PROYECTO DE DECLARACION

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PROYECTO DE DECLARACION Powered By Docstoc
					                              Center for Human Rights and the Environment
                         General Paz, 186 - 10A, Córdoba, 5000 Argentina, Cedha@cedha.org.ar
                                         54 (351) 425-6278 www.cedha.org.ar




                                                           DECLARATION

          Two large European firms, BOTNIA of Finland and ENCE of Spain, after suffering legal problems from contamination
  caused by their European operations, both propose to build paper pulp mills in a small South American country: the Republic
  Uruguay. The plants are to be located at Fray Bentos, a city on eastern coast of the Uruguay River, which constitutes the natural
  border with the Republic of Argentina.

           The National Government of Argentina, the provincial government of Entre Ríos (an Argentine province that will be
  affected by the projects) and the population of de Gualeguaychú (located opposite Fray Bentos in Argentina) have raised their
  voices to protest against the risk of contamination, damage to health and quality of life, putting diplomatic processes in ac tion
  by denouncing certain facts before the Inter American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and the Compliance Advisor
  Ombudsman (CAO) of the World Bank, which is co-funding the project. The submission to the CAO was supported by the
  signatures of over 39 000 Uruguayan and Argentine citizens.

  IN LIGHT OF THESE FACTS, COMMONLY BROADCAST BY LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL PRESS,
  SIGNATORY ORGANISATIONS SUPPORT THE FOLLOWING:

      1)   Foreign investment in developing countries must not only consider their mere financial interest of investors, but the real
           interests of the target country and the unrestricted consideration of environmental effects and the quality of life of
           citizens threatened by potential effects of investment.

      2)   It is necessary to eliminate the mechanics of international relations that allow public or private agents in other countries
           to export problems, conflicts or situations of risk to developing countries. The developing world must not turn into the
           world’s rubbish tip.

      3)   It is absolutely necessary to protect the world’s resources. South America is the biggest reserve of land, resources,
           fresh water and forests in the world. Global citizens have a moral obligation to preserve these resources. The only
           allowable exploitation of resources must occur only in order to achieve sustainable development and inter-generational
           equity.

      4)   Economic criteria must take into consideration the relationship between society and nature. Environmental degradation
           effects human rights inherent to all of mankind, and similarly promotes cultural and social degradation.

AND IN CONCORDANCE WITH THE ABOVE, SIGNATORIES ASSENT TO THE FOLLOWING DECLARATION:
      1)   We declare our unity with the potentially affected populations, especially the people of FRAY BENTOS (Uruguay) and
           GUALEGUAYCHÚ (Argentina) and the surrounding areas.

      2)   We oppose the installation of paper pulp mills in these locations until it is guaranteed that they conform to the strictest
           international regulations, thereby upholding the preservation of the environment and the quality of life for the region’s
           inhabitant’s.

      3)   We ask that competent international organizations assume these responsibilities and exercise their capacity to prevent
           harmful effects to the Uruguay River and surrounds, thus guaranteeing the human rights for victims and inhabitants.

      3)   We call together all the entities and organizations of civil society to adhere to the present pronouncement in defense of
           human rights and the natural surroundings.