Top tips for Higher Speaking Part 1 GCSE French 2009 South Dartmoor Community College Department of Modern Languages Mantra tenses opinions expand / detail / justify / explain Objective: Meet some tenses which can be used in speaking (H) to improve your grade to a B or higher Edexcel Mark Scheme Papers are out of 50 (Raw) marks Converted into Uniform marks Higher papers = 90 Foundation papers = 59 4 papers = 360 Uniform marks (H) 236 Uniform marks (F) Grade boundaries grade Max A* A B C D mark Total 360 320 280 240 200 160 uniform mark 2007 Speaking (H) grade boundaries grade Max A* A B C D mark Raw 50 40 34 28 23 17 mark Total 360 320 280 240 200 160 uniform mark How do we get highest marks? Role Play B (10 marks) transactional + 1 unpredicatable element successful completion of all transactional elements and dealing successfully with the unpredictable element no prompting necessary How do we get highest marks? Role Play C (10 marks) prescribed tasks all completed no prompting necessary the 2 unpredictable elements dealt with successfully little or no hesitation takes the initiative and expands 2 Conversations (Chosen topic + 1 additional conversation) Communication and content (10 marks) deals well with a wide range of question types expands and develops expresses a wide range of opinions justifies opinions Conversations Application of language (10 marks) demonstrates use of a wide range of structures and lexis uses some more complex lexical items ‘very competent’ use of present, past and future tenses Conversations Accuracy (10 marks) very accurate with only a few isolated errors pronunciation and intonation are of a consistently good standard Tenses Plus-que-parfait used to describe a past action that happened prior to another past action e.g. I had washed the dishes when the phone rang. J’avais fait la vaisselle quand le téléphone a sonné. I had gone to the cinema where I met my friends. J’étais allé(e) au cinéma, où j’ai retrouvé mes ami(e)s. Plus-que-parfait is constructed from the imperfect tense of the auxiliary avoir /être + the past participle J’avais fait la vaisselle quand le téléphone a sonné. J’étais allé(e) au cinéma, où j’ai retrouvé mes ami(e)s. 5.2 Qu’est-ce que tu as fait le weekend dernier? Le weekend dernier, j’ai aidé à la maison. Mes parents m’avaient donné de l’argent de poche, alors je suis allé(e) au cinéma. Last weekend I helped at home. My parents had given me some pocket money, so I went to the cinema. Past conditional used together with the plus-que-parfait, the past conditional expresses what would have happened if another condition (in the past) had been met. e.g. I would have been happy if I had done my homework. J’aurais été content(e) si j’avais fait mes devoirs. (past conditional) (plus-que-parfait) Past conditional is formed from the conditional of the auxiliary avoir / être + the past participle J’aurais été content si j’avais fait mes devoirs. I would have been happy if I had done my homework. Mme. MKA n’aurait pas hurlé! MKA would not have shouted. J’y serais allé(e) si j’avais eu de l’argent. I would have gone there/to it (i.e. the cinema) if I had had some money. 1.8 Où préférais-tu habiter? J’habite à Newton Abbot. J’aurais préféré habiter à Exeter, mais mes parents avaient acheté une grande maison à Newton. I live in Newton Abbot. I would have preferred to live in Exeter, but my parents had bought a big house in Newton. 2.15 Qu’est-ce que tu as fait hier au collège? Hier, je n’avais pas fait mes devoirs, alors je suis allé(e) à la bibliothèque pendant la recréation. Si j’avais fait mes devoirs, je serais allé(e) à la cantine avec mes ami(e)s. Yesterday, I had not done my homework, so I went to the library at break. If I had done my homework, I would have gone to the cantine with my friends. Future anterior this tense describes what will have happened after a certain point in the future. e.g. When I will have finished secondary school I will go to university. Quand j’aurai terminé mes études secondaires, j’irai à l’université. Future anterior is constructed from the future tense of the auxiliary avoir / être + the past participle Quand j’aurai terminé mes études secondaires, (future of avoir) j’irai à l’université. (future of aller) 2.22 Qu’est-ce que tu veux faire plus tard dans la vie? Plus tard dans la vie, je voudrais être véterinaire. Quand j’aurais fini mes études secondaires, j’irai à l’université, et j’étudierai les sciences. Later in life, I would like to be a vet. When I will have finished my secondary schooling, I will go to university, and I will study science. Using the tense to give a time indicator Il y a There is / There are We do this one all the time, and it has become automatic. Il y avait There was / There were Using AVOIR in the imperfect, to describe how something was in the past. Il y aura There will be Il y aurait There would be 2.14 Parle-moi de ton uniforme scolaire. Je déteste mon uniforme scolaire, c’est moche et c’est inconfortable. Si j’avais mon choix, il y aurait un nouvel uniforme scolaire. On aurait le choix d’un jean et t-shirt, ou d’une jupe. I hate my school uniform, it’s ugly and uncomfortable. If I were to have my choice, there would be a new school uniform. We would have the choice of jeans and a tee-shirt or a skirt. Health Warning This powerpoint is only intended as an introduction. You MUST be able to competently use the perfect, imperfect, present and future tenses BEFORE you attempt to use these more complex tenses. You must revise and practise these tenses to become more familiar with them. Get practice by incorporating these tenses into your Conversation Booklet answers and ask your teacher / FLA/ Miss Hibberd to check them. Tenses will gain you the most marks in the “Application of Language” and “Accuracy” marks grids of the speaking exam. (10 marks each) However, “Communication and Content” (10 marks) is also very important. In addition to using these very ambitious tenses, you must also make sure to include your opinions, justify them, and take every opportunity to expand your answers. More Top Tips after Easter! Joyeuses Pâques!