IMAM ALI

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					HOLY BIRTH BY JAMAL NASIR

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Chapter # 1

THE BIRTH OF ALI (k.u.w): We found different statements of historians about the birth of Ali (k.u.w), but they are all agreed on the day of 13th Rajab, as the date of birth of the Commander of the Faithful. However the birth, parentage, name and other circumstances of Ali al murtaza, according to the various history books are hereunder: 1st : Ali (k.u.w) was born on the 13th of Rajab about 600 A.D. within the precincts of Kaaba at Mecca, the Capital of Hejaz, and a peninsula on the Red Sea. Makkah was then also known as Bekka, Batha and Ummul Qura. This was the same place where Ibrahim had brought his son Ismail to sacrificing him in the name of Allah. Mecca was then three kilometers from east to west and one and a half kilometers from north to south. Its surface from the sea level was 330 meters high and was surrounded by mountains on four sides. Al-Quran has called Mecca an uncultivable land and the word Arab means desert. The birth of Ali (k.u.w) took place three years after the marriage of the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) with Khadija binte Khuwaylid. The Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) then was thirty years old. The name of Ali (k.u.w)’s mother was also Fatima daughter of Asad son of Hashim. Thus both his parents were cousins and belonged to the same clan of Hashim. Ali (k.u.w) was the fourth son of Abu Talib .The three others were Talib, Jafar and Aquil. At the time of Ali (k.u.w)’s birth his father Abu Talib and Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) were out of Makkah on a business tour. His mother wanted to call him Asad after her own father but later settled to call him Haider. His father wised to name him Zaid after his deceased brother, but the Prophet (p.b.u.h) gave him the name of Ali (k.u.w) which the parents accepted.

IInd statement:

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On the 13th of the month of Rajab, twenty-three years before the migration of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) a child was born in the family of Abu Talib, the light of whom kindled the whole World. “Kunaab Makki” narrates about his birth: "We and Abbas (Ibne Abdul Muttalib) were sitting together when suddenly we saw Fatima bint-e-Asad moving towards the Kaabah in the condition having delivery pain and saying "Oh God I have faith in you and the Prophet ( i.e., Abraham) who by your command laid the foundation of this house. O God! I swear you by the same Prophet and swear you by the child in my womb make this birth comfortable and easy for me." This was the time when all of us saw with our own eyes that the wall of Kaabah broke apart and Fatima bint-e-Asad entered into the Kaabah. Then the wall again united. We ran terrified and trembling to our houses to send our women into the Kaabah for the help and assistance of Fatima. We did our best but the door did not open. This event surprised all the people of Mecca. The women of Mecca were anxiously counting moments to meet Fatima till the time she came out of the Kaabah along with a beautiful baby, saying, "God has chosen me from among the ladies of Mecca and He made me His guest in His house and gave me meals and fruits of the heaven to eat. The ladies who were surrounding her in the form of a circle and escorting her to her home asked her, "What name have you given to this child?" She said: "When I was in the Kaabah, I heard a hidden voice call," Name this child "ALI". IIIrd statement: By Syed H. Akhtar [Dr. Syed H. Akhtar is a Physician and his specialty is Cardiology. He lives in Austin, Texas] Ali bin Abu Talib was the cousin and son-in-Law of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h). It is outside the scope of this presentation to record the numerous achievements and merits of

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Hazrat Ali (k.u.w). His exalted personality is such that even the most learned scholars are at a loss to fathom his greatness. His birth: The miraculous circumstance of Hazrat Ali’s birth gives us an indication of his unique position in relation to Allah (s.w.t.)*. Hazrat Ali was born in 600 A.D., on the 13 th of Rajab, within the holy precincts of the Kabah, the house of Allah in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. His mother, Fatima binte Asad, experienced labor pains and walked towards the Holy Kabah. Its wall miraculously split, she entered the sanctuary, and the gap sealed itself behind her. Onlookers panicked and rushed to enter it, but could not unlock the door. She emerged three days later, after the baby was born. The Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h) was the first person besides Ali’s mother to hold the newborn in his arms, and when Ali opened his eyes, it was the face of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h) that he first saw. In the history of the Kabah, this is the only known instance of a person being born within its holy precincts. Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was born some thirty years after the birth of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h). He was belonged the most respectable family of Quraish, the Banu Hashim (i.e. Hashimites). His father Abu Talib was the real uncle of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h) who brought him up after the death of the Holy Prophet's grandfather. Ali’s mother was Fatimah bint Asad, who belonged to Banu Hashim. Hazrat Ali (k.u.w)’s patronymic name was "Abul Hasan". The Holy Prophet gave him another name, "Abu Turab" which was most liked by Hazrat Ali (k.u.w). The Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h) took Ali in his childhood from his father, Abu Talib, and brought up him like his own son. IVth statement: Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) is the first child in the family of Bani-Hashim whose both selves are children of Hashim. His father Hazrat Abu-Talib is the son of Hazrat Abdul-Muttalib (r.a) the son of Hashim bin Abd-Manaf and his mother is Bibi Fatima bint-e-Asad who is the son of Hashim bin Abd-Manaf. The Hashimite family in the tribe of Quraish is well-known (famous) for its moral virtues and high (supreme) humanistic characteristics among the Arab tribes. Magnanimity, generosity, courage and so many other virtues are characteristics of Bani-Hashim. Moreover, each of these virtues at its highest degree exists in Hazrat Ali's existence. Bibi Fatima bint-e-Asad went to the holy Kaaba when in labor pain and came close to the wall of Kaaba and said "O God, I have firm faith in you, the Prophets and the books sent by you and also the speech of my grand father the builder of this house.

