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									The Carbon Management Program for Vancouver 2010

Winter sports depend on snow and ice and are therefore particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change such
as rising snow levels, receding glaciers and more variable weather conditions. At the same time, large sporting
events, like the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games use energy to heat buildings, make snow, freeze ice sheets
and sliding tracks, run power equipment, and transport large numbers of people and goods — all of which usually
generates greenhouse gas — or carbon — emissions.

Since winning the rights to host the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games in July 2003, the Vancouver
Organizing Committee for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games (VANOC) has focused on minimizing the
carbon impact of our Games and using the Games to inspire broader awareness and action on climate-change
solutions.
The strategy at a glance...


     1                                                                                2007 & 2009 carbon
                                     KNOW
          ...how much carbon we are emitting, publicly track and                        forecast issued
                                                                                     Based on internationally recognized
                              report on it                                           standards for carbon management


     2                                                                                Energy conservation
                                    REDUCE                                          integrated into planning
                        ...emissions wherever possible                                   and operations
                                                                                   e.g. Reduced fuel use, clean technology
                                                                                        choices and LEED construction

     3                                                                             Offsetters signed as the
                                    OFFSET
           ...direct carbon emissions that cannot be reduced or                     Official Carbon Offset
                                                                                            Supplier
                                eliminated                                          Supplying offsets for direct emissions

     4 ENABLE & INSPIRE FURTHER ACTION                                               Voluntary program for
           …use the 2010 experience to increase awareness of                          indirect emissions
         and participation in emerging solutions to climate change                   Interested Games participants and
                                                                                                 spectators




                                                            Did You Know…
                                                            VANOC is offsetting direct carbon emissions from the Games
                                                            and is providing interested 2010 partners, sponsors and
                                                            spectators with a voluntary opportunity to offset indirect
November 2009                                               emissions from their air travel and accommodation at
                                                            Games time.
Getting to KNOW our carbon footprint for the Games

To determine the carbon footprint of the Games, we started with a
preliminary estimate based on operational plans in place in early 2007.
This 2007 Carbon Forecast was prepared for VANOC by the David
Suzuki Foundation and reviewed by PricewaterhouseCoopers1.                                            DIRECT CARBON
                                                                                                        FOOTPRINT
Next, we worked with the Centre for Sustainability and Social Innova-
tion at UBC’s Sauder School of Business to forecast a more detailed
carbon footprint based on the operational plans in place up to the end                                             INDIRECT CARBON
of July 2009. This 2009 Carbon Forecast predicts that since winning                                                   FOOTPRINT
the bid in 2003, the Games will generate a total of 270,000 tonnes of
carbon emissions — 120,000 tonnes of direct emissions and 150,000
tonnes of indirect emissions.

There is no instruction manual for carbon-emission management
associated with a complex multi-sport event such as an Olympic and
Paralympic Winter Games. For our forecast we used an existing
corporate standard known as the GHG Protocol Initiative, which
provided a framework for forecasting our emissions inventory.
                                                                                             What is Included?
Did You Know…                                                                                We divided our carbon footprint into two
                                                                                             parts: (1) direct carbon footprint from
VANOC is the first Olympic Organizing Committee to track and report its                      Games-related activities that are within
carbon emissions from the day of winning the bid until the closing of the                    VANOC’s control such as venue
Games. This means VANOC committed to reporting, reducing and                                 construction, operations, transportation
offsetting carbon over a duration of seven-years instead of the 27-day                       and waste management, and (2) indirect
Games-time period.                                                                           emissions — largely from air travel and
                                                                                             accommodation at Games time by 2010
                                                                                             spectators, sponsors and partners - that
2009 Forecast: our best estimate before the Games                                            are outside of VANOC control.

