     31    104     79    302    248    201    477    386
Monaco                           24       -      -       -     -      -      -      -      -      1      1      12     10
Montenegro                       140      -      -       -     -      -      -      -      -      -      -      5     135
Netherlands                     4570    1495    121     170   218    278    237    339    440    333    335    334    270
Norway                           770     195     11      33    54     20     62     44     53     61     70     78     89
Poland                          33669    937    358     741   1411   2469   1702   2344   6465   5816   3966   3825   3635
Portugal                        1481     278     22      72    72    108    252    102    117    124    169     75     90
Romania                         18917    268     33     217   536    508    700    1200   2036   2323   2536   4466   4094
Russia                          36083     7     348     916   1253   2223   3207   3704   5262   4856   4364   2982   6961
San Marino                       35       8      1       3     2      1      2      5      2      3      1      6      1
Serbia                          2113      -      -       -     -      -      -      -     384    421    529    335    444
Slovakia                        3045     231     42     102   159    366    277    353    283    130    286    459    357
Slovenia                        2475     47      25      37    78     72     62    198    131    226    159    812    628
Spain                           5603    1076    130     228   231    1345   377    204    426    284    408    401    493
Sweden                          4821    1574    102     137   110    350    303    366    391    435    370    409    274
Switzerland                     3543    1670     94     191   210    182    108    170    178    170    165    157    248
"the former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia"
                                1112      2      9       16    13     16     57     51     62     66     60    330    430
Turkey                          16106    538    153     394   385    1638   1635   1817   1366   3167   1573   1475   1965
Ukraine                         16227    15     310     431   510    1763   1665   1246   1698   1076   2606   2044   2863
United Kingdom                  12854   5213    223     466   529    737    863    721    732    963    403    1240   764
Total                           253458 32602    3520 6779 8992 17866 17278 20350 27612 28162 27069 30163 33065




        50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures                                 15
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Violations by article and by country