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O God, in consideration to the respect of the one who built this house and for the sake of the child in my womb makes the birth of this child easy". An instant later, in front of the eyes of Hazrat Abbass bin Abdul-Muttalib (r.a) and Hazrat Yazeed bin Taaf (r.a) the south east wall of Kaaba cracked and Bibi Fatima entered the Kaaba; the wall closed again. She was the guest of Allah (swt) for three days in the holiest place in the universe and there she gave birth to her child -Hazrat Ali (k.u.w). Three days after the thirteenth of Rajab, thirty years passed the year of the Elephant; Bibi Fatima bint-e-Asad came out of the same cleavage in wall which opened again and said: "I heard a message from the unseen to call him Ali". Vth statement: The holy Prophet was the son of Abdullah who was the son of Abdul Muttalib. Abdullah and Abu Talib were real brothers. Abu Talib was thus the real paternal uncle of the holy Prophet of Islam. Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was the first cousin of the holy Prophet. The holy Prophet (saw) and Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) had a common grandfather who was Abdul Muttalib. Abdul Muttalib was the son of Hashim, who was the son of Abd Munaf, who was the son of Qusay, who was the son of Murrah, who was the son a Kaab, who was the son of Luayy, who was the son of Ghalib, who was the son of Fihr, who was the son of Malik, who was the son of Nadr, who was the son of Kannah. Beyond Kannah, the ancestry extended to Hadrat Ismail, and Hadrat Ibrahim, who flourished some 2,500 years earlier. The exact date of birth of Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) is not known with any degree of certainty. According to Traditions, Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was born on the 13th of Rajab in the 28th year of the Elephant era. The Elephant era, according to the annals of Arabia commenced when Abraha, the Christian Viceroy of Yemen, invaded Mecca with the intention of destroying the Ka'bah, and shifting the centre of pilgrimage to Yemen. The invasion failed, the Christian army had to beat a retreat without achieving its object. That marked the retreat of Christianity from the heartland of Arabia and paved the way for the rise of Islam. The holy Prophet of Islam was born in the 'Year of the Elephant'. According to scholars, 'The Year of the Elephant' corresponds to the year 571 of the Christian era [CE]. On this basis, the year of the birth of Hazrat Ali (k.u.w)

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would have to be placed around 599 or 600 CE. In any case, Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was at the junction of two centuries, the sixth and the seventh. VIth statement: Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was born in unusual circumstances. On the 13 th day of the holy month of Rajab, Fatima, the mother of Hazrat Ali (k.u.w), visited the Ka'bah to perform the pilgrimage. During, the course of the pilgrimage at the Ka'bah, Fatima felt the pains of childbirth. She retired to a secluded place in the precincts of the holy Ka'bah, and there Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was born. Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) has thus had the unique honor to be born in the House of God. This unparalleled honor had endowed Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) with a halo of sanctity that has become the subject of many legends. A hundred years later, Zain-ul-Abidin, a grandson of Ali (son of Hadrat Hussein), met an Arab woman at Najaf who told him that her grandmother had helped Fatima on the occasion of Hazrat Ali (k.u.w)'s birth. She narrated that according to the account of her grandmother, the child was beautiful; a smile played on his lips; he did not cry like other children; and his birth did not cause any pain to his mother. His name: Fatima wanted to name her child "Asad" after her father and Abu Talib wanted to name him Zaid. When both mother and the child returned home, the holy Prophet, and Hadrat Khadijah came to see her newborn child. Since his birth, he had not opened his eyes, and that worried both Fatima and Abu Talib. However, when the holy Prophet took the child in his lap, then he opened his eyes. So the first person that Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) saw after his birth was the holy Prophet. When the holy Prophet was asked whether he approved of the child being named either Asad or Zaid, he said that since the child was born in the House of God, he should be named Ali (the word Ali being a derivative of Allah). Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) had thus had the distinction of being named after Allah. No one before him had ever been so named. Furthermore, the name acquired more sanctity because it was suggested by the holy Prophet (SAW). Ulema, mashaikh, Sufis and famous Muslim historians write about the birth of Hazrat Ali (k.u.w): Shah Waliullah, Mohadith-e-Dehlvi writes in the book "Izalatul Kholafa" giving reference from Hazrat Hakim in his Mustadrak Part 3,

