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					                                            II – P U C CHEMISTRY
                      CHAPTERWISE IMPORTANT QUESTIONS + CHAPTER WEIGHTAGE
                                   BY NRS, LECTURER IN CHEMISTRY,
I.METALLURGY;(6M)
1. What is an Ellingham's diagram? What are its salient features?----5M
2. Write a note on reducing property of carbon & CO. ----3M
3. With a neat labeled diagram explain the extraction of cast iron from calcined ore? --- 5M*
4. State distribution law.Explain the separation of silver from argentiferrous lead?* --5M
5. Silver oxide (or HgO) is thermodynamically less stable . explain with the help of Ellingham's diagram. --2M
II INDUSTRIALLY IMPORTANT COMPOUNDS;(6M)
1)With a neat labeled diagram explain the manufacture of
 a)ammonia by Haber's process----3M              b)sodium hydroxide by nelsons cell--4M*
 c) sulphuric acid by contact process--4M        d)potassium di chromate—4M
 2) How is conc. Sulphuric acid reacts with a)PCl5 b)HCOOH ------2M
 3) How does potassium di chromate reacts with a)KCl b)KOH ----2M
III.GROUP-18 NOBLE GASES;(3M)
1. Write the general electronic configuration of noble gases.------1M
2. Explain isolation of noble gases from air by Ramsay-Rayleigh's method.3M*
3. How is noble gases are separated from a mixture by Dewar charcoal adsorption method?--3M*
4. How is Xenon converted in to xenonhexafluoroplatinate?-----2M*
IV.d- BLOCK ELEMENTS;(3M)
1. Write the general electronic configuration of transition elements.
2. Write the electronic configuration of a)Cu b)Cr c)Fe-----1M
3. Give reason a) d- block elements forms colored compounds.---2M*
                 b). d- block elements forms complexes-----2M
V.COORDINATION COMPOUNDS;(8M)
1. What is a complex ion? -----1M
2. Give an example for a bidentate ligand. ----1M
3. Explain a)linkage isomerism b)ionisation isomerism c)hydrate isomerism---2M*
4. Write the postulates of Werner's theory. ------3M*
5. Calculate the EAN of a)potassium ferro cyanide b) cuprammonium sulphate
6. Explain sp3 hybridisation that takes place in Ni(CO)4 ---4m*
7. Explain d2sp3 hybridisation that takes place in potassium ferro cyanide . --4M*
8. Explain dsp2 hybridisation that takes place in cuprammonium sulphate.--4M*
9. IUPAC nomenclature of a compound-----1M
    VI.CHEMICAL BONDING; ( 6M)
1. Write any four differences between bonding & anti bonding molecular orbitals.---2M
2. Write the molecular orbital electronic configuration of a)Li2 b)O2 ----1M*
3. Account for the non existence of Helium molecule ----2M*
4. On the basis of LCAO explain the formation of bonding & anti bonding
       molecular orbitals.----4M
 5. Write the energy level diagram for formation of O2 molecule . calculate the
         bond order. predict on magnetic property.------4M*
 6. What is a metallic bond?---1M
 7. Write a note on electron sea model.-----2M
   VII.CHEMICAL KINETICS: (7M)
1. What is a a) second order reaction . Give an ex.
    b)pseudo unimolecular reaction . Give an ex.       c)zero order reaction . Give an ex. -----2M
2. Derive an expression for the rate constant of a first order reaction .---4M*
3. Show that k=0.693/t1/2 -2M *                    (+problems for two marks )
4. Write the Arrhenius equation & explain the terms.---2M
5. What is meant by a)threshold energy b) energy of activation ---1M
   VIII.ELECTROCHEMISTRY;
1. State Faraday's a) first law of electrolysis b) second law of electrolysis ---2M
2. Write the assumptions of Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation .--4M*
3. Write the merits of Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation –2M
4 Write the limitations of Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation –2M
5. Explain Brownsted -Lowry concept of an acid & a base with ex.---2M*
6. Explain Lewis concept of an acid & a base with ex.---2M*
7. Writing conjugate acid& base---1M*
8. Problems on PH ---2M*
9.explain the buffer mechanism of a)acetic acid – sodium acetate buffer solution b)ammonium hydroxide-
ammonium chloride buffer solution ---3M*
10. What is common ion effect?---1M*
11. What is solubility product of a sparingly soluble salt?
12. Problems on solubility (AB type, AB2 type and A2B type )----2M
13. What is standard hydrogen electrode? How it is constructed?-----4M*
14. What are the limitations of SHE?--2M*
15. Explain the working of Daniel cell-----3M
16. Problems on calculation of cell potentials using single electrode potentials-2M
IX.THEORY OF DILUTE SOLUTION (5M)
1. What are colligative properties?---1M
2. Define the term
 a) Vapor pressure b)relative lowering of vapor pressure          c)osmotic pressure--2M
