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					Hazard Prevention
Program
Canada Labour Code–Part II
HPP and Ergonomics
 Section 125(1)(u)

Ensure that the work place, work spaces and
 procedures meet prescribed ergonomic
 standards.




                                          2
  BACKGROUND TO ERGONOMICS
  AMENDMENTS
   The development involved



 employers

        workers   regulators

The Canada Labour Code was amended in 2000
to address the requirement to have a HPP
program and ergonomics.                  3
Regulatory Amendments
1. Non-consensus on ergonomics
   regulations

2. Will be identified as a specific hazard to
   be addressed in Part XIX – Hazard
   Prevention Program Regulation



                                                4
Hazard Prevention Program Requirements
Develop
 Implementation Plan (19.2)
 Hazard Identification and Assessment Methodology
  (19.3)
Implement
 Hazard Identification and Assessment (19.4)
 Preventive Measures (19.5)
 Employee Education (19.6)
Monitor
 Program Evaluation (19.7)
 Reports and Records (19.8)

                                                     5
HPP
 Implementation Plan (19.2)
Develop an implementation plan that :
 specifies the time frame for each phase of the
  development and implementation of the program
 monitors the progress of the implementation of the
  preventive measures
 review the time frame of the implementation plan
  regularly and, as necessary, revise it.

                                                   6
HPP
The Guide suggests:
 Identify & assess known hazards using existing knowledge
  sources (19.3(1)(a) – (h))
 Additional sources: CCOHS, WCBs, brochures, safety and
  health associations, the Internet
 Use a technique you are familiar with and which suits the
  nature of the work being addressed
 Adapt
       • Adjust the various techniques and methods to the
          size and complexity of your work place(s)
 Record your findings

                                                         7
HPP
This must include
 the steps and time frame for identifying and
  assessing hazards;
 the keeping of a record of the hazards; and
 a time frame for reviewing and, if necessary,
  revising the methodology


                                              8
HPP
 Preventive Measures (19.5)
Hierarchy for implementation:
 Eliminate
 Reduce
 Personal protective equipment, clothing,
  devices or materials
 Administrative procedures (e.g. employee
  rotation)
                                             9
HPP
 Employee Education (19.6)
Must include for each employee:
 This program including the methodology
  and preventive measures
 Nature of the work place and associated
  hazards
 Employees’ duty to report
 Overview of the Act and regulations
                                            10
HPP
Education program review:
 at least every 3 years
 whenever there is a change in conditions in
  respect of the hazards
 whenever new hazard information becomes
  available to the employer


                                            11
HPP
• Elements of HPP (hazard identification,
  assessment & prevention, implementation,
  education, evaluation and record keeping) are
  fundamental elements of a good work place
  Health and Safety Program
• HPP regulation requires work places to have a
  formal program to address hazards



                                                  12
HPP
Records
 Employee must acknowledge in writing that
  they received education, employer shall
  acknowledge in writing that they provided it.
 Keep paper or computerized records of the
  education provided to each employee for a
  period of two years after the employee
  ceases to be exposed to a hazard
                                              13
HPP
 Program Evaluation (19.7)
Evaluation shall be based on:
 conditions related to the work place and employee
  activities
 inspection reports
 hazardous occurrence investigation reports
 safety audits
 first aid records and injury statistics
 observations of the policy and work place committees, or
  the representative, on the effectiveness of the program
 other relevant information.


                                                             14
HPP
How often must a program review occur?
 at least every three years;
 whenever there is a change in conditions in
  respect of hazards
 whenever new hazard information in respect
  of a hazard in the work place becomes
  available

                                           15
HPP
 Reports and Records (19.8)
 If a program evaluation has been conducted
  under section 19.7, prepare a program
  evaluation report and a copy is to be
  submitted to the Minister of Labour with the
  annual hazardous occurrence report
 Keep the program evaluation report readily
  available for six years after the date of the
  report
                                             16
Impact on work places
 Minimal where there is already a formal health &
 safety program
  – ensure HPP elements are part of the site health &
    safety program
  – comply with record keeping & reporting
  – Ensure it covers ergonomic hazards
 Places that do not already have a health & safety
  program
  – Implement HPP and specifically address ergonomic
    hazards if any

                                                        17
Reminder on HPP development
Employers must develop, implement and
 monitor the HPP in consultation and
 participation with the appropriate
 committee
Employers must ensure they include the
 appropriate committee (work place or
 policy) or representative at ALL stages of
 site work
                                         18
Questions ????




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