Hours of Service by rt3463df

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									                Daily Vehicle
                 Inspection
                       Truck Presentation

                        December 2007



December 2007
         The Road to Change

         • Industry stakeholders and MTO reviewed the
            effectiveness of current daily vehicle inspection
            requirements and found:

                • Current inspection items are vague and susceptible
                 to interpretation;

                • All defects are treated equally; and

                • The response to defects is interpreted differently by
                 drivers, carriers and enforcement officers.

December 2007                                                             2
         The Road to Change

         • Inspection statistics indicate that over 85% of out-of-
            service defects are visible to drivers.

                                       OOS Defects Visible to Drivers



                                Lights    11%



                      Wheels      6%




                        Tires    12%


                                                                59%

                                                               Brakes




December 2007                                                           3
         The Road to Change

         • MTO & industry agreed to promote a new standard to the Canadian
            Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) to achieve a
            uniform approach in all Canadian jurisdictions.

         • Ontario undertook a pilot project to “road test” the proposed new
            standard.

                • The pilot included a survey conducted to determine drivers’ level
                 of comprehension of requirements.




December 2007                                                                         4
         The Ontario Pilot
    • The pilot program was conducted in Ontario by trucking, motor coach
        and school bus carriers and drivers.

    • The pilot was conducted for six months with participation of:

         • 300 truck drivers from 13 carriers

         • 60 motor coach and school bus drivers from 4 carriers

    • The pilot was promoted, supported and developed jointly with:

         • OTA, OMCA, OSBA and MTO




December 2007                                                               5
         The Ontario Pilot -- Survey
       • The pilot included a survey for the general driving population
          and pilot participants.

       • Pilot participants were required to complete the survey before
          and after the pilot to assess the level of improved
          understanding of the requirements.

       • The survey confirmed the need for enhancements to daily
          vehicle inspection requirements.




December 2007                                                             6
         The Road to Change

         • CCMTA adopted the new national safety code standard for daily
            vehicle (trip) inspections in May 2006.

         • Ontario passed legislation in 2005 to adopt the national safety
            code standard through Ontario regulations.

         • Ontario Regulation came into effect on July 1, 2007.

         • Educational period in effect until January 1, 2008




December 2007                                                                7
         The Carrier’s Role

         • Vehicle maintenance and timely repairs.
         • Clear company policies that provide direction to the driver that
           support legislation and carrier maintenance practices.
         • Train drivers in vehicle inspection.
         • Train dispatchers to respond appropriately when a driver reports
           a major defect that requires immediate repair.
         • Establish inspection practices that correspond to vehicle type and
           configuration.
         • Provide drivers with the inspection reports and the appropriate
           schedule




December 2007                                                                   8
         The Driver’s Role

         • Trip inspection is designed to act as a fail-safe with regard to the
           carrier’s maintenance efforts.
         • Each inspection assesses the vehicle’s roadworthiness.
         • Drivers are expected to perform inspections for visible evidence
           of defective or degraded vehicle components.
         • Drivers should be able to distinguish between minor and major
           defects.




December 2007                                                                     9
         The Driver’s Role

         • Drivers are expected to have major defects, which pose a safety
            risk, repaired immediately.

         • Drivers are expected to record minor defects and advise the
            carrier.

         • Drivers will have an ongoing responsibility to monitor the
            mechanical condition of the vehicle throughout its operation.




December 2007                                                                10
         Defects

         • Defects have been divided into two categories to allow carriers
            and drivers to respond based on how serious a safety risk is
            posed by the defect.

         • Minor defects are related to vehicle maintenance. Minor defects
            in many cases are linked to Regulation 611.

         • Major defects pose an imminent safety risk. Major defects are
            closely linked to the CVSA out-of-service criteria.




December 2007                                                                11
         Responding to Defects

                          Daily Inspection


           No Defects      Minor Defects     Major Defects


                Record    Record / Report    Record / Report


                          Carrier Policy

                Drive                           Repair




        Monitor Vehicle      Complete        Forward Report
                              Report



December 2007                                                  12
         Trucks




December 2007     13
         Daily Requirements

          • Conduct a full inspection every 24 hours.

          • Monitor the condition of the vehicle throughout the
                trip.

          • Identify & respond to defects.

          • Record & report defects to the carrier.

          • Complete and carry a daily report.

          • Carry an itemized defect list.



December 2007                                                     14
         Daily Requirements
            Air Brake System           Fuel System
            Cab                        General
            Cargo Securement           Glass & Mirrors
            Coupling Devices           Heater/Defroster
            Dangerous Goods            Horn
            Driver Controls            Hydraulic Brake System
            Driver Seat                Lamps & Reflectors
            Electric Brake System      Steering
            Emergency Equipment &      Suspension System
             Safety Devices             Tires
            Exhaust System             Wheels, Hubs &
            Frame & Cargo Body          Fasteners
                                        Windshield Wiper/Washer

December 2007                                                      15
         The Inspection Report
        • A daily vehicle inspection report must include:
                • License plate number & jurisdiction
                • Operator’s name
                • Date & time of inspection
                • City, town, village or highway location of inspection
                • Name & signature of person conducting the inspection
                • Signature of current driver
                • Odometer reading
                • List of defects, or a statement that no defects were found




December 2007                                                                  16
        Schedules

        Schedule 1 Daily inspection of trucks, tractors and trailers

        Schedule 2 Daily inspection of buses and of trailers drawn by buses

        Schedule 3 Daily inspection of motor coaches

        Schedule 4 Under-vehicle inspection of motor coaches

        Schedule 5 Daily inspection of school purposes buses

        Schedule 6 Daily inspection of school purposes vehicles




December 2007                                                                 17
        Schedules

        • An operator may include additional information on a
           schedule to assist the person who will conduct the
           inspection.

