World War II20104514752

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World War II20104514752 Powered By Docstoc
					The War
  That
 Changed
the World
                             Timeline
•   Sept 1 1939 - Germany invades Poland
•   Sept 3 1939 - Great Britain declares war on Germany
•   Sept 10 1939 - Canada declares war on Germany
•   Sept 17 1939 – USSR invades Poland
•   May 10 1940 – Nazi’s invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and
    Holland
•   June 3 1940 – Miracle at Dunkirk; over 340,000 British troops
    evacuated
•   June 22 1940 – France signs armistice with Nazi Germany
•   Sept 22 1940 – Axis Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan
•   May 27 1941 – Sinking of the Bismarck by the British Navy
                           Timeline
•   Dec 7 1941 - Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor
•   Dec 8 1941 - United States and Britain declare war on Japan.
•   Dec 11 1941 - Germany declares war on the United States.
•   Jan 1 1942 - Declaration of the United Nations signed by 26 Allied
    nations.
•   June 1942 - Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at
    Auschwitz.
•   July 9 1942 - Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the
    USSR.
•   Sept 13 1942 - Battle of Stalingrad begins.
•   Nov 19 1942 - Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins.
•   Jan 10 1943 - Soviets begin an offensive against the Germans in
    Stalingrad
•   Feb 2 1943 - Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big
    defeat of Hitler's armies.
•   May 13 1943 - German and Italian troops surrender in North
    Africa.
                             Timeline

•   Oct 30 1944 - Last use of gas chambers at Auschwitz.
•   Dec 16-27 1944 - Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes.
•   Jan 26 1945 - Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
•   April 12 1945 - Allies liberate Buchenwald and Belsen concentration camps.
•   April 30 1945 - Adolf Hitler commits suicide.
•   May 7 1945 - Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.
•   May 8 1945 - V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
•   Aug 6 1945 - First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan.
•   Aug 9 1945 - Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.
•   Sept 2 1945 - Japanese sign the surrender agreement.
•   Oct 24 1945 - United Nations is officially born.
    Causes
  Bruised Germanin
    Hitler’s Military
Naval and drive to
Nazi Aggression
Policy of Appeasement
  Nationalism as a
      of British PM
   Rearmament of
1938, including the
   race a dominant
 createbetween
      result of the
   Chamberlain and
    the Rhinelandin
   Germany of the
 annexation and
     Aryan race
  American President
 humiliating Treaty
    Sudetenland
       Roosevelt
     of Europe.
    Great Britain
         Versailles
                      Nazism



Under Adolf Hitler, the Nazi party in Germany grew to dominate politics.
 After 1933, the Nazi’s were in power in Germany until after the end of
   the war. Under the Nazi regime, millions of European Jews were
  murdered in concentration camps in what came to be known as the
 Holocaust. The Swastika, shown above, was the flag used by the Nazi’s
                       prior to and during the war.
                     Key Players
• Germany

• Italy

• Japan

• Great Britain (and Commonwealth, including Australia, New
  Zealand, Canada)

• France

• United States of America

• Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
             Normandy Invasion
• On June 6, 1944 the
  Allied forces stormed
  the beaches of
  Normandy, France in
  an attempt to liberate
  Western Europe.


   This offensive spelled the beginning of the end of German
   occupation of much of Europe, and by early 1945, much of
   Western Europe was free, and the Nazis had been pushed
   back towards Germany, where they would ultimately surrender
           Liberation of Europe
• After the Normandy invasion, the Allies worked quickly to
  liberate as much of Europe as possible.
• In the months following Normandy, the Allies were
  responsible for re-occupying parts of France, Belgium
  and Holland
• Once Western Europe was liberated, the Allies pushed
  into Germany, forcing the Nazis back towards Berlin,
  where they surrendered
• Once the war ended, the Allies began a series of efforts
  to help rebuild cities and countries devastated by the war
          After the War
Many cities in Europe were decimated by
the war, especially in France where much
   of the fighting took place, but also in
 England (pictured below) and Germany.
The Cold War began soon after 1945, with
 the Communist countries allied against the
 capitalist nations This brought about
 alliances such as NATO and COMECO,
 both trade agreements between member
 nations

				
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posted:4/7/2010
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