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					                             PHYSICAL COMFORT
       Physical comfort means the absence of excessive cold, heat or unpleasant
       stimulation. Excessive stimulation might be a noisy environment or irritated
       skin. Physical comfort is particularly important in health and social care
       settings for clients who are unable to control their own environment.
       Babies rely totally on their carers (usually a parent) to look after them and
       make sure they are physically

Babies crying                                        Recommendations
                                                    Avoid over-stimulating the baby with too much
Common causes of excessive crying                   activity or new experiences, and try to introduce
include:                                            some sort of routine, eg with a regular evening
                                                    bathtime and quiet bedtime.
       Hunger
       Tiredness                                   Traditional strategies, such as holding, carrying,
                                                    rocking, cradling or walking with the baby are still
       Colic                                       firm favourites. ‘White noise’, such as a detuned
       Trapped wind                                radio on a low volume, the sound of a vacuum
       Wet or soiled nappy                         cleaner or a washing machine, can also act as
       Too hot or cold                             enough of a distraction to interrupt the tears.
       Wants bodily contact or your
        attention                                   Sucking can give relief to babies with colic - you
                                                    may wish to try offering your (clean) little finger, or
       Boredom or over-stimulation.                a sterilised dummy. There are medicines available
                                                    for the treatment of colic, which either work to ‘mop
Trust your instincts - if your baby will            up’ tiny bubbles of trapped wind in the gut or break
not stop crying, and this is unusual,               down the lactose in the milk to aid digestion.
s/he may be unwell and should be                    However, success is varied and the colic may not
                                                    stop until the baby’s digestive system matures
seen by a doctor if discomfort                      sufficiently at around three to four months.
continues. There may be other signs
of illness, such as a high temperature,             If the crying is becoming intolerable, arrange to
pale skin, sickness or diarrhoea.                   leave the baby in the care of a trusted family
                                                    member or friend, or put the baby safely in the cot
                                                    while you take some time out away from the noise.
                                                    Take turns with your partner to share night duties,
                                                    so that the disruption to your own sleep is
                                                    minimised as much as possible.

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Jun Wang Jun Wang Dr
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