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Aquaculture Species Diversification Workshop Sector Strategies Initiative Species Overview: Sea scallop Placopecten magellanicus February 20, 2009 Purpose • To present a case demonstrating that the sea scallop should be selected as a „new‟ species under development for commercial aquaculture for the next 5 years. Objectives • Review the merits of sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) for further commercial aquaculture development. Species Overview • Biological overview – Life span – up to 20 years – Age at maturity – 3 years (60mm) – Age at market size – 6-12 years (wild) – 2 to 5 years (culture) • Distribution- The sea scallop is found on the continental shelf of the western North Atlantic from Labrador at 53º43‟N to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. • Global status (commercial tonnage & value) – Fisheries 325,000 MT (2004) – Aquaculture 60 MT (2007) Research & Development • Main outstanding R&D requirements – Testing a off-shore proto-type farm – Improve off-shore techniques and equipment (Gear often needs to be modified to fit our aquaculture needs) – Need to improve husbandry / automation – Predation studies in sea ranching activities – Develop new scallop value added product / improve shelf life – Fouling / Invasive species – Hatcheries – Introduction and transfer issues (presently an impediment in some area) • List any R&D impediments – Access to sites (process to long) – Access to funds – Negative Attitude A Case for the Sea Scallop 1. Status of commercialization / pre- commercialization in Canada 2. Market Outlook 3. Operational Considerations 4. Economic projection (5 yrs & 10 yrs out) 5. Pro / Con Assessment 1. (Pre)Commercialization Status in Canada • Regional distribution Quebec Nova Scotia New Brunswick (Research) PEI (Research) • Scale of operations –Need to produce and sell at least 1 million scallops/year 2. Market Outlook • Principal markets – Presently, the principal markets for cultured sea scallops are large cities in Québec and many restaurants throughout Canada • Main product forms (cultured) – Live scallops, frozen on a half shell and frozen on a half shell with sauce • Pricing – Live scallops $3.50 to 5.50/lb and more $ for value–added product 2. Market Outlook • Principal markets for Sea Ranching – Same markets as the wild fishery • Main product – Meat and meat & roe • Pricing – $5 to $10/lb 3. Operational Considerations – Egg / Spat availability – Disease / Animal health factors – General husbandry / hardiness – Ideal growing conditions – Availability of commercial diets N/A – I&T, CITES, SARA issues – Site availability (geographic / regional distribution) 4. Economic Projections (Pecten UPM/MFU Inc.) 10 year projections for the following: • Potential # sites x Average production per site – 5 sites for culture with a 1 km surface area, producing 1 million scallop/year – 1 site for collection, collecting 1.5 million/year • Potential revenues (start to make a profit only after the 7th year) Projected profit at the end of the 8th year is $39,000 Projected revenues $250,000/ year after it‟s been operating for 4 years. • Potential employment – 5 people/ six months/year with 1 full time manager. 4. Economic Projections, Pec-Nord (Quebec) • Production of scallops and other sources of supply – 1 to 2 sites for culture, expected production of 1 million scallops/year – Collaboration with other producers in Eastern Canada to access another 1 + million scallops/year • Actual and future sources of revenues – Sales of live scallops all year round since 2001, sales of Scallops Cévichés since 2006 – Sales of lives scallops at size of 50 to 105 mm • 250,000 up to 500,000 scallops/year in the next 5 years – Sales of added-value products such as Pec-Nord‟s Cévichés • 250,000 to 1,000,000 scallops/year in the next 5 years – Development to come in the next 5 years • Another added-value product from cultured scallops; Exportation to other National and International markets – Expected revenues of 500,000 $ to 2,000,000 $ • Actual and future employment of : – Staff of 5 full time employees at sales, marketing, production, R&D and administration – Seasonal staff up to 30 employees working at scallop production, scallop processing and sales 5. Pro-Con Assessment – What‟s good about the species? • Good source of protein • Increasing demand all over the world • Considered a high-end product • Endemic species • Culture scallops / sea ranching “green product” • Success stories in other countries • Do not need to feed or medicate them – Main challenges that need to be overcome • Distances to large markets • Limited shelf life • Seasonal availability of live product (ice and bad weather) • (Long production cycle) • Fouling / Invasive Species • Harmonize with the wild fishery / access to site Roundtable Discussion Is this species ready for commercialization? Yes!
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