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                                                 E Q 11652
                                                    F f 'f '                                                                                                          •_
                                                                                                                                                                       ;
_                                               y    .                                                                                .                                                       .,
                                              AUG 5 1975




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                                          THIS PAGE DECLASSIFIED IAW EO 12958
                     THIS PAGE DECLASSIFIED IAW EO 12958

                                                                                           ;        ; ,, ;,. : _          . ..
    •
        1 2St h Bomb ar dm nt S qua df on H s t o iy W
                                                                                             -                 - 1911, -. _ ,
                          e                i
                                                    , a
                                                                        i
                                                                       D a ry            [
                                                                                         Dont h   of !'Apr i l
                                                                                                             ,        +
.                                                    .                  •                             . -- - -
          .
        Ghieonaccia
                                       p t   •                                      : lst Lt . George F . Baaich '
                              R                               s
                                       1 !           !+-   . 7 . .,
                                                             .                                                                  p
        DY
         A                    "
        - pr - 1-
        A -.i                                              -                                                                    ,
        2        A U S O s h o•v p r ov i d e d t h e v i l l ag e wi t h e nt e r t a i nme nt t hi e a f t e rnoo n   Th e
          ,           . . ,                                                               ,                           ,
        f i r at ni n e - t he t h a rP s s t r i c t l y at i nk o b ut t h e Pi na l e a d r unk a c t by t h e ma e t e r
                                      a                 ,          ,                    ,
        o f ceremon ies was a riot and rea lly worth wa iting Yor .

        1     On t hi e d ay Fl o De amond pe r f o rme d f o r us wi t h h e r F$is a t r up e         Th e pr gr am               '
          .                                                                                   o     .         o
        di dn 't h av e o ne du l l moa ent - - i f arurt i ng i t s co r e d b e t t e r t han di d t h e Hope t r upe
                                                                                                                  o
        whi c h wa s pr e t t y m h H pe . I t rra s t h e s o r t o t t hi ng we wou l dn ' t h es i t at s
                                 uc   o                                                                                         '
        t o go ou t o f o ur way t o s 'e e i n t h e St a t e a an d t h at ' s t h e b e at c on pl i men t we
                                                                 ,                                      .
        can give .
                                                                                                                                    ;
        5      Now th at mary o f our crews go to Cai ro for th ei r rest camp Paciliti es for
         .                                                           ,
        an occasional ground crew man are open at Capri. Today the firgt lot left for
                                                             ,
        five daye Things are looking up .
                 .
        6 Lt Fisher ' aection ahowed a few reela of a fiL n called the " oat Angel"
                       s                                                L
         .    .                                                                    .
        Surpriaingly entertaining
                                  .
        7                         i D       i
          . Shox t oni ght Ra s "H i ddl e D ddl e " but i t                    rasn 't qui t e povr enough t o ds mpen
        the cheer caused by a r ighty large mail call
                                 a                       .
        8      Thi s wa s a red-l ett er day            A month a preparation and a liquor aupply hoarded
          .                                         .
        no longer for our oifi cer ' par tg . Haig and Haig , Seagram a , V .O ,, Gilb eys and
                                               s
        ? h r ee F eat h e r s we r e t h a ba s i c r e f r e s hme n t a      !,2 quar t a o t t h e a t n f f   Add t ha t
                                                                           .                                     .
        t o limitless coke ice and a carbonating dev ice by courtesy ot Capt ain Ram -
                                  ,       ,
        boaek and aection and you have something                             1 e hadn ' asen ita like aince the
                                                                              '        t
                                                                       .
        oth er world . Th e ban d of the lhat E ngineers supplied th e muaic and perhaps
        a do en nuraea, two                                                        l
                                       Red Croas girla and a few ocal girls were a amall but
                                                       ,
        valuable ingreditnt
                        i              in the night ' festivitiee. A spanking, howling succeas .
                                                     a
        Lt o       Cl ark an d Slott e returned f rom th e h oapit al in tim e to                 oin th e f estiviti es .
               .
        9                                                           It was a perf ect day -
          . Th e officers loat a ba11 game t o the 3?9th 1 to o .
        thoroughl r en oyed by all w hoae as at em wsa not too badly dia8rra88ed y th e
                  ,
        Bacchanalian of last night     A prop aganda fiL n "Behi nd th e Riaing Sun, t opped
                                                                                   "
                                   .                      ,
        the day off- int ereating and thought pravoking but one acene in it ru insd it
                                                          ,
        t or t he rea l i at i ca l l q- mi nded ai r crews   I t s hox e d 8- 17 ' s at t ac ki ng To l o -
                                                            .
        a t night , at that . a t wae really too much. Up to then , everyone had accepted
                                      I
                                                     ,
        almoat ever thing in the picture, most of xhich waa aupposed to be hiatorical
                     y
        fact     B                    B     '    id t l           i
             . ut when the -17 a ra ed o o at n ght--humph:
        10     Cap ta in Selkirk an d 2nd Lt 3isco oY th e famed 3 6th Infant ry Divi aion came
            .                                 .
        to ua ae p ar t of th e program to aen d memb ers o f one force to observe th e act-
        iviti es ot another       T
                                  I were very int ereat ed in th e stori es they told and go t
                                   e
                              .                                                       ,
        an excell ent slant on conditiona th ere . Th p t ri ed a coup l e of raida w hil e th ey
        x ere h ere , but stat ed aft erwarda th at th ey w ould much pref e to k eep th eir
        t oo tai ea on the groun d    A e f elt th e aame way about th eir ob eo t e '
                                                                                   r l1 sll at ay
                                   .                                    ,    ,
        w h ere we are and b e h appy .
                                                                                               .       _
        11 . The Group Officer ' Club opened tonight ... Real col in limitleaa aupply ^ ,
                                       a                                     d
                                                                                                    ,    v
        waa t h e f eat ure at t rac t i oa . Yuch more qui et t hen t he f i rat ao+ hat abor t i v e -
                                                                                    aew
                                                                                                       ' '
        c l ub openi ng i n C i ca .
                             ors
                   1 ! i ' `: i : [f 1)                                                                                    r
                    . : _, ,,                                             -
                        '-{ % 11c :;
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,                                                                                                         _
    . __
           lF 8t h Bom ar dm t
            2         b     en          quadron Ai at ory              Xar
                                                                             .a ry
                                                                                   '          M t h o f A i l 19 +
                                                                                               on        pr ,     4
                                                                                                                                •

