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									POOL SAFETY CHECKLIST                                      FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS                                   Can roller doors be made compliant with the                               INFORMATION

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             is your
                                                                                                                        safety requirements? A roller door must close
  Could a child get access to a swimming pool                What is a swimming pool? The Building Code of              automatically every time after it has been used. If      www.planning.sa.gov.au/go/building_policy
  through a window in your house? The current                Australia defines a swimming pool as any excavation        the garage door does not comply, it may be

  requirement for new pools is broadly that, where           or structure that contains water and used principally      necessary to put a fence/gate between the
  the openable part of the window is less than 1.2m          for swimming, wading, paddling, or the like,               carport/garage and the pool.
  from the floor, the window must have:                      including a bathing or wading pool, or spa.
                                                                                                                                                                                         Fencing and Safety Barriers
                                                                                                                        What requirements are there for sliding doors?
  – bars or mesh screen or                                                                                                                                                                        Your local council
                                                             The Development Regulations define a swimming              Sliding doors must be self closing and self

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             poolkid safe?
  – a mechanism for limiting the size of the window          pool as including a paddling pool and a spa pool,          latching. There are sliding door closers commonly                            Planning SA
     opening or                                              but not a spa bath.                                        available and these work on the sliding security                          Ph (08) 8303 0602
  – in some cases, a securely fixed fly screen                                                                          door. Advice on these requirements can be
                                                             People often ask if the requirements apply to a fish       obtained from your local council or the Planning
  Are there any pump safety issues I should check            pond or landscaping water feature. The answer is           SA website.                                                                Resuscitation
  for? Yes. It is an important safety requirement that       that if it is used principally for swimming, wading,
  all pools fitted with a filtration system must have        paddling, or the like, then it is a swimming pool          Do I need development approval for a new pool?                        Royal Life Saving Society
  two suction points that are at least 800 millimetres       and the requirements apply.                                Yes. Before approval, your local council will check:                      www.rlssa.org.au
  apart. This is to relieve the pressure and reduce the                                                                                                                                          Ph (08) 8234 9244
  seriousness of any injuries if a child blocks a            If I buy an aboveground or inflatable pool, what           •• the details and location of safety barriers (they
  suction point. Some pools are sold with adaptors           do I have to do? If the pool has a depth exceeding            should restrict access to the swimming pool by
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Australian Red Cross
  to make them comply with this requirement.                 300 millimetres and a filtration system, you will             young children)
                                                             need to contact your local council regarding obtaining
  Do you keep an eye out for objects that could be           approval for the pool and ensuring safety features         •• the safety of the pump (there are a number of
                                                                                                                           safety requirements in place to prevent suction-
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ph (08) 8100 4500                                What you need
  used for climbing over a pool safety barrier?              are in place. It is an important safety requirement
  Objects like garden furniture, children’s toys, plants     that all pools fitted with a filtration system must have      related injuries or deaths in swimming pools)                         St John Ambulance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   to know about
  and ladders could be used by young children to             two suction points that are at least 800 millimetres       •• the adequacy of structural support for the
  climb over a safety barrier to get to the swimming         apart. This is to relieve the pressure and reduce the         swimming pool (particularly if the pool is to be                      Ph (08) 8306 6900                                 swimming pool
  pool. Keep these objects well away from the safety         seriousness of any injuries if a child blocks a               placed on a deck, balcony or near a retaining wall)
  barriers.                                                  suction point. Some pools are sold with adaptors
                                                                                                                                                                                          Child Accident Prevention
                                                             to make them comply with this requirement.                 I want to sell my house and I have a swimming
  Do you supervise young children while they are                                                                        pool. What are my legal obligations?                                           Kidsafe
  in or outside the pool area? Safety barriers alone         The sides of my aboveground pool are more than             From 1 October 2008 if your property contains a
  are not enough to prevent young children getting to        1.2m high. Do I need a fence as well?                                                                                                www.kidsafe.org.au
                                                                                                                        swimming pool and you are placing your property
  a swimming pool. Young children are adventurous;           The sides of some aboveground pools can be                                                                                           Ph (08) 8161 6318
                                                                                                                        up for sale you will need to ensure that your
  they may climb, squeeze through or scale safety            acceptable as pool safety barriers, however if you         swimming pool barriers are in line with the current
  barriers to get to a swimming pool. Adequate               choose to rely on the side walls the ladder/access         requirements for swimming pool safety. Fencing or
  supervision is essential.                                  point must be fenced.                                      barriers may need to be upgraded to meet the
  Do you have resuscitation skills? Total                    Can I install a portable pool or spa on a deck?            current safety requirements.
  responsibility includes resuscitation skills. Training     If you are thinking about installing a portable pool       It is the responsibility of the party selling the
  for resuscitation is available from The Royal Life         or spa on a deck, balcony, suspended floor or near         property to ensure that the swimming pool safety
  Saving Society, Australian Red Cross and St John           a retaining wall you should seek advice from an            is in line with the current requirements.
  Ambulance.                                                 engineer or your local council about whether the                                                                     This brochure was produced by the Building Policy Branch
                                                             deck or wall can take the weight of the pool without                                                                       Planning SA, Primary Industries and Resources SA
                                                             collapsing.                                                                                                                           June 2008 FIS 2288
As a swimming pool owner, YOU ARE                             LEGISLATION APPLYING TO SWIMMING                            Swimming pools built on or after 1 July 1993               Doors providing direct access from the house to the                              POOL SAFETY CHECKLIST
                                                                                                                          Swimming pools built from 1 July 1993 must comply          pool area must be fitted with:
RESPONSIBLE for safety.                                       POOLS IN SA                                                                                                                                                                                             Ask yourself these questions to assess the
                                                                                                                          with the Development Act 1993 and the Building Code        •• a door closer and
Drowning is the biggest cause of accidental death for         From 1 October 2008, if your property contains a            of Australia - which restricts access to the swimming                                                                                       safety of your pool.
young children and most occur in private backyard             swimming pool and you are placing your property up for      pool from the house, garage, street, and adjoining         •• a self-latching device located at least
                                                                                                                          properties.                                                   1.5 m above floor level                                                          Could a young child easily climb over, under or