16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1959-2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               on 01.01.2010
                                                                                                        Ju         Ju                 Fr                                                             In                                                                                                        R         Fr                                                                                                            R
                                                                                                           dg          dg                ie                   R                                         hu                                                                                                      ig          ee                                                                                                           ig Oth
                                                                                           To                 m           m                nd                   ig            La
                                                                                                                                                                                                           m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        La                 Pr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 N                 ht           do                                R            Pr                                                           ht          e
                                                                                             ta                 en          en                 ly
                                                                                                                                                                   ht           ck                            an           ck                 oh Ri
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            g                                      o                  to            m                 Fr           ig                                                                           no r A
                                                                                                  ln               ts         ts          ou s                        to           of                                          of                ib                                                   pu                                                 ee           ht          oh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ib                                                             tt       r
                                                                                                    um                                                                   lif
                                                                                                                                                                             e         ef                          or              ef               iti ht t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       on         o                       Le                             re a of Fr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               e            d            to              iti           Pr                          R                   o ticle
                                                                                                              vi fi              fin         t j e tt         O                           fe            Pr             de             fe                                                     ng            ni                                                               an               on                                      ig                           s
                                                                                                       be        ol n                di         ud le           th             -d            ct            oh             gr             ct                o        lib           R             th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              sh fam spe nd tho ed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                m                 c re u           o    as om                                             ot
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ec            R             ht         tw be
                                                                                                                   at di                           gm me                          ep            iv            ib                            iv labo f s                 er         ig                                                                                          ef               of                          ig             to         ic tri of t
                                                                                                          ro          io ng
                                                                                                                        n
                                                                                                                                        ng                         er                             e              iti
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ad               e                                       ht            of            en ily l t fo lig gh m o soc of a                   R           fe                            tio            ht
                                                                                                             fj                at           no         en nts          ju            riv            in               on          in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    g           in        ur lav ty a                     to             pr           tw      if e r i o t ,                                         ct            di
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      sc            n             to           fre e ed o he
                                                                                                               ud                 le                       ts /           dg             at             ve                                         ve               er
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              nd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a              oc                         pr n co f e iatio sse igh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         iv
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           e                          of                           e                r p Co
                                                                                                                                                vi                            m             io             st            of            tre             st                        s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ith                        ns xp                                               r im                         ed              el
                                                                                                                  gm                 as                          St                           n              ig             to                           ig              /f                    fa              ee            ou            at                   n mb t to                     re             in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         pr              uc             ec             un nv
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               e
                                                                                                                                                   ol               rik         en               of                                        at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              m                             or ecu                ir              di                         e        ci res           ly       m               m                           op                                           is
                                                                                                                       en               to           at
                                                                                                                                                        io              in         ts               lif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  io          rt u              en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              io              ce      rit            tri             ng          tl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aw         an       en    s           an ar                    ed           at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  io           er           at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               io
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           tio             he ntio
                                                                                 1959-2009                               ts                 ne            n               g           **               e              n            re              t             n              d         y              al            s                          d        ce ion            d       ry               y              n            ty              n            ns            d    n
                                                                                                                            Total Total                      Total Total Total                               2           2           3           3           3            4           5            6            6            7           8           9          10          11           12          13           14 P1-1 P1-2 P1-3 P7-4
                                                                                 Albania                                        20              18               1               0              1                                                 2                                    1           18            2                        1                                                            6                         9                                                    1
                                                                                 Andorra                                         4               2               0               1              1                                                                                                   1                                                                                                               1
                                                                                 Armenia                                        20              19               1               0              0                                                 4                                                12                                                             1           6                                                  2                         1                          7
                                                                                 Austria                                      268              199              33             23             13                                     1            4                                  10            77          72                       14            1          32           1                        8           17            3                                      4
                                                                                 Azerbaijan                                     26              22               0               2              2                        1           1            2           2                                     9            2                                                1           5                        3                         5                         1                          1
                                                                                 Belgium                                      158              109              19             16             14                                                  4           1                      14            42          55                         9                       3                                    6            9            1                                                    1
                                                                                 Bosnia Herzegovina                             13              13               0               0              0                                                 1                                    2            7                                     1                                                            1            1            7                                                    1
                                                                                 Bulgaria                                     294              274               9               4              7            7           9                      33          13                      205            41         110                       22            4           5           8                       72            4           35                         1                          7
                                                                                 Croatia                                      170              133               8             26               3            1                                    5           2                                    45          72                         8                                                           23            1           11                                      1
                                                                                 Cyprus                                         57              47               4               3              3                                                 2                                    1            8          34            1            5                       1                                    8            2            4                         1                          1
                                                                                 Czech Republic                               147              133               4               8              2                                                                                    17            40          76                       12                        1           1                       12            2            7
                                                                                 Denmark                                        34              13               9             11               1                                                                                      1            1            8                        1                       1           1                        2                         1
                                                                                 Estonia                                        21              18               2               1              0                                                 2                                    7            4            4           4                                                                         3
                                                                                 Finland                                      134              103              20               9              2                                                 1                                    1           35          48                       16                        7                                   10                         2                                      1
                                                                                 France                                       773              576             103             62             32             3           2           1          11                        1          41          230 278                     3          25                       19           2                       26            8           23                                                    4
                                                                                 Georgia                                        35              28               6               1              0                                               10            5                      11             9            5                        2           1           1                                    4            1            3                         1                          1
                                                                                 Germany                                      157               99              41               9              8                                                 1                                  15            14          54            1          14                        3           1                        5           11            1
                                                                                 Greece                                       556              488              14             20             34             4           3                      13            3                      20          106 320                                  5           8           8           5                       83            6           61                         2
                                                                                 Hungary                                      190              179               4               6              1                                                 1           2                        6            5         156            1            1                       5           2                        3            1                                                                 2
                                                                                 Iceland                                        11               8               0               3              0                                                                                      1            4                                                             1           1                                                  1
                                                                                 Ireland                                        23              13               5               1              4                                                                                      2            5            5                        4                       1                                    3            1
                                                                                 Italy                                       2023            1556               48            351             68             1           3           1          13            1                      27          229 1095                    2         128                        4           3                       76            2         291             1           15                          21
                                                                                 Latvia                                         41              34               4               3              0                                                 5                                  22             8            6           1          15            3           2           1                        2            1                                      3                          5




