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GIS for Geosciences
Encom Discover is the desktop Geographical
Information System (GIS) designed especially
for the geosciences, providing the tools you
need to effectively compile, visualise, analyse,
and map spatial geoscience data. Since
its release in 1994, Discover with MapInfo
Professional has become the GIS of choice
for geologists, environmental scientists,
cartographers, exploration managers, and
database administrators. Discover is the ‘must
have’ application for geoscientists worldwide.

Maximise the Value of Your Data
More than in any other industry, Natural
Resources businesses rely on their technical
data to successfully locate, evaluate, and develop
their primary assets. And they spend a lot of
money to acquire this business-critical data. So
make sure that you get the full value from your
investment by using the right software. Discover
does this by integrating data from multiple
sources in a unified geospatial environment and
then providing your specialists with leading-edge
tools in a powerful, yet easy-to-use, framework.

Unlock the Power of MapInfo
With its extensive range of features customised
for geoscience applications, Discover
unlocks the power of MapInfo Professional
for geologists and other geoscience
professionals. Combined, Discover and
MapInfo Professional deliver a perfect
balance of general-purpose GIS functionality
and specialised geoscience capabilities.

The analysis and examination of geochemical, structural
and temporal datasets can add significant value to your
data. Our analytical tools are state-of-the-art, capable of
revealing trends and associations that would not otherwise
be apparent with traditional methods of analysis. Discover
provides an extensive range of statistical, geostatistical,
graphical, modelling, and visualisation tools that will
help you to recognise trends and anomalies in multi-
variate data acquired from multiple sources. And just
as importantly, Discover will assist you with identifying
and eliminating false anomalies that can arise from
sampling and assaying errors or geological bias.

In addition to the more specialised geostatistical, gridding,
and modelling tools available, Discover employs a
broad spectrum of general-purpose spatial, statistical,
and graphical techniques for analysing and classifying
populations. And, because these computational
tools are all integrated with and complemented by
the underlying mapping and visualisation capabilities
of the Discover MapInfo GIS platform, the entire
process is completely seamless and very efficient.


Thematic mapping
MapInfo’s renowned system of data classification.

Point classification
Modulate point size, colour, and symbol
with statistical ranging.

Trivariate mapping
Examine multi-variate relationships.

Stacked profiles
Identify spatial trends with linegraphs and profiles.

Change mapping
Compute and display changes in area and perimeter.

Geo-located graphs
Geo-locate graphs of table data in the map window—for
example, scatter plots of geochemistry at the hole collar, or
linegraphs of pollutant levels over time at monitoring sites.

Vector plotting
Display magnitude and orientation of vectors—for
example, slope stability monitoring and pollutant flows.
• Summary statistics for selected vector data populations

• Calculation of correlation coefficients

• Data levelling and transformations to assist
  in the detection of anomalous samples and
  remove sampling and geological-bias

• On-the-fly selection with statistical graphing and reports

• Detailed statistics calculation for each
  polygonal region over a gridded surface

Select, display, and report geochemical and structural
data simultaneously in multiple views and graphs.

• 2D and 3D scatter                • Histogram
• Scatter matrix                   • Box and Wisker
• Probability                      • Pie
• Lines                            • Rose
• Bar                              • Ternary
• Bubble                           • Stereogram
• Map                              • Data Clock

Key functions
• Group data by attribute field (e.g. soil mesh size)
  and display in the same or separate graphs.

• Insert dynamic graphs in a map window to display
  additional spatial, statistical, or temporal information.

• Modulate colour, size, and symbol by user-
  defined or statistically ranged bins.

• Precondition data to remove null
  values and nugget effects.

• Select data in any table, map window, or
  graph, and view the selection in all open
  or linked tables, maps, and graphs.

• Graphs and reports are dynamically
  updated with each selection.

• Define derived fields with mathematical,
  logical, and statistical operators.

Discover provides a comprehensive set of surface gridding
tools suitable for modelling, contouring, and visualising any
type of data from geochemical, geophysical, hydrological,
meteorological, topographic, chemical, and environmental
surveys. Choose from the wide selection of gridding
algorithms to create surface models from located point, line
and region values. The resulting grid values can be queried
and modified with a versatile collection of transformation
tools. Compute curvature, slope, aspect, volumes, and
other surface properties, or use the versatile grid calulator
to derive values from user-defined expressions.

