What is it? How is it contracted? Symptoms Who is at risk? Involves cells of the immune Unkown. Could be caused 1st sign - painless swelling Lymphoma is the most system, called lymphocytes. by infections (HIV), possibly in the neck, under an arm, common type of blood cancer Group of cancers that affect autoimmune, exposure to or in the groin. + fever, in the United States. It is the the cells that play a role in the sixth most common cancer in toixic chemicals, family chills, weightloss, night immune system, and primarily adults and the third most history. swats, lack of energy, Lymphoma represents cells involved in the common in children. Non- lymphatic system of the body. itching. Hodgkin lymphoma is far more common than Hodgkin disease. Lack of Vitamin B12 Lack of animal products. Feel weak, tierd, and Vegetarians ligheaded. Pale skin. Vitamin B12 Deficiency a contagious viral illness. In resides only in humans and enters fever, headache, vomiting, Poor sanitation, traveling to the environment in the feces of its most severe form, polio diarrhea, fatigue, back pain an area that is frequent, someone who's infected. causes paralysis, difficulty Poliovirus spreads primarily or stiffness, neck pain or living with someone who breathing and sometimes through the fecal-oral route, stiffness, pain or stiffness in has it, being around it. death. especially in areas where the arms or legs. Polio sanitation is inadequate. Poliovirus can be transmitted through contaminated water and food Syphilis is a bacterial Treponema pallidum, enters Primary - 10-30days; sore STD infection usually transmitted minor cuts or abrasions or 2nd - Rash(red/brown), by sexual contact. The mucous membranes. STD. fver, fatigue, soreness and disease affects your Other routes are through ach Latent - no symptoms genitals, skin and mucous transfusion of infected Teriary - neurological Syphilis membranes, but it may also blood, through direct problems, cardiovascular involve many other parts of unprotected close contact problems. your body, including your with an active lesion brain and your heart. Takayasu arteritis is an unknown, might be auto- muscle pain and arthrelgia, children and women younger inflammation of the aorta -- immune. no pulse in wrist, arm than 30, especially those who the artery that carries blood weakness or pain with use, are of Asian or African descent. from the heart to the rest of chest pain, dizziness, Takayasu the body -- and its major fatigue, fever, light- Syndrome branches. headache, muscle or joint pain, skin rash, vision changes. Caused when your platelet East or excessive bruising, causes blood clots to form begins to fall below normal. superficial bleeding into the in small blood vessels (150,000 - 450,00) skin that apperars as a throughout the body. These Pregnancy, ITP, other Thrombotic rash, prolonged bleeding blood clots can cause autoimmune diseases, Thrombocytope from cuts, spontaneous serious problems if they blood poisoning, TTP nic Purpura bleeding for you gums or block blood vessels and nose, blood in urine or limit blood flow to the brain, stooolm heavy menstrual kidneys, or heart. flows. Unverricht- Lundborg Disease Sometimes unkown. a fast heart rhythm that Usually caused by a starts in the lower part of underlying heart the heart (ventricles). If left Palpitations, dizziness or disease(heart attack, heart Ventricular untreated, some forms of lightheadedness, shortness defect, hypertrophic, dilated Tachycardia ventricular tachycardia may of breath, chest pain, cardiomyopathy) Something worsen and lead to fainting occurs after heart surgery. ventricular fibrillation, which Some medication could can be life-threatening. also cause it. muscle weakness and disorder that results in your fatigue, weightloss and occurs when the cortex is body producing insufficient decresed appetite, Addison’s damaged and doesn't amounts of certain darkening of your skin, low Disease produce its hormones in hormones produced by your blood pressure, low blood adequate quantities adrenal glands. sugar, nausea, irritability, depression Difficulty lifting the front part a serious neurological nvolves death of motor of your foot, weakness in disease that attacks the neurons — the nerve cells your leg feet or ankles, nerve cells that control that control voluntary hand weakeness