        • An operator may delete a portion of a schedule
           respecting the inspection of a specific vehicle
           component if the vehicle to be inspected is not
           required to have and does not have that component.




December 2007                                                   18
         Notes to Schedules
          • There are 24 “notes” to the Schedules
          • The notes outline where in the legislation / regulation the
            component requirements are found.
          • Example
          • 1 Adjustment limits are in section 5 of Regulation 587 of the Revised
                Regulations of Ontario, 1990 (Equipment) made under the Act.

          • 2 Limit is prescribed by Schedule 1 to Regulation 611 of the Revised
                Regulations of Ontario, 1990 (Safety Inspections) made under the Act.

          • 3 Cargo securement device and load covering requirements are prescribed
                by section 111 of the Act and by Ontario Regulation 363/04 (Security of
                Loads) made under the Act and Regulation 577 of the Revised Regulations
                of Ontario, 1990 (Covering of Loads) made under the Act.


December 2007                                                                             19
         Schedule 1 Inspections
          • Instead of the past 27 item list of systems/components to inspect,
            drivers will be given a descriptive list of defects to look for.
          • The new inspection will be similar in scope to past requirements.
          • Drivers will be more aware of the mandatory requirement to
            inspect under vehicle components.




December 2007                                                                    20
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS
                Systems and      Minor Defects                  Major Defects
                Components
         Part 1. Air Brake    (a) audible air leak.   (a) pushrod stroke of any brake
         System               (b) slow air pressure   exceeds the adjustment limit.1
                              build-up rate.          (b) air loss rate exceeds
                                                      prescribed limit.2
                                                      (c) inoperative towing vehicle
                                                      (tractor) protection system.
                                                      (d) low air warning system fails or
                                                      system is activated.
                                                      (e) inoperative service, parking or
                                                      emergency brake.




                                                                               Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                  21
         Schedule 1
                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and      Minor Defects             Major Defects
                Components

         Part 2.              (a) occupant       (a) any door fails to close securely.
         Cab                  compartment door
                              fails to open.

         Part 3.              (a) insecure or    (a) insecure cargo.
         Cargo Securement     improper load      (b) absence, failure, malfunction or
                              covering.          deterioration of required cargo
                                                 securement device or load
                                                 covering.3




                                                                           Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                              22
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS
                Systems and      Minor Defects                  Major Defects
                Components
         Part 4.              (a) coupler or          (a) coupler is insecure or
         Coupling Devices     mounting has loose or   movement exceeds prescribed
                              missing fastener.       limit.4
                                                      (b) coupling or locking mechanism
                                                      is damaged or fails to lock.
                                                      (c) defective, incorrect or missing
                                                      safety chain or cable.
         Part 5.                                      (a) dangerous goods requirements
         Dangerous Goods                              not met.5




                                                                               Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                  23
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and           Minor Defects                 Major Defects
                Components
         Part 6. Driver Controls   (a) accelerator pedal,
                                   clutch, gauges,
                                   audible and visual
                                   indicators or
                                   instruments fail to
                                   function properly.

         Part 7. Driver Seat       (a) seat is damaged or (a) seatbelt or tether belt is
                                   fails to remain in set insecure, missing or malfunctions.
                                   position.



                                                                                  Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                     24
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and         Minor Defects                 Major Defects
                Components

         Part 8.                 (a) loose or insecure   (a) inoperative breakaway device.
         Electric Brake System   wiring or electrical    (b) inoperative brake.
                                 connection.

         Part 9.                 (a) emergency
         Emergency               equipment is missing,
         Equipment and Safety    damaged or defective.
         Devices




                                                                                Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                   25
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and         Minor Defects                 Major Defects
                Components

         Part 10.               (a) exhaust leak,      (a) leak that causes exhaust gas
         Exhaust System         except as described in to enter the occupant
                                Column 3.              compartment.

         Part 11. Frame and     (a) damaged frame or    (a) visibly shifted, cracked,
         Cargo Body             cargo body.             collapsing or sagging frame
                                                        member.

         Part 12. Fuel System   (a) missing fuel tank   (a) insecure fuel tank.
                                cap.                    (b) dripping fuel leak.



                                                                                  Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                     26
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS



                Systems and      Minor Defects             Major Defects
                Components
         Part 13. General                        (a) serious damage or
                                                 deterioration that is noticeable and
                                                 may affect the vehicle’s safe
                                                 operation.




