Bonegilla Migrant Reception and The National Heritage List recognises and protects our most valued natural, Indigenous and historic heritage sites. It reflects the story of our Training Centre – Block 19 development, from our original inhabitants to the present day, Australia’s spirit and our ingenuity, and our unique, living landscapes. Each place in the List has been assessed by the Australian Heritage Council as having outstanding heritage value to the nation, and is protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. This means that approval must be obtained before taking any action that may have a significant impact on the national heritage values of the place. In this way, we can retain our heritage for future generations. To ensure ongoing protection, each listed place should have a management plan outlining how the heritage values of the site will be conserved and interpreted. The National Heritage List enables all Australians to celebrate, value and protect our unique heritage. For further information visit www.heritage.gov.au Bonegilla Migrant Reception and Training Centre – Block 19 Bonegilla Rd, Bonegilla VIC | Phone: 02 6023 2327 www.heritage.gov.au speaking Europeans displaced by war to emigrate. This major demographic change transformed Australia’s economy, society and culture. A rare remnant of post-war migration • A rare surviving example of a post-war migration centre, Block 19 evokes a strong The place where thousands of post-war migrants began their Australian sense of migrant life. journey, Bonegilla represents the shift in immigration policy which led to • The 23 buildings and open setting reflect the Australia’s multicultural society. This rare surviving example of a basic army basic conditions of former war-time army camps hut camp provides a strong sense of what migrant life was like. Bonegilla used as migrant centres. The symmetrical grid of received Australia’s highest heritage honour on 7 December 2007 when it timber framed, corrugated iron army huts provided staff and migrant was included in the National Heritage List. housing, offices, recreation and dining halls, kitchens and toilet blocks. • The style of accommodation offered was basic. There were communal A site of important events dining and washing facilities and purpose-built recreation halls. Native • Block 19 was part of Australia’s largest and longest operating and exotic plants helped to ‘civilise’ the place in later years. migrant reception centre. From 1947 to 1971 more than 300 000 people, mainly from Europe, spent time there awaiting allocation to A place of social value and strong connections employment, learning English, undergoing health checks and receiving • Bonegilla is the place where many ‘New Australians’ experienced the instruction on the Australian way of life. hope, joys and sorrows of their first home in Australia. Today there are • Bonegilla transformed the size and composition of the Australian more than 1.5 million descendants of Bonegilla migrants. population. • An important part of Australia’s recent collective memory, Bonegilla • After the Second World War, population growth was considered offers valued insights into post-war migration and refugee essential, so the government enabled thousands of non-English experiences, including Australia’s role as the host nation.