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					Organize
Designing Organizations
      What is an Organization?
• A group of people working together in a
  coordinated effort to reach certain goals.
     What is an Organization?
• Examples:
  – Sports Teams
  – For Profit
  – Not For Profit
         What do you Organize?
•   Binders
•   Hard drives
•   Homes
•   Finances
•   Rooms
•   Teams
•   Lives
    Why do you Organize your Life?
•   Avoid Chaos
•   To move ahead
•   Save Time
•   Save Money
  Why does Business Organize?
• Lines of Authority
• Improve Productivity
• Easier communication
 Establishing Lines of Authority
• What is Authority?
• What is Chain of Command?
• Advantages:
  – Understand who is in charge
  – Problems addressed at low levels
• Disadvantages:
  – Assigning responsibility
  – Too many levels
         Improving Productivity
• Division of Labour
• Adam Smith
    – The Wealth of Nations
•   Specialization
•   Job Rotation
•   Job Scope
•   Job Depth
      Improving Communication
•   One-to-All
•   One-to-Few
•   Few-to-Small Group
•   Good Communication vs Bad Communication
    What Makes an Organization
           Effective?
• Figure 12-2
• Knowing your customers and Responding to
  Their needs
• Decentralization
             Decentralization
• Advantages:
  – Response to market changes
  – Upper Management avoids menial tasks
  – Decision-making responsibility at low levels


• Disadvantages:
  – Loss of control
  – Duplication of effort
                 Your Turn
• Page 285
  – Fact and Idea Review #3,4 and 5
  – Assessing Writing Skills
Delegating Responsibility
     and Authority
                Delegation
• Assign responsibility
• Believe in your subordinates
• Allow your subordinates to succeed
  – Unity of Command
• Do not over rely on managers
Enforcing the Unity of Command
• Span of Management
     • Control the number people who report to each manager.
  – Determined by:
     •   Experience of manager
     •   Experience of worker
     •   Tasks undertaken
     •   Time lines
  – Figure 12-3
     • Trend from traditional to team
Enforcing the Unity of Command
• Giving Subordinates the Authority to make
  decisions
• Ensuring Accountability
               Why Delegate?
•   Time
•   Level of complexity of managers job
•   Skill sets
•   Empowering your employees
    – Makes them feel good
              How to Delegate?
•   Not an adhoc situation
•   Analyse your subordinates skills/abilities
•   Figure out what you want done
•   Be Clear
                  Your Turn
• Page 293
  – Fact and Review #2, 3, 4
  – Critical Thinking #2
  – Case Analysis

				
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