3. State Raoults law.----2M
4. How is relative lowering of vapor pressure measured by Ostwald's – Walker dynamic method?*
X.CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS: (5M)
1.What is a) entropy b)a spontaneous process?--1M
2. What is the unit of entropy?---1M
3. State second law of thermodynamics.--1M
4. What is Gibbs free energy?---1M
5. Write the equation which relates standard free energy change& equilibrium constant Kp---2M*
(+problems)*
6. What are the values of ΔH & ΔS for a non spontaneous process?
XI. COLLOIDS: (4M)
1. Write any four differences between lyophilic & lyophobic sols.---2M
2. How is gold sol prepared by Bredigs electric arc method?---2M
3.Explain a)Tyndall effect b)Brownian movement c)electrophoresis ---2M
4. State Hardy-Schulz rule.-----1M
5. What is gold no. ?
XII.SOLID STATE: (3M)
1. Distinguish between crystalline & amorphous solids ---2m
2. what is a) a unit cell b)meant by co ordination no. of a crystalline solid --1M
3. Calculate the no. of particles per unit cell in
a) Body centered cube
b) Face centered cube ---2M
4. What is meant by radius ratio?
5. Write the structure of a) sodium chloride b)cesium chloride---2M
XIII.CONCEPTS IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: (2M)
1. Explain with example
a) inductive effect b)mesomeric effect c)electromeric effect ----2M
XIV.SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: (4M)
1. How do you convert a)methane to ethane ---2M             b)ethane to methane---4M*
                       c)methanol to ethanol---4M* d) ethanol to methanol---4M*
XV.ISOMERISM:(4M)
1. Explain optical isomerism with an example---2M
2. Explain geometrical isomerism with an example.---2M
 3. What is a chiral carbon atom ? 1M
XVI.HYDROCARBONS -2 (6M)
1. With the help of Bayer's strain theory explain the stability of cyclo alkanes -3M
2. Elucidate the structure of benzene.----4M
3. Explain the mechanism of a)halogenation b) nitration
c)sulphonation                  d)Friedel crafts reaction -------4M*
4. Explain Sache-Mohrs theory of strain less rings----2M
XVII.HALO ALKANES:(4M)
1.Explain with example a) wurtz reaction b)wurtz- fittigs reaction ---2M
2. Explain SN1 mechanism of hydrolysis of tertiary butyl bromide ---3M
3. Explain SN2 mechanism of hydrolysis of methyl bromide ------3M
XVIII.ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN: (12M)
1. How is phenol manufactured by cumene process?--2M
2. Explain a) Kolbes reaction b)Reimer-Tiemanns reaction—2M
3. Explain Aldol condensation with an example.---2M
4. Explain a) Perkin's reaction b)Cannizzaro's reaction----2M
5. Explain the mechanism of Cannizzaro's reaction ----3M
6. How is acetic acid manufactured from methyl magnesium iodide ?---2M
7. Explain how the relative strength of acetic acid, chloro acetic acid, di & tri chloro acetic acids.--2M
XIX.AMINES: (3M)
1. How is acetamide converted in to methanamine?--2M
2. What is the action of acetyl chloride on ethanamine?---2M
3. Write a note on relative basicity of ammonia , methyl ammine, ethyl ammine & aniline----3M
XX.CARBOHYDRATES: (3M)
1. What are a) monosaccharides b)oligo saccharides c) poly saccharides—1M
2. Write the Howarths structure of
a) alpha- D- glucose b) ß- D- Glucose c)alpha- D-fructopyranose
d) ß- D-fructopyranose f)alpha- D-fructofuranose g) ß- D-fructofuranose h)sucrose i)maltose---2M
XXI.OILS & FATS: (3M)
1. Write the general formula of tri glycerides ---2M
2. what is saponification ? Give an example.2M
3. What is rancidity? How it is prevented?---2M
4. How is oils are refined?---2M
5. What are drying oils ? Give an example.
6. What is iodine value?---1M
XXII.AMINO ACIDS & PROTEINS: (3M)
1. What is a)a zwitter ion b) iso- electric point? ---1M
2. What is a tri peptide? How many amino acid molecules & peptide bonds are present in a tri peptide?---2M

QUESTIONS ON PRACTICAL PART FOR TEN MARKS (very ,. Imp.)
1. How is m-dinitro benzene prepared from nitro benzene?---3M
2. How is p- bromoacetanilide prepared from acetanilide?---3M
3. Explain a) Molisch test b) Benedicts test c)Seliwanoff's test d)Acrolin test e)Biuret test f)xanthoprotic
acid test g)Millon test---2M
4. Estimate the mass of KMnO4 present in one liter of given solution using standard oxalic acid solution . ----
5M
5. Estimate the mass of KMnO4 present in one liter of given solution using standard ferrous ammonium
sulphate solution . ----5M
6. Estimate the mass of ferrous ammonium sulphate solution present in one liter of given solution using
standard K2Cr2O7 solution . ----5M

BY NRS, LECTURER IN CHEMISTRY, G P U COLLEGE, SAGAR

				
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