CAROLINA UNCORKED
    Volume 1, Issue 3                                                                                      Winter 2007

   Upcoming Events                    H     ave you heard North Carolina’s wine story?
                                             Not long after Sir Walter Raleigh landed in what would become North
                                      Carolina, the grape vine was first introduced and cultivated in the New World.
April 12-15
Blue Ridge Wine Festival
                                      In fact, by the dawn of the 20th Century, the Old North State was the leading
Blowing Rock, NC
                                      wine-producing region in the nation.         It seemed nothing could stop us.
(877) 295-7965                        But we hadn’t counted on an act of Congress. 1919. Prohibition.
April 21
                                      Suddenly, products from distilleries in undisclosed locations in the Piedmont
Great Grapes! Wine & Music Festival
                                      hills and dales were rather more lucrative than those from the gnarled grape
Cary, NC
                                      orchards of yore. When we spoke of fruit, it was shriveled in white lightning.
                                      When we packaged, it was in Mason jars rather than Chardonnay bottles.
(800) 830-3976                        Other pursuits followed. Often at high speeds. The sudden
                                      professional interest of G-Men and revenuers gave rise to
May 5                                 moonlit, midnight chases across the humble countryside,
Shine to Wine Festival                engendering a motorized pastime that became a sport that
Wilkesboro, NC                        became NASCAR.       But other things permeated our viticulture, too. Our wines
(336) 667-4875                        evoke not just oaken barrels, but local flavors and connec-
                                      tions, whether of barbecue or mountain trout or tailgate
May 12                                parties. And our vineyards summon samplings not of wine
Salute! The North Caroline Wine       alone, but wine with festivals, with arts and crafts, with our
Celebration                           own music and local culture. And always, with the state’s natural beauty as a
Winston-Salem, NC                     backdrop.
(336) 354-1500
                                      Our land is rich and many-textured. The vines are wide in variety. And the
                                      people who grow them are as interesting and diverse as the state itself and, led
May 19
                                      by pioneers, farming families and glorious chance-takers, North Carolina has
Yadkin Valley Wine Festival
                                      returned to its original roots.
Elkin, NC                             The Economic Impact of North Carolina Grapes and Wine
(336) 777-3900                        According to a study released in           tinued growth,” Easley said. The
                                      January by Governor Easley, North          study verifies the substantial impact
                                      Carolina’s wine and grape industry         of North Carolina’s wine and grape
                                      provides $813 million a year to the        industry on the state’s economy.
                                      state’s economy. The study was com-        North Carolina is now home to 63
                                      missioned by the state Department of       wineries which hosted more than
          For more                    Commerce’s Tourism Division and            800,000 visitors in 2005. Since
         upcoming                     the N.C. Wine & Grape Council              2000, the number of wineries in the
                                      and prepared by MKF Research of            state has tripled and grape acreage
      events, check out               Napa Valley.                               has more than doubled. The North              “The expanding wine and grape              Carolina wine industry, along with
                                      industry in North Carolina brings          affiliated businesses, creates 5,700
                                      important revenue to our state and         full-time jobs and $158 million in
                                      has tremendous potential for con-          wages.
    2                                                     Carolina UnCorked

                                         Suggestions for Sipping
                                         Wine is meant to be enjoyed, not only for its taste, but also for its smell and
                                         presentation. The Mason jar from which you are sipping your Sauvignon
                                         Blanc may seem satisfactory, but we are here to offer some insight into the
                                         world of stemware. While there are no strict rules to follow when choosing a
                                         glass, here are a few suggestions to enhance your wine-drinking experience:
                                         Red Wines - A larger glass with a broad bowl is often used to serve these dis-
                                         tinctively aromatic wines. The opening of the glass should be narrow. A rule
                                         of thumb: As the wine matures, the glass that accompanies it should be larger.
                                         White Wines - To capture their more delicate aromas, white wines are en-
                                         hanced by the use of a smaller bowl. Younger white wines should be savored
                                         from a glass with an opening that is wider in respect to the rest of the bowl.
                                         The taste of a mature white wine is enhanced by a straight opening.
                                         Sparkling Wines – A flute is the ideal stemware for serving sparkling wines.
                                         The tall, narrow shape of its bowl guides the fresh aromas toward the nose.
                                         Mature sparkling wines should be placed in taller, more rounded flutes.

