# Topics ( Theory Practice ) Scalar and vector

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```							    Department                                                                 Major
General Studies Department                                               All Majors

Electronic / Electrical                       Electric power / Electric machines /
Department                                           Major
Technology                                    Electronics
Course Title Physics                                 Code     104 phy
Prerequisite    None

Course Description :                                           Semester        1       2     3 4
This course aims at giving direct and clear               Credit hr/w     3
answers to all the questions about nature forces that
God put in matter for the sake of man. Especially             Contact
L     2
hr/w     W      2
those questions in the field of mechanics. It also gives                T      0
a practical and scientific definition for the                           L
indispensable measurement science.                            Contact
W
hr/sem.
T

General Goal :
This course was designed to support and extract the scientific learning ability of the student
through learning and understanding the principle fundamentals and the basic subjects of each
technological specialization to build on them later in the situations that enable him of harmonical
scientific and direct understanding.

Behavioral Objectives :

Student is able to :
Understand the basic importance of units and dimensions theory in physical
measurements
Ability to differentiate between correct and wrong laws on direct scientific basis
Understand Newtonian Mechanics correctly
Acquire knowledge of fundamentals of thermodynamics
Identify the electrical properties of materials found in nature
Identify the electronic properties of materials used practicaly

Topics ( Theory & Practice ) : Scalar and vector quantities – Force and motion –
Conservation of energy – Static equilibrium - Static electricity - Electric current
Physical measurements – Hook’s law –Free fall – Specific heat capacity - Latent heat - Friction
coefficient – Ohm’s law – Study of ratio between potential differences in a transformer.

1
Department                                                        Major
General Studies Department                                      All Majors

Detailed Curriculum ( Theory )
Hours                         Contents                        Behavioral Objectives
Vector and Scalar Quantities
1-1 General Introduction                             1- Differentiate between
1-2 Scalar Quantities                                    vector and scalar of the
1-3 Vector Quantities                                    quantities the student deal
1-3-1 Adding vector quantities (drawing method)          with to facilitate using
6       1-3-2 Components of vector quantities                    them as each type has its
1-4 Unit vector                                          own laws
1-5 Multiplying vector quantities                       2- Representing vector
1-5-1 Scalar product                                     quantities in a plane and
in space
1-5-2 Vector product
(Solved Examples + General Exercises)
5       Force and motion                                  1- Mechanics study the relation

2.1 General introduction                             between each of mass, force,

2.2 Concept of displacement and distance             and acceleration that results

2.3 Average velocity                                 and the surrounding medium

2.4 Instantaneous velocity                        2- Concept of resultant force of

2.5 Instantaneous acceleration                       different forces acting on a

2.6 Motion in a straight line with constant          body

acceleration                                      3- Applied practical fields of

2.7 Newton’s first law                               Newton’s laws of motion

2.8 Newton’s second law
2.8.1 Concept of weight
2.9 Newton’s third law
2.10 Friction

2
Department                                                       Major
General Studies Department                                     All Majors
2.11 Work and kinetic energy
2.12 Kinetic energy
2.13 Latent energy
(examples + general exercises)
3       Conservation of energy                           1- Energy is neither destroyed

3.1 general introduction                            nor created

3.2 Conservation of energy                       2- Relation between force and

3.3 Conservation of momentum                        momentum through

3.4 Law of conservation of momentum                 Newton’s second law

(solved examples + general exercises)
4       Static Electricity                               1- Concept of static charge and

4.1 General introduction                            its relation to electric field

4.2 Electric charge                              2- Attreaction and repulsion

4.3 Coulomb’s law                                   forces between like and

4.4 Electric field                                  unlike charges

4.5 Electric potential difference                3- Electric potential is a scalar

(solved examples + general exercises)               quantity

4          Electric Current                              1- Differentiate between

5.1 General introduction                         concepts of electric current
5.2 Electric current intensity                   and electric current intensity
5.3 Resistance and resistivity
5.4 Electric energy and power                 2- Differentiate between
(solved examples + general exercises)            resistance and resistivity
3- Difference between energy
and power