     .
           Sheet No .                Ghiaonaccia '                                     y lat Lt . George F. Baeich

           DAY                                                     EVENT

           13
              .                                    pe . Ec hel ona o f t he 31 O h and 3 21 at Boaa G
                Th e 57t h l i ng i s t aki ng s h r                            t                 b roupa
           are on there way to occupy two of the recently constructed fielda along the
           coaat . Quite aurpriaing]y oura is the beat oY the lot.
                                          .
           ]lf A kir Force photogeapher from the PRO aection took picturea of about
            .. n
           a dozen of the men and otticers . " 'ormy i ther" and T/Sgt. lacLean , her
                                              St      ea                 [
           boas wera aub ects of a apread A large mail call made it b.tter than av.rage day .
                                         .
           t eat h er ras per f ect
                                    .
           15     A r e a l day i o r t he 1 28 t h
                                                 +       For t r we e h ou r e r ex a h a d b e e n pr a c t i c i ng f o r a
                                                                   o
              .                                        ,
           epecial low -8ltit ud e m iaaion . Eoth th e t echn ique and th e amall num bera that w ere
           to b e uaed ha d b een cavaing everyone a lot of concern                             It t urned out nearl y
                                                                                            .                             ,
           perf ect an d aot half ao toug as we thought . S/Sg t . R an kin remark ed "I wouldn '                            t
           h av e mi s s e d i t i o r a r pt h i n g "  ll e r e al l y p r a ng e d t h e t unne l an d b r i dg e e Re wen t
                                                     .
           att er (aee comt at hi at ory ) an d we didn ' sutfer an y loasea .
                                i                                    t

           18. Kon a baeeball game irom the 381at . 1 e didn ' win ary money , though because
                                                      1      t
                                                                                     ,
           the 381at are all believera and won ' bet with ue--th.y remember Y ense, Temime.
                                               t                                  l

           Z3 . A meel of freah meat agein . Food aituation aee to be rapic y improving.
                                                 l                             ms            Q
           Th ere are a l l so rt s o f rnm   ora as   t o t he reas on f or t hi s but noboe y ac t ua l h r knows
                                                                                   ,                                .
           It ia aaid that a couple of Generale have come to roost on thia ialand and that
                                                                                                   ,
           m k ea t h e di t f erent e . P er hapa . A yway , f res h but t er and m t are becom ng a l moat
            a                      i                     r                            ea              i
           aa common as they ere at home, and the boya returning irom the atatsa to hsre,
           a y t ha t we get m    ore o Y t h eae t hi nge wh en we get t hem t han t hey uae d t o wh en t hep
           were t her e .

           ?1 The 379th took the baseball geme k-2 The lada are nittled but once more
            ...                                       .                      ,
           lucky     T   3?9th haa ao much respect for ua that they refused to bet ao we didn '
                 . he                                                             ,           t
           l oer ar y mone9 .

           25. A B-2( tle in today that all but defiad the lais of aero ymaica                Another
           "Lib went out of control and in her deacent chewed ofi the tail turrat turret
                                                                                          ,
           gunner , and ruddera . For t hoae o f a rel i gi oue berii , "The Song o i Berna det t e " af f -
           orded an antidote to their ieelinga ePter talking to the crew oS the mangled bombers.