Key functions
• Minimum-curvature, IDW, triangulation,
  and nearest-neighbour algorithms

• Ordinary and simple kriging for point and block estimation

• Density and distance methods

• Extensive data pre-conditioning controls
  (e.g. null value removal)

• Statistical and Variogram analysis

• Breakline support for modelling surface
  discontinuities, such as cliff tops and fault lines

• Optimal parameter selection

• Red-green-blue channel output

• Smoothing, clipping, and coincident point controls

• Voronoi polygons

Very Large Grids
With Discover you can create, import, display, and modify
multiple-gigabyte grids, such as continental-scale SRTM
data. Zoom and pan around these massive grids in real
time, modify their appearance, and process, manipulate
and analyze them with many of the grid utilities.

Hydrology toolbox
Automatically extract drainage features from gridded
digital elevation surfaces, including vectorisation of
watershed/catchments, stream junctions and networks.
Indispensable for the environmental monitoring, water
management, exploration and engineering fields.
The Discover MapInfo GIS provides outstanding grid
visualisation options, and at a map-making standard.

• Map-quality contouring with sophisticated
  contour labelling controls

• Grid colour modulation by linear distribution, histogram
  equalisation, percentile and data breaks, or user-defined

• Dynamic sun-shading with single or dual light sources—
  ideal for detecting subtle trends in aeromagnetic grids

• Generate multiple profiles across multiple grids
  draped with polygon and polyline datasets—ideal
  for combined sectional analysis of, for example,
  geochemical grids, geological mapping and fault traces.

Query, Extract and Modify
An extensive and functional set of grid manipulation tools
is provided to simplify the tasks of managing, modifying,
transforming, and extracting information from grids.
Query by                          Extract and output
• single cells                    • assign values from grid

• multiple data ranges            • classify cells
                                  • create RGB images
• slope angle/
  elevation/aspect                • vectorise

Modify and transform
• convert                • merge                • resample
• clip                   • outline              • rotate
• edit                   • overlay              • shift
• fill holes             • replace              • split
• flip                   • reproject
• curvature              • view-shed
• statistics             • volume between two grids
• slope and aspect       • volume between grid and datum
• surface area           • cut and fill volume

Grid Calculator
The Discover grid calculator makes complex grid arithmetic,
statistical computations, and Boolean operations easy
to perform simultaneously on one or more grids.

Grid Filters
A comprehensive selection of smoothing, enhancement,
average, sun-angle, user-defined, band pass,
continuation, reduction to pole, reduction to equator,
and vertical derivative filters are available.

With Discover you can accurately and efficiently capture spatial information from historical maps for the evaluation
of sampling data, grid creation, or to enhance maps and sections. Discover’s sophisticated digitizing and object
editing tools will ensure that you maximise the value of all forms of data, both electronic and physical.

Discover simplifies digitising of geological, regolith,
and area usage polygons by intelligently converting
disconnected assemblies of digitised linework into
attributed polygon vector objects. Discover automatically
checks and cleans the linework, resolving gaps,
overlaps, and loops, and streamlines the process
of adding attributes to the resulting polygons.

While you digitize, Discover can auto-increment integer
attributes (e.g. sample numbers), auto-fill text or numeric
attributes, and prompt for other location-specific data.
Combine this with the extensive and customisable styles
library of geoscience-specific objects, and you have
a simple and efficient data capture tool for converting
historical imaged data into usable vector data.

Digitised points, lines, and polygons are
graphically rendered by applying customised
colour and pattern style tables. New styles can be
created from existing maps (e.g. AGSO polygon
maps) and made available to other users in the
organisation through a common styles library.

Key capabilities
• Auto-increment and auto-fill values in attribute fields.

• Build polygons from overlapping linework with
  sophisticated orphan, gap, loop, and overlap controls.

Discover gives you an extensive set of
productivity tools for editing, cleaning,
transforming, and manipulating map objects.

Key functions
• Edit, reverse, smooth, and thin nodes
  in one or more objects.

• Create and edit nodes from the keyboard or cursor.

• Copy styles from one object and apply to others.

• Align, rotate, shift, and rescale groups of objects.

• Duplicate an object into a gridded array.

• Concatenate, trim, cut, clip, and split multiple objects.

• Form donuts and cut-outs within bounding polygons.