           Did You Know?

   The wreckage of the Titanic, holds
                                         Safe Keeping
   the oldest wine cellar in the world   Now that you have purchased a few bottles of North Carolina wine, it’s
  and despite the depth and wreckage,    important to learn about proper storage methods. Constant conditions with
        the bottles are still intact.    proper lighting and temperature will ensure the best possible taste.
                                         For optimum storage, arrange the bottles in a horizontal position with the
                                         labels facing up. This will ensure that the wine is in contact with the cork,
                                         thereby limiting evaporation. Positioning the label face-up will ensure that
                                         you are always able to identify the wine, without having to jostle it.
                                         Proper lighting is another important element in wine storage. Sunlight and
                                         other lighting forms can damage wine and negatively impact taste. Darker
                                         conditions are ideal, even for dark-colored bottles.
                                         The ideal temperature for storing wine is constantly up for debate. The
 Visit us on                             commonly agreed upon “ideal” temperature is 55 degrees Fahrenheit for
                                         all wines. Historically, the French stored wine in caves where the natural
 the Web!                                underground temperature is around 55 degrees. Since underground caves                      are not an amenity in most homes, a general rule of thumb is to store wines
                                         at temperatures right above freezing to just below 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
                                         Just remember, consistency is key in wine storage!
   3                                                       Winter 2007

                                   Suggested Recipe
                                   Salmon with Red-Wine Sauce
                                   SERVES: 4
                                   The success of this simple recipe lies in the quality of the wine. Choose a full-
                                   bodied North Carolina red and you’ll be rewarded with a truly enjoyable sauce.

                                            1 tablespoon cooking oil
                                            4 salmon steaks, about 1 inch thick (about 2 pounds in all)
                                            Fresh-ground black pepper
                                            1/2 cup red wine
                                            2 scallions, bulbs and green tops chopped separately
                                            3 tablespoons butter, cut into pieces
                                   1. Heat the oven to 450°. Put the oil in a small stainless-steel, enameled, or
                                   nonstick roasting pan and heat in the oven for 5 minutes. Season the fish with
                                   1/2 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon pepper. Put the fish in the hot pan; cook in
                                   the oven until just done, about 8 minutes.
                                   2. Remove the fish from the pan and transfer to paper towels to drain. Pour off
                                   any oil remaining in the pan. Put the pan over moderate heat and add the wine
                                   and the chopped scallion bulbs. Bring to a boil, scraping the bottom of the pan
“Wine makes daily living           to dislodge any brown bits. Cook until the wine is reduced to approximately 3
easier, less hurried, with         tablespoons, 1 to 2 minutes.
fewer tensions and more
                                   3. Reduce the heat to low and whisk in the butter. Season the sauce with a
        tolerance.”                pinch each of salt and pepper. Put the fish on plates, browned-side up. Sprinkle
                                   the scallion greens over the top. Spoon the sauce around the fish.
   –Benjamin Franklin
                                    Use the remaining North Carolina wine to pair with this dish!
                                   --adapted from

