HIVAIDS Statistical Fact Sheet by kad47310

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									undp                                                       hiv/aids
               Statistical Fact Sheet
General (see also 2 tables at the back)
   There are now 40 million people living with HIV, and about 95% of them are in developing
    countries.

   Globally 24.8 million people have died of AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic.

   In 2001 alone, 5 million people became newly infected with HIV.

   About 14 000 people become newly infected with HIV every day.

   3 million people died of AIDS in 2001.

   Of all new infections in 2001, 68% were in Sub-Saharan Africa and 16% in South and South
    East Asia.

   An estimated 3 million children are living with HIV/AIDS

   More than half of those newly infected with HIV today are between 15 and 24 years old. 11.8
    million young people (aged 15-24) are living with HIV/AIDS of whom 7.3 million are young
    women and 4.5 million are young men.

   14 million children have been orphaned by HIV/AIDS, and the number will reach 40 million by
    2010.

Resources
   The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has received pledges of over $2
    billion, and in the first round its board has approved $616 million over two years including $238
    million that will be approved pending some further review.

   The world currently spends about $2 billion annually on HIV/AIDS prevention and care in
    developing countries

   A Harvard study estimated that AIDS has so far cost the world more than $500 billion
    compared to the $7-10 billion a year that is needed to combat it.

   Since 1992, ODA flows to the 28 countries with the highest adult HIV prevalence rates have
    fallen by one third, from $12.8 to $8.4 billion.
undp                                                       hiv/aids
               Statistical Fact Sheet
Impact on Human Development
Survival

   It is estimated that 68 million people will die AIDS by 2020, more than triple the number who
    died in the first 20 years of the epidemic.

   Life expectancy in the 35 worst affected countries in Africa is estimated at 48.3 years. This is
    6.5 years less than it would have been in the absence of AIDS.

   Life expectancy in Haiti will be 50 years instead of 60 years in 2010 as a result of HIV/AIDS

   In Botswana life expectancy has fallen from 60.2 years to 44.4 years and is projected to drop
    to 36 years from 2000-2005.

   An estimated 60% of deaths among children under the age of five in the Bahamas are due to
    AIDS while for Zimbabwe the figure is 70%

   Under five mortality in South Africa will increase to nearly 150 per 1,000 live births by 2010
    instead of falling to around 50 in the absence of HIV/AIDS.

   By 2005-2010, average life expectancy at birth in the eleven worst affected countries is
    projected to decrease to 44 years instead of rising to 61 years as it was projected in the
    absence of AIDS

Income Poverty

   Income for the poorest quarter of households in Botswana will drop by 13% over the next ten
    years, as a result of HIV/AIDS

   The proportion of people living in poverty in Burkina Faso will increase from 45% to nearly 60%
    by 2010 as a result of HIV/AIDS.

   Studies of rural families in Thailand show that farm output and income fell between 52% and
    67% in families affected by AIDS.

   A Zambian study shows that two-thirds of urban households that have lost their main
    breadwinner to AIDS experienced a loss of income of 80%

   The same study found that 61% of these households moved to cheaper housing, 39% lost
    piped water, and 21% of girls and 17% of boys dropped out of school.
undp                                                       hiv/aids
               Statistical Fact Sheet
Economic Growth

   HIV/AIDS has reduced the annual rate of Africa's per capita GDP growth by 0.8 percent.

   In the worst affected countries, HIV/AIDS will reduce economic growth by 1-2 percent.

   It is projected that by 2021 the size of the GDP of Botswana will be 24-38% less than it would
    have been without HIV/AIDS.

   In Botswana it is estimated that the government will lose 20% of public revenue by 2010
    because of AIDS

Agriculture and Food Security

   The FAO estimates that in the 27 most affected African countries, 7 million agricultural workers
    have died from AIDS since 1985, and 16 million more deaths are likely in the next two
    decades.

   One out of every five rural families in Burkina Faso have reduced their agricultural output or
    abandoned their farms due to AIDS.

   An Ethiopian study found that AIDS-afflicted households spent 50-66% less time on agriculture
    than households that were not afflicted.

   In Zimbabwe, it is estimated that communal agricultural output has decreased by 50% in a five-
    year period, largely due to HIV/AIDS.

   In Zimbabwe household maize production fell by over 60% and cattle ownership by a third for
    households affected by HIV/AIDS.

Gender

   Of all adults living with HIV/AIDS, 50% or 18.5 million are women.

   1.1 million women have died of AIDS in 2001

   Women make up 58% of people living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa.

   South Africa’s large-scale prevention programme is showing results, recently 55% of sexually
    active teenage girls reported constant condom use during sex.