Make professional maps of any size and scale                     Key functions
incorporating all related spatial data objects, filtered         • Customise title blocks
and sun-shaded grids, contours, graphics overlays,
geo-located raster images, structural symbols, legends,          • Customise map legends—for example,
graphs, tables, scale bars, and other mapping objects.             geological units by chronological order

Map-Making Wizard                                                • Set text size according to scale—
                                                                   independent of the map window
Use Discover’s map-making wizard to quickly create
professional, standardised maps. The wizard takes you            • Control format, orientation, and colour
step-by-step through each decision on scale, paper size,           of text labels from a legend
map grid style, title block, scale bar, and other map options.
                                                                 • Update text labels from data tables and vice versa

                                                                 • Line annotations, including standard
                                                                   fault and fold symbology

                                                                 • Add line and point labels to local grid data

                                                                 Rectification of Raster Images
                                                                 Discover prevents errors being introduced into your
                                                                 exploration programme by ensuring all scanned
                                                                 imagery from open-file reports and other sources is
                                                                 accurately registered. Images are rubber-sheeted
                                                                 (rectified) into their correct spatial location by warping,
                                                                 skewing, and stretching the source image to fit the
                                                                 known control points. You can also reproject geo-
                                                                 referenced images to a new projection, ensuring that
                                                                 all data shares a common projection, and thereby
                                                                 solve the exploration geologist’s nightmare of working
                                                                 with multiple projections in the same dataset.

                                                                 Key functions
                                                                 • Image rectification

                                                                 • Image reprojection

                                                                 • Image clipping

                                                                 • Image filtering and enhancement

                                                                 Structural Symbol Library
                                                                 Display existing or create new structural data as
                                                                 orientated structural symbols using Discover’s
                                                                 library of Australian (AGSO), Canadian (GSC),
                                                                 and USA (USGS) structural symbols.

Discover provides a rich set of productivity tools that will   Map Window
enhance the experience of any MapInfo user, plus some
specialised utilities for geoscientists. This enhanced         Improves window and view management;
set of layer, window, table, and data tools comprises a
multitude of short-cuts and useful new functions which         • Define and save standard views
make complex and repetitive tasks easy to perform.               and favourite projections.
Once you’ve used Discover’s productivity tools, you’ll
                                                               • Quickly view the current mapper projection.
wonder how you ever survived without them.
                                                               • Set the default view of a table when it opens.
Enhanced Layer Control
                                                               • Select all objects from the editable layer.
Discover’s dynamic layer control system applies
changes instantaneously, allowing simple control and           • Select all objects matching the
visualisation of all your open map, browser, and layout          style of the selected object.
windows, and numerous shortcuts to common tasks.
                                                               • Distance and bearing tool.
• Create alias names for tables for easy reference.
                                                               • Dynamic scalebar.
• Group tables into categories, such as infrastructure,
                                                               • Fit the map window or zoom to the
  geology, geochemistry and geophysics, to
                                                                 extents of the selected object.
  more efficiently control large workspaces.
                                                               • Convert the contents of the map window
• Instantaneously apply all changes.
                                                                 to a registered raster image.
• Quickly interrogate table projection and location.
                                                               • Animate a map window at specified time
• View just the current window or all windows.                   intervals to create movie files.

• Discover 3D controls.                                        • Save and restore map window states.

The enhanced layer control tool and shortcuts                  • Link multiple map windows when
are available while you perform other tasks.                     zooming and panning.

                                                               • Use the cursor position tool to identify selected
Table Utilities                                                  points in multiple mapper windows.
Simplifies the management of multiple tables;                  • Match window sizes.
• multiple table opening, appending, packing, reprojection
                                                               Tenement Module
• multi-MIF import and export
                                                               Dynamically create exploration tenement applications
• multi-table structure manager                                (Australia only), optimise tenement searches
                                                               and download regular tenement updates.
And makes everyday table manipulation
and editing simpler and faster;
                                                               Data Utilities
• Favourite tables, workspaces, and MBXs
                                                               Adds data management and manipulation capabilities;
• Workspace editing and packaging
                                                               • Coordinate transformations and reprojection.
• Multiple column updating
                                                               • Dynamic creation of local grid
• Document linking                                               (traverse lines and pegs).

• Table sorting                                                • Text search and replace.

• Add a unique identifier (e.g. sample number                  • Select by group and attribute.
  or hole ID), alter map bounds, RGB colourizer,
                                                               • Split table by group and attribute.
  build objects from table, and more.
                                                               • Proximity searches.

                                                               • Extract nodes, calculate line direction, assign
                                                                 values between vector layers, and more.

Discover’s feature-packed Drillhole module enables          • Estimate sectional resource grades and
you to visualise and perform detailed analyses of             tonnages constrained by digitized section
drillholes and costeans in cross-sections and plans.          boundaries using inverse distance weighting.
The true spatial context of all data is maintained,
which allows you to overlay all your other real-world       • Calculate 3D coordinates for every sample interval.
GIS data. This might include geophysical modelling,
                                                            • Calculate maximum and end-of-
geological and regolith mapping, interpolated
                                                              hole results for every drillhole.
geochemical surfaces, and topographic grids.
                                                            • Composite samples by cut-off grade (including
Project Management                                            internal dilution factors, edge grades, downhole and
                                                              vertical thickness controls), elevation and downhole
• User-friendly project, session and cross-section/           depth, and attribute (e.g. lithology or regolith).
  plan management, with spatial previews.