                                   What the Heck is Tannin?
                                   When speaking of a wine’s flavor profile, the word “tannin” is often thrown
                                   around. However, many wine tasters are unsure about this oft-used term. So
                                   what the heck is tannin, anyway?
                                   Tannins are organic compounds found naturally in grape skins and seeds. They
                                   are associated with a puckering sensation or bitter aftertaste. This effect can
        Did You Know?              also be produced by other flavors like strong tea, blueberries and cranberries.
                                   Wines that exhibit these qualities are referred to as “tannic”. While undetect-
                                   able by smell, tannins can usually be seen as the sediment in wine.
    There are more than 700
chemical compounds in wine which   Winemakers can control the amount of tannin in a particular wine, thereby
 have been identified and named,   altering its taste. The technique used to extract the juice from the grape can
                                   increase the tannins. The oak barrels used to age wine also contain tannin.
   making wine one of our most     A gentle process can limit the amount of tannins in a wine. Red wine goes
          complex foods.           through a more abrasive crushing process and is aged longer thus resulting in a
                                   more tannic taste.
                                   Tannins have been shown to have health benefits. In some forms, tannins can
                                   suppress the production of the peptide responsible for artery hardening. An-
                                   other good reason to drink up!
 4                                                          Carolina UnCorked

 NC Wine & Grape Council       Recommended Reads
NC Department of Commerce
  & Sports Development         108 Ingenious Shortcuts to Navigate the World of
 4324 Mail Service Center      Wine with Confidence and Style
    Raleigh, NC 27699          By Mark Oldman
                               Penguin (Non-Classics)

  Phone: 919-715-WINE          Oldman simplifies the mysteries of wine into 108 short chapters.
    Fax: 919-733-8582          A veritable wine expert, Oldman has been teaching wine classes
 Web:      for more than ten years and is the founder of the website Vault.
                               com. His lighthearted style makes this an enjoyable read despite
                               the overwhelming amount of information offered. He offers
                               practical and to the point advice on topics like how to order wine
                               in a restaurant and how to look up wines by type. Each chapter
                               features a cheat sheet of wine picks by price range and a pronun-
                               ciation table. Bon Appètit calls Oldman’s guide “Winespeak
                               without the geek.”
                               --adapted from
                                                        THE UNIVERSITY WINE COURSE:
                                                        A Comprehensive Text & Self Tutorial
                                                        By Marian W. Baldy, Ph.D.
                                                        Wine Appreciation Guild, 3rd Edition
                                                        The most widely used wine textbook for colleges and universi-
                                                        ties is now popular with serious wine enthusiasts for home study.
                                                        The text provides a 12 week program for learning about wine
                                                        in-depth, from sensory evaluation to the science of viticulture and
                                                        winemaking. Written in a “user friendly” style to include chapter
                                                        exams and answers, study guides, lab exercises and final exams,
                                                        the book is illustrated with appendixes on Wine & Food, Label
                                                        Reading, Do-It-Yourself Labs, student tasting notes and more.
                                                        Dr. Baldy is a USDA award-winning professor of sciences who
                                                        has operated her own vineyard and winery and has taught wine
                                                        appreciation for academic credits to university students for more
                                                        than 20 years.
                                                        --adapted from

     The mission of the        North Carolina: A Top Choice
   North Carolina Wine         A first-ever study, sponsored by the Travel Industry Association along with Gourmet
     & Grape Council is        magazine and the International Culinary Tourism Association, lists North Carolina
  to facilitate development    as one of the top five state destinations for wine and culinary tourism.This national
 of North Carolina’s grape     study sampled of 2,364 U.S. leisure travel respondents. North Carolina ranks fifth
   and wine industries by      in top destinations, following California, Florida, New York and Texas.
     enhancing product         Most exciting for the wine industry in the state, North Carolina ranks third in
    quality for consumers,     wine-related travel. Five percent of those interviewed came to the state for our wine
       and encouraging         tourism. North Carolina respectively followed California, with 31 percent, and New
   economic viability and      York, with 10 percent.
       opportunity for         This promising report found that these travelers are younger and better educated that
  growers and processors       non-culinary travelers. With 60 percent of US leisure travelers interested in culinary
     through education,        tourism in the future, good things are coming for North Carolina.
  marketing and research.      --adapted from the Asheville-Citizen Times

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