           27. Lt . Jack Hogan treated                       to a letter giving his impreaaions of tha States.
           I t e e e aia bu t y e e t e r day t ha t h e l e f t        He er rne d a 11 o f t h e bi g b a d i nc ome t aa
                                                                            a
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'     4 28t h Bom ar dm t Sqna dron K at ory
                 b     en            i                                                                                  I ont h f f A i l 191 4
                                                                                                                                l    pr ,    +
                                                                  ovT ir Hs ra Y •
                                                                     Lr
                                                                      .                                       ,
- .   Section I Combat Reporte                                          C                                                                 .        ,l      .
                                                                                                                                                  .       _
                C pt a i n C t . r H llaugh l e d t he gronp i n a ? + pl ane rai d aga i net Ls ghorn on
                 a          ar                                     J-
                                    ,
      A pril l at            A direct hit wae acored on a 1?5                                         /9    t      b
                         .                                   -                                    •        , wo "F" oat a were hit , aA d
      in duat rial bu il dinga w ere dest roye d by a concentrated patt er
                                                                         n .                                                18 rail road cara
                           .
      aa d the chok e point in th e Nor th ot th e lsrsh alli ng yard s r
                                                    l                   ere oblit erat ed b

      anoth er patt ern . Th e month h ad an auap ieioua b eginaing   Y o derat e h eavy                                                       fairly
                                                                    .            ,                                                         ,
      accurat e flak ia flict ed aome minor damage                                           28th P eraonnel involved : W augh H111
                                                                                            l.
                                                   .                                                                          ,     ,
      P et eraon         Sno ddy Booth Sch enk P u lo;                           Olsen            Stevenson           Godaa Piot r r ki R ed-
                                                                                                                                 o a ,
                     ,          ,     ,       ,                                               ,                   ,        ,
      mon; Atki nson , Park , Rigney , Gallegos , Lucia;                                      EdRards Galt Hughes Fo t Fl daing
                                                                                                     ,    ,      ,    ,         ,
      Willi amson            Singer; M eanb            Coyl e         LoZina        Elaea; Bailey                 Littl efi eld        Hut chinga
                         ,                         ,              ,             ,                             ,                    ,              ,
      O H eill L each ; Bo r l R ob erte Fi rb erg Smi rnoff Rauch Y oungern
                            e ,                                               H   i
              ,                         ,         ,         ,     ,          , arr s;
       i l ao n S R               d Naug ht o n J uar e z Lor e ; Gai t or d Ree t z
                                   c                                                                              *man , Su l l i v an , I r e l an d ,
               , , ,,                          ,         ,                  ,        ,
      Pearsbp ; Farl ey ; Campany ; Burk ett Heann   St rikland H euer r ei er; Jones P alm er
            .,                              ,      ,           ,      ,              ,         ,
      Lat chman          Gerard         St eWart              P
                                                       Dison O erling Hasger ty 8ina1 Hay es
                     ,              ,              ,        ,        ,         ,     ,       .
              On April 2nd 24 aircraf` visited a railroad viaduct at Q ?1?310 but only a
                                     p
                          ,                                                  ,
      poor one hit was acored and that on the South approach . Nearby r ad *as cut by one
                                                                      o

      or      two aeparate bomb patterna Io opposition nas provoked   There were few
                                        .                           .
      ft28t h cre r i nvo l ve d :
                  s            G l t De r re H h es Foa Fl em ng
                                a ,     o , ug                i
                                                ,  ,    ,        ,                   .
              The next mission in which the lZSth participated was on April llth nhen Capt
                                             ,                                            -
      s i n G. F . Gena l e d a t l i ght o f 1$ wi t h lsa or                               person as i l i ght comaander , aga i ns t
      t he rai l br i dge at l[ont al do D C s t ro
                                          i a                                   St r i ngs o f bom a wal ke d t h rou gk t he t arget
                                                                                                  b
                                                    ,                                                  ,             ,
      acoring aeveral direet hita on the bridge and both appr aches. One end of the
                                                            o
.     b ridge was ob served to b e donn on th e breakawa3r.                                           ggain no oppoeition                 l2Sth
                                                                                                                          ,
      m en participating : G ena ,                     person , x edding , Ka li s , Lunger , Daxson , R amos; 01sen ,

      St e v e naon ; G da s Pi o t r orrs ki Re dm n Yeans Devo r e Coy l e Lo z i na El s e a $ re r i e a
                       o                           o ,
                            ,                ,             ,        ,       ,         ,  .     ,             ,
      GaPtor d       l ool ery
                      f                  Q
                                        I oulton       Hook       L each        Turnqui st ;            Al exander Slott e Booth Sch snk
                 ,                 ,               ,          ,             ,                                  . ,        ,     ,        ,
      P udlo;    Jones            Palm er L at chman Gerard St ewart Cham b ers Campar                                                 tw eert H eit -
                              ,          ,          ,      ,        ,          ,       ,                                                      ,
      maa , Robertaon , Van Att a , M oynihan , gdeL nan , X erli ng , Hagger ty Kinal Hsyes St ein
                                                                                ,     ,     ,       ,
      W l aon 3d Naug ht o n J ue
       i
             , c            ,                      z , h owe ; M O                  n
                                                                                        ,
                                                                                            :C t ;
                                                                                              e            nen , H t c hi ngs , 0 ' Ne i l l , Rho s d s
                                                                                                                  u
                                                                            . .r - .
                                                                      -154-

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            1 28t h Boz b ar dm nt ' qua dron H at ory
                      n        s   S           i                            •       '       l[ont h o f A l , 191l; .
                                                                                                         pr
•   .   , •                                                                                                                    ,
                                                                                                                  •        -
            lfi ]1 i am „• Bai l ey , Robe r t a , D r t o ns Dexa l d ," H r ke ,• Li t t l e t i el d, Reet z , l[ot t -
                       a9n                         Fa                      d

            eram , Strickland, Ireland,
                 On the 12th 36 B-2 ' b n ed the railroad bridge at Certaldo . Direct hits
                                     s   b
                            ,
            and near misees were observed on the North approach and tirat span of the target .

