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The Voice of Knowledge
 (Expository Writing)
      Good Fictional and Narrative
       Writing Have Strong Voice
   Novels
   Poems
   Short stories
   Journal Entries
What Types of Writing Have Weak
   Directions
   Manuals
   Rule books
   Text books
   How to books

…These are examples of Expository Writing
           Informational Texts

   An informational text has an author who
    understands his/her subject well and
    writes with authority and self-confidence
   With this type of writing, you must ask,
    “Does this type of writing reflect the
    confidence that comes from knowing the
    topic well?
            Expository Writing

   Used to explain, describe, give information
    or inform
   Writer can not assume that the reader or
    listener has prior knowledge or
    understanding of the topic
   Uses a different kind of voice
        Guts – Gary Paulsen
     In Guts, Gary tells
the real stories behind
the Brian books, the
stories of the adventures
that inspired him to write
Brian Robeson's story:
working as an emergency
volunteer; the death that
inspired the pilot's death
in Hatchet; plane crashes
he has seen and near-
misses of his own.
         I have spent an inordinate amount of time in wilderness woods, much of it in
northern Minnesota, some in Canada and some in the Alaskan wilds. I have hunted
and trapped and fished and have been exposed to almost all kinds of wilderness
animals; I’ve had bear come at me, been stalked by a mountain lion, been bitten by
snakes and punctured by porcupines and torn by foxes and once pecked by an
attacking raven, but I have never seen anything rivaling the madness that seems to
infect a large portion of the moose family.
         I first witnessed this insanity when I was twelve, in northern Minnesota. I had
just started hunting with a rifle. Back then there were none of today’s modern
hunting weapons and I was, to put it mildly, financially disadvantaged. I worked hard
at setting pins in a bowling alley, selling newspapers in bars at night and laboring on
farms in the summer (hoeing sugar beets for eleven dollars an acre and picking
potatoes for five cents a bushel) to make enough money to buy clothing and supplies
for school. There was little left for fancy weapons, and after saving for a long time I
finally managed to come up with enough money for a Remington single-shot .22 rifle.
It was bolt action, with a twist safety on the rear of the bolt, and had to be loaded
for each shot by opening the bolt, which extracted the empty shell if you had just
fired. Then you put a new cartridge into the chamber by hand, closed the bolt and
fired. It was a long process and the end result was that it forced the shooter to pay
attention to his first shot and make certain it was accurately placed. It also made the
hunter careful not to waste his shot. Within a short time I was very accurate with this
little rifle and was steadily bringing home rabbits and ruffed grouse, which I cleaned
and cooked.
         Expository Writing

   is meant to inform the reader
     Let’s Look at Some Examples

   Page 50 – 53 WriteTraits Student Book
            Expository Writing

   Very different from either fictional stories,
    which use imagination, or persuasive
    writing, which depends upon a well-
    formed argument to convince a reader of
    an argument
         Expository Writing can

   Center on recounting an event in an
    organized manner
   Explain a process
   describe a favorite place or person
   Anything else which requires logical
    organization in its presentation
   Transitional words are often used
               Let’s Practise

   Choose one of the following writing
    prompts to write a piece of expository
    writing for your Writing Notebook
   Use strong voice
           Writing Prompts
   Explain how disappointments can have a
    good side.
   Explain why someone you care about is
    important to you.
   Through the years new inventions have
    changed the way we live. Think about
    one invention that has had an impact on
    the way you live. Explain how this
    invention has changed your life.