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Physical Activity Guides for Children _ Youth

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					Physical Activity Guides
 for Children & Youth




            Supported by the Government of Ontario
  Why do we need Physical
     Activity Guides?

To provide recommendations on the
frequency, intensity, duration and types of
activity needed for health. The Guides are
produced and distributed by Health Canada.
    Physical Benefits of Physical
    Activity for Children & Youth

   Enhances healthy growth and development
   Builds strong bones, strengthens muscles
    & maintains flexibility
   Achieves a healthy weight
   Promotes good posture and balance
   Improves fitness
   Strengthens the heart
       Psychological Benefits


   Physical activity is consistently related to
    improvements in self-esteem, self-concept,
    depressive symptoms and anxiety / stress.
      Sources: Demarco & Sydney - 1989,
      Bouchard - 1993 and Malina - 1994.
         Academic Benefits

   Physical education has been linked to
    improved academic performance,
    particularly in mathematics, with
    elementary school children.
      Source: CFLRI, Benefits and Impact of
      Physical Activity for Ontario, 1995
             Social Benefits

   Girls who are active in sports are 92% less
    likely to use drugs, 80% less likely to have
    an unwanted pregnancy and three times
    more likely to graduate from high school.
       Sources: The Institute for Athletics and
       Education-1993, Sport Nova Scotia-1997,
       CAPHERD-1998 and CFLRI-1999
     How Active Are the Kids?


   Over 50% of children and youth aged
    5 to 17 are not active enough for
    optimal growth and development
     Source: CFLRI,
     Physical Activity Monitor, 2000
           Future Health Issues


Today’s inactive children have an increased risk for:

   Cardiovasular Disease                  Mental Health Problems
   Hypertension                           Orthopedic Problems
   High Cholesterol                       Arthritis
   Type 2 Diabetes                        Some Forms of Cancer
   Osteoporosis



 Source: Canadian Pediatric Society -
 Position Statement - 2002
         Future Health Issues


   From 1981 to 1996, the prevalence of
    overweight among boys 7-13 increased
    from 15% to 35% and among girls, from
    15% to 29%
      Source: Tremblay and Willms.
      Secular Trends in the Body Mass
      Index of Canadian Children.
      Canadian Medical Association Journal,
      2000
               The Guides




Children: 6-9 years   Youth: 10-14 years old
old
    The Recommendations


The Children & Youth Guides
recommend a minimum of 90 minutes
per day:


    30 minutes of vigorous activity
                 +
    60 minutes of moderate activity
           How to Meet the
           Recommedations

   Increase physical activity gradually.
   Reduce non-active time (TV, computer,
    video games).
   Build physical activity throughout
    the day in periods of at
    least 5 to 10 minutes.
   Find FUN activities!
   What Activities Should
   Children & Youth Do?

Endurance
activities                 Flexibility
                           activities




       Strength-building
       activities
      Additional Supports:
        The Magazines

The magazines are for the children & youth
themselves to help them find fun ways to
meet the Guide Recommendations.
       Additional Supports:
        The Family Guides

The Family Guides will assist parents,
caregivers and guardians in helping children &
youth integrate physical activity in their lives.
      Additional Supports:
     The Teachers’ Guides

The Teachers’ Guides will assist teachers
through classroom activities and discussions to
help students increase their physical activity.
       Additional Supports:
The Physical Activity Chart & Stickers


                   The Physical Activity
                   Chart and Stickers are
                   ideal for posting on a
                   fridge or bulletin board.

                   They are designed for
                   children 6-9 and will
                   help them track their
                   progress.
                     Who Endorses the Guide?
                           Everyone!!!
National Organizations:                                                Canadian Psychiatric Association
Active & Safe Routes to School                                         Canadian Psychological Association
                                                                       Canadian Public Health Association
Arthritis Society                                                      Canadian School Boards Association
Assembly of First Nations                                              Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology
Association of Local Public Health Agencies                            Canadian Special Olympics
Block Parent Program of Canada                                         Canadian Teachers' Federation
Boys and Girls Clubs of Canada                                         Child/Women's Health Program
                                                                       Children's Safety Association of Canada
Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine                                                                                     Children's Hospitals:
                                                                       Child Welfare League of Canada
Canadian Assoc, for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance                                                   Alberta Children's Hospital
                                                                       Coalition for Active Living
                                                                                                                       Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario
Canadian Assoc. for the Advancement of Women & Sport & P.A.            College of Family Physicians of Canada
                                                                                                                       Children's & Women's Health Centre of BC
Canadian Association for Young Children                                Dietitians of Canada
                                                                                                                       Hospital for Sick Children
Canadian Association of Principals                                     Family Service Canada
                                                                                                                       IWK Health Centre
                                                                       Federation of Canadian Municipalities
Canadian Child Care Federation                                                                                         Janeway Children's Hospital
                                                                       Girl Guides of Canada-Guides du Canada
Canadian Council on Social Development                                                                                 Montreal Children's Hospital
                                                                       Go for Green
                                                                                                                       Winnipeg Children's Hospital
Canadian Diabetes Association                                          Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle                                         Lifesaving Society
Canadian Home and School                                               Developmental & Pediatric Services
                                                                       National Crime Prevention Centre
Canadian Institute of Child Health                                     National Institute of Nutrition
Canadian Intramural Recreation                                         Osteoporosis Society of Canada
Canadian Lung Association                                              Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada
Canadian Medical Association                                           Planned Parenthood Federation of Canada
Canadian Mental Health Association                                     Safe Kids Canada, National Injury Prevention Program
                                                                       Scouts Canada
Canadian Nurses Association                                            United Way of Canada/Centraide Canada
Canadian Paediatric Society                                            Vanier Institute of the Family
Canadian Parks and Recreation Association                              Victoria Order of Nurses for Canada
Canadian Physiotherapy Association                                     YMCA of Canada
                                                                       YWCA of Canada
        For More Information
            and to Order:

   Call: 1-888-334-9769
   Visit: www.healthcanada.ca/paguide

				
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