                                                                          Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                             27
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS
                Systems and      Minor Defects          Major Defects
                Components
         Part 14.             (a) required mirror6 or
         Glass and Mirrors    window glass fails to
                              provide the required
                              view7 to the driver as
                              a result of being
                              cracked, broken,
                              damaged, missing or
                              maladjusted.
                              (b) required mirror6 or
                              glass has broken or
                              damaged attachments
                              onto vehicle body.


                                                                    Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                       28
         Schedule 1

                                        SCHEDULE 1
                    DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and       Minor Defects                  Major Defects
                Components
         Part 15.              (a) control or system   (a) defroster fails to provide
         Heater / Defroster    failure.                unobstructed view through the
                                                       windshield.

         Part 16.              (a) vehicle has no
         Horn                  operative horn.




                                                                               Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                  29
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and       Minor Defects                    Major Defects
                Components

         Part 17.             (a) brake fluid level is   (a) brake boost or power assist is
         Hydraulic Brake      below indicated            not operative.
         System               minimum level.             (b) brake fluid leak.
                              (b) parking brake is       (c) brake pedal fade or insufficient
                              inoperative.               brake pedal reserve.
                                                         (d) activated (other than ABS)
                                                         warning device.
                                                         (e) brake fluid reservoir is less
                                                         than ¼ full.




                                                                                  Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                     30
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS
                Systems and       Minor Defects                   Major Defects
                Components
         Part 18. Lamps and   (a) required lamp         When use of lamps is required:
         Reflectors           does not function as      (a) failure of both low-beam
                              intended.8                headlamps.
                              (b) required reflector    (b) failure of both rearmost tail
                              is missing or partially   lamps.
                              missing.9                 At all times:
                                                        (a) failure of a rearmost turn-
                                                        indicator lamp.
                                                        (b) failure of both rearmost brake
                                                        lamps.




                                                                                 Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                    31
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and      Minor Defects                 Major Defects
                Components
         Part 19. Steering    (a) steering wheel     (a) steering wheel is insecure, or
                              lash (free-play) is    does not respond normally.
                              greater than normal.   (b) steering wheel lash (free-play)
                                                     exceeds prescribed limit.10




                                                                              Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                 32
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and      Minor Defects                Major Defects
                Components

         Part 20.             (a) air leak in air   (a) damaged or deflated air bag.
         Suspension System    suspension system.    (b) cracked or broken main spring
                              (b) a broken spring   leaf or more than one broken
                              leaf.                 spring leaf.
                              (c) suspension        (c) part of spring leaf or
                              fastener is loose,    suspension is missing, shifted out
                              missing or broken.    of place or is in contact with
                                                    another vehicle component.
                                                    (d) loose U-bolt.




                                                                            Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                               33
         Schedule 1

                                        SCHEDULE 1
                    DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS
                Systems and       Minor Defects                 Major Defects
                Components
         Part 21.              (a) damaged tread or   (a) flat tire.
         Tires                 sidewall of tire.      (b) tire tread depth is less than
                               (b) tire leaking.      wear limit.11
                                                      (c) tire is in contact with another
                                                      tire or any vehicle component
                                                      other than mud-flap.
                                                      (d) tire is marked “Not for highway
                                                      use”.
                                                      (e) tire has exposed cords in the
                                                      tread or outer sidewall area.




                                                                               Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                  34
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and       Minor Defects                    Major Defects
                Components

         Part 22.             (a) hub oil below           (a) wheel has loose, missing or
         Wheels, Hubs and     minimum level (when         ineffective fastener.
         Fasteners            fitted with sight glass).   (b) damaged, cracked or broken
                              (b) leaking wheel seal.     wheel, rim or attaching part.
                                                          (c) evidence of imminent wheel,
                                                          hub or bearing failure.




                                                                                 Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                    35
         Schedule 1

                                       SCHEDULE 1
                   DAILY INSPECTION OF TRUCKS, TRACTORS AND TRAILERS

                Systems and       Minor Defects                   Major Defects
                Components

         Part 23.             (a) control or system     When use of wipers or washer is
         Windshield Wiper /   malfunction.              required:
         Washer               (b) wiper blade is        (a) wiper or washer fails to
                              damaged, missing or       adequately clear driver’s field of
                              fails to adequately       vision in area swept by driver’s
                              clear driver’s field of   side wiper.
                              vision.




                                                                                 Skip Schedule


December 2007                                                                                    36
         Exemptions

                      • Emergency vehicle while responding to or returning from an
                        emergency




                      • Commercial motor vehicle while providing relief from natural
                        disaster by transporting passengers or goods




                      • A 2 or 3 axle truck, bus or tractor not drawing a trailer, that is
                        primarily used to transport primary products of farm, forest,
                        sea or lake and produced by driver or driver’s employer.




December 2007                                                                                37
         Exemptions
   • A bus that is operated by or on behalf of a
      municipality as part of the municipality’s
      public transit service, either within the
      municipality or within 25 kilometres of the
      boundary of that municipality.



                                     •A commercial motor vehicle drawing a house
                                     trailer used for personal purposes and is not
                                     carrying commercial cargo or tools or
                                     equipment of a type used for commercial
                                     purposes.
                                                                             End

December 2007                                                                      38

								
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