économie sociale Recherche partenariale _recherche action by rt3463df


									Sustainable Development and Social Economy
             Partnership research
              Social innovation

         Omer Chouinard & Gilles Martin
                 December 5th 2008

         Social Economy and Sustainability Research Network
           Partenariat sur l’économie sociale et la durabilité
         Bridging, Bonding, and Building / Renforcement des
                         liens et des capacités
               Presentation outline

   Definition of Sustainable Development
   Definition of Social Economy
   Social Economy main principles
   Old Social Economy / New Social Economy
   Similarities and distinctions between
    Sustainable Development and Social Economy
    Value and Mutual Benefit of Partnership
   Notion of reciprocity
   Social innovation concept (social change)
Sustainable Development

   Sustainability requires maintaining a constant stock of
    natural capital.

   The goals pursued for a « Sustainable Development »
    project are therefore inspired by a global vision

   One must recognize the systemic dimension of
    sustainable development:
      a collective concerted or negotiated product;

      the environment as a condition;

      the economy as a tool;

      and the collectivity as purpose (Gendron 2007)
   Definitions

    - The Government of Canada defines SE as «
    […] an entrepreneurial, not for profit sector that
    seeks to enhance the social, economic and
    environmental conditions of communities […] »

    - Social Economy is defined as: strategic social
    change based on the influence that concerned
    people and communities have on their local
    natural and economic resources.
Social economy

   Social Economy assumes that development is carried by
    the State, the market and the civil society;

   Social Economy seen as a movement is a mobilization
    that includes domain unheard of previously (responsible
    finance, fair trade, etc…)

   The economy is an integral part of social issues and
    social issues are an integral part of the ecology

Source: Corinne Gendron et Christiane Gagnon, Développement durable et
   économie sociale: convergences et articulations, 2004

   The activities of the Social Economy is based on
    participation, ownership and individual responsability
    and collective
Source: Définition proposée par le Chantier de l’économie sociale qui a fait consensus
   au Sommet sur l’économie et l’emploi en octobre 1996, Québec (extrait du rapport «
   Osons la solidarité, »

   In the social economy, we must take into account the
    question of scale ...
    Eg.: The Desjardins movement which is a credit ...
    and across that a service such as daycare or even a
    watershed association.
Old Social Economy / New Social
The old Social Economy
- Mutual cooperatives
- Non-profit organizations
- Democratic principle (one member, one vote)
The new Social Economy
- Sociological and relational factors
Those factors bring the individual and the enterprise in a
  context of activities ruled by governance and

Examples: The NB Watershed Groups and the « Centre de
  bénévolat de la Péninsule Acadienne »
    Convergences and divergences between
    Sustainable Development and Social Economy

   Based on similar principles = autonomy, focus on
    satisfaction of needs , resilience and democracy.
   Questionning thoroughly the definition of common
    wealth, of collective social well-being and wider issues
    of general interest
   How to reconcile environment and economy? : the
    solution requires civic and committed participation of
    the social players
   Écology= science and comprehension of the house
    Économy= home management (DeRosnay, 1994)
    Notion of reciprocity

 A close link between social, economical and
  ecologic dimensions
 Reciprocity explains the exchange between
  researcher and community.
In short, reciprocity is a social phenomenom
  which allows the existence of organizations
Key words: equality, solidarity, efficiency, social
  relations, the collective « we », equity, justice,
John Restakis « Defining social Economy » BC Social Economy Roundtable
Notion of reciprocity

   Reciprocity can be understood primarily by social
    relations which include emotional and spiritual aspects.

   It is based mainly on economic values which depend on
    sharing and strengthening interpersonal attitudes and
    values which are essential ties between individuals and
Notion of reciprocity
 Reciprocity, in Social Economy, is based on three main
Cooperatives: reciprocity is expressed by a mutual type of
  enterprise which belongs to community members who
  are the main beneficiaries.
Non-profit organizations: reciprocity is expressed by
  curbing surplus distribution. The main goal is to put
  forward the social objectives of the enterprise.
Registered charities and volunteer organizations:
  reciprocity is expressed through altruism, donations (
  moneys in the case of charities and work in the case of
  volunteer organizations ) offering resources to be
  distributed to consumers without expecting anything in
Social innovation
   Social innovation involves a new activity that
    the community is able to capture
    ex. -Transport in ‘Gaspésie’
       -The example of the restoration program of
       septic systems ownership by local
       communities has established links between
       social entrepreneurs, poor families and
       created a more sustainable awareness
Social innovation

   At the center of economic dynamics
   Concept explicitly associated to SE
   Social movements – social change – social innovation
   Contributes to a social transformation movement
   Takes part in the transition between one model of
    development and another
   Calls upon the institutional system
   Refers to interactions, to relations among organizations
    that bring new institutional standards
   Goals of social innovation: reversal of social norms and
    establishment of a framework for new standards

• The social economy recognizes that the economy is a
way (tool) in the service of society ...

that being said, the development becomes sustainable
when the environment is a prerequisite
                    THE MARKET

Public sector
                                      Private sector

                     Social economy
       Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies
             Non-profit organizations
                Registered Charities
               Volunteer associations
                Services Associations
                 Socially Responsible Companies
       Questions and/or comments

          Social Economy and Sustainability Research Network
            Partenariat sur l’économie sociale et la durabilité
Bridging, Bonding, and Building / Renforcement des liens et des capacités
ARUC-ÉS (Alliance de recherche universités-communautés en économie sociale
   -La recherche partenariale: le modèle de l’ARUC-ÉS et du RQRP-ÉS
   -Guide pour la valorisation des connaissances en contexte de recherche
   partenariale « www.aruc-es.uqam.ca »
Boucher, Jacques L: « Économie et Solidarité » Mouvements sociaux et économie
   sociale, Presse de l’Université du Québec, 2002, 161pp.
Gendron, Corinne et Gagnon Christiane : Développement durable et économie
   sociale, convergences et articulations, Revue du CRISES, (R-17-2004)
Jacobs, Peter et Sadler Barry, eds: « Développement durable et évaluation
   environnementale, perspectives de planification d’un avenir commun; Conseil
   canadien de la recherche sur l’évaluation environnementale », Ottawa, 1990.
Klein, Juan Luis et Harrisson Denis : « L’innovation sociale» Introduction, Presse
   de l’Université du Québec, 2007, 423pp.
Ninacs , William A: Le pouvoir dans la participation au développement local dans
   « Développement local, économie sociale et démocratie », Presses de
   l’Université du Québec, 2002, 341pp.
Restakis, John: « Defining social Economy » BC Social Economy Roundtable,
   2006, 16pp.
Waaub, Jean-Philippe et Graillot Didier : « Aide à la décision pour l’aménagement
   du territoire, méthodes et outils » Information Géographique et
   Aménagement du territoire, Éditions Lavoisier, 2006, 437pp.

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