LE ST WE FORGET AUGUST 2009 • People trafficking August 23 has been set aside by the Hawkins’ reasoning that such enslavement is– deception, United Nations as a day in which to was good for the African people as it coercion, remember the Slave Trade and its introduced them to Christianity and exploitation and abolition. Present day trafficking and civilisation appeared to quiet the critics and abuse of people exploitation of people has its roots firmly allow the trade to begin to grow and flourish. imbedded into the past. • People trafficking In the early years, as slavery spread across is– wrapped up in This edition of In Touch With the World, countries such as America and Germany, the cheap ready Lest we forget, invites readers to reflect on opposition and disquiet over such abuse of provision of global the historical beginnings of the people appears to have initially been entrapment and abuse of vulnerable suppressed by the justification, goods and services people- women, children and men for “if you take slaves in faith and with the intent • People trafficking pecuniary gain, and examine more of conducting them to Christ, the action will broadly all aspects of the not be sin, but may prove a is- surrounded by a 21st century crime of , benediction.” complexity of trafficking in people. issues that require “if you take slaves in “if you take slaves in objective, factual faith and with the intent Indeed any concerns raised 1562 saw John Hawkins a of conducting them to over the enslavement of research and British navigator become human beings were analysis one of the first British slave Christ, the action will answered by the argument traders. Financially backed not be sin, but may that bringing heathens to • People trafficking by several London prove a benediction.” Christianity was freedom in is–reported as gentlemen he purchased itself! being the most three ships, sailed to the Habersham wrote, “Poor coast of Guinea and by means of threats, slaves in America have already been made pressing human deception and bribery procured 300 freemen of the heavenly Jerusalem.” rights issue of our indigenous people and promptly sold them times to Spaniards, returning to England laden Hence the trade freely became deeply with pearls, sugar and ginger. imbedded into the economies of such countries as England and America and Initially such trading evoked shock within fortunes were made and paid for at the ‘I prayed for the British people, including the Queen, expense of people not free to choose their twenty years and who voiced her opposition. However own way of life and future. received no complicity to injustice not simply through the words answer ,until I PRAYER through our indifference, we so freely express, but in prayed with my God you show us, by Jesus' silence and frequent our day to day interactions earthly example, what it is inaction. and responses to the cries of legs’. to express a living faith Forgive us for failing to be our world and our Frederick Douglass through costly action. aware of the power and neighbours. Help us to be doers of the responsibility given to us Prepared for the Social word, reaching out beyond through our global Help us to commit afresh to Policy and Parliamentary our own narrow self citizenship, and be your co-workers, Unit by Chris Frazer interest and concerns, to strengthen our resolve to expressing though actions, a those who wait for freedom be an active testimony to living authentic faith for all to firstname.lastname@example.org and justice to be done. your all -embracing love for see. Help us to acknowledge our all people; Amen. Page 2 Lest We Forget August 2009 PACIFIC TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FORUM Quality Hotel, Wellington NZ • human rights 02 September 2009 - 04 September 2009 • labour trafficking • child trafficking About the conference • sex trafficking • government responses to trafficking, and The Pacific Trafficking in Persons Forum will be held in • NGO responses to trafficking. the Cuba Room at the Quality Hotel, Wellington NZ on 2-4 • discussion panels with question and answer sessions September 2009.This forum is co-hosted by the encouraging audience interaction; Salvation Army New Zealand, Fiji and Tonga, the Australian Institute of Criminology, and the Pacific • a unique opportunity to network with speakers and delegates from a broad range of representatives from Immigration Directors' Conference. government agencies and non-government organisations including immigration, human rights, customs and other businesses, industry bodies, government and the The primary aim of the forum is to discuss trafficking in education sector; persons and a range or related issues, such as causal factors and government responses, in the Pacific region • a forum dinner at the Quality Hotel, Wellington which will feature keynote speakers who will speak about their with key regional stakeholders. The forum will feature: personal and professional experience in the field. • keynote speakers and information sessions The forum will provide an excellent opportunity to hear views covering topics including on trafficking from the Pacific region including regulatory, law enforcement, non government and government perspectives. • capacity (responses, prosecution, law enforcement) Disposable Labour– devastated lives Traffickers prey upon, and exploit, the vulnerability of flourishes produces a combination of favourable peoples’ aspirations, hopes and dreams. Financial circumstances which profits the perpetrators. Furthermore, destitution drives people of all ages to take risks, often discrimination on the basis of gender, race or ethnic quelling their fears and doubts to travel into the unknown background offers little