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CIVIL RIGHTS ACT_ 1964

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									CIVIL RIGHTS ACT, 1964
President Kennedy
         • Due to the increased
           pressure Kennedy
           had been convinced
           that the government
           should introduce a
           new Civil Rights Law
         • What previous events
           led to Kennedy
           supporting a new
           Civil Rights Law?
The March on Washington, Aug 1963


                 • 20 years after A.
                   Philip Randolph had
                   been persuaded not
                   to organise a march
                   he decided the time
                   was right for a new
                   march
                 • Kennedy saw this
                   as an opportunity to
                   gain support from
                   Black Americans
       Aims of the March
• Gain publicity
• Pressurise
  politicians such as
  Governor Wallace
  of Alabama to
  pass the civil
  rights bill
• March for jobs
  and freedom
           Aims of the March
                               • Some of the leaders
                                 argued that they
                                 should take an
                                 aggressive approach
                               • This would involve
                                 speeches to
                                 pressurise for voting
                                 reform
                               • Others argued their
                                 speeches should aim
John Lewis, Chairman of SNCC     at winning support
                                 from whites
  The March, August 28th,
          1963
• 250,000 people
  participated
• Gathered at the
  Lincoln memorial
• Why do you think
  this site was chosen?
• Some argued not
  much was achieved
  however gained
  publicity
• Live event on TV
            ‘I HAVE A DREAM’
                                 • Dream not shared
                                   by everyone
                                 • New racist
                                   violence
                                   demonstrated
                                   that Civil Rights
                                   would not be
                                   achieved through
                                   speeches alone
http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/Ihaveadream.htm
                16th Street Church
                     Bombing
• 2 weeks after march
  Robert Chambliss,
  member of the KKK
  threw 15 sticks of
  dynamite into the
  basement
• 4 black girls were
  killed and 20 injured
• Many believed non-
  protest methods were
  not working           http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/1307726.stm
Results of the bombing
           • The threat of violence
             was initially
             supported by leaders
           • However others
             including King
             believed this would
             lead to a loss in
             support
           • Instead they argued
             they had to get rid of
             racists at local and
             state level politics
        USE YOUR VOTE
• Aim:
• Increase
  registration of
  Black Americans
• Remove any
  unfair blocks and
  fears to voting
Kennedy Assassinated
          • November, 1963
          • Kennedy was shot
            dead
          • However Lyndon
            Johnson ensured
            Civil rights Act
            became law in
            memory of Kennedy
          • Southern politicians
            fought against the
            law however it was
            passed
    Civil Rights Act 1964
• Discrimination in
  all public places
  was banned
• Exception was
  places that served
  less than five
  people
• Employers
  employing more
  than 25 people
  were not able to
  discriminate
  Many thought this
                         However
  was as far as the
  law could go to        discrimination in
  help Black             housing and voting
  Americans              still existed


   How successful was the Civil Rights Act


                 Full Civil
KKK still        rights still   Move in the
used terror      to be          right direction
                 achieved

								
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