            The South railroad bridge at Cecina, the prilary target , was weathered in . Anoth-
                                                        a

            er flight hit the South approach and first span ot the road bridge at Cecina.
            I t wa               f
                      anot h er m l k run .

                  On the 14th 34 aircratt bambed the East marahalling yarda at Leghoar . Tha
                                    '

            Southern haLt, xhich iacluded aomething like 300 itema ot rolling s ock rae hit
                                                                               t     r

            by aeveral atringe. The choke point xas hit hard aa were the insiallationa to

            the leat ot it . 3oderate heavp tlak tran the Goering dlviaion retitting
                 l            d

            there holed three aircraft , k28th crexs: McClellan , Galt , Stewart, gonen ,

            Rauch Youngern Harris, . e c der, Slott e, Dewald , Hook .
                                   Al an
                 ,        ,
                  Th e 1 5t h x a s t h e day o f r e l e as e t ro m t ens i o n t ha t h a d b ee n   o r t ur i ng s o me
                                                                                                                           +

            ot our squadron ' crews to r better than txo week a .
                             s                                                          Th e intrequ sncg of oper`

            ationa t or th e 1 2Sth in th e past two x eek s result ed b ecause the aquadron                          r t
                                                                                                                      en

            th rough an int ensive practi ce easaion ot e aecret nat ure tor a epecial , l ox -

            l evel att ck against txo aeriea of rail ob ectives on th e coast sl rail road

            i n I t al y
                       , .
                  Captain Douglas led a tlight of tour aircratt tith Ma or Epperson aa tlight
                                                                 r

            comaander againat railroad bridgea betxeen Groae o and Foll onica. Thep dropp-
                                                            tt

                             ith delayed tusea trom 444 rt, - a plane to one or ter tar-
            ed 1000 poundera r                                                    o

            ge t s t or whi c h t hey had b een caref ul l ,Y br i e f e d.       O br i dge was dam d and
                                                                                   ne               age ,

            a secon d hit in th e Groaatto area .               A Culvert xas destroped at 568821 .                 No

            enes     aircratt were eacount ered .            Int ense inaccurate li           t tlak an d machine2

                   tire xas throxn up i rom rail road aars at 1 2 deg 38 m in N , 11 deg 08 a in h .

            ?h eas x ere sttectively at rafed by our gunners and th e F reach Spittire eacor t

                                                                                       l /G Yire
                                                                                        [
            x ho incid ent ally t ut ed ia an amazing perfo ance . l eagre inaccurat e
                                    u
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                 b28t h Bom ar dm t S qiia dron H s t ory
                           b     en              i                                   •
                                                                                         •               '         l[ont h o f A i-i l , 1911
                                                                                                                                p           ,.
•   ,   ,.                                                                               -   • •                                                       ,
                                                                              r --
                                                                                               .
             •                                                            . ---                                             .                      .
                      ,
                   c ane f r o n t h e G r ae t t o Ai r d r ome a r e a . No d ea ge r as i nf l i c t e d - t h e op e ra t i on
                                        o                                         a

                   was a aucceaa .

                             The aecond phaae of the difficult asaig vnent waa carried out by four

                   a i 8ie f t l e d by C t a i n Boew l l wi t h ld or H l l r i di .ng aa Fl ght C m der .
                         a               ap .         e     r      s     i                   i      om an

                   Thie time railroad bridges and a tum z l betxeen CastiglionceLlo and South
                                                         s

                   Vicenzo were the ob ectivea. Lt . SmirnoPf aet hii bomba in the tunnel, des-
                                                              .
                   t roy i ng i t . Thi s perf ormance waa 8n ex,c ept i ona l one f or bo t h t h e bvsibar di er

                   and for Captain Bos r 11. The bridge uat South of the tunnel received a direct
                                      7e

                   hit . The only oQpoaition waa light flak of scant intensitp and inaccurate
                                ,
                   from positiona South of San Vincenio and Cecina. 428th personnel: Hpperaon ,
                                                      .
                   Douglaa, Peterson , Baraniuk , Reinhart, Dax son, Kerger, eane , DeVor., 3nod r •
                                                                                                  ,
                   Coyle, Lozina , E1 sea, Chambers, Campary , Hsitman , Versax , Rankin , Pudlo , Jonea,

                   PaLner lfoo l ery Lat c hm , G ar d , St ewar t ;
                                             an  er                                              Bo r l l , H l l , f eddi no , Sm rno f f
                                                                                                    e        i      t             i
                         ,          ,
                   fauch Youngern , Harria, Dixon , ler] ng , Burkett , Haggsr , Kinal , A$ys, Stein,
                   t                                 l i
                        ,
                   1ilson Kalis, M cNaughton , Juraez , Lowe , Bailey , Littlefield, Houss, Wyman,
                    l    ,
                   Snllfvan ,Ireland .

