AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO (354-430) 354 Born in Thagaste, Roman North Africa Nov. 13. Christian mother, Monica, insisted he become a catecumen (but he is not baptized). Educated in Thagaste and in nearby Madaura; parents hope for a fine career -- as lawyer. 371 Father Patricius dies. Augustine to Carthage to continue his education. 373 Augustine (aged 19) takes a concubine, reads Cicero's Horten sius, rejects Christianity, becomes an extern of the Manichean sect. Never progresses to become one of the elect. 374 Returned to Thagaste; assumed position as professor of rhetoric. 376 Moved to Carthage to accept a similar position. During this period he becomes disillusioned with Manicheanism (cosmology, Faustus), and yet maintain contacts with Manichean friends. 383 Against the wishes of estranged mother, leaves Africa and travels to Rome. 384 Through support of Prefect Symmachus he is appointed to professorship of rhetoric at Milan. His mother and others join him in Milan; forced to send away his mistress. Three key influences in Milan: 1. Ambroses' ministry (allegorical interpretation of the OT) cosmology, soul, will 2. Ambrose introduces him to Neo-Platonism (Nature of God, evil) 3. Begins reading the letters of St. Paul (theology of grace, union with Christ) 386 "Conversion." "take and read, take and read." Key text: Romans 13:13-14. Conversion to Christianity? To Neo-Platonism? Autumn resigns his post in Milan and withdraws to Cassiciacum (estate of a friend) to prepare for Lenten baptism. 387 Holy Saturday he, his son Adeodatus, and his friend Alypius are baptized by Ambrose. Intends to return to North Africa; Monica dies at point of departure (Ostia); Augustine stays on in Rome. 388 Returns to Carthage; takes up a monastic life in fellowship with a few friends in Thagaste (3 years). 390 His son Adeodatus dies. De Genesi Contra Manichaeos De Vera Religione liber unus 391 Augustine is ordained as presbyter (priest) in Hippo. Lives in monastic seclusion with friends there. Effective preacher writes against the Manicheans. (391-430 5 volumes of sermons published posthumously -- 395 of them) 393 De Fide et Symbolo ? De Sermone Domini in Mote secundum Matthaeum libri duo 394 ? Exposito Quarumdam Prospositionum ex Epistola ad Romanos Epistolae ad Gallatas Expositio 395 Ordained coadjutor Bishop of Hippo by the failing Bishop Valerius De Libero Arbitrio libri tres, (Manicheanism) 396 Valerius dies and Augustine becomes Bishop of Hippo; functions ably as local Bishop, preacher, author, church leader. 397 ? De Agone Christiano 396- Writes against the Manicheans (more than a dozen books) 405 396 - Psalmus Contra Partem Donati 399 - De Fide - sermon on the reasonableness of faith De Consensu Evangelistarum libri quatuor; I, nature and purpose II - III, teachings of Christ IV, harmony of gospels 400 - Contra Faustum; ? Sermones de Symbolo ad Catechumenos, 4 vols. 404 - (Hippo) De Actis cum Felice Manichaeo libri duo 400- Refutes the Donatists (more than 15 books) 411 400 - Contra Epistolam Parmeniani libri tres (Donatist) De Baptismo Contra Donatistas libri septum 405 Confessions (ca.) 410 The sac of Rome 412- Refutes Pelagianism; especially Julian of Eclanum (16 extant books) 430 418 - De Gratia Christi . . . 428 - De Predestinatione Sanctorum . . . 413 begins De Civitate Dei 414 ? In Iohannis Evangelium Tractatue CXXIV (refutations) 415 De Genesi Ad Litteram libri duodecim Enarrationes in Psalmos 416 De Trinitate 418 Contra Sermonem Arianorum 419 De Coniugiis Adlterinis Locutionum in Heptateuchum libri septem 421 Enchiridion de Fide 426 Completes De Cititate Dei 427 Speculum de Scripture Sacra 51 chapters of moral quotes Retractiones or early 428, Collatio cum Maximino Arianorum Episcopo Contra Maximinum Haereticum Arianorum Episcopum libri duo 428 De Haersibus, summarizes the tenets of 88 heresies 430 August 20, Augustine dies while Hippo is besieged by the Vandals. Known most significantly for his writings; extant works number over 120 items (not counting separate sermons and letters). His published works fill 14 large volumes. He was a great defender and definer of Christian Faith in the midst of significant controversies. A literary craftsman, Augustine contributed much to the shape and content of Christian faith. His recurring emphasis is the Divine-human relationship and the centrality of the grace of God.