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Program Theory

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Program Theory Powered By Docstoc
					  What is it we do again?
Understanding your program and its value
        through the program logic model
                         Jonathan Brown, M.A.
                            Aarin Frigon, M.A.
                                                 1
Logic Models: An Overview

 • A graphic way to represent the current thinking about a
   project.
 • Logic models facilitate:
    • Design
    • Planning
    • Communication
    • Evaluation
    • Learning



                                                             2
Logic Models: An Overview

 • Two types of logic models:
    • Theory of Change Models (TCM)
    • Program Logic Models (PLM)

 • The TCM provides the conceptual framework, while the
   PLM provides the operational details.
 • The TCM and PLM are premised on the same research,
   theory, and practice.
 • These models fulfill your if-then statements.



                                                          3
Theory of Change Models




      Strategies          Results




                                    4
Theory of Change Models
     Strategies           Results

        Exercise


        Nutrition
                          Improved
                           Health
        Stress
       Reduction

       Recruitment
      and Retention
                            (Knowlton & Phillips, 2009)
                                                      5
Program Logic Models

 • A PLM serves as a recipe.
    • It will describe in detail how financial and social capital will be
      used to produce specific results.

 • They can be used to represent many things: an idea, an
   existing program, or a process to create change.




                                                                            6
Program Logic Models



   Inputs   Activities   Outputs   Outcomes     Impacts




            Strategies                    Results




                                                          7
Program Logic Models: Nonlinear




                                  8
Creating a Program Logic Model

 Step One
 • Start by identifying the end result of your program.
 • Identify the impact
    • The ultimate change or accomplishment.
    • The timing of the impact varies from program to program.
    • This may occur well after the final cycle of the program.




                                                                  9
Creating a Program Logic Model

 Step Two
 • Identify the outcomes
    • Specific changes in program targets.
    • These changes are a result of the programs activities and
      inputs.
    • If including impact in the model, outcomes would be steps of
      progress towards that impact.
    • These can be distinguished according to time.
       • Time should be specified and relative to the program.



                                                                     10
Creating a Program Logic Model

 Step Three
 • Identify activities
    • What will be done to obtain the desired outcomes.
    • These are the essence of the program.
    • The tools, events, and interventions.
    • These reflect intended processes.




                                                          11
Creating a Program Logic Model

 Step Four
 • Identify inputs
    • Inputs are the ingredients needed to make your program
      happen.
       • Infrastructure
       • Special Equipment
       • Supplies
       • Transportation
       • Financial and Human Resources

    • Some models even list willing participants as inputs.
                                                               12
Creating a Program Logic Model

 Step Five
 • Identify outputs
    • What the program activities actually produce/create.
    • Outputs should be expressed in quantity and quality.
    • Make sure you are specific.




                                                             13
Displaying Your Model

 • How to display your model is a matter of personal
   preference.
 • There are no clear rules.
 • Keep your audience in mind.
 • Be careful when choosing boxes, lines, curved lines,
   circles, and single or double headed arrows.
 • Readability should be a number one priority.




                                                          14
15
Program Logic Models and Evaluation

 • A well developed PLM will outline the indicators needed
   for an evaluation.
 • Five key evaluation questions:
   1. Is the program doing the right thing?
   2. Is the program doing things right?
   3. What difference has the program made among participants?
   4. What difference has the program made across the
      community?
   5. How could the program better address the needs of
      participants and the community?

                                                                 16
Important Considerations

 • Just because it is called a logic model does not mean it
   is logical.
 • Creating and updating logic models should be an
   iterative process.
 • It is a good idea to identify the dose of the program in
   the model.




                                                              17
QUESTIONS??

           Jonathan Brown, M.A.
      jbrown@asc4solutions.com

              Aarin Frigon, M.A.
      afrigon@asc4solutions.com
                                   18

				
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