• Import and utilise environmental and engineering
  data from gINT and WinLoG borehole logs.

• Data validation including duplicate
  checks, sampling overlaps and gaps,
  hole ID and total depth mismatches.

• Easy import and export of drillhole projects
  between multiple Discover users.

• Subset drillhole projects for export,
  relinquishment, and contracting.

Sections and Plans
• Create detailed and informative
  cross-sections and plans.

• Create non-linear sections, ideal for the hydrological,
  geological and environmental engineering industries
  who often need to analyze data along non linear
  sections such as pipe lines, roads, tunnels and
  subsurface palaeochannels or aquifers

• Create log plots for ultra-detailed downhole
  multi-assay and attribute analysis.

• Customise your downhole data display to
  show precisely what you want and where
  you want it, with complete control over text
  labels, linegraphs, histograms, colour, pattern,
  and orientated structural symbols.

• Integrate surface geology mapping, topography, and
  other surfaces, such as geochemistry and geophysics.

• Create custom legend tables for
  numeric and attribute datasets.

• Create professional hard-copy with an intuitive wizard
  that ensures a precise output scale, and optionally
  adds annotated grids, scalebars, and title blocks.

Interpret, Composite, Estimate
• Digitise geological and other interpretations directly
  on to sections, and export as 3D DXF vector files
  for use in mining applications or Discover 3D.

Discover is designed to work with your special-purpose design, modelling, analysis, and planning systems. By making data accessible
to personnel across your entire organisation, your project teams are better able to visualise, communicate, and collaborate.

Read and write data in over 90 industry-standard database, image, vector, and grid formats, plus a range of vector conversion options.

                                            Read      Write                                                             Read     Write

Tabular/Database                                                            Vector

Access database                                                             3D Studio files

acQuire database                                                            AutoCAD 2D and 3D DXF

Amira TEM                                                                   AutoCAD DWG

Comma delimited CSV                                                         Bentley MicroStation Design

DataSight database                                                          Datamine ASCII

DataShed database                                                           Datamine wireframe

dBase                                                                       Encom TKM

Delimited ASCII (simple and complex)                                        ERMapper vector

Microsoft Excel                                                             ESRI ArcInfo Export

GemSys                                                                      ESRI shapefiles

Geosoft database                                                            ESRI TIN

Geosoft XYZ                                                                 Gemcom BT2

gINT drillhole database                                                     Geographic Markup Language

ioGAS                                                                       GOCAD vector

Located Data                                                                GPS eXchange

Log ASCII Standard                                                          Keyhole Markup Language (Google)

Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet                                                     MapInfo MID, MIF, TAB

ModelVision                                                                 MicroMine

Microsoft SQL Server Database                                               Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Spatial

Text                                                                        MineSight SRG

WinLog drillhole database                                                   OS MasterMap

Grid                                                                        Oracle spatial database

3D DXF (TIN)                                                                PostGIS spatial database

ASCII (generic)                                                             Spatial Data Transfer Standard

ASEG GXF                                                                    Surpac String

BIL (with HDR)                                                              Surpac DTM

DTED                                                                        Vector Product Format (VPF)

Encom Grid                                                                  Vulcan Archive

ER Mapper                                                                   Vulcan triangulation

ER Mapper multi-banded                                                      Image

ESRI/Arc Binary                                                             Adobe Photoshop Version 3.0

ESRI/Arc ASCII                                                              BMP

GeoPak                                                                      Encom PA Located Image

Geosoft                                                                     Windows Enhanced Metafile (+ dual)

GeoTIFF with embedded Z data                                                ERMapper ECW (auto-registered)

GTOPO30                                                                     ERDAS Image Web Server

HGT data (e.g. SRTM)                                                        GeoTIFF (auto-registered)

LIDAR ASCII                                                                 GIF

LIDAR LAS (ASPRS)                                                           JPEG

Landmark                                                                    JPEG 2000 (auto-registered)

MapInfo grid files                                                          MrSID

Minex                                                                       National Imagery Transmission Format

IRDRSI Binary Grid                                                          PC Paintbrush Exchange

Surfer ASCII                                                                PNG

Surfer Binary                                                               SPOT satellite

USGS USG, DEM, SDTS TAR                                                     TIFF

Vertical Mapper                                                             Targa

