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Comparison of Direct and Indirect entrants to college

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					Comparison of Direct and
Indirect entrants to college
A Review of Current Data

June 21, 2007
  School to College Pathways:
  Research in progress


            Labour force/
            other
                                           Registered
                               Offered                   Retention/
                                           in College
                               Admission                 success in
                                                         college

Secondary     College
School        Applicants

                                           Offered
                                           Admission
                            Not offered    but did not
            Other PSE
                            Admission      register
            (complete/
            incomplete)
Previous Education of College graduates
(National)




 Source: Learning Policy Directorate, HRSDC National Graduate Survey, Statistics Canada.
Previous Education of Ontario College and
University graduates (Class of 2000)


  70%                                                      College Graduates
                                 62%
  60%                                                      University Graduates
                                                           (Bachelor's degree)
  50%
                           36%
  40%
            30%
  30%
                                                                           17%
  20%                                                                13%
                   8%                     11%           10%
                                                 7%           6%
  10%
    0%
            Delayed      Direct Entry Incomplete        College      University
            Entry (no     from High       PSE           Diploma/      Degree
            previous        School                     certificate
              PSE)
Source: National Graduate Survey, Statistics Canada.
Data sources
1.   OCAS data files
2.   College Applicant Survey
3.   Student Satisfaction Survey
4.   Ontario College Student Engagement Survey
5.   National: YITS, NGS, etc.
Category Definitions
   OCAS: A SS transcript has been sent to OCAS within the last
    12 months
   SSS (Q51 and Age) :
       Direct entry: less than 21 yrs of age HS and/ or college upgrading
        only (Q51)
       Delayed Entry to PSE: 21 yrs and over, HS and/ or college
        upgrading only
       Incomplete PSE: “some previous college” and/ or “some university”
       Complete PSE: College diploma and/or university degree
       Less than high school: answered “none of the above” for education
        question
       Other: selected “other” education only
   College Applicant Survey
       Based on highest education attained and whether they attended any
        education in the 12 months before applying.
Pathways to College, 2005-06
              Other Education        Less than HS
                    1%                   1%




                Complete PSE
                   17%
                                           Direct entry
                                               38%

             Incomplete PSE
                  18%



                        Delayed entry to
                             PSE
                             25%



   Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Previous Education of Ontario College
students (2005-06)
      Delayed Entry to PSE:
          7.7% indicated some college upgrading
      Incomplete PSE:
          65% “some previous college”;
          39% “some university”
      Complete PSE:
          56.5 % College diploma;
          45.5% university degree




      Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Age of first year college students
(Ontario, fall 2006)
                          3763    2101
                           5%      3%
                6171
                 8%
                                            under 20 yrs
                                            20-24 yrs
                                    38288   25-30 yrs
                          25591      50%    31-40 yrs
                           34%              Over 40 yrs




Source: OCAS Data Cubes
Age and Sex of College Registrants,
Fall 2006
        35%


        30%
                                    1%
                                    3%
        25%        1%
                   2%               4%                             0%
                                                                   0%         OVER 40
                                                    0%             1%         31 TO 40
                   3%                               2%             3%
        20%                                                                   25 TO 30
                                                                              20 TO 24
                                                                              UNDER 20
        15%
                                   15%
                  14%
        10%                                        19%            20%


         5%
                   5%               7%

         0%
              Indirect Entry   Indirect Entry   Direct Entry   Direct Entry
                 MALE            FEMALE           MALE          FEMALE



Source: OCAS Data Cubes
College students by age and pathway
 50000

 45000              155
                   1005
 40000             3557                  422
                     0
                                                      Less than HS
 35000
                                         7196         Complete PSE
                                                      Incomplete PSE
 30000
                                                      Delayed entry to PSE
 25000                                   9830         Direct entry

 20000             38353                                              292

 15000
                                                                      8228
 10000                                  19913

                                                                      4014
  5000
                                                                      4187
     0                                     0                            0
                   <21                   21-25                       Over 25

         Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Credential: First yr students

