Sustainable Development and Social Economy Partnership research Reciprocity Social innovation Omer Chouinard & Gilles Martin December 5th 2008 Social Economy and Sustainability Research Network Partenariat sur l’économie sociale et la durabilité Bridging, Bonding, and Building / Renforcement des liens et des capacités Presentation outline Definition of Sustainable Development Definition of Social Economy Social Economy main principles Old Social Economy / New Social Economy Similarities and distinctions between Sustainable Development and Social Economy Value and Mutual Benefit of Partnership Research Notion of reciprocity Social innovation concept (social change) Sustainable Development Sustainability requires maintaining a constant stock of natural capital. The goals pursued for a « Sustainable Development » project are therefore inspired by a global vision One must recognize the systemic dimension of sustainable development: a collective concerted or negotiated product; the environment as a condition; the economy as a tool; and the collectivity as purpose (Gendron 2007) SOCIAL ECONOMY (SE) Definitions - The Government of Canada defines SE as « […] an entrepreneurial, not for profit sector that seeks to enhance the social, economic and environmental conditions of communities […] » - Social Economy is defined as: strategic social change based on the influence that concerned people and communities have on their local natural and economic resources. Social economy Social Economy assumes that development is carried by the State, the market and the civil society; Social Economy seen as a movement is a mobilization that includes domain unheard of previously (responsible finance, fair trade, etc…) The economy is an integral part of social issues and social issues are an integral part of the ecology Source: Corinne Gendron et Christiane Gagnon, Développement durable et économie sociale: convergences et articulations, 2004 (contd…) The activities of the Social Economy is based on participation, ownership and individual responsability and collective Source: Définition proposée par le Chantier de l’économie sociale qui a fait consensus au Sommet sur l’économie et l’emploi en octobre 1996, Québec (extrait du rapport « Osons la solidarité, » In the social economy, we must take into account the question of scale ... Eg.: The Desjardins movement which is a credit ... and across that a service such as daycare or even a watershed association. Old Social Economy / New Social Economy The old Social Economy - Mutual cooperatives - Non-profit organizations - Democratic principle (one member, one vote) The new Social Economy - Sociological and relational factors Those factors bring the individual and the enterprise in a context of activities ruled by governance and democracy. Examples: The NB Watershed Groups and the « Centre de bénévolat de la Péninsule Acadienne » Convergences and divergences between Sustainable Development and Social Economy Based on similar principles = autonomy, focus on satisfaction of needs , resilience and democracy. Questionning thoroughly the definition of common wealth, of collective social well-being and wider issues of general interest How to reconcile environment and economy? : the solution requires civic and committed participation of the social players Écology= science and comprehension of the house Économy= home management (DeRosnay, 1994) Notion of reciprocity A close link between social, economical and ecologic dimensions Reciprocity explains the exchange between researcher and community. In short, reciprocity is a social phenomenom which allows the existence of organizations Key words: equality, solidarity, efficiency, social relations, the collective « we », equity, justice, etc. John Restakis « Defining social Economy » BC Social Economy Roundtable Notion of reciprocity Reciprocity can be understood primarily by social relations which include emotional and spiritual aspects. It is based mainly on economic values which depend on sharing and strengthening interpersonal attitudes and values which are essential ties between individuals and communities. Notion of reciprocity Reciprocity, in Social Economy, is based on three main elements. Cooperatives: reciprocity is expressed by a mutual type of enterprise which belongs to community members who are the main beneficiaries. Non-profit organizations: reciprocity is expressed by curbing surplus distribution. The main goal is to put forward the social objectives of the enterprise. Registered charities and volunteer organizations: reciprocity is expressed through altruism, donations ( moneys in the case of charities and work in the case of volunteer organizations ) offering resources to be distributed to consumers without expecting anything in return Social innovation Social innovation involves a new activity that the community is able to capture ex. -Transport in ‘Gaspésie’ -The example of the restoration program of septic systems ownership by local communities has established links between social entrepreneurs, poor families and created a more sustainable awareness Social innovation At the center of economic dynamics Concept explicitly associated to SE Social movements – social change – social innovation Contributes to a social transformation movement Takes part in the transition between one model of development and another Calls upon the institutional system Refers to interactions, to relations among organizations that bring new institutional standards Goals of social innovation: reversal of social norms and establishment of a framework for new standards Conclusion • The social economy recognizes that the economy is a way (tool) in the service of society ... that being said, the development becomes sustainable when the environment is a prerequisite THE MARKET Public sector Private sector Social economy Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies Non-profit organizations Registered Charities Volunteer associations Services Associations Socially Responsible Companies Questions and/or comments Social Economy and Sustainability Research Network Partenariat sur l’économie sociale et la durabilité Bridging, Bonding, and Building / Renforcement des liens et des capacités Bibliography ARUC-ÉS (Alliance de recherche universités-communautés en économie sociale -La recherche partenariale: le modèle de l’ARUC-ÉS et du RQRP-ÉS -Guide pour la valorisation des connaissances en contexte de recherche partenariale « www.aruc-es.uqam.ca » Boucher, Jacques L: « Économie et Solidarité » Mouvements sociaux et économie sociale, Presse de l’Université du Québec, 2002, 161pp. Gendron, Corinne et Gagnon Christiane : Développement durable et économie sociale, convergences et articulations, Revue du CRISES, (R-17-2004) Jacobs, Peter et Sadler Barry, eds: « Développement durable et évaluation environnementale, perspectives de planification d’un avenir commun; Conseil canadien de la recherche sur l’évaluation environnementale », Ottawa, 1990. Klein, Juan Luis et Harrisson Denis : « L’innovation sociale» Introduction, Presse de l’Université du Québec, 2007, 423pp. Ninacs , William A: Le pouvoir dans la participation au développement local dans « Développement local, économie sociale et démocratie », Presses de l’Université du Québec, 2002, 341pp. Restakis, John: « Defining social Economy » BC Social Economy Roundtable, 2006, 16pp. Waaub, Jean-Philippe et Graillot Didier : « Aide à la décision pour l’aménagement du territoire, méthodes et outils » Information Géographique et Aménagement du territoire, Éditions Lavoisier, 2006, 437pp.
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