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School Finance: Grading the States: Securing Progress, Striving to Improve - PDF

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School Finance: Grading the States: Securing Progress, Striving to Improve - PDF Powered By Docstoc
					School Finance
EQUITY Wealth Neutrality Score (2006)1 Coefficient of Variation (2006)1 SPENDING McLoone Index (2006)1 Restricted Range (2006)1 Percent of students in districts with PPE at or above U.S. average (2006)1 100.0 100.0 88.9 99.8 100.0 100.0 74.4 79.6 100.0 99.2 40.3 93.3 97.3 63.2 49.4 70.1 47.7 73.6 31.4 28.5 23.4 40.0 39.0 11.0 11.4 30.9 29.2 23.5 17.9 17.3 14.8 18.7 17.1 27.8 7.2 17.3 13.2 5.1 6.6 15.4 4.3 3.8 4.9 8.5 1.0 1.4 4.4 8.9 13.3 100.0 100.0 Spending Index (2006)1

Relationship between district funding and local property wealth
(negative value indicates higher funding for poorer districts)

Amount of disparity in spending across districts Actual spending as percent of amount needed to bring all students to median level
(lower value indicates greater equity)

GRADE Rhode Island Wyoming Vermont New Jersey Connecticut New York Maine Wisconsin Maryland Massachusetts West Virginia Delaware Alaska Pennsylvania Michigan New Hampshire Ohio Virginia Indiana Kansas Nebraska Minnesota Georgia Arkansas Iowa Colorado California Montana New Mexico Oregon South Carolina Missouri North Dakota Illinois Kentucky Washington South Dakota Alabama Florida Texas Oklahoma Arizona Mississippi North Carolina Tennessee Utah Idaho Nevada Louisiana District of Columbia3 Hawaii3 U.S.5
NOTES:

Difference in per-pupil spending levels at the 95th and 5th percentiles

AAB+ B+ B+ B+ B+ B B B B BBBBBBC+ C+ C+ C+ C+ C+ C C C C C C C C C C CCCCCCD+ D+ D+ D+ D+ D+ D+ D D D NA NA

89.7 89.7 88.0 87.9 87.4 87.2 86.9 86.4 85.4 85.1 83.8 82.0 81.9 81.5 81.1 80.5 80.2 79.5 79.1 78.0 77.5 77.4 77.1 75.9 74.9 74.2 74.1 74.0 74.0 74.0 73.6 73.4 72.7 72.4 72.3 72.3 72.1 72.0 71.2 69.3 69.2 67.9 67.8 67.8 67.7 66.7 65.8 65.1 64.1 NA NA

0.096 -0.033 0.141 -0.003 0.036 0.093 0.130 0.062 0.227 0.052 0.103 0.150 -0.193 0.173 0.163 0.158 0.069 0.186 -0.011 -0.004 -0.090 0.036 0.142 0.084 0.042 0.105 0.026 0.085 -0.020 0.068 0.203 0.082 0.110 0.172 0.059 0.076 -0.010 0.155 0.190 0.123 0.036 0.059 0.335 0.244 0.143 -0.010 0.323 -0.015 0.394 NA NA

91.3 89.3 83.0 90.2 89.9 92.0 88.3 92.1 89.8 88.9 93.8 91.7 94.1 89.6 90.6 85.8 90.0 89.5 88.6 87.4 93.3 91.8 90.6 93.4 92.7 91.5 91.6 92.7 93.4 91.4 90.8 88.3 88.2 88.4 86.3 92.6 89.4 92.9 94.6 91.1 90.5 93.1 88.5 93.3 91.1 96.1 88.2 NA2 94.0 NA NA

0.116 0.160 0.232 0.192 0.141 0.155 0.150 0.103 0.128 0.190 0.082 0.139 0.334 0.168 0.132 0.194 0.166 0.136 0.156 0.162 0.181 0.164 0.127 0.113 0.124 0.145 0.158 0.287 0.220 0.139 0.131 0.159 0.223 0.149 0.130 0.143 0.187 0.102 0.096 0.198 0.184 0.191 0.180 0.129 0.118 0.165 0.215 0.164 0.473 NA NA

$4,234 $4,833 $7,945 $10,838 $7,236 $8,744 $4,122 $3,531 $4,448 $8,202 $1,895 $5,736 $12,307 $4,867 $3,826 $6,631 $4,681 $4,455 $3,886 $3,634 $3,583 $4,305 $4,123 $2,847 $2,811 $2,867 $3,770 $4,464 $4,049 $3,284 $3,425 $3,930 $3,145 $6,209 $3,118 $2,803 $3,507 $2,550 $2,200 $4,639 $2,947 $2,811 $3,782 $3,165 $2,726 $2,333 $2,941 $3,882 $2,716 NA NA

Per-pupil expenditures (PPE), adjusted for regional cost differences (2006) $12,478 $14,126 $15,139 $13,238 $11,885 $13,064 $12,985 $10,529 $10,088 $11,545 $11,150 $11,426 $12,090 $11,252 $9,809 $11,169 $10,119 $8,725 $10,053 $10,216 $11,023 $9,476 $8,754 $9,756 $9,977 $8,514 $7,571 $11,660 $9,525 $9,460 $9,008 $9,146 $10,885 $8,829 $8,681 $7,688 $10,223 $8,769 $8,437 $7,561 $8,255 $7,112 $8,635 $7,835 $7,620 $5,964 $8,034 $7,213 $9,787 $11,193 $10,426

Per-pupil spending levels weighted by the degree to which districts meet or approach national average for expenditures (cost and student-need adjusted)

100.0 100.0 98.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.6 99.0 100.0 100.0 96.5 99.8 99.2 96.8 95.2 97.0 94.7 97.5 90.4 90.5 87.3 93.0 93.9 86.6 86.1 90.8 91.7 85.9 84.5 89.6 86.6 85.3 87.7 91.4 85.2 89.3 82.1 83.3 85.3 84.3 73.7 71.5 77.3 83.3 77.6 61.2 72.5 81.5 88.6 100.0 100.0

Percent of total taxable resources spent on education (2006) 4.1 3.5 5.3 4.9 4.0 4.2 4.6 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.6 2.4 3.3 4.1 4.6 4.0 4.3 3.3 4.4 4.1 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.2 3.5 3.0 3.3 3.7 3.7 3.2 4.1 3.7 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.0 2.9 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.9 2.6 2.8 3.2 3.5 2.8 2.7 NA4 4.2

C+

77.2

0.097

90.7

0.168

$4,387

$9,963

42.6

90.0

3.7

1. Figures in this column are adjusted to reflect regional cost differences and weighted for student needs. The national average for adjusted per-pupil expenditures is $9,644. 2. The Clark County school district enrolls the majority of students in Nevada, making its per-pupil spending the statewide median. In addition, Clark County is Nevada's lowest-spending district, with adjusted per-pupil expenditures of $7,703. Because of these two factors, a value for the McLoone Index comparable to other states cannot be calculated. Nevada's grade is based on all other available indicators. 3. The District of Columbia and Hawaii are single-district jurisdictions. As a result it is not possible to calculate measures of financial equity, which capture the distribution of funding across districts within a state. The District of Columbia and Hawaii do not receive grades for school finance. 4. The District of Columbia does not have a state-level revenue source. 5. The U.S. row reports the indicator value for the average state. SOURCE: EPE Research Center, 2009

QUALITY COUNTS 2009 online at www.edweek.org/go/qc09


				
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Description: School Finance: Grading the States: Securing Progress, Striving to Improve