or voluntary muscles. It may muscles. both upper motor ALS clumsiness, slurring of begin with muscle twitching neurons, located in your speech or trouble or weakness in an arm or brain, and lower motor swallowing, muscle cramps leg, or with slurring of neurons, located in your and twitching in your arm, speech. spinal cord, gradually die. fatigue. healthy brain tissue foregetfullness, difficulties Alzheimer’s degenerates, causing a >65, genetics, women, cause is not exactly known. with thinking, difficulty Disease steady decline in memory heart disease finding the right word and mental abilities. some of the cells in your Cancer that forms in tissues breast begin growing Spontaneous clear or of the breast, usually the Chances rises as women abnormally. These cells bloody discharge from your ducts (tubes that carry milk get older. Genes. Before divide more rapidly than nipple, retraction or to the nipple) and lobules the age of 12 - after 55. Breast Cancer healthy cells do and may indention of your nipple, (glands that make milk). It overweight, hormone spread (metastasize) change in size or contour, occurs in both men and replacement, birth control, through your breast, to your flattening or indention on women, although male alcohol lymph nodes or to other ski, redness or pitting of skin breast cancer is rare. parts of your body. genetic disorder that falttened facial features, causes mental retardation All three abnormalities protruding toungue, small Adcancing maternal age and other problems. The result in extra genetic head, upward slanting eyes, (>35), Mothers who already Down Syndrome condition varies in severity, material from chromosome unusally shaped ears, poor have one child with downs, so developmental problems 21. Trisomy 21, Mosaic, muscle tone, broad short patient who are carriers may range from mild to Tranlocation hands, relatively short serious. finegers, excessive flexibilty. Traumatic brain injury, begins in a single region, muscles contract stroke, brain tumor, oxygen occur with specific actiion, involuntarily — causing an deprivation, infection, rapid blinking or squinting, Dystonia uncontrollable twisting of reaction to certain drugs, head to twist and turn, the affected body part. heavy metal or carbon slurred speech or difficulty monoxide poisoning eating, cramps arthritis, chronic fatigue, loss of sex drive, lack of causes your body to absorb menstruation, abdominal Hemochromatos frequent blood transfusions, Family history, Northern too much iron from the food pain, high blood sugar is high amounts of dietary iron, European decent, Men 5x you eat. levels, liver failuer, liver cancer, diabeteies, heart failur, cardiac arrhymia causes inflammation in the unkown walls of small- and medium- sized arteries throughout the body, including the extremely red etes without Kawasaki coronary arteries thick discharge, rash on children 2-5 Disease body, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes the abnormal blood cells are ancer of your body's blood- immature blood cells (blasts). fever chills, persistent forming tissues, including They can't carry out their fatigue, frequent infections, normal work, and they multiply your bone marrow and losss of appetite or weight, Leukemia rapidly, so the disease lymphatic system. It usually worsens quickly. hese blood swollen lympjh, shortness starts in your white blood cells replicate or accumulate of beat, tiny red spots in cells. more slowly and can function your skin normally for a period of time. .affecting the liver is more commonly Men>Women, US+EU=60 metastatic cancer, which Loss of appetite and weight, elsewhere 20-50, chronic occurs when tumors from liver cells begin to grow abdominal pain, nausea infection with hbv or hcv, and vomiting, weakness Liver Cancer other parts of the body abnormally. Not exactly cirrhosis, diabetes, and fatigue, enlarged livre, spread (metastasize) to sure why this happens. exposure to aflatoxins, abdominal swelling, yellow the liver. affecting the excessive alcohol, smoking, discoloration of you skin. liver is more commonly bile duct metastatic cancer, which occurs when tumors from inflammatory disease autoimmune disease, Fatigue, fever, weightloss that occurs when your which means that instead or gain, joint pain, butterfly body's immune system of just attacking