                              O t he 19t h 3 b a i rc ra f t t ook of t t o bom a f uel dum at R-3 53
                               n                                               b           p                                       2.      l
                                                                                                                                          1'ea t her

                                                                                           28th
                   reatrictiona rsndered the sttack abortive. No oppoaition encountered . 1.

                   men: Boe ell , R eetz, fedding , Smirnoff, Veraax , Rankin, Pudlo , Olaen , Sever -
                                                t                                                                r
                                                                                                         Edwar ds
                   son , G da s , Pi ot roxs ki , a e dm , ld ne , Dew re , C l e , Lo z i na , El aea ,
                          o                             on   eap             oy                                   ,
                   Galt ioolerp Youlton , Hook, Leach , Turnquiet , Stein, Wilson, YcNaughton,
                       ,       ,
                    Jua re   L      J      P l     L t h an G    d                                   ` v rar t , Fl ssai ng , C ar k ,
                                                                                                     t                         l
                           , ox e , onsa , a mer , a c na , e rar ,
                                                         .
                    St ex ar t             H G. Sno dc q , Tox , H r t , H
                                            .
                                                                  i       ouaem , D
                                                                               an  f                n, l erl i ng , Hagger t y , K nal ,
                                                                                                                                  i
                                      ,
                    Haysa Atkinaon Park , Gallegos, Lucia, Rob erson , Farley , Al eaander , Kalia,
                         ,        ,
                    l [ar t i n           De* al d , ' Burke , 1 i l l i am on , Bai l ey , Li t t l e f i el d,
                                                                           s                                       fyman , SuLl i 4an ,
                                  ,
                    Ireland Gatford , Slott e, Rauch, Yonngern , Harrie.
                           ,
                                  On the ne c day the aame tear bombed it aucceasfull, . St ringa of Fraga
                                             t                n                      y

                    walked acooaa the East end of the Petrol dump . Firea •ere ignited and black

                                                                            -156-

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            l , 2Bt h Bom a r dmerr ` S qua d' on Hi at ory
                         b        t          r                                               •         '         luont h o f APr i l 191
                                                                                                                                                 -
•   , _ ,                                                                           .
                                                                                                                   .                             .
       '                                                             i-1 G !
                                                              .              .
                        a n t h e n eact day t h e 2 2n d , t he e t f o r t agai ns t t he ra i l ay s t em wa a r e -
                                            ,
                                                                  id th       b ti
            sumed. 36 aircraft flew to Chiusi with the railroad br ge ers ae o ec vea .
            The North approsch of the North bridge r hit . The South approsch to a nearby
                                                   aa

                                                                                                 lr28t h pe raonne l s   Fl er i ng       T.
                                                             b
            roa d br i dge was hi t by one e l e.aent ' e bom s .                                                            a        ,      ,

            C air , woo l ery , St er ar t , To•r, H r t , H
             l k                    R               i       ouaem , St e i n , W l son , l i l l a ,
                                                                 an             i

            1cNaughton , Jusrez , Lowe , Dizon , erlin, , Martinez$, Haggert , Kinal,
            d                                         g                     y

            Haya IcClellan , Bailey , Konen, lartin , Schsnk , Pndlo , Turnquiat,
                  [                           d
                ,
            Stevensoa , Park, Godaa, Piotrowal , Redmon , Farley , 8eets, Edwarda,
                                             d

            Wyaian ,         Sul l i van ,       I re l and        G f f or d
                                                                    a               Sl ot t e ,       Rauc h      Zoung ern     H ia
                                                                                                                                 arr ,
                                                     ,      ,                 ,                              ,              ,
            Fassstt Olaen, Bnrkett , Zimback, Robereon , Hook , Leach, Alexna der, .
                                                                                   .._ _
                   ,                                                                 .
            Galt lotteram , Gallegoa, Lucia , Sdwards, Atkinaon, Houae, Yersat , Rsnkia ,
                  d                                                          r
                ,
            Strickland , Williems , Y eana, DeZore, Coyle, Lozina, Elaea, Jones, Palner,

            Lat c hman , G rar d , S` e rart , G•
                          s         t

                        On th e 23rd an oth er 3 6 bombed th e rail roa d bridge at A-619333 acori ng

                                                                              N           f th e
            poeaible di rect hit s and man r near m ieaea on th e csn ter and orth en d o

            Rail road b ridge                    Th e North appr ach waa cut and th e t rack a about 200 yarda
                                                               o
                                         .
            Nor th of th e bridge x ere cut .                            Scant to m od erate h eavy accurat e flak came

            f rom t h e a r e a S out hx e s t o f Vi t e r b o .                 1 2 8t h sne n :    Doug l as Eppe r aon , Ba r qn i uk ,
                                                                                                               ,

