Late Classical – Beethoven s Orchestra by sdfwerte


									Late Classical –
  In about 1800, Classical music started to
   sound quite different.
  Listen to this to remind you of the sound
   from the early classical period.

  The composer who introduced a lot of the
   changes was Beethoven.
  Even if you don‟t like Classical music you
   might like Beethoven.
Beethoven is Part-Classical and Part-

   The heading at the beginning of the
    presentation said “Late Classical” but you
    could also call Beethoven an early Romantic
    composer – his work bridges the two periods.
   His first four symphonies were written for a
    Classical orchestra (which we discussed in
    last weeks presentation), but after that he
    started trying all kinds of new stuff.
Beethoven added instruments to the
Classical orchestra.

     Beethoven created a bigger sound by adding
      more instruments to the Classical orchestra.
      The new instruments didn‟t all play in every
      single piece – Beethoven just used them from
      time to time.
           The Orchestra
                 French Horns

Trombone        Trombone        Trombone
          Kettle drums

Cymbals    Bass drum     Triangle
 EARLY CLASSICAL….    Beethoven adds…
 Flutes              Piccolo
 Clarinets           Double Bassoons
 Oboes               Extra flute, oboe,
 Double bassoons      clarinet and bassoon
      The String Section
EARLY CLASSICAL……         Beethoven adds…
 1st and 2nd Violins.    More of everything
 Violas.                  in string section to
 Cellos.
                           balance out the
                           larger woodwind
 Doubles basses.
In his 9th Symphony Beethoven added a
 full choir for the last movement – the
                „Ode to Joy‟.
Beethoven‟s work sounds
  exciting and dramatic
   The structures of Beethoven‟s symphonies
    are Classical – they‟re the same structures
    used by Mozart and Haydn. The music sounds
    very different though – the earlier Classical
    music sounds light and elegant, but
    Beethoven‟s is full of tension and drama.
How he does this………

1. He uses contrasting sections of the
   orchestra, e.g. the brass playing against the
2. There are big variations in the dynamics.
3. The rhythm drives the music forward.
4. Beethoven’s orchestral works have powerful
   themes. The theme in the 5th symphony is a
   great example. The theme (or motif) is used in
   all four movements it sounds like a threat but
   by the end it sounds like jubilation. Beethoven
   was the first to link the movements of
   symphony in this way.
Beethoven paints pictures with
         the Music
    Beethoven‟s music is often designed to create
    In the 6th Symphony (also called The Pastoral) the
     music makes you feel like you‟re in the countryside.
    It‟s easy to imagine you can hear birdsong, the
     babbling brook, country dancing, thunder and
     lightning and the howling wind.
    This idea of painting pictures with music was pushed
     further with the Romantic program music.
One final point
  It‟s not too hard to spot a piece of
  music but it gets trickier when you
have to spot the difference between a
 piece by, say, Mozart and a piece by
  Beethoven. Learn the stuff on this
 Listening is the only way to find out
       what this stuff sounds like.
Now answer these questions.
 1.   What were the developments to each section of the orchestra?
 2.   The structures used in Beethoven‟s symphonies were very similar to
      early classical music. The music sounds very difficult though.
      Complete the statement below:
      The earlier Classical music sounded light and elegant, but
      Beethoven‟s is full of _ _ n _ _ _ n and _ _ _ m _.
 3.   Beethoven‟s symphonies were based on powerful themes, which
      symphony is a great example of this?
 4.   Complete the following statement:
 There are big _ a _ _ _ t _ _ _ _ in the _ y _ _ _ _ _ s .
 5.   Some of Beethoven‟s music was often designed to create, what?
 6.   What‟s the other name of Beethoven‟s 6th Symphony, and what
      picture does the music create?
    Find out Beethoven‟s
     dates and five other
interesting facts about him,
   other than those we‟ve
discussed in today‟s lesson.

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