                                                                                             Spotlight on the torch
 Footprint Category                      DIRECT INDIRECT TOTAL                               The footprint for the torch relay is
Travel to the Games                         18,600             133,900            152,500    estimated at 3,000 tonnes of carbon
Local Transportation                        38,400                 -              38,400     emissions. This includes emissions from
                                                                                             all vehicles, marine, rail and air travel,
Shipping                                    22,400                 -              22,400     plus celebrations, accommodations and,
Construction                                17,000                 -              17,000     last but not least, the fuel required to
                                                                                             keep the torch aflame. Carbon emissions
Administration                               4,800              13,400            18,200     created by the torch relay represent per
Venues                                      12,000                 -              12,000     cent of the carbon footprint of the Games
                                                                                             and will be offset as part of the direct
Torch Relay                                  2,100                900              3,000
                                                                                             footprint of the Games.
Waste                                        1,500                 -               1,500
Accommodation                                 300               1,100              1,400     VANOC, Coca-Cola, RBC and the
                                                                                             Vancouver 2010 Integrated Security Unit
Cultural Olympiad                             700                  -                   700   have collaborated to improve the energy
                                                                                             efficiency of their torch operations
                        TOTAL: 117,800                       149,300           267,100       through integrated transportation
                                                                                             planning. It is estimated that vehicle
   Did You Know…                                                                             sharing on the relay will reduce
                                                                                             these emissions by two-thirds.
   … based on ticket sales to date, it has been estimated that just over
   130,000 tonnes of emissions will result from travel of Games participants                 More information about the sustainability
   such as spectators to the Games.                                                          features of the torch relays is available at
                                                                                             Vancouver2010.com/sustainability
1: visit the “Meeting the Challenge” discussion page at www.davidsuzuki.org to learn
more about the preliminary 2007 carbon forecast for the Games.
What is the most important step?
REDUCE-Reduce-Reduce…
Our focus has been to reduce carbon emissions by not emitting them in the first place. We have avoided carbon
emissions from our operations through transportation planning, efficient office operations, green venue design and
construction, fleet-vehicle management and power planning. Examples of where VANOC and our partners have focused
our reduction efforts include:

         ♦    Strategic venue-site selection with two compact clusters of Villages and                    Did You Know…
              venues in Vancouver and Whistler that have all been built to minimize
              energy and travel requirements.                                                             By adopting a no-idling policy,
                                                                                                          minimum tire tread require-
         ♦    Innovative approaches to energy management featured in 2010 venues,                         ments, reduced driving speeds
              including The Whistler Sliding Centre, include the harvesting and reuse of                  and proper driving techniques,
              waste heat energy from ice refrigeration plants and the replacement of                      VANOC will achieve a 19 per
              diesel generators with cleaner hydro power.                                                 cent reduction in emissions
         ♦    Creation of new community energy systems that will increase the amount                      from its logistics fleet.
              of renewable energy available to meet local demand at the Olympic and
              Paralympic Villages in Whistler and Vancouver.
         ♦    Emphasis on travelling smart with expanded public transit during the 2010
              Winter Games in order to reduce fuel use and carbon emissions.

To learn more about our efforts to reduce, visit our sustainability reports and links at vancouver2010.com/sustainability.

VANOC’s Carbon
Reductions Compared to
Business as Usual                                               Reductions from:
                                                                • LEED Venue Design
                                                                • Construction Practices
This diagram illustrates how                                    • Power Sources
actions by VANOC and many                                       • Transportation/Logistics
                                           Carbon Emissions




of our key partners and                                         • Torch Relay Shared Services
sponsors avoided or reduced                                     • Waste Management
carbon emissions through the                                    • Travel Efficiencies
use of technologies and sys-
tems for increased energy effi-
ciency and the use of renew-
able energy as well as other
strategies for conservation.2
                                                                                   “Business as Usual”
VANOC estimates that green
initiatives have reduced the                                                                    Direct Carbon Footprint
carbon footprint of the 2010
Winter Games by 18 per cent
or 57,000 tonnes of carbon
                                                2003                             Time                             2010             2011
emissions.

OFFSET carbon emissions
Even though everyone involved has worked hard to reduce carbon emissions from what they might have otherwise
been, staging an Olympic Games will still generate significant carbon emissions. To take responsibility for a direct
footprint we are unable to eliminate or reduce, VANOC secured the first carbon offset sponsor for an Olympic and Para-
lympic Games. Offsetters, a Canadian-based carbon asset management company and supplier, will offset direct emis-
sions from the Games with clean technology projects that remove or avoid an equivalent amount of emissions from the
atmosphere.