120%


           4%             3%            5%             6%             0%         4%
100%                                                                  1%
           0%             1%
                                         1%                                       5%
                                                                     17%
                          21%                                                            Degree
          26%                           24%           27%
 80%                                                                             22%     Graduate Certificate
                                                                                         Advanced Diploma
                                                                                         College Diploma
 60%                                                  14%                                College Certificate
                                                                     57%
                          56%
          54%                           55%                                      53%
 40%
                                                      43%

 20%
                                                                     24%
           15%           19%                                                     15%
                                        15%           10%
 0%
       Direct entry   Delayed entry Incomplete PSE Complete PSE   Less than HS   Total
                         to PSE




       Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Pathway by college
 DUR                          50                                          12
 BOR                          50                                       15
  CIT                       47                                           12
 LOY                        47                                            12
 SSF                        46                                          16
 FAN                       45                                            14
 CAN                      44                                            13
 SHE                      43                                             14
 COE                     42                                               12
  NIA                    42                                            16            Direct entry
 LAM                    42                                              13           Delayed entry to PSE
  STL                   41                                              15           Incomplete PSE
 MOH                    41                                              15
                                                                                     Complete PSE
 GEN                    41                                             14
 CAM                   40                                              15
 SCL                   39                                                14
 ALG                 35                                               17
 HUM                34                                              22
 SAU                34                                                14
 SEN                34                                              20
 COF                34                                               17
 GBR              30                                              23
 NOR              30                                              18
 CEN             27                                              26

        0   10          20         30   40   50   60   70   80        90       100      110

        Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Pathway by Gender
 60000

                        433

 50000
                                                       435
                       10278

                                                      6184
 40000                                                        Less than HS
                       9810                                   Complete PSE
                                                      7591    Incomplete PSE
                                                              Delayed entry to PSE
 30000
                                                              Direct entry
                       11386
                                                      12792

 20000



                       20195
 10000
                                                      18115



     0
                      Female                          Male

         Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
First Language
 100%
            9%                            12%                          15%
 90%                       19%
            6%                                          27%
                                          5%
 80%                                                                   7%
                            4%
                                                        4%
 70%

 60%                                                                          "other"
                                                                              French
 50%
                                                                              English
            85%
 40%                                      83%                          78%
                           77%
                                                        69%
 30%

 20%

 10%

  0%
        Direct entry   Delayed entry   Incomplete   Complete PSE   Less than HS
                          to PSE          PSE

    Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
 Demographics (registrants)
                      Direct    Delayed Entry   Incomplete   Complete PSE
                      entry                        PSE
Language (% non-      10.6           8.9          10.2          14.8
English or French)
% not born in         14.1          12.5          15.6          20.1
Canada
% visible minority    12.4          10.7          15.7          16.7
% with children        2.2           11.1         10.1          13.4
% with disability      5.2           7.1           7.3           5.5
% first generation    37.9          40.0          33.7          31.5
student

% Aboriginal           5.4           6.6           5.2           3.6


         Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
High school grades (registrants)
  100%

   90%                       23%
             29%
                                              34%
   80%
                                                              50%
   70%

   60%
                             47%                                         >80%
   50%                                                                   70-79%
             51%
                                              48%                        <70%
   40%

   30%                                                        38%

   20%
                            30%
   10%        20%                            17%
                                                              12%
   0%
          Direct entry   Delayed Entry   Incomplete PSE   Complete PSE




   Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
Type of high school courses taken
(registrants)

  100           2.0              4.4
                                                   8.3
                                                                   12.4
   90           18.3             12.8              8.2
                                                                   4.4
                                 1.9               1.5             1.4
   80           1.2

   70                                                              21.7
                                                   33.4
   60                            46.7
                42.5
                                                                              No Ontario H.S.
   50
                                                                              Univ/College Prep
   40

   30                                                              60.1
                                                                              Basic/ Workplace
                                                                              Prep
   20           36.0                                                          General/ College
                                                   48.6                       Prep
   10                            34.2
                                                                              Advanced/ University
                                                                              prep
    0
            Direct entry   Delayed Entry to   Incomplete PSE   Complete PSE
                                PSE

        Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
Time spent exploring college program:
Registrants
 50.0                                                                                               47.7

 45.0
                                                                          Direct Entry
                                                                                             38.9
 40.0                                                                     Indirect Entry


 35.0

 30.0

 25.0                                                 23.9
                                                             20.5
 20.0                         17.9
                                     14.2                                  14.0
 15.0                                                                             12.0

 10.0
            5.3 5.6
  5.0

  0.0
         1 hour or less   More than 1 but less   4 or more, less than   Between 8 and 10   More than 10 hrs
                              than 4 hrs                8 hrs                 hrs




        Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
Educational goals
                              Your main goal in enrolling in this program is…?      other
                                                                                    Interest/ personal development
120                                                                                 Further education
                                                                                    Employment/career

100        2                  2                      2                      2
           4                  5                      5                      5                     9
                                                                           10                     8
                             22                     20
 80       28
                                                                                                 25

 60



 40                                                                        83
           66                71                      74
                                                                                                 58
 20



  0
      Direct entry   Delayed entry to PSE     Incomplete PSE         Complete PSE           Less than HS

      Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Major concerns with attending college:
Applicants

                    70
                                                                                    Finding employment upon
                    65                                                              graduation
 % Very Concerned




                                                                                    Ability to do well
                    60                                                              What my future career will be

                    55                                                              Financing Cost

                                                                                    Ability to complete program
                    50

                    45

                    40
                         Direct from HS Delayed entry Incomplete PSE Complete PSE



                     Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
            Concerns about funding: Applicants

                   60
                                                             57   56
                                   55
                   55         54
                                         52             52
                                                   51                                   51   51
                         49
% very concerned




                   50                                                                                  Direct entry
                                                                             47    47
                                                                                                       Delayed Entry to PSE
                   45                                                                                  Incomplete PSE
                                                                                                       Complete PSE
                   40


                   35


                   30
                        Sufficient funding to   The debt you might incur   Ability to repay the debt
                        complete col. educ.          by graduation          within a reasonable
                                                                                    timeframe



                        Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
Individual who influenced decision the
most (registrants)
             Parents                                                                           38.7
                                                                                                           45.7

              Friends                                             19.7
                                                         12.8

                Other                                   12.4
                                          6.4

         Other Family                             9.8
                                           6.6
                                                                                          Indirect Entry
         College Rep.                 5.4                                                 Direct Entry
                                       6.1

          HS Teacher                 4.7
                                                8.4

  Guidance Counsellor                4.5
                                                        11.3

            Employer             3.5
                                2.3

   Employ. Counsellor         1.3
                              0.5

                        0.0         5.0      10.0        15.0   20.0     25.0   30.0   35.0   40.0     45.0   50.0


      Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
Marketing/ recruitment activity that
influenced decision the most (registrants)

   College Website                                                                                       31
                                                                              23

   Interaction w/Std.                                                                       27
                                                                                    25

   On-campus Visit                                                  18
                                                                              22

  College Calendar                                   10
                                            9

Liaison Presentation                    4
                                                          11                            Indirect Entry
                                                                                        Direct Entry
      Email Contact                 3
                                    3

     Phone Contact                  3
                                    3

College Advertising             2
                                2

    News Coverage           1
                                1

                        0               5       10             15        20        25             30          35


         Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
College Characteristic that influenced
decision the most (registrants)

      Offer Desired Pgm                                                                                35.4
                                                                                             30.8

                                                               16.2
          Close to Home                                     14.7

         Pgm Reputation                                  12.8
                                                   9.5

      College Reputation                         8.0
                                                  8.5
           Univ. Transfer                  5.1                                  Indirect Entry
           Agreements                            8.2
                                                                                Direct Entry
      Lower Tuition Fees             3.5
                                       4.6

    Admission Standards              3.3
                                           5.1

        Paid Co-op Pgm              3.0
                                     3.9

      Length of Program             2.7
                                  1.8

   Quality Teachers/Profs          2.5
                                    2.2

                            0.0       5.0         10.0    15.0        20.0   25.0     30.0          35.0      40.0

    Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
Student Satisfaction: KPI Capstones
                   4.30

                   4.20
                                                                                   Direct entry
                   4.10                                                            Delayed entry to PSE
                                                                                   Incomplete PSE
                   4.00
                                                                                   Complete PSE
                   3.90                                                            Less than HS

                   3.80

                   3.70

                   3.60

                   3.50

                   3.40
                          Knowledge and skills   Quality of Learning   Quality of facilities/     Quality of college
                             gained (Q14)        Experience (Q26)       resources (Q44)            services (Q45)
  Direct entry                    4.24                  4.04                   3.85                     3.84
  Delayed entry to PSE            4.16                  3.97                   3.77                     3.76
  Incomplete PSE                  4.23                  4.02                   3.78                     3.78
  Complete PSE                    4.15                  3.95                   3.70                     3.70
  Less than HS                    4.18                  4.02                   3.79                     3.79



     Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
  Use of special skills services, eg, math/
  writing/ remedial assistance
25.0




20.0
                              7.3

                                                                                 5.7        High Use
                                                                  5.6                       Low Use
15.0
           4.6

                                                  4.1

10.0

                             15.4
                                                                                 13.8
           11.8                                                   12.8
 5.0                                              10.0




 0.0
       Direct entry   Delayed entry to PSE   Incomplete PSE   Complete PSE   Less than HS


        Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Use of counselling/ advising services
30.0


25.0
                                                                             8.4
                            7.4
20.0                                                          6.5                       High Use
                                                                                        Low Use
                                              5.1
15.0       4.4



10.0                                                                        19.5
                           17.8                               16.1
           13.0                               14.2
 5.0


 0.0
       Direct entry   Delayed entry to   Incomplete PSE   Complete PSE   Less than HS
                           PSE


       Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Use of special needs/ disability
services
 16.0


 14.0


 12.0
                                                                                7.2

 10.0                          6.9
                                                                                           High Use
                                                                                           Low Use
  8.0                                                            5.0
              4.3
                                                 4.3
  6.0


  4.0                                                                           7.8
                               6.8
               5.2                                               5.5
  2.0                                            4.6


  0.0
          Direct entry   Delayed entry to   Incomplete PSE   Complete PSE   Less than HS
                              PSE


        Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Use of financial aid services
 60.0

                                                                  High Use
                                                                  Low Use
 50.0



 40.0                                                                           35.8
                              26.2                               25.5
                                                 22.5
 30.0
             18.4


 20.0



 10.0         19.1            21.9                               21.3           21.4
                                                 20.1


  0.0
          Direct entry   Delayed entry to   Incomplete PSE   Complete PSE    Less than HS
                              PSE



        Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
Use of peer tutoring services
  25.0




  20.0                           6.8
                                                                                  6.6
                                                                   6.3


  15.0
                4.5                                4.4                                       High Use
                                                                                             Low Use

  10.0
                                16.6                                             15.8
                                                                   14.8
                11.9
                                                   12.0
   5.0




   0.0
            Direct entry   Delayed entry to   Incomplete PSE   Complete PSE   Less than HS
                                PSE




         Source:2005-06 Student Satisfaction Survey
 Applicant to registrant conversion

100

90           24.1                  22.2                24.1            27.3
80
              4.6                  8.9
70                                                     11.7
                                                                       16.3       Received offer
60                                                                                but did not
                                                                                  register
50
                                                                                  No Offer
40
             71.3                  68.9
                                                       64.2
30                                                                     56.3       Registered

20

10

 0
      Direct Entry from HS Delayed Entry to PSE   Incomplete PSE   Complete PSE




            Source:2006 College Applicant Survey
Characteristics Associated with
Registering

                                                      Register

Female                                                No effect
Parents did not have PSE                              No effect
Marital status                                        No effect
High school grades                                    No effect
Immigrant                                                –*
Community size                                        No effect
Age (reference less than 18)                        20-24: –**
                                                   25-29: –***
                                                  30 or more: –

                 Significance: *=10%, **=5%, ***=1%

				
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