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TOWN OF KWINANA GUIDE TO PRIVATE SWIMMING POOLS The Private

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Ver 3.1


                         TOWN OF KWINANA
                   GUIDE TO PRIVATE SWIMMING POOLS

The Private Swimming Pool Fencing Provisions are intended to restrict access to
private swimming pools to reduce the risk of drowning faced by a child under the
age of 5 years. A swimming pool is described in the Local Government Act and
the Regulations as a pool with a water depth of more than 300mm, which is
intended for swimming, wading and like activities and which the public are not
permitted access.

The Regulations are intended to restrict the access of a young child along two
routes to a pool. The first route is from outside the property and the second is
from a house or other building within the property or any area outside of the
pool area. Both these intentions may be satisfied by the installation of isolation
fencing, but other means will also satisfy the Regulations.

ALL SWIMMING POOLS, BOTH ABOVE AND BELOW GROUND, REQUIRE A
BUILDING LICENCE, which can be obtained by submitting a completed Building
Application form including payment of the prescribed fees and TWO copies of the
following drawings;

a)     A site plan indicating the size of the pool and its position in relation to all
       boundaries and buildings. If retaining walls exist or are required, include
       its location, type and heights on the site plan and an engineer’s
       certification.

b)     An elevation and/or section of the completed swimming pool, showing
       detail of construction (name and size of materials). Some types of
       structures may require certified structural engineering drawings. EG:
       Concrete swimming pool.

c)     Specification booklet, usually obtained from the manufacturer (Details the
       standard of workmanship).

d)     On occasion, depending upon the proximity of a pool to another building
       including retaining walls and/or a Lot boundary, it may be necessary to
       include a structural engineer’s certification and/ or detail/s to ensure that
       the surcharge loads are not transmitted to the swimming pool or across
       the boundary. It may be additionally necessary to ensure that an existing
       retaining wall won’t be undermined by the swimming pool or its
       installation.

Should you require any assistance in planning your pool fence or deciding if your
existing pool fence complies with the Regulations, please contact Council’s
Building Department to discuss the matter, Phone 9439 0200.
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SOME GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.     You are required to have a pool barrier constructed in accordance with the
       regulations relating to private swimming pools prior to filling your pool
       with water.

2.     All fences and gates to comply with Diagram 2, 3 and 4.

3.     Maximum gap between uprights – 100mm.

4.     Gates must be self-closing and self latching from all positions.

5.     The release mechanism to open a gate must be located not less than
       1500mm above the Finished Ground Surface as measured from the
       ground surface level to the underside of the latching mechanism. If it is
       less than 1500mm above the Finished Surface Level, it may be located on
       the pool side of the gate, 150mm below the top of the gate. Providing the
       gate is shielded.

6.     Where the release to the latching device is located at a height less than
       1.5m above the Finished Surface level, the latch and its release shall be
       shielded. See Diagram 4.

7.     The gate/s must swing outwards from the pool.

8.     A full 1200mm minimum fence height must be maintained including where
       the fence is stepped to coincide with the lay of the land or landscaping. At
       the step, the fence height would be measured vertical from the leading
       edge of the step EG (Leading face of a Retaining Wall), and arcing around
       to the top of the lower level fence. No horizontal member should be
       placed so as to compromises the effective height of the fence.

9.     There must be no objects within a 1200mm arc from top handhold of the
       fence either inside or outside that would enable a child to gain a foot or
       hand hold within the vertical height. See Diagram 1 and 2.

10.    Any part of the fence or gate that has structural parts that are not
       vertical, must not have gaps on the outside face wider than 10mm, eg.
       Timber gate with a brace on the inside. See Diagram 3.

11.    Ground under the fence or gates should be paved or permanently
       stabilized (rocks, sleepers, etc) so that a child or animal cannot dig under
       or scour away the finished surface. Maximum gap 100mm.
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SOME COMMON PROBLEMS

This list is not fully comprehensive as each location has its own particular
problems. It is intended as a guide to enable you to investigate your own
situation and help you overcome difficulties you may encounter.

