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DFO Aquaculture Program201045194511

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DFO Aquaculture Program201045194511 Powered By Docstoc
					Aquaculture Species Diversification
            Workshop
    Sector Strategies Initiative
         Species Overview: Sea scallop
                     Placopecten magellanicus




                          February 20, 2009
                     Purpose
• To present a case demonstrating that the sea
  scallop should be selected as a „new‟ species under
  development for commercial aquaculture for the
  next 5 years.
                    Objectives

• Review the merits of sea scallop (Placopecten
  magellanicus) for further commercial aquaculture
  development.
                              Species Overview
•       Biological overview
    –       Life span – up to 20 years
    –       Age at maturity – 3 years (60mm)
    –       Age at market size – 6-12 years (wild) – 2 to 5 years (culture)
•       Distribution- The sea scallop is found on the continental shelf of the western North
        Atlantic from Labrador at 53º43‟N to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.

•       Global status (commercial tonnage & value)
    –       Fisheries 325,000 MT (2004)
    –       Aquaculture 60 MT (2007)
                  Research & Development
•       Main outstanding R&D requirements
    –      Testing a off-shore proto-type farm
    –      Improve off-shore techniques and equipment (Gear often needs to be modified to
           fit our aquaculture needs)
    –      Need to improve husbandry / automation
    –      Predation studies in sea ranching activities
    –      Develop new scallop value added product / improve shelf life
    –      Fouling / Invasive species
    –      Hatcheries
    –      Introduction and transfer issues (presently an impediment in some area)
•       List any R&D impediments
    –      Access to sites (process to long)
    –      Access to funds
    –      Negative Attitude
          A Case for the Sea Scallop
1. Status of commercialization / pre-
   commercialization in Canada
2. Market Outlook
3. Operational Considerations
4. Economic projection (5 yrs & 10 yrs out)
5. Pro / Con Assessment
1. (Pre)Commercialization Status in Canada
• Regional distribution
   Quebec
   Nova Scotia
          New Brunswick (Research)
          PEI (Research)
• Scale of operations
   –Need to produce and sell at least 1 million scallops/year
                     2. Market Outlook
• Principal markets
   – Presently, the principal markets for cultured sea scallops are large
     cities in Québec and many restaurants throughout Canada
• Main product forms (cultured)
   – Live scallops, frozen on a half shell and frozen on a half shell with
     sauce
• Pricing
   – Live scallops $3.50 to 5.50/lb and more $ for value–added product
                    2. Market Outlook
• Principal markets for Sea Ranching
   – Same markets as the wild fishery
• Main product
   – Meat and meat & roe
• Pricing
   – $5 to $10/lb
       3. Operational Considerations
–   Egg / Spat availability
–   Disease / Animal health factors
–   General husbandry / hardiness
–   Ideal growing conditions
–   Availability of commercial diets N/A
–   I&T, CITES, SARA issues
–   Site availability (geographic / regional distribution)
4. Economic Projections (Pecten UPM/MFU Inc.)
 10 year projections for the following:
 • Potential # sites x Average production per site
   – 5 sites for culture with a 1 km surface area, producing 1 million
    scallop/year
   – 1 site for collection, collecting 1.5 million/year
 • Potential revenues (start to make a profit only after the 7th year)
    Projected profit at the end of the 8th year is $39,000
    Projected revenues $250,000/ year after it‟s been operating for 4
    years.
 • Potential employment – 5 people/ six months/year with 1 full time
    manager.
     4. Economic Projections, Pec-Nord (Quebec)
•   Production of scallops and other sources of supply
     – 1 to 2 sites for culture, expected production of 1 million scallops/year
     – Collaboration with other producers in Eastern Canada to access another 1 + million scallops/year
•   Actual and future sources of revenues
     – Sales of live scallops all year round since 2001, sales of Scallops Cévichés since 2006
     – Sales of lives scallops at size of 50 to 105 mm
         • 250,000 up to 500,000 scallops/year in the next 5 years
     – Sales of added-value products such as Pec-Nord‟s Cévichés
         • 250,000 to 1,000,000 scallops/year in the next 5 years
     – Development to come in the next 5 years
         • Another added-value product from cultured scallops; Exportation to other National and
            International markets
     – Expected revenues of 500,000 $ to 2,000,000 $
•   Actual and future employment of :
     – Staff of 5 full time employees at sales, marketing, production, R&D and administration
     – Seasonal staff up to 30 employees working at scallop production, scallop processing and sales
             5. Pro-Con Assessment
– What‟s good about the species?
   •   Good source of protein
   •   Increasing demand all over the world
   •   Considered a high-end product
   •   Endemic species
   •   Culture scallops / sea ranching “green product”
   •   Success stories in other countries
   •   Do not need to feed or medicate them
– Main challenges that need to be overcome
   •   Distances to large markets
   •   Limited shelf life
   •   Seasonal availability of live product (ice and bad weather)
   •   (Long production cycle)
   •   Fouling / Invasive Species
   •   Harmonize with the wild fishery / access to site
       Roundtable Discussion



Is this species ready for commercialization?


                    Yes!

				
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posted:4/8/2010
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