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Midterm Review201047283

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					     Midterm Review

Age of Exploration, Mesoamerica
 Cultures, Absolutism, Scientific
  Revolution, & Enlightenment
  Age of       Meso-    Absolutism   Scientific   Enligten-   Democracy
Exploration   America                Revolution     ment      in England


   100         100        100          100         100          100


   200         200        200          200         200          200


   300         300        300          300         300          300


   400         400        400          400         400          400


   500         500        500          500         500          500
This was perhaps the single
most important factor in the
Europeans ability to conquer
the Mesoamerican cultures.

            Answer
Disease




 Home
He was the first explorer to reach the
 West Indies and he sailed in 1492.




                Answer
Columbus



  Home
He was the first European to sail to India
         by going around Africa.



                 Answer
DaGama



 Home
He was the first to sail around the world even
   though he did not complete the journey.




                   Answer
Magellan



  Home
What were the three G’s that spurred
    Europeans onto to conquest.




               Ans.
Gold, Glory, & God




       Home
This civilization was known as the mother
 culture of the Mesoamerican Civilizations.




                  Ans.
Olmecs



 Home
This civilization was known for human
sacrifice and its ability to perform dental
                   work.




                  Ans.
Aztecs



 Home
This group built an extensive road system in
 the Andes Mts and preformed brain surgery.




                   Ans.
Incas



Home
This group developed an elaborate calendar,
  mathematics system, and form of writing.




                   Ans.
Mayans



 Home
This was the name of the Aztec capital city it was
  constructed in the middle of a lake. The present
     day capital of Mexico is built on its ruins.




                      Ans.
Tenochitatlan



    Home
This is the belief that God has chosen the ruler
         to rule, therefore they are God’s
              representative on Earth.




                     Ans.
Divine Right



   Home
He was the absolute ruler of France, who once
         proclaimed: “ I am the state.”




                    Ans.
Louis XIV



  Home
This Monarch dissolved Parliament twice and
  ignored the petition of right that he signed.




                     Ans.
Charles I



  Home
This absolute ruler began the process of
westernizing his nation to catch up to the
             rest of Europe.




                 Ans.
Peter the Great



     Home
Louis XIV of France cancelled this that forced
   his Protestant subjects to flee the country,
      hurting the economy of his country.




                     Ans.
Edict of Nantes



     Home
The scientific Revolution began in this area of
   scientific study and spread to other areas.




                     Ans.
Astronomy


  Home
He was the first to put forth the idea that the
    sun was the center of the universe.




                     Ans.
Copernicus



   Home
  These two men helped to develop the
scientific method which is used to this day.




                  Ans.
Francis Bacon & Rene Descartes



            Home
He wrote Starry Night in which he confirmed
    that Copernicus was correct with his
           heliocentric world view.




                   Ans.
Galileo


 Home
This was the belief that the world was the center of
   the universe, it was the official position of the
                       Church.




                       Ans.
Geocentric Theory


      Home
The Enlightenment was a response to what political
               situation in Europe?




                      Ans.
Absolutism



   Home
This thinker of the Enlightenment believed
 that absolutism was a good thing because
          men were basically evil.




                  Ans.
Thomas Hobbes



    Home
He believed that every man had natural rights
  and if the govt. did not protect these rights
     the people could overthrow the govt.




                     Ans.
John Locke



   Home
He believed in separation of powers and
checks and balances to make sure that no
    one branch became too powerful.




                 Ans.
Montesquieu



   Home
He believed that an invisible hand governed
 peoples lives and because of this the govt.
    should not interfere in the economy.




                   Ans.
Adam Smith



   Home
  This was the first document in the
development of democracy in England in
         was signed in 1215.




               Ans.
Magna Carta



   Home
This was signed by Charles I of England it
    promised that the King could not tax
     without the consent of Parliament.




                  Ans.
Petition of Right



      Home
He was the leader of the English Civil war
 who kills Charles I and then rules England
        like a military dictatorship.




                  Ans.
Oliver Cromwell



     Home
Charles II was forced to sign this act in which
  he promises that all people will go before a
     judge in a reasonable amount of time.