            Pet erson            Lunger          Seb ert Daw 9on , Stein , Wilson , Barox , l cNaughton , Juares ,
                                                                                             d
                             ,               ,          ,
            ho re        Dixon W erling , 9troy k e , Haggerty , Ki nal , 1ayes , Faasett , Farley ,
                                                                          3
                    ,         ,
            Wooler3 M artin De ld , Hurk e , Bean , Ol Ben , Stevanson , Godas , Piot r waki ,
                                                                                        n
                   r,        , wa
            R edmon Bail ey R eetz , Wynan , Sullivan , Ireland , Chasb ers , G afford , Heitman ,
                   ,       ,
             Fi rberg
                          ,
                               V er$ax
                                         ,       aakin , Si erlecki , Edrarda , G alt , 3t riklan d , Hughea , Fox ,
                                                                        r

             Fl em ing         Atkineon , Park , 1 ott eram , Gall egoa , L ucia , E veriea , Alexand.r ,
                          ,
                                                                                    N
             Houae Moulton Hook L each , G eier , Cl ark , Slbtt e, Hut chings , 0 ' eill ,
                  ,       ,    ,
             Rhoads           Jones Pal ner Lat chman , G erard , Stex art
                         ,         ,   . ,
                                                                   - ., • 7- T
                                                                        1 .-            .j
                                                            : .1
                                                                     _
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                                                 ,           ,             .                                        .                        .
'    k28t h Bom ar dment S. ua dron H s t or
               b          q          i                                     -       -p    E .T. .               M t h o f 1[ay 19
                                                                                                                on           ,   +

                 M o r Epp e r s on wa e f l i ght c o:m an d e r o Y 3 6 B 2 5 ' s rrho s e b
                  a                                     m,                 -                 o e c t i ve s we r e
    t h e r af l r oa d b r i dg e s a t 1 01 6 5 5 on t h e 21 t h                     Bomb pat t e r ns we r e conc e nt r a t e d
                                          i                         .
    on th e north eaat of th e b ridge and th e North approach                                               Direct hit s were ob -
                                                               .
    eerved on the ra il r a d track s ab out Z00 yarde Nor th of th e target
                        o                                                                                                      N ear m isses
                                                                             .
    w ere aeen at the b ridge but amok e obscure d furth er ob servation                                                    Int ense       h eavy
                                                                         .                                                             ,            ,
    very accurat e flak wa s fired from 15 flak cars                                        ust Nor th of target .                 12 pl anea

    w ere hol ed .         2 FA 190 ' were ob served but th ey ventured no attack
                                     s                                            s , 1 28th
            P
    me n : Vau g ht , , Epp e r s o n , Re ddi ng Sn i r no f f l fo t b e r am Sc h e nk Pu dl o St e i n lY l s on
                                                                                                            i
                                                 ,             ,               ,         ,       ,        ,          ,
    VanAtta N cNaughton Juarez Low e Dim n R' ling St ri kl d H
           ,           ,      ,     ,     , er    ,     c an , a ggerty , ginal ,
    Hays          dwards Ga1t W ool ery Hugh es F ox Fl pm ing W i1l;am
         ,              ,    ,         ,       ,    ,       . ,         son , Clark , Slott e ,
    1:ut c hi ng s
     -                     a d s , 0 'Ne i l l , At ki ns on Pa r k Pi g ey G l l e go s Luc i s H l l ey
                   ,                                        ,      , . n   , a          ,       , o       ,
    Campany Zim b eck Rauch Dew ald Harris Burk tt Ol
           , .       ,     ,       ,      ,    e ,    sen , St evenson , Goda s , Pio-
    t roweki          R edmon       Bail ey Al exan der                oyn iahn , Wym an , Sullivan , Iralan d F arl sy
                  ,             ,          ,            ,                                                     ,         ,
    Rob er ts Rein hart Burke Y erger Turnqui t H
             ,         ,     ,       ,       s , ouss , ;afford , R eetz , Moulton ,
                                                                               i
    L each        Houseman Johes Pa lmer Lat chman Gerar d                                      Stezart
             ,            ,     ,       ,         ,                                         ,        . ,
             Cn the 25th 3b bom b era w ere al er ted t o hit th
                                                                 e ra ilroad b ridge at A 999757 .
    No bomb a hit th e t arget but the rail li       t     th e south approach                                                              S ev-
                                              ne
                                           , . was cu near                     .
    e r a l s t r i ng s hi t t h e rai l r o a d y ar d s No r t h o f t h e b r i dg e s t ai i ng g r ea t f i r e s
                                                          ,                             ,                               .
    S cant t o r oderat e inaccurat e fDak was
               n                               eaperi enced at target holing one aircraft

