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					Top tips for Higher Speaking




                  Part 1
             GCSE French 2009
South Dartmoor Community College Department
            of Modern Languages
                       Mantra
 tenses
 opinions

 expand / detail / justify / explain


   Objective:
   Meet some tenses which can be used in speaking (H) to
    improve your grade to a B or higher
         Edexcel Mark Scheme
   Papers are out of 50 (Raw) marks
   Converted into Uniform marks
   Higher papers = 90
   Foundation papers = 59
   4 papers = 360 Uniform marks (H)
                236 Uniform marks (F)
              Grade boundaries
grade   Max     A*    A     B     C     D
        mark
Total   360     320   280   240   200   160
uniform
mark
              2007 Speaking (H)
               grade boundaries
grade   Max     A*    A     B     C     D
        mark
Raw     50      40    34    28    23    17
mark


Total   360     320   280   240   200   160
uniform
mark
    How do we get highest marks?

   Role Play B (10 marks)
   transactional + 1 unpredicatable element
   successful completion of all transactional
    elements and
   dealing successfully with the unpredictable
    element
   no prompting necessary
    How do we get highest marks?
   Role Play C (10 marks)
   prescribed tasks all completed
   no prompting necessary
   the 2 unpredictable elements dealt with
    successfully
   little or no hesitation
   takes the initiative and expands
            2 Conversations
(Chosen topic + 1 additional conversation)

   Communication and content (10 marks)
   deals well with a wide range of question types
   expands and develops
   expresses a wide range of opinions
   justifies opinions
                 Conversations

   Application of language (10 marks)
   demonstrates use of a wide range of structures
    and lexis
   uses some more complex lexical items
   ‘very competent’ use of present, past and
    future tenses
                   Conversations

   Accuracy (10 marks)
   very accurate with only a few isolated errors
   pronunciation and intonation are of a
    consistently good standard
                         Tenses
   Plus-que-parfait
   used to describe a past action that happened prior to
    another past action

   e.g. I had washed the dishes when the phone rang.
   J’avais fait la vaisselle quand le téléphone a sonné.

   I had gone to the cinema where I met my friends.
   J’étais allé(e) au cinéma, où j’ai retrouvé mes ami(e)s.
   Plus-que-parfait
   is constructed from the imperfect tense of the
    auxiliary avoir /être + the past participle

   J’avais fait la vaisselle quand le téléphone a
    sonné.

   J’étais allé(e) au cinéma, où j’ai retrouvé mes
    ami(e)s.
       5.2 Qu’est-ce que tu as fait le
            weekend dernier?

   Le weekend dernier, j’ai aidé à la maison. Mes
    parents m’avaient donné de l’argent de poche,
    alors je suis allé(e) au cinéma.

   Last weekend I helped at home. My parents had
    given me some pocket money, so I went to the
    cinema.
   Past conditional
   used together with the plus-que-parfait, the past
    conditional expresses what would have happened if
    another condition (in the past) had been met.
   e.g. I would have been happy if I had done my
    homework.
   J’aurais été content(e) si j’avais fait mes devoirs.
     (past conditional)   (plus-que-parfait)
   Past conditional
   is formed from the conditional of the auxiliary
     avoir / être + the past participle

   J’aurais été content si j’avais fait mes devoirs.
   I would have been happy if I had done my homework.
   Mme. MKA n’aurait pas hurlé!
   MKA would not have shouted.
   J’y serais allé(e) si j’avais eu de l’argent.
   I would have gone there/to it (i.e. the cinema) if I had
    had some money.
      1.8 Où préférais-tu habiter?
   J’habite à Newton Abbot. J’aurais préféré
    habiter à Exeter, mais mes parents avaient
    acheté une grande maison à Newton.

   I live in Newton Abbot. I would have preferred
    to live in Exeter, but my parents had bought a
    big house in Newton.
 2.15 Qu’est-ce que tu as fait hier au
              collège?
Hier, je n’avais pas fait mes devoirs, alors je suis
 allé(e) à la bibliothèque pendant la recréation.

Si j’avais fait mes devoirs, je serais allé(e) à la
   cantine avec mes ami(e)s.

Yesterday, I had not done my homework, so I
 went to the library at break.

If I had done my homework, I would have gone to
   the cantine with my friends.
   Future anterior
   this tense describes what will have happened
    after a certain point in the future.
   e.g. When I will have finished secondary school
    I will go to university.
   Quand j’aurai terminé mes études secondaires,
    j’irai à l’université.
   Future anterior
   is constructed from the future tense of the
    auxiliary avoir / être + the past participle
   Quand j’aurai terminé mes études secondaires,
            (future of avoir)

   j’irai à l’université.
(future of aller)
2.22 Qu’est-ce que tu veux faire plus
         tard dans la vie?
   Plus tard dans la vie, je voudrais être véterinaire.
   Quand j’aurais fini mes études secondaires,
    j’irai à l’université, et j’étudierai les sciences.

   Later in life, I would like to be a vet. When I
    will have finished my secondary schooling, I will
    go to university, and I will study science.
     Using the tense to give a time
               indicator
Il y a        There is / There are
              We do this one all the time, and
              it has become automatic.
Il y avait    There was / There were
              Using AVOIR in the imperfect,
              to describe how something was
              in the past.
Il y aura     There will be
Il y aurait   There would be
      2.14 Parle-moi de ton uniforme
                 scolaire.
   Je déteste mon uniforme scolaire, c’est moche et
    c’est inconfortable. Si j’avais mon choix, il y
    aurait un nouvel uniforme scolaire. On aurait le
    choix d’un jean et t-shirt, ou d’une jupe.

   I hate my school uniform, it’s ugly and
    uncomfortable. If I were to have my choice,
    there would be a new school uniform. We
    would have the choice of jeans and a tee-shirt or
    a skirt.
                Health Warning

   This powerpoint is only intended as an introduction.
   You MUST be able to competently use the perfect,
    imperfect, present and future tenses BEFORE you
    attempt to use these more complex tenses.
   You must revise and practise these tenses to become
    more familiar with them.
   Get practice by incorporating these tenses into your
    Conversation Booklet answers and ask your teacher /
    FLA/ Miss Hibberd to check them.
   Tenses will gain you the most marks in the
    “Application of Language” and “Accuracy” marks
    grids of the speaking exam. (10 marks each)
   However, “Communication and Content” (10
    marks) is also very important. In addition to using
    these very ambitious tenses, you must also make sure to
    include your opinions, justify them, and take every
    opportunity to expand your answers.
   More Top Tips after Easter!
   Joyeuses Pâques!

				
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