50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
                                                                                 Liechtenstein                                   4               4               0               0              0                                                                                      1            1            1                                                1                                    1
                                                                                 Lithuania                                      57              45               6               6              0            1           1                        3                                  16            10          16                       12                                                                          3            5
                                                                                 Luxembourg                                     29              24               2               3              0                        1                                                                          8          13                         3                       2           1                        3            1            1
                                                                                 Malta                                          27              22               2               0              3                                                                                      7            5            5                        1                       1                                                 2            5
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Violations by article and by country
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1959-2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  on 01.01.2010

                                                                                                        Ju         Ju                 Fr                                                               In                                                                                                   R          Fr                                                                                                               R
                                                                                                           dg          dg                ie                     R                                         hu                                                                                                 ig           ee                                                                                                              ig Oth
                                                                                           To                 m           m                nd                     ig            La
                                                                                                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          La                 Pr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              N                 ht           do                                    R            Pr                                                           ht          e
                                                                                             ta                 en          en                                       ht           ck                            an           ck                  oh Ri
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              g                                 o                  to            m                 Fr               ig                                                                           no r A
                                                                                                  ln               ts         ts          ou ly s                       to           of                                          of                ib                                              pu                                                   ee             ht          oh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ib                                                             tt       r
                                                                                                    um                                                                     lif
                                                                                                                                                                               e         ef                          or              ef               iti ht t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         on         o                  Le                              re a of Fr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            e             d               to              iti           Pr                          R                   o ticle
                                                                                                              vi fi              fin         t j e tt           O                           fe            Pr             de             fe                                                ng            ni                                                                   an               on                                      ig                            s
                                                                                                       be        ol n                di         ud le            th              -d            ct            oh             gr             ct        la of libe                R             th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           sh fam spe nd tho ed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             m                c    re u         o      as om                                               ot
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ec            R             ht         tw be
                                                                                                                   at di                           gm me                                          iv            ib                            iv                                ig                                                                                              ef               of                          ig             to         ic trie of t
                                                                                                          ro          io ng
                                                                                                                        n
                                                                                                                                        ng                           er             ep              e              iti
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ad               e bou sla rty                      ht            of            en ily l t fo lig gh m o soc of a                       R           fe                            tio            ht                        e       d    h
                                                                                                             fj                at           no         en s  nt          ju            riv            in               on          in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      g           in                                   to             pr           t w ife r p ion t, c               f       ia s       ig           ct            di
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       sc            n             to           fre
                                                                                                               ud                 le                       ts /             dg             at             ve                                         ve r very and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a              oc                          riv                                                 iv
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            e                          of                           e               or e C
                                                                                                                                                vi                              m             io             st            of            tre
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ith                      on ex tion sem ht                                        r im                         ed              el              pu on
                                                                                                                  gm                 as                            St                           n              ig             to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         st
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ig         /f                    fa              ee             ou           at        sc       pr                                  re             in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          pr              uc             ec                    v
                                                                                                                       en               to
                                                                                                                                                   ol
                                                                                                                                                     at               rik         en               of             at            rt u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                m             at         or ecu                ir              di             tl          e          ie ess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       bl t o m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         y                       m               at          op              at             tio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ni
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           sh ent
                                                                                                                                                        io                in         ts               lif           io
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  en            io
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ce      rit            tri             ng             aw         an          nc      i          an ar                    ed             io           er              io
                                                                                 1959-2009                               ts                 ne            n                 g           **               e                           re              t                       d         y              al             s                         d           e on               d       ry               y              n            ty              n            ns           ed ion