    an d from one position on the ret urn trip                                      l 28t h personnel :          Boswell           Gafford
                                               ,                                                                               ,           ,
    F riberg      S i   ff L       7
                 , m rno , unger , 1aw son , L each , St ein ,                                  il son
                                                                                                         ,
                                                                                                             P earaon
                                                                                                                        ,
                                                                                                                            M cNau ghton
                                                                                                                                         ,
    Juarez Low e Clark Slott e VanAtt
          ,     ,     ,       ,       a , Hut chings , 0 ' eill , Rhaods , R r i ss
                                                          N                   er    ,
    Bailey H ouse fob erson Sisson Bean H B
                   t
          ,      ,         ,      ,    , . ,,                                           g t ,, Dia on , W erling , Haggerty ,
                                                                                                  o
    Kinal    a        Atkinaon P ark Rigney Gall egos S cia T l
            , ay es ,         ,     ,      ,         ,     , oo es , Rob erts , Ste r t ,
                                                                                    ar
    Burk ett          R einhart         Dewald       Kerger        Ol sen          St evenson        Godas Piot ro.eki f ec on
                                                                                                                        t b
                 ,                  ,            ,            ,                ,                 ,        ,           ,        ,
    Galt R eet z l oult on Burke
                  d                                      Sch enk       Fd:ards Campany Wool ery Hugh es F ox
                                                                         r
        ,       ,         ,                          ,             ,          ,       ,        ,       ,     ,
    Fl eming , ones Palmer G erard St ewerd Lat chman Al
                 J
         ,   ,           ,      , ,        ,         ,   exan d er , Littl efield , Sull-
                                               ± V
    i v an I r e l an d 'yman
                           P
           ,           ,      ,      158                     -         -


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    . .•                                              .           .                                               -                ,
'              1 28t h Bom ar dm t Squa dr on Hi s t ory
                          b     err                                           •         .            .    ldont h o f A r i . 1941
                                                                                                                       p l,       +       "
     •   •-,                                                                      •
           •                                                      S                                                                ' -
                       Gn the 28th 36 B-25' bombe
                                           s
                                                                                      _
                                                                             o d Sa -S efano for the umpeent time.
                                                                                     `

               Bomb s hit th e building area at W est side of the base o f the area of th e main

                                                               f   h b                                          Flak Ras int ense
               quay a d among bu ildin ga on th e aouth aid e o the ar or .
                    n

               and accurat e , w ith 15 ai rcraft hol ed .                            1 28th men : H oll ey , M cCl ellan , Zimb eck ,
                                                                                      +

               Burk ett R einhar t , Seh enk , Pu dlo , St ein ,                        il son       EdAards McNaughton , Jnarez ,
                       ,                                                                         ,          ,

               LoRe E dr ards G alt 1 eind al , Hugh es , Fox , Fleming , Ferl ey , Campany , Konen ,
                        v            l
                   ,         ,     ,
               Martin                                                                       N
                             DNald , Dax son , Turnqui st , Cl ark , 31ott e , Rh oa ds, 0 ' eill , R oberson ,
                        ,
               Atkinson          Park       Ri gney      G ll     L i    F    tt Al exander Stewart , 1 001-
                             ,          ,             , , e egos , uc a , aase ,           ,
                                                                                Piot rowk ai R edlm on
               ery , Deaane , L each , Siason , O lsen , St evenaon , Go da s ,             ,          ,

               Bail ey Littl efi eld , Wym an , Sullivan , Ireland , E veri ss, Rett s , Strickland ,
                      ,
               H ousem an        P tt eram        9an Att a           illiameon , Gaffort , R oberts , Asuch , Youngern ,
                                                                                        i
                             ,                ,             ,
               Harri e       Jones       P almer          L at chman       Stemr t .
                                                                               ar
                         ,           ,             ,                   ,
                        In th e a1' ernoon 1
                                  t                          ai rcraft bom b sd th e rail b ridge at A387701 .                  Clou da

               prevent ed a good bomb run and no hit s +ere acored ; alt ernat e targete R ere

                                                                                              C
               al so m issed . Y oderat e , h eavy , fai rly accurat e fl ak fo$ r ai rcratt . re r :
                                                                                                   s

               Ho erre l l Ga ] t Er i b e r g , S a i r no f f , Rauc h , Yo ung e r n , H r r i e .
                                                                                           a                     f e e t s Ca
                                                                                                                 t              a t r,
                         . , .. ,                     .                                                                   ,

               Go das Piot rowski R edoon .
                     ,           ,
                        The laat day of the month was a good ona. Several direct hits r
                                                                                      ere

               observed on the bridge at A-399757 . Good concentrations covered the center

               and both approachea of the bridge. Saven aircraft                                         ere holed by aoderate

               to intenae, heavy , accurate flsk from the Orvieta area . Lt. Jones did a

               fine ob of bringing his sircraft back on one engine.




                                                                  -159-

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•• • '                                       s          .                                                     .           .
                                                                                                                                  y
                                                                                                    ,              •
             .                                                '                                                                   .
                       b                      i
             428t h Bom ar c nent Squa dron H s t o '     '                                             M t h o f A i l 194 4
                                                                                                         on        pr ,
         ,                                              .   c                                                                 ,
   -           +                                      7         'T
                                            I        ATI
                                         A d rn STR P HI ST08 -




             April 20 : Firat Lieutenants Fle ng and Toolea pro ted to Captain.
                                                               mo
                                              .

