Sustainability and Structural Change by fjhuangjun

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									Communities in Transition:
Sustainability and Structural
          Change

    Conference at New Lanark
         29-30 May 2008
              Welcome

• Steve Bradley, Principal, Westlakes
  Research Institute

• Partners

• Arrangements

• Purpose of conference
“Places people want to
   live and work…”
           Rick Wylie
   Westlakes Research Institute
           In collaboration with
       Southern Uplands Partnership
             In this session

• „Place‟ and place identity

  – key role of place attachment for
    communities in transition

  – examples and illustrations

  – West Cumbria
    West Cumbria – a community in
             transition
•   £1bn spend per annum at Sellafield
•   14,000 direct employees, plus indirect
•   A „nuclear community‟
•   Sellafield part of our place

• BUT... uncertainty... in 12 yrs, maybe 10
  thousand fewer (out of TTWA labour market of
  28K)

• A strong place attachment “...talking about
  roots...”
             Communities…
• Community a „warm‟ word – little „shadow‟ to it

• Many definitions (94 identified by Hillery in 1955)

• “People who have things in common -
  territory, interests, attachments” (Ziller 2004)

• Sustainable communities – “Places people want
  to live and work, now and in the future”
Place - more than community
• “Sources of security and identity for individuals
  and groups of people…” (Relph 1976)

• An affective link people establish with specific
  settings

• “Soft architecture...” (Mulgan 1989)
     • Feel and atmosphere
     • Social networks - and capital
     • Community spirit
                             Place is...
•   Rich
•   Nuanced
•   First person
•   Sensuous

• „Hygge‟
       • Cosy
       • Warm
       • Friendly
       • Turner and Turner
         (2006)
                    Wanlockhead 2008



Place = space with meaning
Elements of place attachment
• Self
   – Identity

• Built and natural environment
   – Security, protection, comfort
   – opportunity

• Social networks
   – Personal relations

• Culture
   – Character, tradition, landscape
                              Place attachment


Place
identity




           Place dependence
      The Southern Uplands of
             Scotland
• (1970‟s – paradox of
  high unemployment
  and labour shortages)
• The Southern Uplands
  Partnership
• Sustainable jobs
• Community focus
• Communities on the
  Edge project
„Communities on the Edge‟ Project

– Identified key elements of community
  projects...

  • Passion – overriding belief in the cause

  • Sense of place – identity and dependence

  • Determination and enthusiasm – the right people
    and relationships

  • Crisis – imminent loss needed to energise and
    rally round...
            Crisis and passion
• St Bride‟s Centre, Douglas -
  £1m
• Motivated the right people

• Crisis in Glespin
• Ramage Distribution
• 150 job losses, community of
  250

• Mobility, attachment
        The power of place

• Another crisis...

• August 28th 2005

• The Gulf of Mexico
NOAA Satellite 28.8.2005 11.45 EDT
               New Orleans

• Half under sea level
  anyway “A bowl
  surrounded by soup”

• By August 31st – 80%
  flooded

• US$ 81.2bn damage



                         New Orleans, Louisiana in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina (2005:08:29 17:24:22),
                         showing Interstate 10 at West End Boulevard, looking towards Lake Pontchartrain
Psychogeographic guide to the city of New Orleans 2006
9th Ward December 2005
            The Power of Place
• In New Orleans‟ 9th
  Ward
    – In Lower 9th Ward
      75% of buildings
      severely damaged
•   Crisis
•   Determination
•   Passion
•   And…
                          ACORN and Cornell, Columbia and Illinois Universities
Key finding… strength of place
     A sustainable community
• Overwhelming majority
  voiced strong commitment
  to community
• View neighbourhoods as
  sacred ground
• Hope
• Optimism
• A place they wanted to live
  and work in
• They didn‟t just walk away
        The lived experience
• Bob Rue
  – Sarouk Shop
    Antique Oriental
    Rugs


• Safety
• Community
• Culture                      On St Charles Avenue
                   Place
• More than people
• More than community
• More than space

• Human experience and meaning
• Human needs and aspirations
  – Safety and security
  – Culture and community
  – Basis of place attachment
    Place - a challenge for
   Communities in Transition

• Place attachment is key

• Place attachment = dependence and identity

• Maintaining places people want to live and work

• „Living Land, Living Community‟

								
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