swimming pools. You can reduce the risk of such an            sale you will need to ensure that your swimming pool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         through your fence to get to the pool? Minimum
accident occurring in your swimming pool by making            barriers – no matter when the pool was built – are in
                                                                                                                          Acceptable safety barriers                                 Security measures on awning and sliding                                             standards for new pools require (generally) a 1.2m
sure that your pool is adequately fenced and young            line with the requirements which apply to pools built on
                                                                                                                                                                                     windows complying with AS 1926.1                                                    high permanent fence, which a young child could
children are supervised at all times.                         or after 1 July 1993. Fencing or barriers may need to be    All pools must have suitable barriers or safety fencing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         not easily climb over or pass through from outside
                                                              upgraded to meet the current safety requirements.           to restrict access by young children to the immediate      Where the openable part of any window is less than                                  the pool enclosure.
Fencing                                                                                                                   pool surrounds.                                            1.2 m above the floor and provides direct access from
•• All swimming pools must have a continuous safety                                                                       Examples of safety barriers, that must be constructed      the house to the pool area, it must have one of the                                 Do all of the gates in your pool safety barrier
   barrier that is maintained by the pool owner and                                                                       in accordance with the Australian Standard AS 1926.1,      following:                                                                          close and latch properly, so that they could not
   which restricts access by young children to the pool                                                                   are illustrated in this brochure.                                                                                                              easily be opened by a small child? Gates must be
                                                                                                                                                                                     •• bars or mesh screen
   and the immediate pool surrounds.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     self-closing and self-latching. The release for the
                                                                                                                          If you require further information on swimming pool                                                                                            latching device must be at least 1.5m above ground
                                                                                                                                                                                     •• a mechanism limiting the size of the window
•• From 1 October 2008, owners of pools built before                                                                      safety, contact one of the organisations listed on the                                                                                         level or otherwise out of reach. Gates must be hung
                                                                                                                                                                                        opening or
   July 1993 must ensure that the safety barrier meets                                                                    back of this brochure.                                                                                                                         so that they open outwards from the pool area.
   today’s standards for new pools prior to selling the                                                                                                                              •• in some cases, a securely fixed flyscreen
   property. (See examples of acceptable safety barriers).                                                                Barrier requirements complying with AS 1926.1                                                                                                  Could a door in your house be easily opened by a
                                                                                                                          Fencing must be constructed, such that:                                                                                                        young child to get to the pool? Any door that
Filtration                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               provides access to the pool area must be fitted with
                                                                                                                          •• the outside of the fence is an effective barrier to     Stoppers in sliding window
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         a door closer that will close and latch the door from
•• In-ground or above-ground swimming pools and spas                                                                         young children                                          tracks to limit opening size   100 mm max
                                                                                                                                                                                     (if ‘C’ is less than 1.2 m)     (nominal)                                           a stationary start at any position. The release for the
   must have a water recirculation and filtration system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Awning window             latching device must be at least 1.5m above the floor.
   that complies with AS1926.3 to reduce the risk of                                                                      •• it is permanent
   injury to a young child due to entrapment by suction.                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Is the pool clear of toys and other floating objects
                                                                                                                          •• it does not provide access for young children to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         that could attract a child’s attention? Balls and
                                                                                                                             crawl under or to climb over by using foot and
Maintenance                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Alternatively,                         other floating toys can attract children to the water.
                                                                                                                             hand holds                                                                                           security bars
•• Swimming pool owners must ensure that all required                                                                                                                                                                            or mesh screen                          Keep them out of the pool area when not in use.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   can be used
   swimming pool safety features are maintained in                                                                        •• it is not less than 1.2 metres high
   working order at all times.
                                                                                                                          Gates to the pool area must:                                                                                     Window winder or       C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Door closer                                           Latch
Supervision                                                   Swimming pools built before 1 July 1993                     •• only swing outward from the pool area                   Sliding window                                        chain to limit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           opening size (if ‘C’
•• Children can move quickly and do not recognise the         From 1 October 2008, if the property on which a swimming                                                                                                                     less than 1.2 m)

   dangers of a pool - close child supervision will help      pool is located is not sold, the swimming pool can          •• be self closing from any position
   to reduce the number of drownings in private               continue to comply with the old Swimming Pools                                                                                                                                                             Door handle
                                                                                                                          •• be fitted with a latching device that is out reach of
   swimming pools.                                            (Safety) Act 1972, which requires the swimming pool
                                                                                                                             small children (generally 1.5 m above ground level)
                                                              owner to ensure that the swimming pool is enclosed by                                                                                                                                                                                                1.5 m Min
Resuscitation                                                 a fence, wall or building or any combination of these, to
                                                              restrict access by young children to the swimming pool.
•• Resuscitation skills are crucial because they save lives
   – make certain that someone on the property has
   these skills.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Child resistant door

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