1.     Objects near a fence within the 1200mm minimum height. See Diagram
       5. Taps, climbable trees and shrubs, piles of brick, sand, wood, gravel,
       rocks, chairs, ladders, drums, boxes, pumps, filters, uneven or sloping
       ground embankments, pergolas, latticework, carports, open block walls,
       trellis, fancy brickwork, barbeques, overhead verandahs, decks, rock
       walls.

2.     Boundary fences that are used as pool fences must comply in every
       respect on one of its sides. Regulations allow such fences to comply if
       EITHER SIDE complies with the requirements in respect to height and
       horizontal climbable members. If it is not possible to use the boundary
       fence then the pool must be fully isolated by an internal fence within the
       property.



DOORS INCLUDED IN ENCLOSURES

This does not include pools installed after 5 November 2001. An
isolation fence is required for pools installed after that date.

The Building Regulations permit a door complying with the Australian Standard
AS1926.1 to be included in the enclosure of a swimming pool. In Clause 2.14
CHILD RESISTANT DOORSET, the Standard specifies the requirements for a
complying door to be self closing, self latching with a similar type of latch as is
required for a gate, of the same strength and rigidity required of a fence or gate
and without toeholds in its lower portion between the latch at 1500mm and the
floor level.

The swing of a door is not specified in AS1926.1 and is not included in the
Regulations. The Local Government Department interprets this to mean that a
door may swing in any direction or may slide. This differentiates doors from
gates, which may not swing towards the pool.

Typical aluminium security doors do not comply with the Standard because these
doors have a grille providing foot and hand holds. Security doors with a solid
panel or a suitable heavy duty mesh screen fixed to the inside of the lower
portion of the door may comply providing the un-scalable portion is not less than
1200mm above the finished surface level.
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Child Resistant Door Sets Shall:-

1.      Comply with the requirements for gates (AS1926)

2.      Latching devices shall be a minimum of 1500mm above the floor.

Child Resistant Openable Portion of Windows Shall:-

1.      Be a mesh screen that can only be removed by use of a screwdriver or
        spanner or the sliding window shall not open more than 100mm where
        the sill height is less than 1200mm above the Floor Level.

2.      Keyed window locks are not suitable to form part of the barrier as they
        are able to be unlocked and the maximum opening width of 100mm
        cannot be guaranteed.



1.      POOLS APPROVED FOR INSTALLATION BEFORE 30 June 1992

•    Boundary fences are satisfactory for pool security provided that they meet
     details specified in AS1926.1.

•    Gates leading into the pool enclosure area may open in any direction and
     must self close and self latch when released from any open position.

•    NOTE: As from 17 December 2006 the gate must not swing open into the
     pool area.

•    Latch release mechanism, gate construction details, and clearances
     underneath as per AS1926.1.

2.      POOL APPROVALS ISSUED AFTER 30 JUNE 1992

•    Boundary fences as above.

•    Separation required between the pool and residence, a fence and gates
     complying with AS1926.1 to be installed.

•    Doors leading from the dwelling into the pool area may be used to form part
     of the barrier providing they comply with AS 1926.1. That is, the door or gate
     must not open and swing into the pool area and the latching mechanism
     must be not less than 1500mm above the Finished Floor Level of the dwelling
     measured from the side that a person is seeking entry into the pool area.

3.      POOL APPROVALS ISSUED AFTER 5 NOVEMBER 2001
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•    Isolation fence required that does not include doors to residences but can
     include windows providing they have the security screening in place or only
     open 100mm maximum.

•    Key locks to windows do not comply with the Regulations as they are capable
     of being moved to enable a greater opening width than the 100mm
     maximum.



Note

1.      If you would like to learn First Aid or Resuscitation Techniques please
        telephone 9334 1222.

2.      In an Emergency telephone 000 and request an ambulance

				
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