THE BOLSHEVIKS SEIZE CONTROL_ OCTOBER 1917 by sdfwerte

VIEWS: 74 PAGES: 11

									 THE BOLSHEVIKS SEIZE
CONTROL - OCTOBER 1917
      Was it inevitable?
                   AIMS
 To understand how the Bolsheviks came
  to power.
 To look at different historical
  interpretations of the Bolshevik takeover.
 To assess the inevitability of the takeover.
            THE JULY DAYS
 Uncontrolled rioting at the start of July.
 Encouraged by some Bolsheviks.
 An attempt to take control?
 Troops loyal to Soviet regained control.
 Several leading Bolsheviks arrested.
 Lenin forced to flee to Finland.
 Bolsheviks were denounced and lost
  support. Could they recover?
THE KORNILOV AFFAIR, AUGUST
 Kerensky made
  Kornilov army leader.
 Kornilov’s troops
  marched on Petrograd
  to restore order.
 Kerensky panicked –
  counter-revolution?
 He asked Soviet to
  defend Petrograd.
            SIGNIFICANCE
 Kerensky’s reputation damaged.
 Kerensky-supporting Socialists unpopular.
 Liberals & Middle-Classes mistrusted.
 Officers felt let down by Kerensky.
 Bolsheviks seen as defenders of the city.
  Gained support and a majority on the
  Soviet (9 September)
             WHAT NOW?
 Lenin urged Bolsheviks to take power.
 Some were for, others against (eg
  Kamanev & Zinoviev)
 Trotsky advised waiting until Second
  Congress of All-Russian Soviets so they
  could claim popular support.
 Timing was but an issue – it was an open
  secret that they would try to seize power.
    KERENSKY’S LAST MISTAKE?
 He sent radical army units from Petrograd.
 Rumours he may abandon city to Germans.
 Military Revolutionary Committee set up by
  Soviet – dominated by Bolsheviks.
 Kerensky tried to shut Bolshevik papers and
  limit the power of MRC.
 Bolsheviks claimed he acted against Soviet.
 With no support left, Kerensky fled.
     THE SEIZURE OF POWER
 24 Oct: Red Army seized key points in city.
 25 Oct: Red Army arrested Provisional
  Government members in Winter Palace.
 25 Oct: All-Russian Congress of Soviets
  denounced Bolshevik takeover.
 Main Socialists left Soviet… leaving a
  Bolshevik majority.
 The Bolsheviks were in power.
         DIFFERENT VIEWS
 1. Soviet view – popular uprising, guided by
  Lenin & Bolsheviks.
 2. Western view – Lenin organised a coup,
  little mass support, disaster for Russia.
 3. Revisionist view – Lenin not in total
  control, partly directed from below.
 4. Recent view – resembles a coup, but
  some popular support, role of Lenin crucial.
     BOLSHEVIK POPULARITY?
 Hard to prove either way.
 Voting figures (Constituency Assembly in
  November)
 Membership figures.
 Attitudes of workers & soldiers – more
  radical & politicised.
 More disturbances in the countryside.
 These people supported some Bolshevik
  policies, but Bolshevik one-party rule…?
                     TASK
  Read sources 4.5 -4.10 on pp. 60-61.
  Plot each on the following line.

 Popular                                Coup
Revolution




    Was the Bolshevik takeover inevitable?

								
To top