Docstoc

Islamic Art Islamic Art Calligraphy Architecture

Document Sample
Islamic Art Islamic Art Calligraphy Architecture Powered By Docstoc
					                 Islamic Art

Calligraphy, Architecture, & Rugs



Source: “Islamic Arts & Architecture Organization.” 23 Feb 2005
                 <http://www.islamicart.com>.
                Architecture
• Expressions of power
• Focused on interior space instead
  of outside
• Forms used repetitively (arches,
  columns, courtyards, domes)
• Little directional arrangement
• Organic design
  – Easy to make additions (ie: as families grow)
  – Maze of structures
Shady
court-
yard of
house
  in
 Cairo
“Dome of the Rock”
Inside of “Dome of the Rock”
Inner dome of “Dome of the Rock”
The Haram (Great Mosque)
Great Mosque of Qairawwan
Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil
        “The Spiral”
Taj Mahal
The Alhambra
 Inner court
of Alhambra
Courtyard arches & columns of
          Alhambra
Wall ornamental relief at
       Alhambra
           “Oriental” Rugs
• Begun by nomads needing portable
  coverings
• Valued as art throughout world
• Value depends on precise, small knots
  (hand-knotted) & shortness of pile
• Two most famous rug producers
   –Turkey = geometric patterns
   –Persia = floral patterns
• Common colors = red, yellow, green
      Symbolism of Rugs
• Fighting animals = struggle b/t
  good & evil
• Cypress Tree = mourning or
  life after death
• Palm & Coconut = blessings
• Peony = wealth
• Lotus = great lineage
• Cresent = faith
• Fringe = wisdom & immortality
Persia
Persia
Persia
Turkey
Turkey
            Calligraphy
• Calligraphy = the art of writing
    highly respected art in ME
• Symbolic of unity, beauty, & power
• Highly sophisticated & varying
  styles
• Importance shown  appear on
  walls, windows, furniture &
  everyday items
              Calligraphy
• Varying types of calligraphy
Gulzar
Zoomorphic
Tughra
             Calligraphy
• Varying mediums using calligraphy
Bowl w/ Foliated Calligraphy
Qur'an
     Rare
 illustrated
 version of
the “Life of
      the
  Prophet”
Marble Wall in Afghanistan
               Calligraphy
• Varying styles of calligraphy
Kufi (geometric) Script
Naskh
Riq'a
Thuluth

				
DOCUMENT INFO