   In Trinidad and Tobago HIV rates are five times higher in girls than in boys aged 15-19.
undp                                                      hiv/aids
              Statistical Fact Sheet
   Through strong prevention programmes Cambodia was able to lower HIV prevalence rates by
    one third among pregnant women from 3.2% in 1997 to 2.3% at the end of 2000.

   In Southern Africa one in four women aged 20 to 29 is HIV positive.

   In Bangladesh and Nepal less than one in three married women have heard of AIDS.

   Women now represent 24% of new HIV infections compared to 8.5% in 1995 in Canada.

Education

   In 1999, UNICEF estimated that 860,000 children in Sub-Saharan Africa have lost their
    teachers to AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic.

   Zambia has lost 1,300 teachers due to AIDS in the first ten months of 1998, the equivalent of
    two-thirds of all new teachers trained annually

   In Central African Republic, 85% of the 300 teacher deaths in 2000 were due to AIDS and the
    epidemic is responsible for the closure of more than 100 education establishments.

   AIDS deaths among South African teachers rose by more than 40% in 2000-2001.

   In Cote d’Ivoire household spending on schooling has dropped by 50% in families where
    someone had died of AIDS.

   In Benin only 17% of children whose parents have died attend school, compared to 50% of
    those with both parents still alive.

Business Response

   Volkswagen Brazil has reported a 90% reduction in hospitalizations, 40% reduction in the cost
    of treatment and care and 90% of the patients were active and with no symptoms since the
    start of the company’s care programme.

   DaimlerChrysler South Africa, the largest foreign investor in South Africa, has started a
    program that includes free anti-retrovirals and drugs to treat AIDS related opportunistic
    infections, as well as education programs and improved health center infrastructure. This will
    directly affect 23,000 0people (employees and their dependents).

   The diamond company Debswana has announced that it will pay 90% of the costs of anti-
    retrovirals for an employee and one legally married spouse who is HIV positive.
undp                                                        hiv/aids
               Statistical Fact Sheet

   One of South Africa's biggest employers, power utility company Eskom said the rate of
    infection in the company is down to 9% from 12% in 1995, thanks to a comprehensive
    programme which costs it around 180 million rand ($18.4 million) annually

Access to HIV/AIDS Drugs

   Just 0.1% of the 28.5 million of people living with HIV/AIDS in Africa have access to HIV/AIDS
    drugs.

   Of all the 760 000 people worldwide who have access to antiretrovirals, 500 000 live in high-
    income countries.

   In the US, a triple-cocktail of antiretrovirals costs between US $10,000 and $12,000 per patient
    per year while Cipla, the Indian generic drug manufacturer has offered a triple-cocktail for US$
    350 per patient per year.

   In Latin America and the Caribbean 11 of 24 countries surveyed have policies, regulations or
    laws that guarantee access to antiretrovirals as a human right.

   The annual number of AIDS deaths in Brazil has been reduced by almost 50% between 1996
    and 1999 following the introduction of antiretroviral therapies.

   By providing free antiretrovirals Brazil has kept 146,000 patients out of the nation's hospitals
    and saved the country $472 million.

   Pharmaceutical sales in Africa are forecast to be just 1.3% of the global market in 2002.

   In 1998 global health research spending was approximately $70 billion but just $300 million
    went to AIDS vaccine research and about $100 million to malaria research.

   In 1992 only 10% of global health research focused on the illnesses that constituted 90% of the
    global disease burden.


Regional Stats
Africa

   70% of all adults living with HIV are in Africa
undp                                                      hiv/aids
               Statistical Fact Sheet

   Africa has a total number of 28.5 million people living with HIV/AIDS showing an increase of
    30% over five years.

   3.5 million Africans became newly infected with HIV in 2001.

   In the past two decades average life expectancy for all Africans has fallen by 15 years as a
    direct result of HIV/AIDS.

   Seven Southern African countries now have a prevalence rate of over 20% .

   Uganda with prevalence rates dropping from 8.3% at the end of 1999 to 5% at the end of 2001
    is only African country that was able to turn around a major HIV/AIDS epidemic.


Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States


   In 2001 there were an estimated 250 000 new infections in this region.

   There are now 1 million people living with HIV/AIDS in this region.

   In the Russian Federation the epidemic continues to grow rapidly, more than 40 000 new HIV-
    positive diagnoses were reported in the first six months of 2001.

   Ukraine (1%) and Russia (0.9%) have the fastest growing epidemics in the world and the trend
    in Russia is that the number of registered cases double every year.

