LIFE DURING THE CIVIL WAR War Communism and the Red Terror AIMS To examine life in Russia during the Civil War. To understand why War Communism and the Red Terror were introduced. CONDITIONS Unstable fighting fronts. Soldiers changing sides. Disease. Lack of central control. Atrocities. Look at novels – Doctor Zhivago. ECONOMIC PROBLEMS Workers and peasants were in control of land and factories. Shortage of raw materials. Industrial output shrank. Prices rose. Peasants refused to supply food to cities. Food riots. Workers began to flee the cities. WHAT SHOULD BE DONE? Lenin faced two main problems: 1. Keep workers in the cities to produce munitions and other goods. 2. Feed the workers. What would you do? Arrange yourselves into groups and come up with some policies for Lenin to adopt. WAR COMMUNISM Name given to Lenin’s policies 1918-21. 1. Grain requisitioning. 2. Banning of private trade. 3. Nationalisation of industry. 4. Labour discipline. 5. Rationing based on class. 6. Internal passports. 7. Single managers replaced worker committees. OPPOSITION Workers angry at their conditions. Calls for Soviet elections, free press and restoration of the Constituent Assembly. Anarchists. Left-wing Socialist Revolutionaries. August 1918 – assassination attempt. DOWN WITH LENIN GIVE US THE TSAR AND HORSEMEAT! AND PORK! END OF THE ROMANOVS 17 July, 1918 in Ekaterinburg in the Urals. The whole family was shot, the bodies drenched in acid and thrown down a disused mine shaft, before later burial. Survival of children? THE RED TERROR Run by the Cheka under Felix Dzerzhinsky. Executions. Random arrests. Attacks on peasants during requisitioning. Concentration and labour camps set up. “The machinery of terror and the police state were created under Lenin, not Stalin.” LIFE UNDER WAR COMMUNISM Bag-men and the black market. Everyone hunted for fuel & food (‘Civil War Sausage’) Bribery & corruption. Harder for the ‘former people’.
Pages to are hidden for
"LIFE DURING THE CIVIL WAR"Please download to view full document