Vertical Mapper contour                                                     Windows Media Format
                    discover 3D
Discover 3D is an optional, advanced module for Encom         Gridded surface interpolation
Discover that turns your 2D GIS into a full desktop           Dynamically interpolate smooth surfaces from
3D platform. Discover 3D bridges the gap between              vector data in 3D, with methods such as IDW and
GIS and specialist mine-planning systems, giving              minimum curvature, allowing the realistic modelling
geoscientists access to all forms of data from many           of fault surfaces, water table boundaries, etc..
different sources in an integrated 3D environment.
                                                              Block/Voxel model creation
Visualise and Navigate                                        Create voxel (block) models from your drillhole
                                                              data, using inverse distance weighting,
Create, import and visually control a                         kriging, or discrete algorithms.
range data types in 3D, such as:
                                                              Solid Wireframing
• Raster imagery (e.g. draped over gridded surfaces)          Wireframe 3D solids with powerful shape matching
                                                              and precise user refinement via tie-line control.
• Direct support of MapInfo vector data

• Industry-standard vector formats                            Model Manipulation/Editing
  such as DXF and 3DS                                         Experiment with your vector models with an
                                                              extensive range of editing tools allowing the user to
• Voxel / block models                                        precisely modify feature polylines, polygons, open
                                                              triangulated surfaces and closed polyhedral solids.
• Discover drillhole projects

• Gridded surfaces.

Real-time 3D navigation, including support
for the 3DConnexion Space Navigator.

• Effortless loading of 2D drillhole projects

• Vary the colour and thickness of drillhole traces by
  sample attributes such as lithology, assays, and
  geophysics for easy visualisation and analysis.
  Filter the data to focus on areas of interest.

• Visualise 2D cross-sections and
  interpreted boundaries

• Dynamically interrogate downhole interval information.

• Interactively design and experiment with drillholes
  to precisely intersect and test targets in 3D.
                                                                                 discover mobile
                                                              Discover Mobile lets you take your digital data, maps,
Powerful Modelling Capabilities                               and imagery with you wherever you go. Running on
                                                              a Windows Mobile device, such as a hand-held PDA,
Discover 3D allows the geoscientist to accurately
                                                              Discover Mobile makes it easier than ever before
digitize, model and experiment with their
                                                              to capture field data. Fully GPS-enabled, with a
interpretations directly within the 3D environment.
                                                              comprehensive set of object drawing and editing tools,
The user is able to model and extrapolate targets,
                                                              Discover Mobile helps you capture and record sample
potential mineralization splays/extensions, possible
                                                              locations and attributes, map geological boundaries,
fault truncations and ‘what-if?’ scenarios.
                                                              assign attributes, and record structural measurements.
Accurate 3D Digitising                                        Discover Mobile is a GIS in your hand and the
Digitize points, polylines and polygons either freehand       seamless integration with the MapInfo Professional/
into 3D or by snapping precisely to drillhole intervals, in   Discover desktop makes it the ideal field companion.
order to outline targets, interpretations and concepts.
System Requirements                                       Contact Pitney Bowes
                                                          Business Insight
Encom Discover 11.0 requires
MapInfo Professional 8.5 or greater
for Microsoft Windows XP or Vista.
Encom Discover 3D 5.0 is an optional                      Level 7, 1 Elizabeth Plaza
module and requires Discover 11.0                         North Sydney NSW 2060 Australia
with Windows XP or Vista on at least                      T + 61 2 9437 6255 F +61 2 9439 1773
a Pentium III 800 MHz computer
with 512 Mb RAM, a video card with                        Perth
128Mb onboard memory and hardware                         355 Newcastle Street
acceleration, and a hard disk drive                       Northbridge WA 6003 Australia
with more than 100Mb free space.                          T +61 8 9226 0101 F +61 8 9226 0102

Encom Discover Mobile 3.5 requires                        International
a handheld computer running Windows                       Europe
Mobile 2003, 2005 or 2006. No separate                    Minton Place, Victoria Street,
MapInfo solution is required. Trimble                     Windsor, Berkshire SL4 1EG UK
post-processing requires Discover 10.1 or                 T + 44 1753 848200 F +44 8 9226 0102
later and Trimble Pathfinder Office 3.1.
                                                          Pitney Bowes MapInfo
                                                          26 Wellington Street East, Suite 500
                                                          Toronto, Ontario M5E 1S2 Canada
                                                          Tel +1 416 594 5200 Fax +1 416 594 5201


Windows Vista ®, Windows ® and Windows NT® are registered trademarks
of Microsoft Corporation. MapInfo Professional ® is a US registered
trademark of Pitney Bowes Software Inc. Discover Document 11.0.01

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