             A i l 13 :
              pr                                                            b roup .
                           C t a i n A erl and t ranaf err e d t o 57t h Bom G
                            ap . k


             April 18 s Pvt. Richard A . Ss ith cow r a tialled and given thrae monthe hard
                                                     t ar

                           labor
                                 .
             April 29: Returned to the Statea : First Lieutenant Allan M . Chanb®rs , 3gt . Tow ,

                           Sgt. Pudlo , and S/Sgt, Herman B. Bean .




                          St reng t h a s o f Apr i l 31 :   71 O f i cer , 331 & 13 at e d [en .
                                                                 t
                                                                                    .




                                                                                       .       .r
                                                                                   5       _
                                                               '
                                                               •
                                                                   _   I   `   '
                                                                                           -




                      TH IS PAGE DECLASSIFIED IAW EO 12958
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.. . •                                   -
                                         s                                                                                       ,
                                    b
               5or+ ar d cnt Squaclf" n H t orq                           '                    '          hont h _f t pri l 19
                                                                                                                 o i
- ., 1 2 +.                                                           ,         •, •                                       ,     ^      •
              , ._ •                                                                                                         , " 1' .
                                                                                                                             /
       ,                                                                                                                          3
                                                             S                C R ET
                                                              D ; RT .S
                                                          E A UA
                                                     XI I FI G T CC I1
                                                              H         D
                                                           PO       650


                                                                                                        b Feb r uary 194k
                                                                                                                    ,     •

              G       L CRI7 .S)
                           ER
                                   :
              NU:    R          1 5)                                                                                  -J
                                                                                                                 ,,
                                                         EX T R A C T                                      .

                         :                                        #

              SD O I - A"' ND O P
                CTI N   ZA     F                    ''   'AET
                            .
                      1   Un d c r t h e pr ov i s i o s o f Ar qy Re gul a t i ons 600 -, :5 an d pur s uant t o aut h -
                        .                             .
              mrity contained in Tw elfth Air F orce messaoe L460 dat ed 10 D ecemb er 1943 , th e
                                                        •                    1
                                                                                  ,                        ,
              P urpl e Heart edal is awbrd ed to th e folloY ing nam ed personr el Air Corps Unit ed
                                                                        r                        _ ,             ,
              Stat es Army residence as indicated in th e name of th e Corm an ding Ceneral    z
                           ,                                  ,                                                   ,
              NATGUSA w ith cit ation as in di cated :
                        ,                               .
                 YZN S BI TTEF o - r 9o7 8o Ca pt a i n 6 S h a r c h r t S' r e e t Lar c hmo nt Ne r Yo r k
                  !                    i,    y                               non
                          .                         ,              ,                         ,               ,         .
              Fo r r. oun ds r e c e i v e d i n ac t i o n o n 21 J anua ry 1 91 L x hi l e a t t ac ki nb an e nem t
                                                                                                                   ,
              s ur r a c e v e s s e l i n t ! e e di t e r r a nean S e a .                   .
               L TI h L LUN(               3?11k 68   S/ Sg t O l l al a Nebras ka
                       .               ,       .    ,        . ga .     ,          .
              For xounds rec eivcd in act ioa on 21 January 194 4 w hil a attacking an ene y
                                                           ,
              surfRCC vesael i n tha cdit 9rranean S ea ,
                                                                                                                                        _
              t, SB()Rh J . AD HAU , 311 1 78 61 Se r g e ant , 'r't . 1 , No r t h Ke nne b ur k po r t , M i ne ,
                             dI   LT                                                          n             a
                                                 ,
              For w ounds r-ceived in act ior ona21 January 191 , w hil e att ackin` an enea q surPace
                                                .                        .
              vessel in th e u editerranesn S ea .

              t I LLI t d DOi' LU         SON 1 510 73 77 S e r g e ant 1 55 No r t b Hi g h 5`t r e et   Cl b      Oi
                             .                 ,                ,             ,                         , o um us , h o .               .
              Fo r woun d s r ec e i v e d i n a c t i o n on 21 January 1911r vr i l a a t t a c ki ng an e nem
                                                                                , ..                            y
   .
              s ur f a c e v e s s e l i n t h e '!e di t e r r anean S e a •                        _
              JaI ' L SVL N'T" if 33 1o P83 S g t
                                    r. ,                         RD No 1 Eox 11 5 Un i on t a o P an,
                       .                              ,      •.          . ,        ,                    .
                                                                                                  ki
              Fo r wo n d 9 r e c e i v o d i n a c t i an on 21 J s nuar y 1 9 4 whi l e at t s C r g s • en er y
                                                                                                     _   .      .
              s r f ac e v e s s e l i n t h e De di t e r ranea n S e a .

                         By Cv acnan d o f Br i g a di e r Gen e ra l " 0' ?I S :
                                   .                                   .


                                                                                            l 3ATCHELUER
                                                                                             .            ,
                                                                                       Lt      C l     li C
                                                                                             . o . , t r orp s ,
                                                                                            Pcu tive .      •
              OFFICIAL :
                        C G 3AI RD J r                                                             -'
                          . .      ,    .,                                . ' . ,` .•;
                        Lt C l          C                         • . . -- .,_ .       •
                           . o . , Ai r o r pe ,                              '
                        A cti ; Ad ut 3rt General .
                                                                 - 1-

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