The Immigrant Experience - PowerPoint by sdfwerte

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									  The Immigrant Experience
For many the first sight of the US was the Statue of Liberty at the
entrance to New York harbour.




1892 Ellis island was established
Transatlantic journey
           • Cramped, often
             stormy, poor food and
             sanitation , little
             privacy
           • Immigrants arrived
             tired, fearful, and in
             some cases sick or
             dead
           • They were examined
             for diseases e.g. those
             with leprosy or
             sexually transmitted
             diseases were
             deported
“THEY ARE COMING”
          Migrants poured into
         the US in their
         millions.
         Often men would go
         first, and wives and
         children followed.
         Many were skilled
         workers.
         Most were willing to
         work at any job to get
         a start.
            „island of tears‟
First contact with
America was made at
Ellis Island.
migrants were processed
Later, immigration acts
introduced new literacy
and health tests.
 Here migrants might
choose a new, more
pronounceable name;
often from the telephone
directory.
                            „island of tears‟
• A circle with a cross on
  your back meant that
  „feeble minded‟
• The family would be sent
  home
• They would also have to
  answer questions
• Could you answer the
  questions?
•   http://www.historychannel.com/ellisisland/whoare/
    index.html

• If they passed they had
  their names recorded and
  were given a landing card                             Schoyn vergesson „I forget‟ Sean Ferguson
Starting out
      • Immigrants purchased
        railroad tickets and
        arranged lodgings
      • Those who had enough
        cash e.g. Germans,
        Scandinavians
        travelled west to
        Chicago
      • Others settled on the
        great plains as
        farmers or moved to
        California
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/photo_album/photo_album.html
               Starting out
• Most of the poor Irish
  and Italians stayed in
  the cities in the east
  filling low paid jobs
• In 1890 New York
  contained twice as
  many Irish as Dublin
  and as many Italians as
  Naples
• Also two and half
  times the Jewish
  population of Warsaw
                            4 out of 5 people in NY were immigrants
                           THE SLUMS
There were 46 babies in the block but no bath tub. There were over a
thousand rooms in the block but over 400 hundred had no window to the
outside world. Many people died from illnesses caused by these conditions.




Apartments had no heating. Running water was only available in the filthy hall.
Toilets were in the basement, about 10 floors down from our room. The smell
was terrible and in winter we froze.But we froze back in Russia so what‟s the
difference? At least we now had a dream to aim for.

                                     http://www.historychannel.com/ellisisland/index2.html
PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION

               By 1914 America was a
               multi-cultural society.
                The community
               included:
               Asians
               Blacks
               Whites
                Many newer migrants
               found that America
               was not free from
               racism and
               discrimination.
                                   Webquest

• In the following
  WebQuest, you will
  adopt one of two roles:
• the role of a new
  immigrant, or the role
  of an immigration
  officer.
• Your goal is to write a
  page from your diary
  about this experience.
•   Click on http://www.ardecol.ac-
    grenoble.fr/english/ellisislandwebquest
    .htm
  http://www.historychannel.com/broadband/clipview/index.jsp?id=tdih_1231




Life as an immigrant
                                        • Many could not speak
                                          English
                                        • No money, low paid
                                          work and long hours
                                        • Overcrowded slums
                                        • Crime and violence-
                                          gangs of New York
                                        • Faced discrimination in
                                          housing and jobs
                                        • Growing opposition
Homework
    • Describe the
      problems faced by
      immigrants in
      American cities in
      the 1920s (4)

								
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