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Page 483. "Qud Tawatarul Akhbar Inna Fatimah Binte Asad woledat Aliyan Fi Jaufil Kaaba". Another writer of the old school Sibtel Jauzi in his book “Tazkeratul Khawas ul Ummal”, page 7 mentions the same fact that Ali was born inside the Kaaba. Khawja Moinuddin Chishti Ajmeri mentions this fact in his famous Quartet saying that when Ali was born inside the Kaabah the Sky and the earth was filled with a light and Angel Gabril announced that a child was born in the house of God. Maulana Rume in his Mathnawi writes, "O one who travels to Najef to visit the tomb of Ali must know the fact that the pearl of the Kaaba lies there to give us security because of our intense love for him." Masoodi the famous historian writes in his book of history Muruj el Zahab, that Ali was born inside the Kaaba on the orders of Muhammad the Messenger of God.

Childhood: Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) stayed with his parents. Since it was Allah’s (swt) will for him to gain more perfection, therefore, the honored Prophet (p.b.u.h) from the beginning of his birth took care of his indirect education. An unusual famine occurred in Mecca. Hazrat Abu-Talib the uncle of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) having many children faced a heavy living expense. The honored Prophet (p.b.u.h) with the consultation of his uncle Hazrat Abbas (r.a) came to agreement that each one of them take one of the children of Hazrat AbuTalib with him as to make a relief for Hazrat Abu-Talib. Therefore Hazrat Abbas (r.a) took Ja’far and the Prophet (p.b.u.h) took Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) to his house. In this way Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was completely besides the Prophet (p.b.u.h). Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was always accompanying the Prophet (p.b.u.h) even when the Prophet (p.b.u.h) would leave the town and go to the mountain and desert. One of the virtues of the Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) is that he is the first one to testify the Prophethood of Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h). Ibn Abu AlHadeed says related to this : Know that among the great , big and scholastic

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theologians of the Mutazilites there is no dispute that Ali bin Abu-Talib is the first person to believe in Islam; and to support the messenger of God. Youth: When the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) started revelations Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) was about ten years old. The Holy Prophet disclosed his mission before Ali and he accepted it immediately, thus he became the first youth to enter the folds of Islam. When the Holy Prophet started to preach openly, he invited all of his family members to a feast and announced his mission before them. Nobody listened to him, but young Ali stood up and said. "Though my eyes are sore, my legs are thin and I am the youngest of all those present here yet I will stand by you, 0 Messenger of Allah." Hearing this all the leaders of Quraish laughed but Ali proved his words to be true after supporting the Holy Prophet in his mission from the beginning till the end. The Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h) loved him very much. The night when the Holy Prophet was migrating to Medina, his house was surrounded by the bloodthirsty tribesmen, who had plotted to assassinate him. They were ready to kill any person who came out of the house. In such a situation, the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h) asked Hazrat Ali (k.u.w) to sleep in his bed. He followed the command gladly and immediately jumped in the bed. Although the Meccans did not accept his mission, they considered the Holy Prophet the most trustworthy man of Mecca and continued keeping their trusts (cash and gold etc.) with him. It was Ali (k.u.w) to whom the Holy Prophet gave the deposits to return to the owners, when he was leaving Mecca for Medina. Ali (k.u.w) migrated to Medina after returning the deposits. As a youth Ali (k.u.w) was strongly built, strong arms, wide chest and a very strong brave and shining face. Children of his age and even older to him were frightened of him and whenever they tried to mock the Prophet, they always ran away when they saw Ali (k.u.w) standing by for protection. Compiled by: Jamal abdul nasir Lahore , Pakistan 092-042-03004205754 Email : jan_1172003@yahoo.com


				
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