• Sept 1 1939 - Germany invades Poland
• Sept 3 1939 - Great Britain declares war on Germany
• Sept 10 1939 - Canada declares war on Germany
• Sept 17 1939 – USSR invades Poland
• May 10 1940 – Nazi’s invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and
• June 3 1940 – Miracle at Dunkirk; over 340,000 British troops
• June 22 1940 – France signs armistice with Nazi Germany
• Sept 22 1940 – Axis Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan
• May 27 1941 – Sinking of the Bismarck by the British Navy
• Dec 7 1941 - Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor
• Dec 8 1941 - United States and Britain declare war on Japan.
• Dec 11 1941 - Germany declares war on the United States.
• Jan 1 1942 - Declaration of the United Nations signed by 26 Allied
• June 1942 - Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at
• July 9 1942 - Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the
• Sept 13 1942 - Battle of Stalingrad begins.
• Nov 19 1942 - Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins.
• Jan 10 1943 - Soviets begin an offensive against the Germans in
• Feb 2 1943 - Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big
defeat of Hitler's armies.
• May 13 1943 - German and Italian troops surrender in North
• Oct 30 1944 - Last use of gas chambers at Auschwitz.
• Dec 16-27 1944 - Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes.
• Jan 26 1945 - Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
• April 12 1945 - Allies liberate Buchenwald and Belsen concentration camps.
• April 30 1945 - Adolf Hitler commits suicide.
• May 7 1945 - Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.
• May 8 1945 - V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
• Aug 6 1945 - First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan.
• Aug 9 1945 - Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.
• Sept 2 1945 - Japanese sign the surrender agreement.
• Oct 24 1945 - United Nations is officially born.
Naval and drive to
Policy of Appeasement
Nationalism as a
of British PM
1938, including the
race a dominant
result of the
Germany of the
Under Adolf Hitler, the Nazi party in Germany grew to dominate politics.
After 1933, the Nazi’s were in power in Germany until after the end of
the war. Under the Nazi regime, millions of European Jews were
murdered in concentration camps in what came to be known as the
Holocaust. The Swastika, shown above, was the flag used by the Nazi’s
prior to and during the war.
• Great Britain (and Commonwealth, including Australia, New
• United States of America
• Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
• On June 6, 1944 the
Allied forces stormed
the beaches of
Normandy, France in
an attempt to liberate
This offensive spelled the beginning of the end of German
occupation of much of Europe, and by early 1945, much of
Western Europe was free, and the Nazis had been pushed
back towards Germany, where they would ultimately surrender
Liberation of Europe
• After the Normandy invasion, the Allies worked quickly to
liberate as much of Europe as possible.
• In the months following Normandy, the Allies were
responsible for re-occupying parts of France, Belgium
• Once Western Europe was liberated, the Allies pushed
into Germany, forcing the Nazis back towards Berlin,
where they surrendered
• Once the war ended, the Allies began a series of efforts
to help rebuild cities and countries devastated by the war
After the War
Many cities in Europe were decimated by
the war, especially in France where much
of the fighting took place, but also in
England (pictured below) and Germany.
The Cold War began soon after 1945, with
the Communist countries allied against the
capitalist nations This brought about
alliances such as NATO and COMECO,
both trade agreements between member