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GeoSciML model - Welcome to CGI

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					                                              GeoSciML
                   Version 2 - Release Candidate 3



                            The GeoSciML Model Design working group




Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                  Co-authors

  Bruce Simons                                -   GSV
  Eric Boisvert                               -   GSC
  Boyan Brodaric                              -   GSC
  Dominique Janjou                            -   BRGM
  Christian Bellier                           -   BRGM
  Simon Cox                                   -   CSIRO
  Yuichiro Fusejima                           -   GSJ
  Bruce Johnson                               -   USGS
  John Laxton                                 -   BGS
  Ollie Raymond                               -   GA
  Steve Richard                               -   AzGS

Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                                   GeoSciML versions

   GeoSciML Version 2 release schedule

   1. The Testbed tested v2 release candidate 2 (v2_rc2)
       - problems were identified and schema changes made

   2. Version 2 Release Candidate 3 (v2_rc3) is now open for comment
       - this workshop will present v2_rc3
       - further testing of v2_rc3 will occur until November 2008

   3. GeoSciML Version 2.0 will be released in December 2008
       - including documentation and tested XML examples




Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
            Data models currently being tested

               GeoSciML                           O&M
             GeoScience                       Observations and
                                               Measurements
            Markup Language
                                               and Sampling




Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                     What is a geological data model?
       1. Data structure
            - What data goes where
                 “How do I format my grain size data?”

            - How data relates to other data
                 “What unit is this sample from?”
                 “What materials make up this unit?”
            - How do I describe the shape of my unit ?
       2. Vocabularies
            - Define the concepts
                  What is an “ignimbrite” ?
            - What terminology do you use
                 “medium” or “medium grained” or “medium-grained” ?
                 “Phanerozoic” or “Fanerozoikum” ?


Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                                              What is O&M?
           •      A data model for any type of scientific observation,
                  measurement and sampling framework
           •      Provides a platform on which individual science communities
                  can build more domain-specific types of observation,
                  measurement and sampling
           •      For example, the GeoSciML community have adapted the
                  “sampling point” and “sampling curve” features of the O&M
                  standard for geological use in delivering outcrop sample
                  locations and boreholes




Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                          Why do we need a data model?

                                               Western      Northern
           Label                               Australia    Territory
                                                   Age




                                              Description


                                              ESRI          MAPINFO

Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                           Levels of Interoperability
                                              Interoperability
          The current                                              The GeoSciML
           situation                                                   World

                                                 Semantic
          Few standards                                          Controlled Vocabularies
                                               (Data Content)

     Organisation-specific                      Schematic
                                                                    GeoSciML, O&M
        data structures                       (Data Structure)

Proprietary software formats
  (ESRI, Mapinfo, Oracle,
                                                  Syntax
                                                                       XML, GML
Geosoft, Access, Excel etc)                   (Data Language)

        Files, DVD, CD                           Systems
     Windows, Unix, Linux                                           WFS, WMS, WCS
                                              (Data Services)


Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                          Schematic Agreement
                                                  GeologicUnit
                                          + geologicUnitType: ControlledConcept
                                          + bodyMorphology: [0..*]
                                          + compositionCategory: [0..1]
                                          + exposureColor: [0..*]
                                          + outcropCharacter: [0..*]
                                          + rank: [0..1]
                                          + unitThickness: [0..*]



                                                                                        Cardinality
                             +composition        0..*
                       CompositionPart
                +   lithology: ControlledConcept [1..*]
                +   material: RockMaterial [0..1]
                +   proportion:                                                RockMaterial
                +   role:
                                                                   + consolidationDegree: CGI_Term
                                                                   + compositionCategory: CGI_Term [0..1]
                                                                   + geneticDescription: CGI_Term [0..1]
                             Lithology                             + lithology: ControlledConcept [1..*]




Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                               Semantic Agreement



           Cainozoic?
                                              Late?
                                              Early?
                                                                           Archaean?


                                                             Bolindian?
                                                             Eastonian?
                                                             Gisbornian?
                                               Palaeozoic?




Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                               GeoSciML in a nutshell…
           Geologic Units
                  • lithological, chronostratographic, lithostratigraphic…
           Structures
                  • faults, contacts, folds, foliations, textures…
           Earth materials
                  • rocks, unconsolidated materials, minerals…
           Sampling
                  • outcrops, boreholes, specimens…
           Measurements
                  • strike and dip, physical properties…
           Value types
                  • textural, numeric, ranges, statistical values…
           Vocabularies
                  • concept definitions, terminology…
           Geologic Relationships
Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                                            Mapped Features
                 Name:      Overview diagram: MappedFeature
                 Package:                  Elements on a geologic map
                            «Leaf» GeologicFeature
                 Version:   1.0
                 Author:    Simon Cox

                                               SamplingFeature

                               «FeatureType»
                     SpatiallyExtensiveSamplingFeature
                                                                                                                «type»
                                    samplingFrame
                                                                                                               GM_Object
                                                                                                    shape
                                                                                                                           {n}
                                                                     «FeatureType»
• what is being mapped                                               MappedFeature
  - surficial geology surface                                 +   observationMethod [1..*]         metadata
                                                              +   positionalAccuracy                          MD_Metadata
  - basement geology surface                                                                           0..1
                                                                   occurrence   0..*                                    {n}
 and where                                                                      Description

  - map tile, nation, continent                                            1       specification

                                                                     «FeatureType»
• shapes of geologic features                                        GeologicFeature

  on the map                                                  +   observationMethod [1..*]
                                                              +   purpose = instance
  - polygons, curves, points, surfaces

• descriptions of geologic features
  - the map legend

Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
 GeologicRelation
+ relationship                      Geologic Features                                                 GeologicEvent
+ sourceRole [0..1]
+ targetRole [0..1]                                                                             + eventAge
                                                                                         0..1   + eventEnvironment [0..*]
                                                                                                + eventProcess [1..*]
                                                                                preferredAge
                                                                                                      geologicHistory
                                                                                                      0..*

GeologicFeature sourceLink
   Relation
                0..*
                                              target         feature
               targetLink
                                       1         GeologicFeature
                                  source       + observationMethod [1..*]
                                               + purpose
                                                                                specification
         metadata                                                           1
    MD_Metadata 0..1                                                                            occurrence
                                                                                         0..*
                                                                                                     MappedFeature
                                   GeologicUnit              GeologicStructure                   + observationMethod [1..*]
                                                                                                 + positionalAccuracy




Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
GeologicUnitType                                     CompositionPart

Allostratigraphic
                                                     + lithology
                                                     + material
                                                     + proportion
                                                                                   Geologic Units
Alteration
ArtificialGround                                     + role
Biostratigraphic
                                                                     composition                ControlledConcept
Chronostratigraphic                                                                              + identifier
Deformation                                                                                      + name
Excavation
Geomorphologic                                                                                  classifier
GeophysicalUnit
Lithodemic                                               GeologicUnit
Lithogenetic                                                                                  part
Lithologic                                            + geologicUnitType                             GeologicUnitPart
Lithostratigraphic                                    + bodyMorphology                               + proportion
LithotectonicUnit                                     + exposureColor                                + role
MagnetostratigraphicUnit                              + outcropCharacter
                                                      + rank                      contained
MassMovement
                                                      + compositionCategory       Unit
Pedoderm
Pedostratigraphic                                     + unitThickness
PolarityChronostratigraphicUnit

 PhysicalDescription
 + density
 + magneticSusceptibility                                                                      weathering
 + permeability                   physicalProperty
 + porosity                                                                                    Character
                                                            metamorphic
                                        bedding             Character
                                                                                              WeatheringDescription
                                                                                              + weatheringDegree
                                                         MetamorphicDescription
                         BeddingDescription              + metamorphicFacies
                                                                                              + weatheringProduct
                                                                                              + weatheringProcess
                         + beddingPattern                + metamorphicGrade
                                                                                              + environment
                         + beddingStyle                  + peakPressureValue
                         + beddingThickness              + peakTemperatureValue
  Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008            + protolithLithology
                                                  Lineation
 NonDirectionalStructure                   + definingElement
                                                                            Contact
 + structureType                           + intensity                   + contactCharacter
                                           + lineationType               + contactType
                                                                                                       boundary
                                      Geologic Structures
                                           + mineralElement
                                           + orientation
                                                                         + orientation
                                                                                                       Occurrence
 DeformationUnit                                                                                             boundedUnitLink

                         definedUnit                           GeologicStructure                   BoundaryRelationship
                                                   defining                                      constraints
                                                                                                 {source must be GeologicUnit}
                                                   Structure
 Displacement                                                                                    {target must be GeologicUnit}
 Event