                                                                                                                            Total Total                      Total Total Total                               2           2           3           3           3            4           5            6            6            7           8           9          10          11           12          13           14 P1-1 P1-2 P1-3 P7-4
                                                                                 Moldova                                      168              158               1               2              7                                    7          28          12                       46            90          10                         7           3          16           6                       27                        70                         1                          9
                                                                                 Monaco                                          1               1               0               0              0                                                                                      1
                                                                                 Montenegro                                      1               1               0               0              0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1
                                                                                 Netherlands                                  124               71              27             15             11                         3           1            7                                  21            21            8                      14                        4                                    1            3            1
                                                                                 Norway                                         27              20               7               0              0                                                                                      1            9            2                        3                       5                                                                           1
                                                                                 Poland                                       767              674              46             40               7            2           2                      12            5                     237            58         360                       71                       13           1                       18            2           18                                                    3
                                                                                 Portugal                                     187              123               5             56               3                                                                                      2           16          71                         3                       9                                    1            1           26
                                                                                 Romania                                      648              584              18             23             23             1           6           1          26          20                       45          304           62            1          35                        9           2                        8           22         373                          1                          9
                                                                                 Russia                                       862              815              28             13               6         115 122                   18         193          34                      265 475 112                                         34            4          16           6                      178            2         386             1            2            2             66
                                                                                 San Marino                                     11               8               0               2              1                                                                                                   7            2                                    1                                                                          1
                                                                                 Serbia                                         40              37               2               0              1                                                                                      4           12          16                         7                       4                                   14                        10
                                                                                 Slovakia                                     207              178               5             21               3            1           1                        1                                  15            17         137                       11                        5                                   15            1            7
                                                                                 Slovenia                                     227              217               7               3              0                        2                        2           1                        2            2         209                         2                                                          199
                                                                                 Spain                                          78              50              24               2              2                                                 1           1                        3           24          11            2            6                       2                                                 1                                                                 1




50 years of activity : European Court of Human Rights - Some Facts and Figures
                                                                                 Sweden                                         89              43              20             23               3            1                                    1                                    2           25          11                         6                       2           1                        2            1            5
                                                                                 Switzerland                                    91              63              21               5              2                        1                                                           11            22            6                      11            1          11                       1            1            3
                                                                                 “the former Yugoslav Republic
                                                                                 of Macedonia”                                  63              58               3               2              0                                                             4                        3           11          40                                                             1                        4                         4
                                                                                 Turkey                                      2295            2017               46            204             28            76         129          24         175          74                      436 657 357                              4          69            1        182           39                      209            3         544             4            5                          29
                                                                                 Ukraine                                      608              602               3              2             1              2          6            1          31          10                       49          396 133                                16            3           4           1                      122                      289                          2                          5
                                                                                 United Kindgom                               422              257              79             65             21             2          12                      13                                   58           87  24                     1          58                       10           3           3           28           39          2              2            3                          1
                                                                                 Sub Total                                                  10156              687 1047                      318          217 304                   56         607 190                    1        1629 3207 4008 21                                   652          30         392           98           4        1187 152 2215                              9           39            8         175
                                                                                 Total                                                                          12198*
                                                                                 * Ten judgments concern two Countries : France & Spain, Turkey & Denmark, Moldova & Russia, Georgia & Russia, Romania & Hungary, Romania & United Kingdom, Romania & France, Hungary & Italy
                                                                                 Albania & Italy and Montenegro & Serbia
                                                                                 ** Other judgments: just satisfaction, revision judgments, preliminary objections and lack of jurisdiction




17
Provisional Edition (January 2010)

European Court of Human Rights
Public Relations Unit
Council of Europe
67075 Strasbourg-Cedex
France

www.echr.coe.int

				
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