Action & Adventure Action & Adventure: • Commonly associated with mega-budget spectaculars. • Hugely popular genre • Dominates the summer-block-buster season, e.g. Pirates of the Caribbean A successful genre • Marketable around the world. • Inspired by everything from real-life stories to comic books to theme- park rides, action movies are a remarkably flexible genre. • Traditionally aimed at young males, although the most successful have universal appeal. A wide ranging genre • Action films represent a wide variety of movies, including fantasy adventures, martial arts and disaster movies. • Special effects driven action movies have been Hollywood’s biggest earners since the seventies, following the success of Jaws (1975) and Star Wars (1977). History • The genre rose to prominence in the thirties with swashbuckling films starring Errol Flynn. The arrival of the modern hero • In the aftermath of the second world war, westerns and war films dominated until the arrival of the James Bond films in 1962 with Dr No. The audience was introduced to the modern hero. Speed motion & Acceleration Chases, races and escapes have been a main feature of Action & Adventure since the early days of film. Speed is mainly associated with fast- moving vehicles. Combat & Violence • Fights feature heavily in the genre and there are many styles and traditions of these. • Combat may be hand to hand, involve every weapon imaginable, from swords to light sabres or it may involve mass battles and scenes of spectacular destruction and loss of life. Spectacle • Spectacle means gratifying the audience with spectacular sights they can only see and experience in the cinema. • Spectacle is the central part and pleasure of the Action & Adventure genre. Huge scale explosions, destruction, acts of bravery, incredible stunts etc are all part of the genre’s iconography. • Special effects have become a selling point for the genre and CGI is rapidly transforming audience expectations. Audiences want more and more mind bending special effects and computer wizardry. Jeopardy & Suspense • One early form of the genre was the serial films made by independent studios in the 1920s, 30s and 40s. These frequently ended with a cliff- hanger in which the hero had to escape or rescue someone from a perilous situation. • The principles of suspense demand audience involvement therefore, care must be taken to provide characters that the audience can easily relate to and identify with. Technology & Iconography • The Action & Adventure genre relies heavily on an extensive iconography of cars, guns and gadgets to help create a sense of the contemporary. • A preoccupation with technology is generally associated with the largely male target audience. Verisimilitude & Reality • Verisimilitude means the appearance of truth and reality; this is a crucial element of the genre. • Action & Adventure films present events and narrative that are implausible or absurd in real life however, these events have to look ‘realistic’ in order for the audience to suspend their disbelief and enjoy the film’s spectacle. Verisimilitude & Reality • There are two main traditions involved: • Pro-filmic where an attempt is made to convince audiences that what is happening has been staged for real in front of the camera, such as elaborate stunts performed by Jackie Chan. • The other is the use of CGI, which makes impossible events and fantastic creations look realistic.
Pages to are hidden for
"Action Adventure"Please download to view full document