                     Ans.
Habeas Corpus



    Home
This Revolution occurred when Parliament asked
  William and Mary to overthrow James II, they
    also had to promise to sign a Bill of Rights.




                      Ans.
Glorious Revolution



       Home
Double Jeopardy
  Age of       Meso-    Absolutism   Scientific   Enlighten-   Ren & Ref.
Exploration   America                Revolution     ment


   200         200        200          200          200          200


   400         400        400          400          400          400


   600         600        600          600          600          600


   800         800        800          800          800          800


  1000        1000       1000         1000         1000         1000
This group was highly educated with lots of
  money in the colonies & they will lead to
           revolutions in Europe.




                   Ans.
Creoles




Home
This system was put into place to make
money for the Spanish king and to look out
      for the interests of the natives.




                 Ans.
Encomienda System




     Home
This developed because of the death of the
large numbers of natives and the need of the
  Spanish for laborers on their plantations.




                  Ans.
Slave Trade




  Home
This was the Global Exchange of plants,
 animals, ideas, and diseases between the
   Americas, Africa, Asia, and Europe.




                 Ans.
Columbian Exchange




      Home
This animal that is not native to the Americas
       gave the Spanish an advantage in
          conquering the Americas.




                    Ans.
Horses




Home
They believed that Sun God would fall out of
   the sky if they did not give him human
                    blood.




                   Ans.
Aztecs




Home
The Incas developed this technique to grow
          crops in the Andes Mts.




                  Ans.
Terrace Farming




    Home
This were the symbols that the Mayans used
                  to write.




                  Ans.
Glyphs




Home
The Mayans developed this mathematical
concept even though the Romans never did.




                 Ans.
Zero




Home
This Spanish conquistador conquered the Incas.




                    Ans.
Pizzaro




Home
This monarch fought a war for 21 years to
      gain his “window to the west.”




                  Ans.
Peter the Great




    Home
This leader built the Palace of Versailles to keep his
     nobles close to him. It cost 2 billion dollars.




                        Ans.
Louis XIV




 Home
The Mandate of Heaven in China is similar to
          this European concept.




                   Ans.
Divine Right




   Home
This monarch believed that it was his duty to
 make sure all his subjects were Catholic. He
  forced all Jews and Muslims out of Spain.




                   Ans.
Philip II




 Home
He believed that is was necessary to force his
 nobles to change, one example is he forced
       his nobles to shave their beards.




                    Ans.
Peter the Great




    Home
He developed the theory between pressure and gas,
           as well as, the atomic theory.




                      Ans.
Robert Boyle




   Home
He developed the small pox vaccine.




               Ans.
Edward Jenner




   Home
He developed the theory that the planets travel in
                 elliptical orbits.




                      Ans.
Kepler




Home
He developed the theory of gravity and developed
            calculus to prove gravity.




                     Ans.
Newton




Home
The Scientific Revolution attempted to apply
                this to science.




                   Ans.
Reason




Home
This thinker did not believe in torture and
    fought for the rights of the accused.




                   Ans.
Beccaria




 Home
He helped to edit the Encyclopedia which
attempted to compile all information in one
                   place.




                  Ans.
Diderot




Home
This enlightened monarch reduced the use of
   torture and allowed religious toleration.




                   Ans.
Frederick the Great




      Home
This is where philosophes ideas were shared
 with the influential members of society and
   where held in the homes of the women.




                   Ans.
Salons




Home
He wrote the Candide and fought for freedom
        of speech, press, and religion.




                   Ans.
Voltaire




 Home
This started in Italy and lead to the rebirth of
                     Europe.




                     Ans.
Renaissance




  Home
He wrote the 95 These which attacked the sale
        of indulgences by the Church.




                    Ans.
Martin Luther




   Home
This allowed the Italy to dominate the Spice trade
              during the Renaissance.




                      Ans.
Geography




  Home
This is the belief that individuals are worth while and
   life on earth should be made easier. It also meant
       focusing on human potential achievement.




                         Ans.
Humanism




 Home
This writing in the common language of the people.




                      Ans.
Vernacular




  Home

				
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