                             ShearDisplacement                          FoldSystem
                                                                        + periodic                                  Foliation
                             Structure                                  + wavelength                          + continuity
                              + planeOrientation          faultSystem                                         + definingElement
                                                          Member                                              + foliationType
incremental          total                                                       foldSystem                   + intensity
                                                                                 Member                       + mineralElement
  DisplacementValue                                                                                           + orientation
                                                                                    Fold                      + spacing
  + hangingWallDirection
  + movementSense                         Fault                            + profileType
  + movementType                                                           + axialSurfaceOrientation
                                                                           + hingeLineOrientation
                                          segment                          + geneticModel
                                                                           + amplitude
                                                DuctileShear               + hingeLineCurvature
 Separation            NetSlip                                             + hingeShape                           Layering
                                                Structure                  + interLimbAngle
 Value                 Value                                               + limbShape
                                                      segment              + span                                    layer
                                                                           + symmetry
                               slipComponent                                                                         Composition
                                                                                       higherOrder              Rock
                  Slip                                                                 FoldPart            + consolidationDegree
                  Components                               FaultSystem                                     + lithology
  Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
Earth Materials                                 material     ConstituentPart source                    MaterialRelation
                                                              + proportion                            + relationship
                           EarthMaterial                      + role                    target
                          + color                                                                     + sourceRole
                          + purpose                               part                                + targetRole


                                                                                                          particleGeometry
                                                                                                      ParticleGeometry
Organic                     Mineral
                                                                                     particleGeometry Description
Material                 + mineralName                                                                + size
                                                                                                      + sorting
                                                                                                      + particleType
                                               RockMaterial                                           + shape
                                                                                                      + aspectRatio
       InorganicFluid                         + compositionCategory
                                              + geneticCategory
                                              + consolidationDegree
                                              + lithology
                                                                                             MetamorphicDescription
                                                                             metamorphic + metamorphicFacies
                                                                             Character   + metamorphicGrade
                                                                                             + peakPressureValue
                                                                                             + peakTemperatureValue
                 physicalProperty                                                            + protolithLithology
                PhysicalDescription
                                                                  fabric
                + density
                + magneticSusceptibility                              FabricDescription
                + permeability                                        + fabricType
                + porosity



Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                                                                               SamplingFeature
SurveyProcedure surveyDetails                                             0..* Relation
                               0..1                    target                  + role
                                                                          0..*
                    1..*                                                     relatedSamplingFeature
AnyFeature                 Intention   SamplingFeature
                                                                 source
                    sampled
                    Feature                                                               relatedObservation
                                                                                           0..*     Observation


SpatiallyExtensive                       Specimen                  SamplingPoint
SamplingFeature                                                                                       result
                                                                                                      result
                                                                                              DiscreteCoverage
                                                                                                   Foliation
                                                                                                 RockMaterial
                                                                                              Observation
                                                                                                   orientation
                                                                                                  ++ lithology
                                                    SamplingFeature
                                                    Collection
   SamplingCurve
  + length [0..1]                                                                                   result
                                         BoreholeCollar
  + shape
                                       + location                                         CV_DiscreteCoverage
                                          collarLocation
                                                       BoreholeDetails
                                                      + dateOfDrilling
                                                      + driller
                                                                                    Sampling,
                    0..* borehole
                                           indexData
                                                      + drillingMethod
                                                      + inclinationType             Observations
          Borehole                                    + nominalDiameter
                                                 0..1 + operator
Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008           + startPoint
                                              Questions




Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                          Mineral Occurrences
         • Describes Earth Resources independent of
           associated human activities

         • Caters for geological descriptions of Earth Resources
           as well as reserves, mining activities, and mining
           products

         • Utilises GeoSciML MappedFeature to describe
           spatial representation

         • Utilises GeoSciML EarthMaterial to describe host and
           associated materials



Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008
                                      Mineral Occurrences Model Feature
                                      «FeatureType»
                                 GeologicAge::GeologicEvent
                          + eventAge: CGI_Value
                                                              Mapped
                                                                         +geologicHistory

                                                                         0..*
                                                                                                         +feature                    «FeatureType»
                                                                                                                             GeologicFeature::GeologicFeature
                                                                                                                    + observationMethod: CGI_TermValue [1..*]
                                                                                                                                                                          +specification+occurrence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           «FeatureType»
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   GeologicFeature::MappedFeature
                                                                                                                                                          1                         Description     0..*
                          + eventEnvironment: CGI_TermValue [0..*]
                                                               +preferredAge                                        + purpose: DescriptionPurpose = instance                                               + observationMethod: CGI_TermValue [1..*]
                          + eventProcess: CGI_TermValue [1..*]                                                                                                                                             + positionalAccuracy: CGI_Value
                                                                         0..1




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mapped Feature
              Mineral System System
                       Mineral
                            «DataType»                                                                                                                     +parent
                           MineralSystem
                                                             +geneticDescription
                                                                                                    Mineral Deposit Model                                  0..1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       «DataType»
                               + associationType: CGI_TermValue                                                                                                                                                                     SupergeneProcesses
                                                                        0..1
                                                                                                            Earth Resource
                                                                                                                «FeatureType»
                                                                                                                EarthResource
                                                                                                                                                                                      +child
                                                                                                                                                                                      0..*                                  + depth: CGI_Numeric [0..1]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0..*
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            + material: EarthMaterial [0..*]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            + type: CGI_TermValue [0..1]
                                                                                                       0..*   + sourceReference: CI_Citation [0..*]                                            +supergeneModification
                                             «DataType»
                                   Deposit Model
                          Mineral MineralDepositModel                             +classification             «estimatedProperty»
                                                                                                              + dimension: EarthResourceDimension [0..1]
                                                                                                                                                             1