   Russian Health Ministry estimates that 5-10 million boys and men between the ages of 15 and
    20 will have be HIV-positive in five years.

   In Estonia HIV infections have increased sharply from 12 in 1999 to 1474 in 2001.

Asia and the Pacific

   An estimated 6.6 million people are now living with HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific.

   China has seen a rise of 67% in reported HIV-infections in the first 6 months of 2001.

   In South and South-East Asia in the year 2001 an estimated 800 000 adults and children were
    newly infected.
undp                                                      hiv/aids
               Statistical Fact Sheet
   India has an estimated 3.97 million people living with HIV/AIDS. Only South Africa has more.

   India will soon have the highest number of HIV-positive citizens, and China is close behind.
    The two countries combined will have at least 10 million people infected with HIV by 2005.

   Cambodia brought down the HIV-prevalence rate from a little more than 4% at the end of 1999
    to 2, 7% at the end of 2001, their 100% condom-use programme is largely credited for this
    success.

   In Thailand annual new HIV-infections dropped from 143 000 in 1991 to 29 000 in 20001.

Latin America and the Caribbean

   An estimated 1.9 million adults and children are living with HIV in Latin America and the
    Caribbean.

   An estimated 200,000 people became newly infected during 2001 in Latin America and the
    Caribbean.

   200 000 of the 250 000 AIDS orphans in the Caribbean live in Haiti.

   With an average adult HIV prevalence rate of 2% the Caribbean is the second-most affected
    region.

   Nine out of the 12 countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the Americas are in the
    Caribbean basin.

   Brazil, the most populated country in the region, has 610,000, the highest number of People
    Living with HIV/AIDS.
undp                                                        hiv/aids
                Statistical Fact Sheet

Countries with >4% HIV Adult Prevalence Rate


     Country                          Adult rate   Adults and    Adults      Orphans
                                         (%)        children     (15-49)    cumulative
1    Botswana                           38.80       330,000      300,000       69,000
2    Zimbabwe                           33.73      2,300,000    2,000,000     780,000
3    Swaziland                          33.44       170,000      150,000       35,000
4    Lesotho                            31.00       360,000      330,000       73,000
5    Namibia                            22.50       230,000      200,000       47,000
6    Zambia                             21.52      1,200,000    1,000,000     570,000
7    South Africa                       20.10      5,000,000    4,700,000     660,000
8    Kenya                              15.01      2,500,000    2,300,000     890,000
9    Malawi                             15.00       850,000      780,000      470,000
10   Mozambique                         13.00      1,100,000    1,000,000     420,000
11   Central African Republic           12.90       250,000      220,000      110,000
12   Cameroon                           11.83       920,000      860,000      210,000
13   Djibouti*                         11.75*        37,000       35,000         …
14   Cote d'Ivoire                      9.65        770,000      690,000      420,000
15   Rwanda                             8.88        500,000      430,000      260,000
16   Burundi                            8.30        390,000      330,000      240,000
17   United Rep. of Tanzania            7.83       1,500,000    1,300,000     810,000
18   Congo                              7.15        110,000       99,000       78,000
19   Sierra Leone                       7.00        170,000      150,000       42,000
20   Burkina Faso                       6.50        440,000      380,000      270,000
21   Ethiopia                           6.41       2,100,000    1900,000      990,000
22   Haiti                              6.10        250,000      240,000      200,000
23   Togo                               6.00        150,000      130,000       63,000
24   Nigeria                            5.80       3,500,000    3,200,000    1,000,000
25   Angola                             5.50        350,000      320,000      100,000
26   Uganda                             5.00        600,000      510,000      880,000
27   Dem. Republic of Congo             4.90       1,300,000    1,100,000     930,000
28   Gabon                              4.16*       23,000*      22,000*         …

*Data refer to end 1999 (Source UNAIDS 2000)
Source: UNAIDS 2002
undp                                                           hiv/aids
                Statistical Fact Sheet

                    Regions                 Adult rate     Adults and
                                            (%)            Children

   1 Sub-Saharan Africa                           9.0         28.5 million
   2 Caribbean                                    2.3           420 000
   3 South and South East Asia                    0.6          5.6 million
   4 North America                                0.6           950 000
   5 Latin America                                0.5          1.5 million
   6 Eastern Europe and Central Asia              0.5           1 million
   7 Western Europe                               0.3           550 000
   8 North Africa and Middle East                 0.3           500 000
   9 East Asia and Pacific                        0.1           1 million
  10 Australia and New Zealand                    0.1            15 000

Source: Report on the Global Epidemic, July 2002, UNAIDS

								
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