foreign shaped rash, skin leisons, attacks your own tissues substances, such as Women>men, 15-45, mouth sores, finger and sunlight exposure, some Lupus and organs. Inflammation bacteria and viruses, toes that turn whie or blue medication, exposure to caused by lupus can your immune system also in the cold, shortness of chemicals affect many different turns against healthy breath, chest pain, easy body systems, including tissue. This leads to brusing, dpression, memory your joints, skin, kidneys, inflammation and loss, dry ryes blood cells, heart and damage to various parts an infectious disorder Caused by a viral infection, Mainly between the ages of causing he inflaminaion of but can be conracted 15 and 24. Children he membranes(called Early sign and symptom - through bacterial and fungal younger than 5 years. Meningitis meninges) and minor flu,, and tend to infection. Bacterial - Older Adults. Living in cerebrospinal fluid develop over the first bacteria enters the blood places with large groups of surrounding the brain and stream. people. spinal cord. rare infection of the deeper The infection begins locally, layers of skin and at a site of trauma, which Narcotizing subcutaneous tissues, Many types of bacteria can may be severe (such as the anybody fasciistis easily spreading across the cause necrotizing fasciitis result of surgery), minor, or fascial plane within the even non-apparent. subcutaneous tissue. Tremor(shaking), slowed develops gradually, often motion, rigid muscles, increase with age, heredity, starting with a barely impaired posture and Parkinson’s lack of dopamine. male>female, exposure to noticeable tremor in just balance, loss of automatic toxins. one hand. movements, speech changes Diagnosis Treatment Blood test, biopsy, imaging, bone marrow, lumbar funtction. [Male, >45, Stage IV, Albumin (blood test) less than 5.0 g/dL, WBC 15,000mL Blood test to determine the Vitamin B12 supplements number of red blood cells and to see if your body has enough vitamin b12. Usually by the symptoms, No treatment - Antibiotics to comfirm a sample of for secondary infections throat secretions, stool, or analgesics for pain, cerebrospinal fluid. ventilators,. painless sores in your Penicillin, or anyother genital area and enlarged anitbiotic. lymph nodes in your groin area. Smaple of sore, analyze under microscope. Blood test. Lumbar puncture. decrease readial pulses Steroids and (wrist). Difference in blood immunosuppressive drugs. pressure between the two Surgery to bypass arms. High blood pressure. narrowed arteries. Depends on the cause - Routine blood check. medication, surgery, blood transfusions EKG Medication Blood Test, ACTH stimulation, Insullin-induced horomones supplement hypoglycemia test, imaging test. EMG, NCS, Imagaing, Medication, physical and Tumbar puncture, blood occupational theorapy, and urine test, muscle nutritional support, biopsy breathing assistance. not really diagnosis, narrows down to possibilty no treatment of other memory loss diseases Lumpectomy, mastectomy, Breast exam, mammogram chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy Screen test during pregnancy, amniocentesis, chorionic virus sampling, no treatment precutaneous umbillical blood sampling blood or urine test to look medication, sensory trick, for toxins, MRI to look for botulinum toxin, deep brain tumor stimulation serum transferrin saturation, serum ferritin, dontating blood liver biopsy, genetic testing sarlet fever, toxic shock syndrom, measles, urine aspirin, gamma globullin test, blood test chemotherapy, bioloadical physical exam, blood test, therapy, kinase inhibitors, bone marrow sample radiation therapy Surgery, alcohol injection, readiofrequency abiation, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, chemoembolization, Liver biopsy, blood test cyroablation, radition therapy, liver transplant blood count, kidnet and liver Nonsteriodal anti- assessment, urinalysis, infalmmatory drugs, chest x-ray, ECG, syphillis antimalatial drugs, test corticosteroids. The diagnosis is confirmed by either blood cultures or aspiration of pus from tissue, but early medical treatment is crucial and often presumptive no exact way, neurological disorders, drugs, toxins, none head trauma, structual problems.
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