  2: “Business as Usual” estimates are based on standard industry and regional
  practices, and data from past Olympic Winter Games when available.
What is an Offset?
When a corporation engages in an activity that emits greenhouse gas (carbon),
it can "offset" that emission by purchasing a carbon offset, an emission-
reduction credit, from another organization's project. While your emission has
still occurred, your offset has enabled a reduction of greenhouse gases
elsewhere.


         Your CO2                                    Reduces CO2               The Result
         Emissions                                    Elsewhere                 An Offset


                                                                                                      Did You Know…




                                                                       t CO2
                                                                                    Net Zero
                                                                                      CO2
                                                                                   Emissions
                                                                                                      Emission from Games-time air travel
                                 Your Offset
                                                                                                      by Olympic and Paralympic athletes
                                 Investment
                                                                                                      and officials are included in the direct
                                                                                                      footprint of the Games and are being
                                                                                                      offset by VANOC and Offsetters.

Carbon offsets aren’t the solution to climate change but, used properly, are a
tool for advancing the transition to more sustainable energy. Offsets do two
                                                                                                      Carbon Partner Program
important things: 1) they support the overall reduction of carbon emissions into                           Participants
the atmosphere, and 2) they direct investment into clean technologies of the                             (as of November 3rd, 2009)
2010 Legacy Portfolio of Carbon Offset Projects
                                                                                ♦                      Acklands-          ♦     Canadian
All offset projects in the 2010 Legacy Portfolio will produce measurable carbon
                                                                                                       Grainger                 Pacific
reductions that would not have occurred without additional funding from the
sale of offset credits and are verified by independent third parties. These are ♦                      Afexa Life         ♦     Canwest
high-quality offsets with real, additional, permanent and social benefits.                             Sciences Inc.      ♦     Publishing Inc.
                                                                                                       (COLD–FX)
                                                                                                                          ♦     Coca-cola
The direct footprint of the Games is being offset by Offsetters and BC clean   ♦                       Aggreko            ♦     HBC
technology projects that demonstrate new solutions to local and global climate ♦                       Atos Origin        ♦     ICBC
challenges by improving efficiency or producing renewable energy. All projects ♦                       Australia          ♦     McDonald’s
meet the government of British Columbia’s new regulatory standard for                                  Broadcast          ♦     Panasonic
greenhouse gas emissions3.                                                                             Corp (ABC)         ♦     Province of BC
The 2010 Carbon Legacy Portfolio will source offsets from BC-based clean       ♦                       BC Hydro           ♦     Royal Bank of
technologies such as:                                                          ♦                       BCLC                     Canada
                                                                               ♦                       Bell               ♦     Ricoh
♦ Biomass gasification systems for renewable heat and power production         ♦                       Bombardier         ♦     Samsung
♦ Fuel-grade ethanol and other biochemical co-products from wood debris        ♦                       Canada’s
    feedstock                                                                                                             ♦     Surrey (City of)
                                                                                                       Olympic            ♦     The Globe
♦ Electricity production from hydrogen fuel cells                                                      Broadcast
♦ High-efficiency commercial building heating systems                                                                           and Mail
                                                                                                       Media              ♦     Visa
♦ Reduced carbon-footprint silviculture                                                                Consortium         ♦     Whistler (Resort
In addition, international Gold Standard projects will be included, with projects                                               Municipality)

in New Zealand, Turkey, Africa, China, India and beyond.
                                                                                                                       * this list is not inclusive
Do Your Part — Inspiring further action
Our Games embrace changes big and small in order to reduce their environmental impact. One of the best legacies
would be increased awareness and action on the small changes everyone can make to reduce their impact on the
environment.
You can help. Because everyone has a role to play in fighting climate change, Games spectators and other viewing
audiences also have an opportunity to calculate and voluntarily offset emissions from their travel to and from the Games
region. Buy a tonne or use the calculator. Go to offsetters.ca to learn more and show your support for a carbon-neutral
2010 Winter Games.



3: Emission Offsets Regulation for the Province of BC http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/epd/codes/ggrta/offsets_reg.htm

								
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