protection for women, young girls or in search of an income. ethnic minorities, culturally perceived as being of little worth Forced labour has many facets, but universally it is or consideration. generally accepted that extreme financial poverty, linked to Once trafficked into a situation that is vastly different from perceptions of westernised living that holds the promise of the hopes of a job, income and a future of possibilities, the a better life, are motivating contributing influences for newly arrived immigrants find they are in a precarious many who fall prey to unscrupulous traders of people. position. This is exacerbated if they have knowingly crossed a county boarder illegally, are struggling with a foreign Other causative factors may be the desire to escape an language and are being threatened with reprisal should they abusive home situation, unexpected loss of parental try to escape. support and care, or changed circumstances arising from a natural disaster and/or political conflict. Interwoven within the harvesting, mining and manufacture Whilst circumstances relating to the crime may vary, there of many of the goods we buy today are the harsh realities of is an overriding common denominator involving the use of unscrupulous labour practices. including confined barbaric force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjecting a farm and factory conditions, subsistence level ( or no) person to involuntary servitude, debt bondage or sexual wages, the willingness of the majority to turn a blind eye, abuse for commercial gain. A combination of weak law significant financial profiteering, enforcement practices and environments where corruption and thousands of consumers thrilled to get a bargain! Lest We Forget August 2009 Page 3 SURFING FO R S E X ‘We cannot live for The rise in internet pornography has allowed ourselves alone. Pornography Time Statistics sexual abuse, especially of young children, to • Every second - $3,075.64 is being spent on Our lives are enter private living accommodation found pornography throughout any street, suburb, town, city or connected by a country. Whilst more quality research is • Every second - 28,258 Internet users are urgently needed, there is sufficient anecdotal viewing pornography thousand invisible evidence to suggest the growing interest in • Every second - 372 Internet users are internet pornography is fuelling the demand typing adult search terms into search threads, and along for trafficking, especially women and children. engines these sympathetic As internet use has grown over recent years, • Every 39 minutes: a new pornographic so too has the number of people now having video is being created in the United States fibres, our actions access to an internet connection within their Is New Zealand missing from the statistics? No. ? own homes. People, who previously had to run as causes and Recent figures show that when using a search take risks of possible discovery when seeking films from outside sources, are now more engine with the key word ‘porn’, New return to us as Zealand is listed as country no. 3. The top two able to solicit pornographic sites from home, being South Africa and Ireland.* it is important results.’ thereby lessening the risk of being publicly to note that sexual abuse of innocent children exposed. and women sent into cyber space cannot be The statistics for internet usage makes for controlled or erased. Such abuses therefore are grim reading when coupled with the reality constant, infinitely turning people into that some of the women and all of the young commodities for cash and sexual gratification. children are taking part under duress in the http://internet-filter-review.toptenreviews.com/ternet-graphy- Herman Melville production of the material. statistics.html#anchor5 General’s Call to Prayer for Victims of Sex Trade Trafficking, Matthew 10:29-31 (New 10:29- Sunday 27 September 2009 International Version) The Salvation Army has increased its who work in this difficult field.’ capacity to respond to sex trade trafficking around the world. Every Sunday 27 September will be dedicated to ‘Are not two sparrows year there are more awareness this purpose. ‘Many of the victims are very sold for a penny? Yet not programmes, training programmes young and some are just children, an awful one of them will fall to the and rescue and rehabilitation fact which we cannot ignore,’ says General ground apart from the will programmes. ‘We need to raise our Clifton. ‘Jesus said, “Are not two sparrows of your Father. And even voices, raise awareness and raise sold for a penny? But your Father knows the very hairs of your funds to combat the evil of when any one of them falls to the head are all numbered. trafficking,’ says General Clifton. ‘We ground” (Matthew 10:29). We pray for the So don't be afraid; you also need to raise our hands and our victims and the survivors of sex trade are worth more than hearts to Heaven on behalf of those trafficking.’ many sparrows’. THE CRIME OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS IS FIRST AND FOREMOST-A HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUE Yes, 'n' how many years can some people exist before they're * No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and allowed to be free? Yes. 