LIFE DURING THE CIVIL WAR by sdfwerte

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									LIFE DURING THE
   CIVIL WAR
War Communism and the Red
         Terror
                    AIMS
   To examine life in Russia during the Civil
    War.
   To understand why War Communism and
    the Red Terror were introduced.
              CONDITIONS
   Unstable fighting fronts.
   Soldiers changing sides.
   Disease.
   Lack of central control.
   Atrocities.
   Look at novels – Doctor Zhivago.
      ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
   Workers and peasants were in control of
    land and factories.
   Shortage of raw materials.
   Industrial output shrank.
   Prices rose.
   Peasants refused to supply food to cities.
   Food riots.
   Workers began to flee the cities.
    WHAT SHOULD BE DONE?
   Lenin faced two main problems:
    1. Keep workers in the cities to produce
    munitions and other goods.
    2. Feed the workers.

   What would you do? Arrange yourselves
    into groups and come up with some
    policies for Lenin to adopt.
          WAR COMMUNISM
   Name given to Lenin’s policies 1918-21.
    1. Grain requisitioning.
    2. Banning of private trade.
    3. Nationalisation of industry.
    4. Labour discipline.
    5. Rationing based on class.
    6. Internal passports.
    7. Single managers replaced worker
    committees.
               OPPOSITION
   Workers angry at their conditions.
   Calls for Soviet elections, free press and
    restoration of the Constituent Assembly.
   Anarchists.
   Left-wing Socialist Revolutionaries.
   August 1918 – assassination attempt.
DOWN WITH LENIN            GIVE US THE TSAR
AND HORSEMEAT!                AND PORK!
     END OF THE ROMANOVS
   17 July, 1918 in Ekaterinburg in the Urals.
   The whole family was shot, the bodies
    drenched in acid and thrown down a
    disused mine shaft, before later burial.
   Survival of children?
        THE RED TERROR
 Run by the Cheka under Felix Dzerzhinsky.
 Executions.

 Random arrests.

 Attacks on peasants during requisitioning.

 Concentration and labour camps set up.

“The machinery of terror and the police
   state were created under Lenin, not
                  Stalin.”
LIFE UNDER WAR COMMUNISM
   Bag-men and the black market.
   Everyone hunted for fuel & food (‘Civil
    War Sausage’)
   Bribery & corruption.
   Harder for the ‘former people’.

								
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