                                                                                                       0..*   + expression: CGI_TermValue [0..*]
                               «estimatedProperty»                  0..1
       Resource                + mineralDepositGroup: ScopedName [1..*]                                       + form: CGI_TermValue [0..*]
                               + mineralDepositType: ScopedName [0..*]                                   1    + linearOrientation: CGI_LinearOrientation [0..*]
                                                                                                              + planarOrientation: CGI_PlanarOrientation [0..*]
                                                                                                                                                             1
                                                                                                                                                                                               +composition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Earth Resource Material
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              «DataType»
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         EarthResourceMaterial
                                                                                                              + shape: CGI_TermValue [0..*]                                                                0..*   + earthResourceMaterialRole: ERMaterialRoleC
     Endowment
        «DataType»
        Endowment                                                                                                1                                                   1                                            + material: EarthMaterial
                                                                                                                 +source                                                 +deposit
    + includesReserves: Boolean
    + includesResources: Boolean
                                                                                                                                                                                                   «DataType»
       Reserve                               Commodity
                                           +oreAmount

                                                        0..*
                                                                                                      Earth Resource
                                                                                                                 «FeatureType»
                                                                                                                                                                                 Earth Resource Material
                                                                                                                                                                                                   RawMaterial

                                                                                                                                  MineralOccurrence                                                                    + material: EarthMaterial
                  «DataType»                                              «DataType»
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       + rawMaterialRole: RawMaterialRoleCode
                  OreMeasure                                           CommodityMeasure
                                                                                                                       «estimatedProperty»                                                                                              +composition   0..*
+ calculationMethod: CharacterString  +measureDetails
                                                           «estimatedProperty»                                         + type: MineralOccurrenceTypeCode
+ date: TM_GeometricPrimitive                                                                                                                                                                  +resourceExtraction               0..*                  0..*
                                              1 1..*       + commodityAmount: CGI_Numeric [0..1]
+ dimension: EarthResourceDimension [0..1]
      Endowment
+ proposedExtractionMethod: CGI_TermValue [0..1]
                                                           + cutOffGrade: CGI_Numeric [0..1]
                                                           + grade: CGI_Numeric [0..1]                                                                                   Product
                                                                                                                                                                          «FeatureType»                                                 Mining Activity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                «FeatureType»
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MiningActivity
+ sourceReference: CI_Citation [1..*]                                                  0..*                                                                                  Product
                                                                                                                    +commodityDescription                                                               + activityDuration: TM_Period
«estimatedProperty»
                                                                                                                      1..*                                 + productName: CGI_TermValue
+ ore: CGI_Numeric                                             +commodityOfInterest      1..*                                          +sourceCommodity
                                                                                                                                                                                             1..*    1 + activityType: MiningActivityTypeCo
                                                                                                                                                           + sourceReference: CI_Citation [1..*]        + oreProcessed: CGI_Numeric [0..1]
                                                                                                     Commodity
                                                                                                       «FeatureType»
                                                                                                        Commodity
                                                                                                                                                           «estimatedProperty»
                                                                                                                                                           + grade: CGI_Numeric [0..1]
                                                                                                                                                                                               +producedMaterial            1..* +relatedActivity
                                                                                                                                                    0..*
                                                                                                                                               1           + production: CGI_Numeric [0..1]            0..*
           «DataType»                                                                 + commodityGroup: ScopedName [0..*]
       Resource
            Product
            Resource                       Reserve
                                         «DataType»                                   + commodityName: ScopedName                                          + recovery: CGI_Numeric [0..1]                             0..1 +associatedMine

+ category: ResourceCategoryCode
                                           Reserve
                                                                                      «estimatedProperty»       Mining Activity
+ includesReserves: Boolean     + category: ReserveCategoryCode                       + commodityImportance: ImportanceCode [0..1]
                                                                                      + commodityRank: Integer [0..1]
                                                                                                                                                                                                             +relatedMine
                                                                                                                                                                                                             0..1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mine«FeatureType»
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             +      endDate: TM_Instant [0..1]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             +      mineName: MineNamePreference [1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             +      sourceReference: CI_Citation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             +      startDate: TM_Instant [0..1]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             +      status: MineStatusCode




    Oslo IGC - Workshop WSS-03 - 10 August 2008

				
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