'n' how many times can a man turn his the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. head pretending he just doesn't see? The answer, my friend is * No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, blowin' in the wind. Inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Bob Dylon People trafficking is often defined as a migration, immigration issue. The Dalai Lama says, Furthermore there is argument about the actual recruitment and “All human beings, whatever their cultural or historical transportation of those coerced, tricked or forced into travelling as background, suffer when they are intimidated, imprisoned or to whether trafficking is only an ‘across the border’ issue or within tortured . . . We must, therefore, insist on a global borders. consensus, not only on the need to respect human rights Yet regardless of what protocols or definitions are adopted by worldwide, but also on the definition of these rights . . . for it different countries, the crime of people trafficking is first and is the inherent nature of all human beings to yearn for foremost a human rights issue. The United Nations Declaration on freedom, equality and dignity, and they have an equal right to Human Rights states, achieve that." * Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Living our Message Many years ago Mahatma Ghandi was asked by a reporter, “what is your message?” he replied, “My life is my message.” Over the years I have learnt best by sermons I see. 8 years ago, encouraged by a close friend, I joined a local gym. Over the ensuing years his visible commitment to fitness and constant encouragement of my efforts, has been a real gift and inspiration to me. Edgar Guest’s poem puts it so well. “I'd rather see a sermon I soon can learn to do it than hear one any day; if you'll let me see it done; I'd rather one should walk with me I can watch your hands in action, than merely tell the way. but your tongue too fast may run. The eye's a better pupil And the lecture you deliver and more willing than the ear, may be very wise and true, Fine counsel is confusing, But I'd rather get my lessons but example's always clear; by observing what you do; And the best of all preachers For I might misunderstand you are the men who live their creeds, and the high advice you give, For to see good put in action But there's no misunderstanding is what everybody needs. how you act and how you live." Right now amidst a global recession, and a growing awareness of the unsustainability of our individual wealthy lifestyle habits, plus the detrimental affects from current trading regimes on the lives of the financially poorest in the developing world, we are being swamped by good advice on how we can change our present consumerist attitudes. There are numerous articles written on growing your own vegetables, lessening your dependence upon plastic and reducing your carbon footprint. What is not clear is whether the authors of such good advice are actually putting their words into practice within their own lives. There is a song that begins, “Let there be peace on earth and let it begin with me.” In the New Testament book of James, 2:14-18, he emphasises the absolute requirement that as followers of Christ we live our message. James controversial letter is uncompromising and very clear when he wrote,” What good is it, my brothers, if a man claims to have faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save him? Suppose a brother or sister is without clothes and daily food. If one of you says to him, "Go, I wish you well; keep warm and well fed," but does nothing about his physical needs, what good is it? In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead. But someone will say, "You have faith; I have deeds." Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by what I do.” (N.IV.) Disturbed by what he perceived to be a contradiction in terms of faith that did not impel practical action, James spelt out in no uncertain terms that authentic faith was an outward movement of loving action towards another. James did not direct his readers on how to become a Christian, but rather how to act like one. Late in the afternoon of May 22, 1787, twelve men sat down for a meeting in a printer’s shop at 2 George Yard, London. Unknowingly twelve men were about to set in place a plan of action that would change the course of history. One of the organisers was Thomas Clarkson. Later this group would widen to include William Wilberforce and John Newton. Their campaign against slavery would take many years, be fraught with immense difficulty, personal hardship and cost for the campaigners, as slavery was deeply imbedded into the British economy and such challenging went against the prevailing culture of the day that saw slavery as ‘natural’ and ‘right’ and essential for the good of the British economy. Yet such tenacity to the truth paid off, and as the British people became more aware of the tainted nature deep within some of the material goods they enjoyed, they began voting with their wallets. One essential item for the sweet toothed British was sugar, yet sugar by slavery quickly came off the shopping list. Equally quick to respond were the shop keepers and notices began appearing in shop windows, declaring their sugar source to be slave free. Through their dedicated selfless actions Clarkson and his colleagues not only charted a course to freedom and justice, but equally as significant was the historic reality that their campaign set a precedent for powerful community action and boycott that was to be the fore runner of 21st century campaigning. General Booth was purported to have said in his last speech “….while women weep, I’ll fight...” An authentic faith, I would argue, is a living expression mentored by the cross of Christ. We are called outwards to those on the periphery of God’s global community; to loving costly service. The Rev Martin Luther King once said, if a man has not found anything worth dying for, he is not fit to live.” Strong words of action! The best of all the preachers are the men that live their creeds.” If a person was asked to describe your message by how they have seen you live, how might they reply?