Magnetic field                                   1. Concept of magnetic field

6.1 General introduction                            and its relation to a moving

6.2 Magnetic field                                  electric charge

6.3 Magnetic field lines                         2. Concept of magnetic force

6.4 Detection of an electron and measuring its      and its relation to magnetic

charge mass e/m ratio                               field intensity and velocity of

3
Department                                                        Major
General Studies Department                                      All Majors
6.5 Force acting on a wire carrying current in a     electric charges
magnetic field B                                   3. Relation between
(solved examples + general exercises)                electrostatic force and
magnetic force to calculate
the ratio between electron
charge and its mass e/m
4       Semiconductor Diode                                1- Recognize the operation of a

7.1 Diffusion                                         semiconductor diode
7.2 P-N junction                                   2- Recognize the electronic
7.3 Semiconductor diode
7.4 Energy levels in a semiconductor diode            operations and the
7.5 Components of current in a semiconductor          components of the electric
diode
7.6 Characteristics of a semiconductor diode          current in a P-N junction
7.7 Effect of heat                                 3- Recognize the drift current
(solved examples + general exercises)
4- Recognize the overvoltage

4
Department                                                               Major
General Studies Department                                             All Majors

Detailed Curriculum ( Practical )
Hours                           Contents                             Behavioral Objectives
6       First Experiment                                     Know how to deal with these tools
Physical measurements                                and how to use in practical life
Calculator, Vernier caliper, Micrometer,
Spherometer, Voltmeter, Ammeter, and
Ohmmeter
4       Second Experiment                                    Allow student to know that extension
Hook’s law                                           of a body is directly proportional to
Vrifying Hook’s law and determination of spring      applied force on it
elasticity constant
F=-kx
F=ma
- Kx = ma
k = - (m/x) a
2       Third Experiment                                     Allow student to understand equation
Free fall                                            of motion with constant acceleration
Determination of gravitational acceleration using
free fall
g = z x slope
2       Fourth Experiment                                    Knowing type of body using mixing
Specific heat capacity                               method
Determination of specific heat capacity of a solid
body
2       Fifth Experiment                                     Knowing heat transfer and

5
Department                                                              Major
General Studies Department                                            All Majors
Evaluation of latent heat of melting of ice         transformation of matter from state
to another
4       Sixth Experiment                                    Study forces of friction between two
Coefficient of friction                             bodies
Determination of the coefficient of friction
2       Seventh Experiment                                  Know the relation between potential
Ohm’s law                                           difference, electric current, and
Determination of unknown resistance
resistance
2       Eighth Experiment                                   Ability to know that the ratio
Study the ratio between the potential differences   between the potential differences of
of a transformer
a transformer is the same as its turns
ratio

6
Department                                                             Major
General Studies Department                                           All Majors

Textbook:

1- Basic theoretical physics, Dr. Marwan Al Fahad (Al Obikan)
2- General Physics, Mohamed Soalem et.al, (Dar Al Fekr
Publishing)
3- Fundamentals of physics,
Additional            for educational and engineering institutes and colleges, Dr.
Reading:             Mahamad Abdel Maksoud Al Gammal ( Dar Al Rateb Al
Game’eh, vol. 1, vol. 2)
4- Basic Applied Physics, Dr. Marwan Al Fahad, and Abd Al Aziz
Al Massoud, (Al Obikan)

1- Fundamentals of physics, Halliday, Resnik, Walker 1997
2- Practical applications in electricity and electronics, Dr. Amgad
References:                 Karjeh, and Dr. Sobhi Al Rawy, Al Moussel University
3- Fundamentals of electronic engineering, Dr. Riyad Al Hakim,
and Dr. Adel Khedr, Al Moussel University

7

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